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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2021 STMicroelectronics
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
 */

#define LOG_DOMAIN flash_stm32l5
#define LOG_LEVEL CONFIG_FLASH_LOG_LEVEL
#include <zephyr/logging/log.h>
LOG_MODULE_REGISTER(LOG_DOMAIN);

#include <zephyr/kernel.h>
#include <zephyr/device.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <zephyr/drivers/flash.h>
#include <zephyr/init.h>
#include <soc.h>
#include <stm32_ll_icache.h>
#include <stm32_ll_system.h>

#include "flash_stm32.h"

#if defined(CONFIG_SOC_SERIES_STM32L5X)
#define STM32_SERIES_MAX_FLASH	512
#elif defined(CONFIG_SOC_SERIES_STM32U5X)
/* at this time stm32u5 mcus have 1MB (stm32u575) or 2MB (stm32u585) */
#define STM32_SERIES_MAX_FLASH	2048
#endif

#define PAGES_PER_BANK ((FLASH_SIZE / FLASH_PAGE_SIZE) / 2)

#define BANK2_OFFSET	(KB(STM32_SERIES_MAX_FLASH) / 2)

#define ICACHE_DISABLE_TIMEOUT_VALUE           1U   /* 1ms */
#define ICACHE_INVALIDATE_TIMEOUT_VALUE        1U   /* 1ms */

static int stm32_icache_disable(void)
{
	int status = 0;
	uint32_t tickstart;

	LOG_DBG("I-cache Disable");
	/* Clear BSYENDF flag first and then disable the instruction cache
	 * that starts a cache invalidation procedure
	 */
	CLEAR_BIT(ICACHE->FCR, ICACHE_FCR_CBSYENDF);

	LL_ICACHE_Disable();

	/* Get tick */
	tickstart = k_uptime_get_32();

	/* Wait for instruction cache to get disabled */
	while (LL_ICACHE_IsEnabled()) {
		if ((k_uptime_get_32() - tickstart) >
						ICACHE_DISABLE_TIMEOUT_VALUE) {
			/* New check to avoid false timeout detection in case
			 * of preemption.
			 */
			if (LL_ICACHE_IsEnabled()) {
				status = -ETIMEDOUT;
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	return status;
}

static void stm32_icache_enable(void)
{
	LOG_DBG("I-cache Enable");
	LL_ICACHE_Enable();
}

static int icache_wait_for_invalidate_complete(void)
{
	int status = -EIO;
	uint32_t tickstart;

	/* Check if ongoing invalidation operation */
	if (LL_ICACHE_IsActiveFlag_BUSY()) {
		/* Get tick */
		tickstart = k_uptime_get_32();

		/* Wait for end of cache invalidation */
		while (!LL_ICACHE_IsActiveFlag_BSYEND()) {
			if ((k_uptime_get_32() - tickstart) >
					ICACHE_INVALIDATE_TIMEOUT_VALUE) {
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	/* Clear any pending flags */
	if (LL_ICACHE_IsActiveFlag_BSYEND()) {
		LOG_DBG("I-cache Invalidation complete");

		LL_ICACHE_ClearFlag_BSYEND();
		status = 0;
	} else {
		LOG_ERR("I-cache Invalidation timeout");

		status = -ETIMEDOUT;
	}

	if (LL_ICACHE_IsActiveFlag_ERR()) {
		LOG_ERR("I-cache error");

		LL_ICACHE_ClearFlag_ERR();
		status = -EIO;
	}

	return status;
}

/*
 * offset and len must be aligned on 8 for write,
 * positive and not beyond end of flash
 */
bool flash_stm32_valid_range(const struct device *dev, off_t offset,
			     uint32_t len,
			     bool write)
{
	FLASH_TypeDef *regs = FLASH_STM32_REGS(dev);

	if (((regs->OPTR & FLASH_STM32_DBANK) == FLASH_STM32_DBANK) &&
			(CONFIG_FLASH_SIZE < STM32_SERIES_MAX_FLASH)) {
		/*
		 * In case of bank1/2 discontinuity, the range should not
		 * start before bank2 and end beyond bank1 at the same time.
		 * Locations beyond bank2 are caught by
		 * flash_stm32_range_exists.
		 */
		if ((offset < BANK2_OFFSET) &&
					(offset + len > FLASH_SIZE / 2)) {
			return 0;
		}
	}

	return (!write || (offset % 8 == 0 && len % 8 == 0U)) &&
		flash_stm32_range_exists(dev, offset, len);
}

static int write_dword(const struct device *dev, off_t offset, uint64_t val)
{
	FLASH_TypeDef *regs = FLASH_STM32_REGS(dev);
	volatile uint32_t *flash = (uint32_t *)(offset
						+ CONFIG_FLASH_BASE_ADDRESS);
	uint32_t tmp;
	int rc;

	/* if the non-secure control register is locked,do not fail silently */
	if (regs->NSCR & FLASH_STM32_NSLOCK) {
		LOG_ERR("NSCR locked\n");
		return -EIO;
	}

	/* Check that no Flash main memory operation is ongoing */
	rc = flash_stm32_wait_flash_idle(dev);
	if (rc < 0) {
		return rc;
	}

	/* Check if this double word is erased and value isn't 0.
	 *
	 * It is allowed to write only zeros over an already written dword
	 * See 6.3.7 in STM32L5 reference manual.
	 * See 7.3.7 in STM32U5 reference manual.
	 */
	if ((flash[0] != 0xFFFFFFFFUL ||
	     flash[1] != 0xFFFFFFFFUL) && val != 0UL) {
		LOG_ERR("Word at offs %ld not erased", (long)offset);
		return -EIO;
	}

	/* Set the NSPG bit */
	regs->NSCR |= FLASH_STM32_NSPG;

	/* Flush the register write */
	tmp = regs->NSCR;

	/* Perform the data write operation at the desired memory address */
	flash[0] = (uint32_t)val;
	flash[1] = (uint32_t)(val >> 32);

	/* Wait until the NSBSY bit is cleared */
	rc = flash_stm32_wait_flash_idle(dev);

	/* Clear the NSPG bit */
	regs->NSCR &= (~FLASH_STM32_NSPG);

	return rc;
}

static int erase_page(const struct device *dev, unsigned int offset)
{
	FLASH_TypeDef *regs = FLASH_STM32_REGS(dev);
	uint32_t tmp;
	int rc;
	int page;

	/* if the non-secure control register is locked,do not fail silently */
	if (regs->NSCR & FLASH_STM32_NSLOCK) {
		LOG_ERR("NSCR locked\n");
		return -EIO;
	}

	/* Check that no Flash memory operation is ongoing */
	rc = flash_stm32_wait_flash_idle(dev);
	if (rc < 0) {
		return rc;
	}

	if ((regs->OPTR & FLASH_STM32_DBANK) == FLASH_STM32_DBANK) {
		bool bank_swap;
		/* Check whether bank1/2 are swapped */
		bank_swap =
		((regs->OPTR & FLASH_OPTR_SWAP_BANK) == FLASH_OPTR_SWAP_BANK);

		if ((offset < (FLASH_SIZE / 2)) && !bank_swap) {
			/* The pages to be erased is in bank 1 */
			regs->NSCR &= ~FLASH_STM32_NSBKER_MSK;
			page = offset / FLASH_PAGE_SIZE;
			LOG_DBG("Erase page %d on bank 1", page);
		} else if ((offset >= BANK2_OFFSET) && bank_swap) {
			/* The pages to be erased is in bank 1 */
			regs->NSCR &= ~FLASH_STM32_NSBKER_MSK;
			page = (offset - BANK2_OFFSET) / FLASH_PAGE_SIZE;
			LOG_DBG("Erase page %d on bank 1", page);
		} else if ((offset < (FLASH_SIZE / 2)) && bank_swap) {
			/* The pages to be erased is in bank 2 */
			regs->NSCR |= FLASH_STM32_NSBKER;
			page = offset / FLASH_PAGE_SIZE;
			LOG_DBG("Erase page %d on bank 2", page);
		} else if ((offset >= BANK2_OFFSET) && !bank_swap) {
			/* The pages to be erased is in bank 2 */
			regs->NSCR |= FLASH_STM32_NSBKER;
			page = (offset - BANK2_OFFSET) / FLASH_PAGE_SIZE;
			LOG_DBG("Erase page %d on bank 2", page);
		} else {
			LOG_ERR("Offset %d does not exist", offset);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
	} else {
		page = offset / FLASH_PAGE_SIZE_128_BITS;
		LOG_DBG("Erase page %d\n", page);
	}

	/* Set the NSPER bit and select the page you wish to erase */
	regs->NSCR |= FLASH_STM32_NSPER;
	regs->NSCR &= ~FLASH_STM32_NSPNB_MSK;
	regs->NSCR |= (page << FLASH_STM32_NSPNB_POS);

	/* Set the NSSTRT bit */
	regs->NSCR |= FLASH_STM32_NSSTRT;

	/* flush the register write */
	tmp = regs->NSCR;

	/* Wait for the NSBSY bit */
	rc = flash_stm32_wait_flash_idle(dev);

	if ((regs->OPTR & FLASH_STM32_DBANK) == FLASH_STM32_DBANK) {
		regs->NSCR &= ~(FLASH_STM32_NSPER | FLASH_STM32_NSBKER);
	} else {
		regs->NSCR &= ~(FLASH_STM32_NSPER);
	}

	return rc;
}

int flash_stm32_block_erase_loop(const struct device *dev,
				 unsigned int offset,
				 unsigned int len)
{
	unsigned int address = offset;
	int rc = 0;
	bool icache_enabled = LL_ICACHE_IsEnabled();

	if (icache_enabled) {
		/* Disable icache, this will start the invalidation procedure.
		 * All changes(erase/write) to flash memory should happen when
		 * i-cache is disabled. A write to flash performed without
		 * disabling i-cache will set ERRF error flag in SR register.
		 */
		rc = stm32_icache_disable();
		if (rc != 0) {
			return rc;
		}
	}

	for (; address <= offset + len - 1 ; address += FLASH_PAGE_SIZE) {
		rc = erase_page(dev, address);
		if (rc < 0) {
			break;
		}
	}

	if (icache_enabled) {
		/* Since i-cache was disabled, this would start the
		 * invalidation procedure, so wait for completion.
		 */
		rc = icache_wait_for_invalidate_complete();

		/* I-cache should be enabled only after the
		 * invalidation is complete.
		 */
		stm32_icache_enable();
	}

	return rc;
}

int flash_stm32_write_range(const struct device *dev, unsigned int offset,
			    const void *data, unsigned int len)
{
	int i, rc = 0;
	bool icache_enabled = LL_ICACHE_IsEnabled();

	if (icache_enabled) {
		/* Disable icache, this will start the invalidation procedure.
		 * All changes(erase/write) to flash memory should happen when
		 * i-cache is disabled. A write to flash performed without
		 * disabling i-cache will set ERRF error flag in SR register.
		 */
		rc = stm32_icache_disable();
		if (rc != 0) {
			return rc;
		}
	}

	for (i = 0; i < len; i += 8, offset += 8) {
		rc = write_dword(dev, offset, ((const uint64_t *) data)[i>>3]);
		if (rc < 0) {
			break;
		}
	}

	if (icache_enabled) {
		/* Since i-cache was disabled, this would start the
		 * invalidation procedure, so wait for completion.
		 */
		rc = icache_wait_for_invalidate_complete();

		/* I-cache should be enabled only after the
		 * invalidation is complete.
		 */
		stm32_icache_enable();
	}

	return rc;
}

void flash_stm32_page_layout(const struct device *dev,
			     const struct flash_pages_layout **layout,
			     size_t *layout_size)
{
	FLASH_TypeDef *regs = FLASH_STM32_REGS(dev);
	static struct flash_pages_layout stm32_flash_layout[3];

	*layout = stm32_flash_layout;

	if (stm32_flash_layout[0].pages_count != 0) {
		/* Short circuit calculation logic if already performed (size is known) */
		return;
	}

	if (((regs->OPTR & FLASH_STM32_DBANK) == FLASH_STM32_DBANK) &&
			(CONFIG_FLASH_SIZE < STM32_SERIES_MAX_FLASH)) {
		/*
		 * For stm32l552xx with 256 kB flash or stm32u57x with 1MB flash
		 * which have space between banks 1 and 2.
		 */

		/* Bank1 */
		stm32_flash_layout[0].pages_count = PAGES_PER_BANK;
		stm32_flash_layout[0].pages_size = FLASH_PAGE_SIZE;

		/* Dummy page corresponding to space between banks 1 and 2 */
		stm32_flash_layout[1].pages_count = 1;
		stm32_flash_layout[1].pages_size = BANK2_OFFSET
				- (PAGES_PER_BANK * FLASH_PAGE_SIZE);

		/* Bank2 */
		stm32_flash_layout[2].pages_count = PAGES_PER_BANK;
		stm32_flash_layout[2].pages_size = FLASH_PAGE_SIZE;

		*layout_size = ARRAY_SIZE(stm32_flash_layout);
	} else {
		/*
		 * For stm32l562xx & stm32l552xx with 512 flash or stm32u58x
		 * with 2MB flash which has no space between banks 1 and 2.
		 */

		if ((regs->OPTR & FLASH_STM32_DBANK) == FLASH_STM32_DBANK) {
			/* L5 flash with dualbank has 2k pages */
			/* U5 flash pages are always 8 kB in size */
			stm32_flash_layout[0].pages_count = FLASH_SIZE / FLASH_PAGE_SIZE;
			stm32_flash_layout[0].pages_size = FLASH_PAGE_SIZE;
#if defined(CONFIG_SOC_SERIES_STM32L5X)
		} else {
			/* L5 flash without dualbank has 4k pages */
			stm32_flash_layout[0].pages_count = FLASH_PAGE_NB_128_BITS;
			stm32_flash_layout[0].pages_size = FLASH_PAGE_SIZE_128_BITS;
#endif /* CONFIG_SOC_SERIES_STM32L5X */
		}

		/*
		 * In this case the stm32_flash_layout table has one single element
		 * when read by the flash_get_page_info()
		 */
		*layout_size = 1;
	}
}