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Elixir Cross Referencer

/*
 * Copyright Runtime.io 2018. All rights reserved.
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
 */

#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/crc.h>
#include <sys/byteorder.h>
#include <net/buf.h>
#include <sys/base64.h>
#include <mgmt/buf.h>
#include <mgmt/serial.h>

static void mcumgr_serial_free_rx_ctxt(struct mcumgr_serial_rx_ctxt *rx_ctxt)
{
	if (rx_ctxt->nb != NULL) {
		mcumgr_buf_free(rx_ctxt->nb);
		rx_ctxt->nb = NULL;
	}
}

static u16_t mcumgr_serial_calc_crc(const u8_t *data, int len)
{
	return crc16(data, len, 0x1021, 0, true);
}

static int mcumgr_serial_parse_op(const u8_t *buf, int len)
{
	u16_t op;

	if (len < sizeof(op)) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	memcpy(&op, buf, sizeof(op));
	op = sys_be16_to_cpu(op);

	if (op != MCUMGR_SERIAL_HDR_PKT && op != MCUMGR_SERIAL_HDR_FRAG) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return op;
}

static int mcumgr_serial_extract_len(struct mcumgr_serial_rx_ctxt *rx_ctxt)
{
	if (rx_ctxt->nb->len < 2) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	rx_ctxt->pkt_len = net_buf_pull_be16(rx_ctxt->nb);
	return 0;
}

static int mcumgr_serial_decode_frag(struct mcumgr_serial_rx_ctxt *rx_ctxt,
				     const u8_t *frag, int frag_len)
{
	size_t dec_len;
	int rc;

	rc = base64_decode(rx_ctxt->nb->data + rx_ctxt->nb->len,
				   net_buf_tailroom(rx_ctxt->nb), &dec_len,
				   frag, frag_len);
	if (rc != 0) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	rx_ctxt->nb->len += dec_len;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * Processes a received mcumgr frame.
 *
 * @return                      true if a complete packet was received;
 *                              false if the frame is invalid or if additional
 *                                  fragments are expected.
 */
struct net_buf *mcumgr_serial_process_frag(
	struct mcumgr_serial_rx_ctxt *rx_ctxt,
	const u8_t *frag, int frag_len)
{
	struct net_buf *nb;
	u16_t crc;
	u16_t op;
	int rc;

	if (rx_ctxt->nb == NULL) {
		rx_ctxt->nb = mcumgr_buf_alloc();
		if (rx_ctxt->nb == NULL) {
			return NULL;
		}
	}

	op = mcumgr_serial_parse_op(frag, frag_len);
	switch (op) {
	case MCUMGR_SERIAL_HDR_PKT:
		net_buf_reset(rx_ctxt->nb);
		break;

	case MCUMGR_SERIAL_HDR_FRAG:
		if (rx_ctxt->nb->len == 0U) {
			mcumgr_serial_free_rx_ctxt(rx_ctxt);
			return NULL;
		}
		break;

	default:
		return NULL;
	}

	rc = mcumgr_serial_decode_frag(rx_ctxt,
				       frag + sizeof(op),
				       frag_len - sizeof(op));
	if (rc != 0) {
		mcumgr_serial_free_rx_ctxt(rx_ctxt);
		return NULL;
	}

	if (op == MCUMGR_SERIAL_HDR_PKT) {
		rc = mcumgr_serial_extract_len(rx_ctxt);
		if (rc < 0) {
			mcumgr_serial_free_rx_ctxt(rx_ctxt);
			return NULL;
		}
	}

	if (rx_ctxt->nb->len < rx_ctxt->pkt_len) {
		/* More fragments expected. */
		return NULL;
	}

	if (rx_ctxt->nb->len > rx_ctxt->pkt_len) {
		/* Payload longer than indicated in header. */
		mcumgr_serial_free_rx_ctxt(rx_ctxt);
		return NULL;
	}

	crc = mcumgr_serial_calc_crc(rx_ctxt->nb->data, rx_ctxt->nb->len);
	if (crc != 0U) {
		mcumgr_serial_free_rx_ctxt(rx_ctxt);
		return NULL;
	}

	/* Packet is complete; strip the CRC. */
	rx_ctxt->nb->len -= 2U;

	nb = rx_ctxt->nb;
	rx_ctxt->nb = NULL;
	return nb;
}

/**
 * Base64-encodes a small chunk of data and transmits it.  The data must be no
 * larger than three bytes.
 */
static int mcumgr_serial_tx_small(const void *data, int len,
				  mcumgr_serial_tx_cb cb, void *arg)
{
	u8_t b64[4 + 1]; /* +1 required for null terminator. */
	size_t dst_len;
	int rc;

	rc = base64_encode(b64, sizeof(b64), &dst_len, data, len);
	assert(rc == 0);
	assert(dst_len == 4);

	return cb(b64, 4, arg);
}

/**
 * @brief Transmits a single mcumgr frame over serial.
 *
 * @param data                  The frame payload to transmit.  This does not
 *                                  include a header or CRC.
 * @param first                 Whether this is the first frame in the packet.
 * @param len                   The number of untransmitted data bytes in the
 *                                  packet.
 * @param crc                   The 16-bit CRC of the entire packet.
 * @param cb                    A callback used for transmitting raw data.
 * @param arg                   An optional argument that gets passed to the
 *                                  callback.
 * @param out_data_bytes_txed   On success, the number of data bytes
 *                                  transmitted gets written here.
 *
 * @return                      0 on success; negative error code on failure.
 */
int mcumgr_serial_tx_frame(const u8_t *data, bool first, int len,
			   u16_t crc, mcumgr_serial_tx_cb cb, void *arg,
			   int *out_data_bytes_txed)
{
	u8_t raw[3];
	u16_t u16;
	int dst_off;
	int src_off;
	int rem;
	int rc;

	src_off = 0;
	dst_off = 0;

	if (first) {
		u16 = sys_cpu_to_be16(MCUMGR_SERIAL_HDR_PKT);
	} else {
		u16 = sys_cpu_to_be16(MCUMGR_SERIAL_HDR_FRAG);
	}

	rc = cb(&u16, sizeof(u16), arg);
	if (rc != 0) {
		return rc;
	}
	dst_off += 2;

	/* Only the first fragment contains the packet length. */
	if (first) {
		u16 = sys_cpu_to_be16(len);
		memcpy(raw, &u16, sizeof(u16));
		raw[2] = data[0];

		rc = mcumgr_serial_tx_small(raw, 3, cb, arg);
		if (rc != 0) {
			return rc;
		}

		src_off++;
		dst_off += 4;
	}

	while (1) {
		if (dst_off >= MCUMGR_SERIAL_MAX_FRAME - 4) {
			/* Can't fit any more data in this frame. */
			break;
		}

		/* If we have reached the end of the packet, we need to encode
		 * and send the CRC.
		 */
		rem = len - src_off;
		if (rem == 0) {
			raw[0] = (crc & 0xff00) >> 8;
			raw[1] = crc & 0x00ff;
			rc = mcumgr_serial_tx_small(raw, 2, cb, arg);
			if (rc != 0) {
				return rc;
			}
			break;
		}

		if (rem == 1) {
			raw[0] = data[src_off];
			src_off++;

			raw[1] = (crc & 0xff00) >> 8;
			raw[2] = crc & 0x00ff;
			rc = mcumgr_serial_tx_small(raw, 3, cb, arg);
			if (rc != 0) {
				return rc;
			}
			break;
		}

		if (rem == 2) {
			raw[0] = data[src_off];
			raw[1] = data[src_off + 1];
			src_off += 2;

			raw[2] = (crc & 0xff00) >> 8;
			rc = mcumgr_serial_tx_small(raw, 3, cb, arg);
			if (rc != 0) {
				return rc;
			}

			raw[0] = crc & 0x00ff;
			rc = mcumgr_serial_tx_small(raw, 1, cb, arg);
			if (rc != 0) {
				return rc;
			}
			break;
		}

		/* Otherwise, just encode payload data. */
		memcpy(raw, data + src_off, 3);
		rc = mcumgr_serial_tx_small(raw, 3, cb, arg);
		if (rc != 0) {
			return rc;
		}
		src_off += 3;
		dst_off += 4;
	}

	rc = cb("\n", 1, arg);
	if (rc != 0) {
		return rc;
	}

	*out_data_bytes_txed = src_off;
	return 0;
}

int mcumgr_serial_tx_pkt(const u8_t *data, int len, mcumgr_serial_tx_cb cb,
			 void *arg)
{
	u16_t crc;
	int data_bytes_txed;
	int src_off;
	int rc;

	/* Calculate CRC of entire packet. */
	crc = mcumgr_serial_calc_crc(data, len);

	/* Transmit packet as a sequence of frames. */
	src_off = 0;
	while (src_off < len) {
		rc = mcumgr_serial_tx_frame(data + src_off,
					    src_off == 0,
					    len - src_off,
					    crc, cb, arg,
					    &data_bytes_txed);
		if (rc != 0) {
			return rc;
		}

		src_off += data_bytes_txed;
	}

	return 0;
}