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Elixir Cross Referencer

.. _kconfig_extensions:

Kconfig extensions
##################

Zephyr uses the `Kconfiglib <https://github.com/ulfalizer/Kconfiglib>`__
implementation of `Kconfig
<https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.txt>`__,
which includes some Kconfig extensions:

- Environment variables in ``source`` statements are expanded directly, meaning
  no "bounce" symbols with ``option env="ENV_VAR"`` need to be defined.

  .. note::

     ``option env`` has been removed from the C tools as of Linux 4.18 as well.

  The recommended syntax for referencing environment variables is ``$(FOO)``
  rather than ``$FOO``. This uses the new `Kconfig preprocessor
  <https://raw.githubusercontent.com/torvalds/linux/master/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-macro-language.txt>`__.
  The ``$FOO`` syntax for expanding environment variables is only supported for
  backwards compatibility.

- The ``source`` statement supports glob patterns and includes each matching
  file. A pattern is required to match at least one file.

  Consider the following example:

  .. code-block:: none

      source "foo/bar/*/Kconfig"

  If the pattern ``foo/bar/*/Kconfig`` matches the files
  :file:`foo/bar/baz/Kconfig` and :file:`foo/bar/qaz/Kconfig`, the statement
  above is equivalent to the following two ``source`` statements:

  .. code-block:: none

      source "foo/bar/baz/Kconfig"
      source "foo/bar/qaz/Kconfig"

  If no files match the pattern, an error is generated.

  The wildcard patterns accepted are the same as for the Python `glob
  <https://docs.python.org/3/library/glob.html>`__ module.

  For cases where it's okay for a pattern to match no files (or for a plain
  filename to not exist), a separate ``osource`` (*optional source*) statement
  is available. ``osource`` is a no-op if no file matches.

  .. note::

      ``source`` and ``osource`` are analogous to ``include`` and
      ``-include`` in Make.

- An ``rsource`` statement is available for including files specified with a
  relative path. The path is relative to the directory of the :file:`Kconfig`
  file that contains the ``rsource`` statement.

  As an example, assume that :file:`foo/Kconfig` is the top-level
  :file:`Kconfig` file, and that :file:`foo/bar/Kconfig` has the following
  statements:

  .. code-block:: none

      source "qaz/Kconfig1"
      rsource "qaz/Kconfig2"

  This will include the two files :file:`foo/qaz/Kconfig1` and
  :file:`foo/bar/qaz/Kconfig2`.

  ``rsource`` can be used to create :file:`Kconfig` "subtrees" that can be
  moved around freely.

  ``rsource`` also supports glob patterns.

  A drawback of ``rsource`` is that it can make it harder to figure out where a
  file gets included, so only use it if you need it.

- An ``orsource`` statement is available that combines ``osource`` and
  ``rsource``.

  For example, the following statement will include :file:`Kconfig1` and
  :file:`Kconfig2` from the current directory (if they exist):

  .. code-block:: none

      orsource "Kconfig[12]"

- ``def_int``, ``def_hex``, and ``def_string`` keywords are available,
  analogous to ``def_bool``. These set the type and add a ``default`` at the
  same time.