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/** @file
 * @brief Network initialization
 *
 * Initialize the network IP stack. Create one thread for reading data
 * from IP stack and passing that data to applications (Rx thread).
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2016 Intel Corporation
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
 */

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_DEBUG_CORE)
#define SYS_LOG_DOMAIN "net/core"
#define NET_LOG_ENABLED 1
#endif

#include <init.h>
#include <kernel.h>
#include <toolchain.h>
#include <linker/sections.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include <net/net_if.h>
#include <net/net_mgmt.h>
#include <net/arp.h>
#include <net/net_pkt.h>
#include <net/net_core.h>
#include <net/dns_resolve.h>

#include "net_private.h"
#include "net_shell.h"

#include "icmpv6.h"
#include "ipv6.h"

#include "icmpv4.h"

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_DHCPV4)
#include "dhcpv4.h"
#endif

#include "route.h"
#include "rpl.h"

#include "connection.h"
#include "udp_internal.h"
#include "tcp.h"

#include "net_stats.h"

/* Stack for the rx thread.
 */
#if !defined(CONFIG_NET_RX_STACK_SIZE)
#define CONFIG_NET_RX_STACK_SIZE 1024
#endif

NET_STACK_DEFINE(RX, rx_stack, CONFIG_NET_RX_STACK_SIZE,
		 CONFIG_NET_RX_STACK_SIZE + CONFIG_NET_RX_STACK_RPL);
static struct k_thread rx_thread_data;
static struct k_fifo rx_queue;
static k_tid_t rx_tid;
static K_SEM_DEFINE(startup_sync, 0, UINT_MAX);

static inline enum net_verdict process_data(struct net_pkt *pkt,
					    bool is_loopback)
{
	int ret;
	bool locally_routed = false;

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_IPV6_FRAGMENT)
	/* If the packet is routed back to us when we have reassembled
	 * an IPv6 packet, then do not pass it to L2 as the packet does
	 * not have link layer headers in it.
	 */
	if (net_pkt_ipv6_fragment_start(pkt)) {
		locally_routed = true;
	}
#endif

	/* If there is no data, then drop the packet. */
	if (!pkt->frags) {
		NET_DBG("Corrupted packet (frags %p)", pkt->frags);
		net_stats_update_processing_error();

		return NET_DROP;
	}

	if (!is_loopback && !locally_routed) {
		ret = net_if_recv_data(net_pkt_iface(pkt), pkt);
		if (ret != NET_CONTINUE) {
			if (ret == NET_DROP) {
				NET_DBG("Packet %p discarded by L2", pkt);
				net_stats_update_processing_error();
			}

			return ret;
		}
	}

	/* IP version and header length. */
	switch (NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->vtc & 0xf0) {
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_IPV6)
	case 0x60:
		net_stats_update_ipv6_recv();
		net_pkt_set_family(pkt, PF_INET6);
		return net_ipv6_process_pkt(pkt);
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_IPV4)
	case 0x40:
		net_stats_update_ipv4_recv();
		net_pkt_set_family(pkt, PF_INET);
		return net_ipv4_process_pkt(pkt);
#endif
	}

	NET_DBG("Unknown IP family packet (0x%x)",
		NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->vtc & 0xf0);
	net_stats_update_ip_errors_protoerr();
	net_stats_update_ip_errors_vhlerr();

	return NET_DROP;
}

static void processing_data(struct net_pkt *pkt, bool is_loopback)
{
	switch (process_data(pkt, is_loopback)) {
	case NET_OK:
		NET_DBG("Consumed pkt %p", pkt);
		break;
	case NET_DROP:
	default:
		NET_DBG("Dropping pkt %p", pkt);
		net_pkt_unref(pkt);
		break;
	}
}

static void net_rx_thread(void)
{
	struct net_pkt *pkt;

	NET_DBG("Starting RX thread (stack %zu bytes)",
		K_THREAD_STACK_SIZEOF(rx_stack));

	/* Starting TX side. The ordering is important here and the TX
	 * can only be started when RX side is ready to receive packets.
	 * We synchronize the startup of the device so that both RX and TX
	 * are only started fully when both are ready to receive or send
	 * data.
	 */
	net_if_init(&startup_sync);

	k_sem_take(&startup_sync, K_FOREVER);

	/* This will take the interface up and start everything. */
	net_if_post_init();

	while (1) {
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_STATISTICS) || defined(CONFIG_NET_DEBUG_CORE)
		size_t pkt_len;
#endif

		pkt = k_fifo_get(&rx_queue, K_FOREVER);

		net_analyze_stack("RX thread", K_THREAD_STACK_BUFFER(rx_stack),
				  K_THREAD_STACK_SIZEOF(rx_stack));

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_STATISTICS) || defined(CONFIG_NET_DEBUG_CORE)
		pkt_len = net_pkt_get_len(pkt);
#endif
		NET_DBG("Received pkt %p len %zu", pkt, pkt_len);

		net_stats_update_bytes_recv(pkt_len);

		processing_data(pkt, false);

		net_print_statistics();
		net_pkt_print();

		k_yield();
	}
}

static void init_rx_queue(void)
{
	k_fifo_init(&rx_queue);

	rx_tid = k_thread_create(&rx_thread_data, rx_stack,
				 K_THREAD_STACK_SIZEOF(rx_stack),
				 (k_thread_entry_t)net_rx_thread,
				 NULL, NULL, NULL, K_PRIO_COOP(8),
				 K_ESSENTIAL, K_NO_WAIT);
}

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_IP_ADDR_CHECK)
/* Check if the IPv{4|6} addresses are proper. As this can be expensive,
 * make this optional.
 */
static inline int check_ip_addr(struct net_pkt *pkt)
{
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_IPV6)
	if (net_pkt_family(pkt) == AF_INET6) {
		if (net_ipv6_addr_cmp(&NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->dst,
				      net_ipv6_unspecified_address())) {
			NET_DBG("IPv6 dst address missing");
			return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
		}

		/* If the destination address is our own, then route it
		 * back to us.
		 */
		if (net_is_ipv6_addr_loopback(&NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->dst) ||
		    net_is_my_ipv6_addr(&NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->dst)) {
			struct in6_addr addr;

			/* Swap the addresses so that in receiving side
			 * the packet is accepted.
			 */
			net_ipaddr_copy(&addr, &NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->src);
			net_ipaddr_copy(&NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->src,
					&NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->dst);
			net_ipaddr_copy(&NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->dst, &addr);

			return 1;
		}

		/* The source check must be done after the destination check
		 * as having src ::1 is perfectly ok if dst is ::1 too.
		 */
		if (net_is_ipv6_addr_loopback(&NET_IPV6_HDR(pkt)->src)) {
			NET_DBG("IPv6 loopback src address");
			return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
		}
	} else
#endif /* CONFIG_NET_IPV6 */

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_IPV4)
	if (net_pkt_family(pkt) == AF_INET) {
		if (net_ipv4_addr_cmp(&NET_IPV4_HDR(pkt)->dst,
				      net_ipv4_unspecified_address())) {
			return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
		}

		/* If the destination address is our own, then route it
		 * back to us.
		 */
		if (net_is_ipv4_addr_loopback(&NET_IPV4_HDR(pkt)->dst) ||
		    net_is_my_ipv4_addr(&NET_IPV4_HDR(pkt)->dst)) {
			struct in_addr addr;

			/* Swap the addresses so that in receiving side
			 * the packet is accepted.
			 */
			net_ipaddr_copy(&addr, &NET_IPV4_HDR(pkt)->src);
			net_ipaddr_copy(&NET_IPV4_HDR(pkt)->src,
					&NET_IPV4_HDR(pkt)->dst);
			net_ipaddr_copy(&NET_IPV4_HDR(pkt)->dst, &addr);

			return 1;
		}

		/* The source check must be done after the destination check
		 * as having src 127.0.0.0/8 is perfectly ok if dst is in
		 * localhost subnet too.
		 */
		if (net_is_ipv4_addr_loopback(&NET_IPV4_HDR(pkt)->src)) {
			NET_DBG("IPv4 loopback src address");
			return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
		}
	} else
#endif /* CONFIG_NET_IPV4 */

	{
		;
	}

	return 0;
}
#else
#define check_ip_addr(pkt) 0
#endif

/* Called when data needs to be sent to network */
int net_send_data(struct net_pkt *pkt)
{
	int status;

	if (!pkt || !pkt->frags) {
		return -ENODATA;
	}

	if (!net_pkt_iface(pkt)) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_STATISTICS)
	switch (net_pkt_family(pkt)) {
	case AF_INET:
		net_stats_update_ipv4_sent();
		break;
	case AF_INET6:
		net_stats_update_ipv6_sent();
		break;
	}
#endif

	status = check_ip_addr(pkt);
	if (status < 0) {
		return status;
	} else if (status > 0) {
		/* Packet is destined back to us so send it directly
		 * to RX processing.
		 */
		NET_DBG("Loopback pkt %p back to us", pkt);
		processing_data(pkt, true);
		return 0;
	}

	if (net_if_send_data(net_pkt_iface(pkt), pkt) == NET_DROP) {
		return -EIO;
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Called by driver when an IP packet has been received */
int net_recv_data(struct net_if *iface, struct net_pkt *pkt)
{
	NET_ASSERT(pkt && pkt->frags);
	NET_ASSERT(iface);

	if (!pkt->frags) {
		return -ENODATA;
	}

	if (!atomic_test_bit(iface->flags, NET_IF_UP)) {
		return -ENETDOWN;
	}

	NET_DBG("fifo %p iface %p pkt %p len %zu", &rx_queue, iface, pkt,
		net_pkt_get_len(pkt));

	net_pkt_set_iface(pkt, iface);

	k_fifo_put(&rx_queue, pkt);

	return 0;
}

static inline void l3_init(void)
{
	net_icmpv4_init();
	net_icmpv6_init();
	net_ipv6_init();

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_UDP) || defined(CONFIG_NET_TCP)
	net_conn_init();
#endif
	net_udp_init();
	net_tcp_init();

	net_route_init();

	dns_init_resolver();

	NET_DBG("Network L3 init done");
}

static inline void l2_init(void)
{
	net_arp_init();

	NET_DBG("Network L2 init done");
}

static int net_init(struct device *unused)
{
	int status = 0;

	NET_DBG("Priority %d", CONFIG_NET_INIT_PRIO);

	net_pkt_init();

	net_context_init();

	l2_init();
	l3_init();

	net_mgmt_event_init();

	init_rx_queue();

#if CONFIG_NET_DHCPV4
	status = dhcpv4_init();
	if (status) {
		return status;
	}
#endif

	return status;
}

SYS_INIT(net_init, POST_KERNEL, CONFIG_NET_INIT_PRIO);