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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2011-2015 Wind River Systems, Inc.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
/**
 * @file  CPU power management code for IA-32
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 * This module provides an implementation of the architecture-specific
 * nano_cpu_idle() primitive required by the nanokernel idle loop component.
 * It can be called within an implementation of _sys_power_save_idle(),
 * which is provided for the microkernel by the platform.
 *
 * The module also provides an implementation of nano_cpu_atomic_idle(), which
 * atomically re-enables interrupts and enters low power mode.
 *
 * INTERNAL
 * These implementations of nano_cpu_idle() and nano_cpu_atomic_idle() could be
 * used when operating as a Hypervisor guest.  More specifically, the Hypervisor
 * supports the execution of the 'hlt' instruction from a guest (results in a
 * VM exit), and more importantly, the Hypervisor will respect the
 * single instruction delay slot after the 'sti' instruction as required
 * by nano_cpu_atomic_idle().
 */

#include <zephyr.h>
#include <misc/kernel_event_logger.h>
#include <arch/cpu.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_BOOT_TIME_MEASUREMENT
extern uint64_t __idle_tsc;  /* timestamp when CPU went idle */
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_NANOKERNEL) && defined(CONFIG_TICKLESS_IDLE)
extern void _power_save_idle(void);
#endif

/**
 *
 * @brief Power save idle routine for IA-32
 *
 * This function will be called by the nanokernel idle loop or possibly within
 * an implementation of _sys_power_save_idle in the microkernel when the
 * '_sys_power_save_flag' variable is non-zero.  The IA-32 'hlt' instruction
 * will be issued causing a low-power consumption sleep mode.
 *
 * @return N/A
 */
void nano_cpu_idle(void)
{
	_int_latency_stop();
	_sys_k_event_logger_enter_sleep();
#if defined(CONFIG_BOOT_TIME_MEASUREMENT)
	__idle_tsc = _NanoTscRead();
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_NANOKERNEL) && defined(CONFIG_TICKLESS_IDLE)
	__asm__ volatile("cli");
	_power_save_idle();
#endif

	__asm__ volatile (
	    "sti\n\t"
	    "hlt\n\t");
}

/**
 *
 * @brief Atomically re-enable interrupts and enter low power mode
 *
 * This function is utilized by the nanokernel object "wait" APIs for tasks,
 * e.g. nano_task_lifo_get(), nano_task_sem_take(),
 * nano_task_stack_pop(), and nano_task_fifo_get().
 *
 * INTERNAL
 * The requirements for nano_cpu_atomic_idle() are as follows:
 * 1) The enablement of interrupts and entering a low-power mode needs to be
 *    atomic, i.e. there should be no period of time where interrupts are
 *    enabled before the processor enters a low-power mode.  See the comments
 *    in nano_task_lifo_get(), for example, of the race condition that
 *    occurs if this requirement is not met.
 *
 * 2) After waking up from the low-power mode, the interrupt lockout state
 *    must be restored as indicated in the 'imask' input parameter.
 *
 * @return N/A
 */

void nano_cpu_atomic_idle(unsigned int imask)
{
	_int_latency_stop();
	_sys_k_event_logger_enter_sleep();

#if defined(CONFIG_NANOKERNEL) && defined(CONFIG_TICKLESS_IDLE)
	_power_save_idle();
#endif

	__asm__ volatile (
	    "sti\n\t"
	    /*
	     * The following statement appears in "Intel 64 and IA-32
	     * Architectures Software Developer's Manual", regarding the 'sti'
	     * instruction:
	     *
	     * "After the IF flag is set, the processor begins responding to
	     *    external, maskable interrupts after the next instruction is
	     *    executed."
	     *
	     * Thus the IA-32 implementation of nano_cpu_atomic_idle() will
	     * atomically re-enable interrupts and enter a low-power mode.
	     */
	    "hlt\n\t");

	/* restore interrupt lockout state before returning to caller */
	if (!(imask & 0x200)) {
		_int_latency_start();
		__asm__ volatile("cli");
	}
}