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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2015 Intel Corporation.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

/**
 * @file Driver for PCAL9535A I2C-based GPIO driver.
 */

#include <errno.h>

#include <nanokernel.h>

#include <misc/util.h>
#include <gpio.h>
#include <i2c.h>

#include "gpio_pcal9535a.h"

#ifndef CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_DEBUG
#define DBG(...) { ; }
#else
#if defined(CONFIG_STDOUT_CONSOLE)
#include <stdio.h>
#define DBG printf
#else
#include <misc/printk.h>
#define DBG printk
#endif /* CONFIG_STDOUT_CONSOLE */
#endif /* CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_DEBUG */

/* Register definitions */
#define REG_INPUT_PORT0			0x00
#define REG_INPUT_PORT1			0x01
#define REG_OUTPUT_PORT0		0x02
#define REG_OUTPUT_PORT1		0x03
#define REG_POL_INV_PORT0		0x04
#define REG_POL_INV_PORT1		0x05
#define REG_CONF_PORT0			0x06
#define REG_CONG_PORT1			0x07
#define REG_OUT_DRV_STRENGTH_PORT0_L	0x40
#define REG_OUT_DRV_STRENGTH_PORT0_H	0x41
#define REG_OUT_DRV_STRENGTH_PORT1_L	0x42
#define REG_OUT_DRV_STRENGTH_PORT1_H	0x43
#define REG_INPUT_LATCH_PORT0		0x44
#define REG_INPUT_LATCH_PORT1		0x45
#define REG_PUD_EN_PORT0		0x46
#define REG_PUD_EN_PORT1		0x47
#define REG_PUD_SEL_PORT0		0x48
#define REG_PUD_SEL_PORT1		0x49
#define REG_INT_MASK_PORT0		0x4A
#define REG_INT_MASK_PORT1		0x4B
#define REG_INT_STATUS_PORT0		0x4C
#define REG_INT_STATUS_PORT1		0x4D
#define REG_OUTPUT_PORT_CONF		0x4F

/**
 * @brief Check to see if a I2C master is identified for communication.
 *
 * @param dev Device struct.
 * @return 1 if I2C master is identified, 0 if not.
 */
static inline int _has_i2c_master(struct device *dev)
{
	struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const drv_data =
		(struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const)dev->driver_data;
	struct device * const i2c_master = drv_data->i2c_master;

	if (i2c_master)
		return 1;
	else
		return 0;
}

/**
 * @brief Read both port 0 and port 1 registers of certain register function.
 *
 * Given the register in reg, read the pair of port 0 and port 1.
 *
 * @param dev Device struct of the PCAL9535A.
 * @param reg Register to read (the PORT0 of the pair of registers).
 * @param buf Buffer to read data into.
 *
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise.
 */
static int _read_port_regs(struct device *dev, uint8_t reg,
			   union gpio_pcal9535a_port_data *buf)
{
	const struct gpio_pcal9535a_config * const config =
		dev->config->config_info;
	struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const drv_data =
		(struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const)dev->driver_data;
	struct device * const i2c_master = drv_data->i2c_master;
	uint16_t i2c_addr = config->i2c_slave_addr;
	int ret;
	uint8_t cmd[] = { reg };
	struct i2c_msg msgs[2];

	msgs[0].buf = cmd;
	msgs[0].len = 1;
	msgs[0].flags = I2C_MSG_WRITE;

	msgs[1].buf = buf->byte;
	msgs[1].len = 2;
	msgs[1].flags = I2C_MSG_READ | I2C_MSG_RESTART;

	ret = i2c_transfer(i2c_master, msgs, 2, i2c_addr);
	if (ret) {
		DBG("PCAL9535A[0x%X]: error reading register 0x%X (%d)\n",
		    i2c_addr, reg, ret);
		goto error;
	}

	DBG("PCAL9535A[0x%X]: Read: REG[0x%X] = 0x%X, REG[0x%X] = 0x%X\n",
	    i2c_addr, reg, buf->byte[0], (reg + 1), buf->byte[1]);

error:
	return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief Write both port 0 and port 1 registers of certain register function.
 *
 * Given the register in reg, write the pair of port 0 and port 1.
 *
 * @param dev Device struct of the PCAL9535A.
 * @param reg Register to write into (the PORT0 of the pair of registers).
 * @param buf Buffer to write data from.
 *
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise.
 */
static int _write_port_regs(struct device *dev, uint8_t reg,
			    union gpio_pcal9535a_port_data *buf)
{
	const struct gpio_pcal9535a_config * const config =
		dev->config->config_info;
	struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const drv_data =
		(struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const)dev->driver_data;
	struct device * const i2c_master = drv_data->i2c_master;
	uint16_t i2c_addr = config->i2c_slave_addr;
	uint8_t cmd[] = {reg, buf->byte[0], buf->byte[1]};
	int ret;

	DBG("PCAL9535A[0x%X]: Write: REG[0x%X] = 0x%X, REG[0x%X] = 0x%X\n",
	    i2c_addr, reg, buf->byte[0], (reg + 1), buf->byte[1]);

	ret = i2c_write(i2c_master, cmd, sizeof(cmd), i2c_addr);
	if (ret) {
		DBG("PCAL9535A[0x%X]: error writing from register 0x%X (%d)\n",
		    i2c_addr, reg, ret);
	}

	return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief Setup the pin direction (input or output)
 *
 * @param dev Device struct of the PCAL9535A
 * @param access_op Access operation (pin or port)
 * @param pin The pin number
 * @param flags Flags of pin or port
 *
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise
 */
static int _setup_pin_dir(struct device *dev, int access_op,
			  uint32_t pin, int flags)
{
	struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const drv_data =
		(struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const)dev->driver_data;
	union gpio_pcal9535a_port_data *port = &drv_data->reg_cache.dir;
	uint16_t bit_mask;
	uint16_t new_value = 0;
	int ret;

	switch (access_op) {
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PIN:
		bit_mask = 1 << pin;

		/* Config 0 == output, 1 == input */
		if ((flags & GPIO_DIR_MASK) == GPIO_DIR_IN) {
			new_value = 1 << pin;
		}

		port->all &= ~bit_mask;
		port->all |= new_value;

		break;
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PORT:
		/* Config 0 == output, 1 == input */
		if ((flags & GPIO_DIR_MASK) == GPIO_DIR_IN) {
			port->all = 0xFFFF;
		} else {
			port->all = 0x0;
		}
		break;
	default:
		ret = -ENOTSUP;
		goto done;
	}

	ret = _write_port_regs(dev, REG_CONF_PORT0, port);

done:
	return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief Setup the pin pull up/pull down status
 *
 * @param dev Device struct of the PCAL9535A
 * @param access_op Access operation (pin or port)
 * @param pin The pin number
 * @param flags Flags of pin or port
 *
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise
 */
static int _setup_pin_pullupdown(struct device *dev, int access_op,
				 uint32_t pin, int flags)
{
	struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const drv_data =
		(struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const)dev->driver_data;
	union gpio_pcal9535a_port_data *port;
	uint16_t bit_mask;
	uint16_t new_value = 0;
	int ret;

	/* If disabling pull up/down, there is no need to set the selection
	 * register. Just go straight to disabling.
	 */
	if ((flags & GPIO_PUD_MASK) == GPIO_PUD_NORMAL) {
		goto en_dis;
	}

	/* Setup pin pull up or pull down */
	port = &drv_data->reg_cache.pud_sel;
	switch (access_op) {
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PIN:
		bit_mask = 1 << pin;

		/* pull down == 0, pull up == 1*/
		if ((flags & GPIO_PUD_MASK) == GPIO_PUD_PULL_UP) {
			new_value = 1 << pin;
		}

		port->all &= ~bit_mask;
		port->all |= new_value;

		break;
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PORT:
		/* pull down == 0, pull up == 1*/
		if ((flags & GPIO_PUD_MASK) == GPIO_PUD_PULL_UP) {
			port->all = 0xFFFF;
		} else {
			port->all = 0x0;
		}
		break;
	default:
		ret = -ENOTSUP;
		goto done;
	}

	ret = _write_port_regs(dev, REG_PUD_SEL_PORT0, port);
	if (ret) {
		goto done;
	}

en_dis:
	/* enable/disable pull up/down */
	port = &drv_data->reg_cache.pud_en;
	switch (access_op) {
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PIN:
		bit_mask = 1 << pin;

		if ((flags & GPIO_PUD_MASK) != GPIO_PUD_NORMAL) {
			new_value = 1 << pin;
		}

		port->all &= ~bit_mask;
		port->all |= new_value;

		break;
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PORT:
		if ((flags & GPIO_PUD_MASK) != GPIO_PUD_NORMAL) {
			port->all = 0xFFFF;
		} else {
			port->all = 0x0;
		}
		break;
	default:
		ret = -ENOTSUP;
		goto done;
	}

	ret = _write_port_regs(dev, REG_PUD_EN_PORT0, port);

done:
	return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief Setup the polarity of pin or port
 *
 * @param dev Device struct of the PCAL9535A
 * @param access_op Access operation (pin or port)
 * @param pin The pin number
 * @param flags Flags of pin or port
 *
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise
 */
static int _setup_pin_polarity(struct device *dev, int access_op,
			       uint32_t pin, int flags)
{
	struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const drv_data =
		(struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const)dev->driver_data;
	union gpio_pcal9535a_port_data *port = &drv_data->reg_cache.pol_inv;
	uint16_t bit_mask;
	uint16_t new_value = 0;
	int ret;

	switch (access_op) {
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PIN:
		bit_mask = BIT(pin);

		/* normal == 0, invert == 1 */
		if ((flags & GPIO_POL_MASK) == GPIO_POL_INV) {
			new_value = BIT(pin);
		}

		port->all &= ~bit_mask;
		port->all |= new_value;

		break;
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PORT:
		/* normal == 0, invert == 1 */
		if ((flags & GPIO_POL_MASK) == GPIO_POL_INV) {
			port->all = 0xFFFF;
		} else {
			port->all = 0x0;
		}
		break;
	default:
		ret = -ENOTSUP;
		goto done;
	}

	ret = _write_port_regs(dev, REG_POL_INV_PORT0, port);
	if (!ret) {
		drv_data->out_pol_inv = port->all;
	}

done:
	return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief Configurate pin or port
 *
 * @param dev Device struct of the PCAL9535A
 * @param access_op Access operation (pin or port)
 * @param pin The pin number
 * @param flags Flags of pin or port
 *
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise
 */
static int gpio_pcal9535a_config(struct device *dev, int access_op,
				 uint32_t pin, int flags)
{
	int ret;

#ifdef CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_DEBUG
	const struct gpio_pcal9535a_config * const config =
		dev->config->config_info;
	uint16_t i2c_addr = config->i2c_slave_addr;
#endif

	if (!_has_i2c_master(dev)) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	ret = _setup_pin_dir(dev, access_op, pin, flags);
	if (ret) {
		DBG("PCAL9535A[0x%X]: error setting pin direction (%d)\n",
		    i2c_addr, ret);
		goto done;
	}

	ret = _setup_pin_polarity(dev, access_op, pin, flags);
	if (ret) {
		DBG("PCAL9535A[0x%X]: error setting pin polarity (%d)\n",
		    i2c_addr, ret);
		goto done;
	}

	ret = _setup_pin_pullupdown(dev, access_op, pin, flags);
	if (ret) {
		DBG("PCAL9535A[0x%X]: error setting pin pull up/down (%d)\n",
		    i2c_addr, ret);
		goto done;
	}

done:
	return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief Set the pin or port output
 *
 * @param dev Device struct of the PCAL9535A
 * @param access_op Access operation (pin or port)
 * @param pin The pin number
 * @param value Value to set (0 or 1)
 *
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise
 */
static int gpio_pcal9535a_write(struct device *dev, int access_op,
				uint32_t pin, uint32_t value)
{
	struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const drv_data =
		(struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const)dev->driver_data;
	union gpio_pcal9535a_port_data *port = &drv_data->reg_cache.output;
	uint16_t bit_mask;
	uint16_t new_value;
	int ret;

	if (!_has_i2c_master(dev)) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Invert input value for pins configurated as active low. */
	switch (access_op) {
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PIN:
		bit_mask = BIT(pin);

		new_value = (value << pin) & bit_mask;
		new_value ^= (drv_data->out_pol_inv & bit_mask);
		new_value &= bit_mask;

		port->all &= ~bit_mask;
		port->all |= new_value;

		break;
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PORT:
		port->all = value;
		bit_mask = drv_data->out_pol_inv;

		new_value = value & bit_mask;
		new_value ^= drv_data->out_pol_inv;
		new_value &= bit_mask;

		port->all &= ~bit_mask;
		port->all |= new_value;

		break;
	default:
		ret = -ENOTSUP;
		goto done;
	}

	ret = _write_port_regs(dev, REG_OUTPUT_PORT0, port);

done:
	return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief Read the pin or port status
 *
 * @param dev Device struct of the PCAL9535A
 * @param access_op Access operation (pin or port)
 * @param pin The pin number
 * @param value Value of input pin(s)
 *
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise
 */
static int gpio_pcal9535a_read(struct device *dev, int access_op,
			       uint32_t pin, uint32_t *value)
{
	union gpio_pcal9535a_port_data buf;
	int ret;

	if (!_has_i2c_master(dev)) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	ret = _read_port_regs(dev, REG_INPUT_PORT0, &buf);
	if (ret != 0) {
		goto done;
	}

	switch (access_op) {
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PIN:
		*value = (buf.all >> pin) & 0x01;
		break;
	case GPIO_ACCESS_BY_PORT:
		*value = buf.all;
		break;
	default:
		ret = -ENOTSUP;
		break;
	}

done:
	return ret;
}

static int gpio_pcal9535a_set_callback(struct device *dev,
				       gpio_callback_t callback)
{
	ARG_UNUSED(dev);
	ARG_UNUSED(callback);

	return -ENOTSUP;
}

static int gpio_pcal9535a_enable_callback(struct device *dev,
					  int access_op, uint32_t pin)
{
	ARG_UNUSED(dev);
	ARG_UNUSED(access_op);
	ARG_UNUSED(pin);

	return -ENOTSUP;
}

static int gpio_pcal9535a_disable_callback(struct device *dev,
					   int access_op, uint32_t pin)
{
	ARG_UNUSED(dev);
	ARG_UNUSED(access_op);
	ARG_UNUSED(pin);

	return -ENOTSUP;
}

static struct gpio_driver_api gpio_pcal9535a_drv_api_funcs = {
	.config = gpio_pcal9535a_config,
	.write = gpio_pcal9535a_write,
	.read = gpio_pcal9535a_read,
	.set_callback = gpio_pcal9535a_set_callback,
	.enable_callback = gpio_pcal9535a_enable_callback,
	.disable_callback = gpio_pcal9535a_disable_callback,
};

/**
 * @brief Initialization function of PCAL9535A
 *
 * @param dev Device struct
 * @return 0 if successful, failed otherwise.
 */
int gpio_pcal9535a_init(struct device *dev)
{
	const struct gpio_pcal9535a_config * const config =
		dev->config->config_info;
	struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const drv_data =
		(struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data * const)dev->driver_data;
	struct device *i2c_master;

	dev->driver_api = &gpio_pcal9535a_drv_api_funcs;

	/* Find out the device struct of the I2C master */
	i2c_master = device_get_binding((char *)config->i2c_master_dev_name);
	if (!i2c_master) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	drv_data->i2c_master = i2c_master;

	nano_timer_init(&drv_data->timer, (void *) 0);

	return 0;
}

/* Initialization for PCAL9535A_0 */
#ifdef CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_0
#include <device.h>
#include <init.h>

static struct gpio_pcal9535a_config gpio_pcal9535a_0_cfg = {
	.i2c_master_dev_name = CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_0_I2C_MASTER_DEV_NAME,
	.i2c_slave_addr = CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_0_I2C_ADDR,
};

static struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data gpio_pcal9535a_0_drvdata = {
	/* Default for registers according to datasheet */
	.reg_cache.output = { .all = 0xFFFF },
	.reg_cache.pol_inv = { .all = 0x0 },
	.reg_cache.dir = { .all = 0xFFFF },
	.reg_cache.pud_en = { .all = 0x0 },
	.reg_cache.pud_sel = { .all = 0xFFFF },
};

/* This has to init after I2C master */
DEVICE_INIT(gpio_pcal9535a_0, CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_0_DEV_NAME,
	    gpio_pcal9535a_init,
	    &gpio_pcal9535a_0_drvdata, &gpio_pcal9535a_0_cfg,
	    SECONDARY, CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_INIT_PRIORITY);

#endif /* CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_0 */

/* Initialization for PCAL9535A_1 */
#ifdef CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_1
#include <device.h>
#include <init.h>

static struct gpio_pcal9535a_config gpio_pcal9535a_1_cfg = {
	.i2c_master_dev_name = CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_1_I2C_MASTER_DEV_NAME,
	.i2c_slave_addr = CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_1_I2C_ADDR,
};

static struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data gpio_pcal9535a_1_drvdata = {
	/* Default for registers according to datasheet */
	.reg_cache.output = { .all = 0xFFFF },
	.reg_cache.pol_inv = { .all = 0x0 },
	.reg_cache.dir = { .all = 0xFFFF },
	.reg_cache.pud_en = { .all = 0x0 },
	.reg_cache.pud_sel = { .all = 0xFFFF },
};

/* This has to init after I2C master */
DEVICE_INIT(gpio_pcal9535a_1, CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_1_DEV_NAME,
	    gpio_pcal9535a_init,
	    &gpio_pcal9535a_1_drvdata, &gpio_pcal9535a_1_cfg,
	    SECONDARY, CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_INIT_PRIORITY);

#endif /* CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_1 */

/* Initialization for PCAL9535A_2 */
#ifdef CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_2
#include <device.h>
#include <init.h>

static struct gpio_pcal9535a_config gpio_pcal9535a_2_cfg = {
	.i2c_master_dev_name = CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_2_I2C_MASTER_DEV_NAME,
	.i2c_slave_addr = CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_2_I2C_ADDR,
};

static struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data gpio_pcal9535a_2_drvdata = {
	/* Default for registers according to datasheet */
	.reg_cache.output = { .all = 0xFFFF },
	.reg_cache.pol_inv = { .all = 0x0 },
	.reg_cache.dir = { .all = 0xFFFF },
	.reg_cache.pud_en = { .all = 0x0 },
	.reg_cache.pud_sel = { .all = 0xFFFF },
};

/* This has to init after I2C master */
DEVICE_INIT(gpio_pcal9535a_2, CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_2_DEV_NAME,
	    gpio_pcal9535a_init,
	    &gpio_pcal9535a_2_drvdata, &gpio_pcal9535a_2_cfg,
	    SECONDARY, CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_INIT_PRIORITY);

#endif /* CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_2 */

/* Initialization for PCAL9535A_3 */
#ifdef CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_3
#include <device.h>
#include <init.h>

static struct gpio_pcal9535a_config gpio_pcal9535a_3_cfg = {
	.i2c_master_dev_name = CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_3_I2C_MASTER_DEV_NAME,
	.i2c_slave_addr = CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_3_I2C_ADDR,
};

static struct gpio_pcal9535a_drv_data gpio_pcal9535a_3_drvdata = {
	/* Default for registers according to datasheet */
	.reg_cache.output = { .all = 0xFFFF },
	.reg_cache.pol_inv = { .all = 0x0 },
	.reg_cache.dir = { .all = 0xFFFF },
	.reg_cache.pud_en = { .all = 0x0 },
	.reg_cache.pud_sel = { .all = 0xFFFF },
};

/* This has to init after I2C master */
DEVICE_INIT(gpio_pcal9535a_3, CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_3_DEV_NAME,
	    gpio_pcal9535a_init,
	    &gpio_pcal9535a_3_drvdata, &gpio_pcal9535a_3_cfg,
	    SECONDARY, CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_INIT_PRIORITY);

#endif /* CONFIG_GPIO_PCAL9535A_3 */