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# Generates a Kconfig symbol reference in RST format, with a separate
# CONFIG_FOO.rst file for each symbol, and an alphabetical index with links in
# index.rst.

import errno
import os
import sys
import textwrap

import kconfiglib


def rst_link(sc):
    # Returns an RST link (string) for the symbol/choice 'sc', or the normal
    # Kconfig expression format (e.g. just the name) for 'sc' if it can't be
    # turned into a link.

    if isinstance(sc, kconfiglib.Symbol):
        # Skip constant and undefined symbols by checking if expr.nodes is
        # empty
        if sc.nodes:
            # The "\ " avoids RST issues for !CONFIG_FOO -- see
            # http://docutils.sourceforge.net/docs/ref/rst/restructuredtext.html#character-level-inline-markup
            return r"\ :option:`{0} <CONFIG_{0}>`".format(sc.name)

    elif isinstance(sc, kconfiglib.Choice):
        # Choices appear as dependencies of choice symbols.
        #
        # Use a :ref: instead of an :option:. With an :option:, we'd have to have
        # an '.. option::' in the choice reference page as well. That would make
        # the internal choice ID show up in the documentation.
        #
        # Note that the first pair of <...> is non-syntactic here. We just display
        # choices links within <> in the documentation.
        return r"\ :ref:`<{}> <{}>`" \
               .format(choice_desc(sc), choice_id(sc))

    # Can't turn 'sc' into a link. Use the standard Kconfig format.
    return kconfiglib.standard_sc_expr_str(sc)


def expr_str(expr):
    # Returns the Kconfig representation of 'expr', with symbols/choices turned
    # into RST links

    return kconfiglib.expr_str(expr, rst_link)


INDEX_RST_HEADER = """.. _configuration_options:

Configuration Options
#####################

Introduction
************

Kconfig files describe the configuration symbols supported in the build
system, the logical organization and structure that group the symbols in menus
and sub-menus, and the relationships between the different configuration
symbols that govern the valid configuration combinations.

The Kconfig files are distributed across the build directory tree. The files
are organized based on their common characteristics and on what new symbols
they add to the configuration menus.

The configuration options' information below is extracted directly from
:program:`Kconfig`. Click on
the option name in the table below for detailed information about each option.

Supported Options
*****************

.. list-table:: Alphabetized Index of Configuration Options
   :header-rows: 1

   * - Kconfig Symbol
     - Description
"""

def write_kconfig_rst():
    # The "main" function. Writes index.rst and the symbol RST files.

    # accelerate doc building by skipping kconfig option documentation.
    turbo_mode = os.environ.get('KCONFIG_TURBO_MODE') == "1"

    if len(sys.argv) != 3:
        print("usage: {} <Kconfig> <output directory>", file=sys.stderr)
        sys.exit(1)

    kconf = kconfiglib.Kconfig(sys.argv[1])
    out_dir = sys.argv[2]

    # String with the RST for the index page
    index_rst = INDEX_RST_HEADER
    index_def_rst = ":orphan:\n\n"

    # Sort the symbols by name so that they end up in sorted order in index.rst
    for sym in sorted(kconf.unique_defined_syms, key=lambda sym: sym.name):
        if turbo_mode:
            index_def_rst += ".. option:: CONFIG_{}\n".format(sym.name)
        else:
            # Write an RST file for the symbol
            write_sym_rst(sym, out_dir)

        # Add an index entry for the symbol that links to its RST file. Also
        # list its prompt(s), if any. (A symbol can have multiple prompts if it
        # has multiple definitions.)
        index_rst += "   * - :option:`CONFIG_{}`\n     - {}\n".format(
            sym.name,
            " / ".join(node.prompt[0]
                       for node in sym.nodes if node.prompt))

    if turbo_mode:
        write_if_updated(os.path.join(out_dir, "options.rst"), index_def_rst)
    else:
        for choice in kconf.unique_choices:
            # Write an RST file for the choice
            write_choice_rst(choice, out_dir)

    write_if_updated(os.path.join(out_dir, "index.rst"), index_rst)


def write_sym_rst(sym, out_dir):
    # Writes documentation for 'sym' to <out_dir>/CONFIG_<sym.name>.rst

    write_if_updated(os.path.join(out_dir, "CONFIG_{}.rst".format(sym.name)),
                     sym_header_rst(sym) +
                     help_rst(sym) +
                     direct_deps_rst(sym) +
                     defaults_rst(sym) +
                     select_imply_rst(sym) +
                     selecting_implying_rst(sym) +
                     kconfig_definition_rst(sym))


def write_choice_rst(choice, out_dir):
    # Writes documentation for 'choice' to <out_dir>/choice_<n>.rst, where <n>
    # is the index of the choice in kconf.choices (where choices appear in the
    # same order as in the Kconfig files)

    write_if_updated(os.path.join(out_dir, choice_id(choice) + ".rst"),
                     choice_header_rst(choice) +
                     help_rst(choice) +
                     direct_deps_rst(choice) +
                     defaults_rst(choice) +
                     choice_syms_rst(choice) +
                     kconfig_definition_rst(choice))


def sym_header_rst(sym):
    # Returns RST that appears at the top of symbol reference pages

    # - :orphan: suppresses warnings for the symbol RST files not being
    #   included in any toctree
    #
    # - '.. title::' sets the title of the document (e.g. <title>). This seems
    #   to be poorly documented at the moment.
    return ":orphan:\n\n" \
           ".. title:: {0}\n\n" \
           ".. option:: CONFIG_{0}\n\n" \
           "{1}\n\n" \
           "Type: ``{2}``\n\n" \
           .format(sym.name, prompt_rst(sym),
                   kconfiglib.TYPE_TO_STR[sym.type])


def choice_header_rst(choice):
    # Returns RST that appears at the top of choice reference pages

    return ":orphan:\n\n" \
           ".. title:: {0}\n\n" \
           ".. _{1}:\n\n" \
           ".. describe:: {0}\n\n" \
           "{2}\n\n" \
           "Type: ``{3}``\n\n" \
           .format(choice_desc(choice), choice_id(choice),
                   prompt_rst(choice), kconfiglib.TYPE_TO_STR[choice.type])


def prompt_rst(sc):
    # Returns RST that lists the prompts of 'sc' (symbol or choice)

    return "\n\n".join("*{}*".format(node.prompt[0])
                       for node in sc.nodes if node.prompt) \
           or "*(No prompt -- not directly user assignable.)*"


def help_rst(sc):
    # Returns RST that lists the help text(s) of 'sc' (symbol or choice).
    # Symbols and choices with multiple definitions can have multiple help
    # texts.

    rst = ""

    for node in sc.nodes:
        if node.help is not None:
            rst += "Help\n" \
                   "====\n\n" \
                   "{}\n\n" \
                   .format(node.help)

    return rst


def direct_deps_rst(sc):
    # Returns RST that lists the direct dependencies of 'sc' (symbol or choice)

    if sc.direct_dep is sc.kconfig.y:
        return ""

    return "Direct dependencies\n" \
           "===================\n\n" \
           "{}\n\n" \
           "*(Includes any dependencies from if's and menus.)*\n\n" \
           .format(expr_str(sc.direct_dep))


def defaults_rst(sc):
    # Returns RST that lists the 'default' properties of 'sc' (symbol or
    # choice)

    if isinstance(sc, kconfiglib.Symbol) and sc.choice:
        # 'default's on choice symbols have no effect (and generate a warning).
        # The implicit value hint below would be misleading as well.
        return ""

    rst = "Defaults\n" \
          "========\n\n"

    if sc.defaults:
        for value, cond in sc.defaults:
            rst += "- " + expr_str(value)
            if cond is not sc.kconfig.y:
                rst += " if " + expr_str(cond)
            rst += "\n"

    else:
        rst += "No defaults. Implicitly defaults to "

        if isinstance(sc, kconfiglib.Choice):
            rst += "the first (visible) choice option.\n"
        elif sc.orig_type in (kconfiglib.BOOL, kconfiglib.TRISTATE):
            rst += "``n``.\n"
        else:
            # This is accurate even for int/hex symbols, though an active
            # 'range' might clamp the value (which is then treated as zero)
            rst += "the empty string.\n"

    return rst + "\n"


def choice_syms_rst(choice):
    # Returns RST that lists the symbols contained in the choice

    if not choice.syms:
        return ""

    rst = "Choice options\n" \
          "==============\n\n"

    for sym in choice.syms:
        # Generates a link
        rst += "- {}\n".format(expr_str(sym))

    return rst + "\n"


def select_imply_rst(sym):
    # Returns RST that lists the symbols 'select'ed or 'imply'd by the symbol

    rst = ""

    def add_select_imply_rst(type_str, lst):
        # Adds RST that lists the selects/implies from 'lst', which holds
        # (<symbol>, <condition>) tuples, if any. Also adds a heading derived
        # from 'type_str' if there any selects/implies.

        nonlocal rst

        if lst:
            heading = "Symbols {} by this symbol".format(type_str)
            rst += "{}\n{}\n\n".format(heading, len(heading)*"=")

            for select, cond in lst:
                rst += "- " + rst_link(select)
                if cond is not sym.kconfig.y:
                    rst += " if " + expr_str(cond)
                rst += "\n"

            rst += "\n"

    add_select_imply_rst("selected", sym.selects)
    add_select_imply_rst("implied", sym.implies)

    return rst


def selecting_implying_rst(sym):
    # Returns RST that lists the symbols that are 'select'ing or 'imply'ing the
    # symbol

    rst = ""

    def add_selecting_implying_rst(type_str, expr):
        # Writes a link for each symbol that selects the symbol (if 'expr' is
        # sym.rev_dep) or each symbol that imply's the symbol (if 'expr' is
        # sym.weak_rev_dep). Also adds a heading at the top derived from
        # type_str ("select"/"imply"), if there are any selecting/implying
        # symbols.

        nonlocal rst

        if expr is not sym.kconfig.n:
            heading = "Symbols that {} this symbol".format(type_str)
            rst += "{}\n{}\n\n".format(heading, len(heading)*"=")

            # The reverse dependencies from each select/imply are ORed together
            for select in kconfiglib.split_expr(expr, kconfiglib.OR):
                # - 'select/imply A if B' turns into A && B
                # - 'select/imply A' just turns into A
                #
                # In both cases, we can split on AND and pick the first
                # operand.

                rst += "- {}\n".format(rst_link(
                    kconfiglib.split_expr(select, kconfiglib.AND)[0]))

            rst += "\n"

    add_selecting_implying_rst("select", sym.rev_dep)
    add_selecting_implying_rst("imply", sym.weak_rev_dep)

    return rst


def kconfig_definition_rst(sc):
    # Returns RST that lists the Kconfig definition location, include path,
    # menu path, and Kconfig definition for each node (definition location) of
    # 'sc' (symbol or choice)

    # Fancy Unicode arrow. Added in '93, so ought to be pretty safe.
    arrow = " \N{RIGHTWARDS ARROW} "

    def include_path(node):
        if not node.include_path:
            # In the top-level Kconfig file
            return ""

        return "Included via {}\n\n".format(
            arrow.join("``{}:{}``".format(filename, linenr)
                       for filename, linenr in node.include_path))

    def menu_path(node):
        path = ""

        while True:
            # This excludes indented submenus created in the menuconfig
            # interface when items depend on the preceding symbol.
            # is_menuconfig means anything that would be shown as a separate
            # menu (not indented): proper 'menu's, menuconfig symbols, and
            # choices.
            node = node.parent
            while not node.is_menuconfig:
                node = node.parent

            if node is node.kconfig.top_node:
                break

            # Promptless choices can show up as parents, e.g. when people
            # define choices in multiple locations to add symbols. Use
            # standard_sc_expr_str() to show them. That way they show up as
            # '<choice (name if any)>'.
            path = arrow + \
                   (node.prompt[0] if node.prompt else
                    kconfiglib.standard_sc_expr_str(node.item)) + \
                   path

        return "(top menu)" + path

    heading = "Kconfig definition"
    if len(sc.nodes) > 1: heading += "s"
    rst = "{}\n{}\n\n".format(heading, len(heading)*"=")

    rst += ".. highlight:: kconfig"

    for node in sc.nodes:
        rst += "\n\n" \
               "At ``{}:{}``\n\n" \
               "{}" \
               "Menu path: {}\n\n" \
               ".. parsed-literal::\n\n{}" \
               .format(node.filename, node.linenr,
                       include_path(node), menu_path(node),
                       textwrap.indent(node.custom_str(rst_link), 4*" "))

        # Not the last node?
        if node is not sc.nodes[-1]:
            # Add a horizontal line between multiple definitions
            rst += "\n\n----"

    rst += "\n\n*(Definitions include propagated dependencies, " \
           "including from if's and menus.)*"

    return rst


def choice_id(choice):
    # Returns "choice_<n>", where <n> is the index of the choice in the Kconfig
    # files. The choice that appears first has index 0, the next one index 1,
    # etc.
    #
    # This gives each choice a unique ID, which is used to generate its RST
    # filename and in cross-references. Choices (usually) don't have names, so
    # we can't use that, and the prompt isn't guaranteed to be unique.

    # Pretty slow, but fast enough
    return "choice_{}".format(choice.kconfig.choices.index(choice))


def choice_desc(choice):
    # Returns a description of the choice, used as the title of choice
    # reference pages and in link texts. The format is
    # "choice <name, if any>: <prompt text>"

    desc = "choice"

    if choice.name:
        desc += " " + choice.name

    # The choice might be defined in multiple locations. Use the prompt from
    # the first location that has a prompt.
    for node in choice.nodes:
        if node.prompt:
            desc += ": " + node.prompt[0]
            break

    return desc


def write_if_updated(filename, s):
    # Writes 's' as the contents of 'filename', but only if it differs from the
    # current contents of the file. This avoids unnecessary timestamp updates,
    # which trigger documentation rebuilds.

    try:
        with open(filename, 'r', encoding='utf-8') as f:
            if s == f.read():
                return
    except OSError as e:
        if e.errno != errno.ENOENT:
            raise

    with open(filename, "w", encoding='utf-8') as f:
        f.write(s)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    write_kconfig_rst()