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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2017 Linaro Limited.
 * Copyright (c) 2018 Nordic Semiconductor ASA.
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
 */

#ifndef ZEPHYR_ARCH_ARM_CORE_CORTEX_M_MPU_ARM_MPU_V8_INTERNAL_H_
#define ZEPHYR_ARCH_ARM_CORE_CORTEX_M_MPU_ARM_MPU_V8_INTERNAL_H_

#include <cmse.h>
#define LOG_LEVEL CONFIG_MPU_LOG_LEVEL
#include <logging/log.h>

/**
 * @brief internal structure holding information of
 *        memory areas where dynamic MPU programming
 *        is allowed.
 */
struct dynamic_region_info {
	u8_t index;
	struct arm_mpu_region region_conf;
};

/**
 * Global array, holding the MPU region index of
 * the memory region inside which dynamic memory
 * regions may be configured.
 */
static struct dynamic_region_info dyn_reg_info[MPU_DYNAMIC_REGION_AREAS_NUM];


/* Global MPU configuration at system initialization. */
static void _mpu_init(void)
{
	/* Configure the cache-ability attributes for all the
	 * different types of memory regions.
	 */

	/* Flash region(s): Attribute-0
	 * SRAM region(s): Attribute-1
	 * SRAM no cache-able regions(s): Attribute-2
	 */
	MPU->MAIR0 =
		((MPU_MAIR_ATTR_FLASH << MPU_MAIR0_Attr0_Pos) &
			MPU_MAIR0_Attr0_Msk)
		|
		((MPU_MAIR_ATTR_SRAM << MPU_MAIR0_Attr1_Pos) &
			MPU_MAIR0_Attr1_Msk)
		|
		((MPU_MAIR_ATTR_SRAM_NOCACHE << MPU_MAIR0_Attr2_Pos) &
			MPU_MAIR0_Attr2_Msk);
}

/* This internal function performs MPU region initialization.
 *
 * Note:
 *   The caller must provide a valid region index.
 */
static void _region_init(const u32_t index,
	const struct arm_mpu_region *region_conf)
{
	ARM_MPU_SetRegion(
		/* RNR */
		index,
		/* RBAR */
		(region_conf->base & MPU_RBAR_BASE_Msk)
		| (region_conf->attr.rbar &
			(MPU_RBAR_XN_Msk | MPU_RBAR_AP_Msk | MPU_RBAR_SH_Msk)),
		/* RLAR */
		(region_conf->attr.r_limit & MPU_RLAR_LIMIT_Msk)
		| ((region_conf->attr.mair_idx << MPU_RLAR_AttrIndx_Pos)
			& MPU_RLAR_AttrIndx_Msk)
		| MPU_RLAR_EN_Msk
	);

	LOG_DBG("[%d] 0x%08x 0x%08x 0x%08x 0x%08x",
			index, region_conf->base, region_conf->attr.rbar,
			region_conf->attr.mair_idx, region_conf->attr.r_limit);
}

/* @brief Partition sanity check
 *
 * This internal function performs run-time sanity check for
 * MPU region start address and size.
 *
 * @param part Pointer to the data structure holding the partition
 *             information (must be valid).
 * */
static int _mpu_partition_is_valid(const struct k_mem_partition *part)
{
	/* Partition size must be a multiple of the minimum MPU region
	 * size. Start address of the partition must align with the
	 * minimum MPU region size.
	 */
	int partition_is_valid =
		(part->size >= CONFIG_ARM_MPU_REGION_MIN_ALIGN_AND_SIZE)
		&&
		((part->size &
			(~(CONFIG_ARM_MPU_REGION_MIN_ALIGN_AND_SIZE - 1)))
			== part->size)
		&&
		((part->start &
			(CONFIG_ARM_MPU_REGION_MIN_ALIGN_AND_SIZE - 1)) == 0);

	return partition_is_valid;
}

/**
 * This internal function returns the MPU region, in which a
 * buffer, specified by its start address and size, lies. If
 * a valid MPU region cannot be derived the function returns
 * -EINVAL.
 *
 * Note that, for the function to work properly, the ARM MPU
 * needs to be enabled.
 *
 */
static inline int _get_region_index(u32_t start, u32_t size)
{
	u32_t region_start_addr = arm_cmse_mpu_region_get(start);
	u32_t region_end_addr = arm_cmse_mpu_region_get(start + size - 1);

	/* MPU regions are contiguous so return the region number,
	 * if both start and end address are in the same region.
	 */
	if (region_start_addr == region_end_addr) {
		return region_start_addr;
	}
	return -EINVAL;
}

static inline u32_t _mpu_region_get_base(const u32_t index)
{
	MPU->RNR = index;
	return MPU->RBAR & MPU_RBAR_BASE_Msk;
}

static inline void _mpu_region_set_base(const u32_t index, const u32_t base)
{
	MPU->RNR = index;
	MPU->RBAR = (MPU->RBAR & (~MPU_RBAR_BASE_Msk))
		| (base & MPU_RBAR_BASE_Msk);
}

static inline u32_t _mpu_region_get_last_addr(const u32_t index)
{
	MPU->RNR = index;
	return (MPU->RLAR & MPU_RLAR_LIMIT_Msk) | (~MPU_RLAR_LIMIT_Msk);
}

static inline void _mpu_region_set_limit(const u32_t index, const u32_t limit)
{
	MPU->RNR = index;
	MPU->RLAR = (MPU->RLAR & (~MPU_RLAR_LIMIT_Msk))
		| (limit & MPU_RLAR_LIMIT_Msk);
}

static inline void _mpu_region_get_access_attr(const u32_t index,
	arm_mpu_region_attr_t *attr)
{
	MPU->RNR = index;

	attr->rbar = MPU->RBAR &
		(MPU_RBAR_XN_Msk | MPU_RBAR_AP_Msk | MPU_RBAR_SH_Msk);
	attr->mair_idx = (MPU->RLAR & MPU_RLAR_AttrIndx_Msk) >>
		MPU_RLAR_AttrIndx_Pos;
}

static inline void _mpu_region_get_conf(const u32_t index,
	struct arm_mpu_region *region_conf)
{
	MPU->RNR = index;

	/* Region attribution:
	 * - Cache-ability
	 * - Share-ability
	 * - Access Permissions
	 */
	_mpu_region_get_access_attr(index, &region_conf->attr);

	/* Region base address */
	region_conf->base = (MPU->RBAR & MPU_RBAR_BASE_Msk);

	/* Region limit address */
	region_conf->attr.r_limit = MPU->RLAR & MPU_RLAR_LIMIT_Msk;
}

/**
 * This internal function is utilized by the MPU driver to combine a given
 * region attribute configuration and size and fill-in a driver-specific
 * structure with the correct MPU region configuration.
 */
static inline void _get_region_attr_from_k_mem_partition_info(
	arm_mpu_region_attr_t *p_attr,
	const k_mem_partition_attr_t *attr, u32_t base, u32_t size)
{
	p_attr->rbar = attr->rbar &
		(MPU_RBAR_XN_Msk | MPU_RBAR_AP_Msk | MPU_RBAR_SH_Msk);
	p_attr->mair_idx = attr->mair_idx;
	p_attr->r_limit = REGION_LIMIT_ADDR(base, size);
}

#if defined(CONFIG_USERSPACE)

static inline u32_t _mpu_region_get_size(u32_t index)
{
	return _mpu_region_get_last_addr(index) + 1
		- _mpu_region_get_base(index);
}

/**
 * This internal function checks if region is enabled or not.
 *
 * Note:
 *   The caller must provide a valid region number.
 */
static inline int _is_enabled_region(u32_t index)
{
	MPU->RNR = index;

	return (MPU->RLAR & MPU_RLAR_EN_Msk) ? 1 : 0;
}

/**
 * This internal function validates whether a given memory buffer
 * is user accessible or not.
 */
static inline int _mpu_buffer_validate(void *addr, size_t size, int write)
{
	u32_t _addr = (u32_t)addr;
	u32_t _size = (u32_t)size;

	if (write) {
		if (arm_cmse_addr_range_readwrite_ok(_addr, _size, 1)) {
			return 0;
		}
	} else {
		if (arm_cmse_addr_range_read_ok(_addr, _size, 1)) {
			return 0;
		}
	}

	return -EPERM;
}


#endif /* CONFIG_USERSPACE */

static int _region_allocate_and_init(const u8_t index,
	const struct arm_mpu_region *region_conf);

static int _mpu_configure_region(const u8_t index,
	const struct k_mem_partition *new_region);

/* This internal function programs a set of given MPU regions
 * over a background memory area, optionally performing a
 * sanity check of the memory regions to be programmed.
 */
static int _mpu_configure_regions(const struct k_mem_partition
	*regions[], u8_t regions_num, u8_t start_reg_index,
	bool do_sanity_check)
{
	int i;
	int reg_index = start_reg_index;

	for (i = 0; i < regions_num; i++) {
		if (regions[i]->size == 0) {
			continue;
		}
		/* Non-empty region. */

		if (do_sanity_check &&
			(!_mpu_partition_is_valid(regions[i]))) {
			LOG_ERR("Partition %u: sanity check failed.", i);
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		/* Derive the index of the underlying MPU region,
		 * inside which the new region will be configured.
		 */
		int u_reg_index =
			_get_region_index(regions[i]->start, regions[i]->size);

		if ((u_reg_index == -EINVAL) ||
			(u_reg_index > (reg_index - 1))) {
			LOG_ERR("Invalid underlying region index %u",
				u_reg_index);
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		/*
		 * The new memory region is to be placed inside the underlying
		 * region, possibly splitting the underlying region into two.
		 */
		u32_t u_reg_base = _mpu_region_get_base(u_reg_index);
		u32_t u_reg_last = _mpu_region_get_last_addr(u_reg_index);
		u32_t reg_last = regions[i]->start + regions[i]->size - 1;

		if ((regions[i]->start == u_reg_base) &&
			(reg_last == u_reg_last)) {
			/* The new region overlaps entirely with the
			 * underlying region. In this case we simply
			 * update the partition attributes of the
			 * underlying region with those of the new
			 * region.
			 */
			_mpu_configure_region(u_reg_index, regions[i]);
		} else if (regions[i]->start == u_reg_base) {
			/* The new region starts exactly at the start of the
			 * underlying region; the start of the underlying
			 * region needs to be set to the end of the new region.
			 */
			_mpu_region_set_base(u_reg_index,
				regions[i]->start + regions[i]->size);

			reg_index =
				_mpu_configure_region(reg_index, regions[i]);

			if (reg_index == -EINVAL) {
				return reg_index;
			}

			reg_index++;
		} else if (reg_last == u_reg_last) {
			/* The new region ends exactly at the end of the
			 * underlying region; the end of the underlying
			 * region needs to be set to the start of the
			 * new region.
			 */
			_mpu_region_set_limit(u_reg_index,
				regions[i]->start - 1);

			reg_index =
				_mpu_configure_region(reg_index, regions[i]);

			if (reg_index == -EINVAL) {
				return reg_index;
			}

			reg_index++;
		} else {
			/* The new regions lies strictly inside the
			 * underlying region, which needs to split
			 * into two regions.
			 */
			_mpu_region_set_limit(u_reg_index,
				regions[i]->start - 1);

			reg_index =
				_mpu_configure_region(reg_index, regions[i]);

			if (reg_index == -EINVAL) {
				return reg_index;
			}
			reg_index++;

			/* The additional region shall have the same
			 * access attributes as the initial underlying
			 * region.
			 */
			struct arm_mpu_region fill_region;

			_mpu_region_get_access_attr(u_reg_index,
				&fill_region.attr);
			fill_region.base = regions[i]->start +
				regions[i]->size;
			fill_region.attr.r_limit =
			REGION_LIMIT_ADDR((regions[i]->start +
				regions[i]->size), (u_reg_last - reg_last));

			reg_index =
				_region_allocate_and_init(reg_index,
					(const struct arm_mpu_region *)
						&fill_region);

			if (reg_index == -EINVAL) {
				return reg_index;
			}

			reg_index++;
		}
	}

	return reg_index;
}

/* This internal function programs the static MPU regions.
 *
 * It returns the number of MPU region indices configured.
 *
 * Note:
 * If the static MPU regions configuration has not been successfully
 * performed, the error signal is propagated to the caller of the function.
 */
static int _mpu_configure_static_mpu_regions(const struct k_mem_partition
	*static_regions[], const u8_t regions_num,
	const u32_t background_area_base,
	const u32_t background_area_end)
{
	int mpu_reg_index = static_regions_num;

	/* In ARMv8-M architecture the static regions are programmed on SRAM,
	 * forming a full partition of the background area, specified by the
	 * given boundaries.
	 */
	ARG_UNUSED(background_area_base);
	ARG_UNUSED(background_area_end);

	mpu_reg_index = _mpu_configure_regions(static_regions,
		regions_num, mpu_reg_index, true);

	static_regions_num = mpu_reg_index;

	return mpu_reg_index;
}

/* This internal function marks and stores the configuration of memory areas
 * where dynamic region programming is allowed. Return zero on success, or
 * -EINVAL on error.
 */
static int _mpu_mark_areas_for_dynamic_regions(
		const struct k_mem_partition dyn_region_areas[],
		const u8_t dyn_region_areas_num)
{
	/* In ARMv8-M architecture we need to store the index values
	 * and the default configuration of the MPU regions, inside
	 * which dynamic memory regions may be programmed at run-time.
	 */
	for (int i = 0; i < dyn_region_areas_num; i++) {
		if (dyn_region_areas[i].size == 0) {
			continue;
		}
		/* Non-empty area */

		/* Retrieve HW MPU region index */
		dyn_reg_info[i].index =
			_get_region_index(dyn_region_areas[i].start,
					dyn_region_areas[i].size);

		if (dyn_reg_info[i].index == -EINVAL) {

			return -EINVAL;
		}

		if (dyn_reg_info[i].index >= static_regions_num) {

			return -EINVAL;
		}

		/* Store default configuration */
		_mpu_region_get_conf(dyn_reg_info[i].index,
			&dyn_reg_info[i].region_conf);
	}

	return 0;
}

/* This internal function programs the dynamic MPU regions.
 *
 * It returns the number of MPU region indices configured.
 *
 * Note:
 * If the dynamic MPU regions configuration has not been successfully
 * performed, the error signal is propagated to the caller of the function.
 */
static int _mpu_configure_dynamic_mpu_regions(const struct k_mem_partition
	*dynamic_regions[], u8_t regions_num)
{
	int mpu_reg_index = static_regions_num;

	/* Disable all MPU regions except for the static ones. */
	for (int i = mpu_reg_index; i < _get_num_regions(); i++) {
		ARM_MPU_ClrRegion(i);
	}

	/* Reset MPU regions inside which dynamic memory regions may
	 * be programmed.
	 */
	for (int i = 0; i < MPU_DYNAMIC_REGION_AREAS_NUM; i++) {
		_region_init(dyn_reg_info[i].index,
			&dyn_reg_info[i].region_conf);
	}

	/* In ARMv8-M architecture the dynamic regions are programmed on SRAM,
	 * forming a full partition of the background area, specified by the
	 * given boundaries.
	 */

	mpu_reg_index = _mpu_configure_regions(dynamic_regions,
		regions_num, mpu_reg_index, true);

	return mpu_reg_index;
}

#endif	/* ZEPHYR_ARCH_ARM_CORE_CORTEX_M_MPU_ARM_MPU_V8_INTERNAL_H_ */