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/** @file
 *  @brief Buffer management.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2015 Intel Corporation
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
 */
#ifndef ZEPHYR_INCLUDE_NET_BUF_H_
#define ZEPHYR_INCLUDE_NET_BUF_H_

#include <stddef.h>
#include <zephyr/types.h>
#include <misc/util.h>
#include <zephyr.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/**
 * @brief Network buffer library
 * @defgroup net_buf Network Buffer Library
 * @ingroup networking
 * @{
 */

/* Alignment needed for various parts of the buffer definition */
#define __net_buf_align __aligned(sizeof(int))

/** @def NET_BUF_SIMPLE_DEFINE
 *  @brief Define a net_buf_simple stack variable.
 *
 *  This is a helper macro which is used to define a net_buf_simple object
 *  on the stack.
 *
 *  @param _name Name of the net_buf_simple object.
 *  @param _size Maximum data storage for the buffer.
 */
#define NET_BUF_SIMPLE_DEFINE(_name, _size)     \
	u8_t net_buf_data_##_name[_size];       \
	struct net_buf_simple _name = {         \
		.data   = net_buf_data_##_name, \
		.len    = 0,                    \
		.size   = _size,                \
		.__buf  = net_buf_data_##_name, \
	}

/** @def NET_BUF_SIMPLE_DEFINE_STATIC
 *  @brief Define a static net_buf_simple variable.
 *
 *  This is a helper macro which is used to define a static net_buf_simple
 *  object.
 *
 *  @param _name Name of the net_buf_simple object.
 *  @param _size Maximum data storage for the buffer.
 */
#define NET_BUF_SIMPLE_DEFINE_STATIC(_name, _size)        \
	static __noinit u8_t net_buf_data_##_name[_size]; \
	static struct net_buf_simple _name = {            \
		.data   = net_buf_data_##_name,           \
		.len    = 0,                              \
		.size   = _size,                          \
		.__buf  = net_buf_data_##_name,           \
	}

/** @brief Simple network buffer representation.
 *
 *  This is a simpler variant of the net_buf object (in fact net_buf uses
 *  net_buf_simple internally). It doesn't provide any kind of reference
 *  counting, user data, dynamic allocation, or in general the ability to
 *  pass through kernel objects such as FIFOs.
 *
 *  The main use of this is for scenarios where the meta-data of the normal
 *  net_buf isn't needed and causes too much overhead. This could be e.g.
 *  when the buffer only needs to be allocated on the stack or when the
 *  access to and lifetime of the buffer is well controlled and constrained.
 *
 */
struct net_buf_simple {
	/** Pointer to the start of data in the buffer. */
	u8_t *data;

	/** Length of the data behind the data pointer. */
	u16_t len;

	/** Amount of data that this buffer can store. */
	u16_t size;

	/** Start of the data storage. Not to be accessed directly
	 *  (the data pointer should be used instead).
	 */
	u8_t *__buf;
};

/** @def NET_BUF_SIMPLE
 *  @brief Define a net_buf_simple stack variable and get a pointer to it.
 *
 *  This is a helper macro which is used to define a net_buf_simple object on
 *  the stack and the get a pointer to it as follows:
 *
 *  struct net_buf_simple *my_buf = NET_BUF_SIMPLE(10);
 *
 *  After creating the object it needs to be initialized by calling
 *  net_buf_simple_init().
 *
 *  @param _size Maximum data storage for the buffer.
 *
 *  @return Pointer to stack-allocated net_buf_simple object.
 */
#define NET_BUF_SIMPLE(_size)                        \
	((struct net_buf_simple *)(&(struct {        \
		struct net_buf_simple buf;           \
		u8_t data[_size] __net_buf_align;    \
	}) {                                         \
		.buf.size = _size,                   \
	}))

/** @brief Initialize a net_buf_simple object.
 *
 *  This needs to be called after creating a net_buf_simple object using
 *  the NET_BUF_SIMPLE macro.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to initialize.
 *  @param reserve_head Headroom to reserve.
 */
static inline void net_buf_simple_init(struct net_buf_simple *buf,
				       size_t reserve_head)
{
	if (!buf->__buf) {
		buf->__buf = (u8_t *)buf + sizeof(*buf);
	}

	buf->data = buf->__buf + reserve_head;
	buf->len = 0;
}

/**
 *  @brief Reset buffer
 *
 *  Reset buffer data so it can be reused for other purposes.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to reset.
 */
static inline void net_buf_simple_reset(struct net_buf_simple *buf)
{
	buf->len  = 0;
	buf->data = buf->__buf;
}

/**
 *  @brief Prepare data to be added at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param len Number of bytes to increment the length with.
 *
 *  @return The original tail of the buffer.
 */
void *net_buf_simple_add(struct net_buf_simple *buf, size_t len);

/**
 *  @brief Copy bytes from memory to the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Copies the given number of bytes to the end of the buffer. Increments the
 *  data length of the  buffer to account for more data at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param mem Location of data to be added.
 *  @param len Length of data to be added
 *
 *  @return The original tail of the buffer.
 */
void *net_buf_simple_add_mem(struct net_buf_simple *buf, const void *mem,
			     size_t len);

/**
 *  @brief Add (8-bit) byte at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds a byte at the end of the buffer. Increments the data length of
 *  the  buffer to account for more data at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val byte value to be added.
 *
 *  @return Pointer to the value added
 */
u8_t *net_buf_simple_add_u8(struct net_buf_simple *buf, u8_t val);

/**
 *  @brief Add 16-bit value at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 16-bit value in little endian format at the end of buffer.
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 16-bit value to be added.
 */
void net_buf_simple_add_le16(struct net_buf_simple *buf, u16_t val);

/**
 *  @brief Add 16-bit value at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 16-bit value in big endian format at the end of buffer.
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 16-bit value to be added.
 */
void net_buf_simple_add_be16(struct net_buf_simple *buf, u16_t val);

/**
 *  @brief Add 32-bit value at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 32-bit value in little endian format at the end of buffer.
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 32-bit value to be added.
 */
void net_buf_simple_add_le32(struct net_buf_simple *buf, u32_t val);

/**
 *  @brief Add 32-bit value at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 32-bit value in big endian format at the end of buffer.
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 32-bit value to be added.
 */
void net_buf_simple_add_be32(struct net_buf_simple *buf, u32_t val);

/**
 *  @brief Push data to the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Modifies the data pointer and buffer length to account for more data
 *  in the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param len Number of bytes to add to the beginning.
 *
 *  @return The new beginning of the buffer data.
 */
void *net_buf_simple_push(struct net_buf_simple *buf, size_t len);

/**
 *  @brief Push 16-bit value to the beginning of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 16-bit value in little endian format to the beginning of the
 *  buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 16-bit value to be pushed to the buffer.
 */
void net_buf_simple_push_le16(struct net_buf_simple *buf, u16_t val);

/**
 *  @brief Push 16-bit value to the beginning of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 16-bit value in big endian format to the beginning of the
 *  buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 16-bit value to be pushed to the buffer.
 */
void net_buf_simple_push_be16(struct net_buf_simple *buf, u16_t val);

/**
 *  @brief Push 8-bit value to the beginning of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 8-bit value the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 8-bit value to be pushed to the buffer.
 */
void net_buf_simple_push_u8(struct net_buf_simple *buf, u8_t val);

/**
 *  @brief Remove data from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Removes data from the beginning of the buffer by modifying the data
 *  pointer and buffer length.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param len Number of bytes to remove.
 *
 *  @return New beginning of the buffer data.
 */
void *net_buf_simple_pull(struct net_buf_simple *buf, size_t len);

/**
 *  @brief Remove data from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Removes data from the beginning of the buffer by modifying the data
 *  pointer and buffer length.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param len Number of bytes to remove.
 *
 *  @return Pointer to the old location of the buffer data.
 */
void *net_buf_simple_pull_mem(struct net_buf_simple *buf, size_t len);

/**
 *  @brief Remove a 8-bit value from the beginning of the buffer
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_simple_pull(), but a helper for operating
 *  on 8-bit values.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return The 8-bit removed value
 */
u8_t net_buf_simple_pull_u8(struct net_buf_simple *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Remove and convert 16 bits from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_simple_pull(), but a helper for operating
 *  on 16-bit little endian data.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return 16-bit value converted from little endian to host endian.
 */
u16_t net_buf_simple_pull_le16(struct net_buf_simple *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Remove and convert 16 bits from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_simple_pull(), but a helper for operating
 *  on 16-bit big endian data.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return 16-bit value converted from big endian to host endian.
 */
u16_t net_buf_simple_pull_be16(struct net_buf_simple *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Remove and convert 32 bits from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_simple_pull(), but a helper for operating
 *  on 32-bit little endian data.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return 32-bit value converted from little endian to host endian.
 */
u32_t net_buf_simple_pull_le32(struct net_buf_simple *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Remove and convert 32 bits from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_simple_pull(), but a helper for operating
 *  on 32-bit big endian data.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return 32-bit value converted from big endian to host endian.
 */
u32_t net_buf_simple_pull_be32(struct net_buf_simple *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Get the tail pointer for a buffer.
 *
 *  Get a pointer to the end of the data in a buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer.
 *
 *  @return Tail pointer for the buffer.
 */
static inline u8_t *net_buf_simple_tail(struct net_buf_simple *buf)
{
	return buf->data + buf->len;
}

/**
 *  @brief Check buffer headroom.
 *
 *  Check how much free space there is in the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 *
 *  @return Number of bytes available in the beginning of the buffer.
 */
size_t net_buf_simple_headroom(struct net_buf_simple *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Check buffer tailroom.
 *
 *  Check how much free space there is at the end of the buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 *
 *  @return Number of bytes available at the end of the buffer.
 */
size_t net_buf_simple_tailroom(struct net_buf_simple *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Parsing state of a buffer.
 *
 *  This is used for temporarily storing the parsing state of a buffer
 *  while giving control of the parsing to a routine which we don't
 *  control.
 */
struct net_buf_simple_state {
	/** Offset of the data pointer from the beginning of the storage */
	u16_t offset;
	/** Length of data */
	u16_t len;
};

/**
 *  @brief Save the parsing state of a buffer.
 *
 *  Saves the parsing state of a buffer so it can be restored later.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer from which the state should be saved.
 *  @param state Storage for the state.
 */
static inline void net_buf_simple_save(struct net_buf_simple *buf,
				       struct net_buf_simple_state *state)
{
	state->offset = net_buf_simple_headroom(buf);
	state->len = buf->len;
}

/**
 *  @brief Restore the parsing state of a buffer.
 *
 *  Restores the parsing state of a buffer from a state previously stored
 *  by net_buf_simple_save().
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to which the state should be restored.
 *  @param state Stored state.
 */
static inline void net_buf_simple_restore(struct net_buf_simple *buf,
					  struct net_buf_simple_state *state)
{
	buf->data = buf->__buf + state->offset;
	buf->len = state->len;
}

/** Flag indicating that the buffer has associated fragments. Only used
  * internally by the buffer handling code while the buffer is inside a
  * FIFO, meaning this never needs to be explicitly set or unset by the
  * net_buf API user. As long as the buffer is outside of a FIFO, i.e.
  * in practice always for the user for this API, the buf->frags pointer
  * should be used instead.
  */
#define NET_BUF_FRAGS        BIT(0)
/** Flag indicating that the buffer's associated data pointer, points to
 * externally allocated memory. Therefore once ref goes down to zero, the
 * pointed data will not need to be deallocated. This never needs to be
 * explicitly set or unet by the net_buf API user. Such net_buf is
 * exclusively instantiated via net_buf_alloc_with_data() function.
 * Reference count mechanism however will behave the same way, and ref
 * count going to 0 will free the net_buf but no the data pointer in it.
 */
#define NET_BUF_EXTERNAL_DATA  BIT(1)

/** @brief Network buffer representation.
  *
  * This struct is used to represent network buffers. Such buffers are
  * normally defined through the NET_BUF_POOL_*_DEFINE() APIs and allocated
  * using the net_buf_alloc() API.
  */
struct net_buf {
	union {
		/** Allow placing the buffer into sys_slist_t */
		sys_snode_t node;

		/** Fragments associated with this buffer. */
		struct net_buf *frags;
	};

	/** Reference count. */
	u8_t ref;

	/** Bit-field of buffer flags. */
	u8_t flags;

	/** Where the buffer should go when freed up. */
	u8_t pool_id;

	/* Union for convenience access to the net_buf_simple members, also
	 * preserving the old API.
	 */
	union {
		/* The ABI of this struct must match net_buf_simple */
		struct {
			/** Pointer to the start of data in the buffer. */
			u8_t *data;

			/** Length of the data behind the data pointer. */
			u16_t len;

			/** Amount of data that this buffer can store. */
			u16_t size;

			/** Start of the data storage. Not to be accessed
			 *  directly (the data pointer should be used
			 *  instead).
			 */
			u8_t *__buf;
		};

		struct net_buf_simple b;
	};

	/** System metadata for this buffer. */
	u8_t user_data[CONFIG_NET_BUF_USER_DATA_SIZE] __net_buf_align;
};

struct net_buf_data_cb {
	u8_t * (*alloc)(struct net_buf *buf, size_t *size, s32_t timeout);
	u8_t * (*ref)(struct net_buf *buf, u8_t *data);
	void   (*unref)(struct net_buf *buf, u8_t *data);
};

struct net_buf_data_alloc {
	const struct net_buf_data_cb *cb;
	void *alloc_data;
};

struct net_buf_pool {
	/** LIFO to place the buffer into when free */
	struct k_lifo free;

	/** Number of buffers in pool */
	const u16_t buf_count;

	/** Number of uninitialized buffers */
	u16_t uninit_count;

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_BUF_POOL_USAGE)
	/** Amount of available buffers in the pool. */
	s16_t avail_count;

	/** Total size of the pool. */
	const u16_t pool_size;

	/** Name of the pool. Used when printing pool information. */
	const char *name;
#endif /* CONFIG_NET_BUF_POOL_USAGE */

	/** Optional destroy callback when buffer is freed. */
	void (*const destroy)(struct net_buf *buf);

	/** Data allocation handlers. */
	const struct net_buf_data_alloc *alloc;

	/** Start of buffer storage array */
	struct net_buf * const __bufs;
};

#if defined(CONFIG_NET_BUF_POOL_USAGE)
#define NET_BUF_POOL_INITIALIZER(_pool, _alloc, _bufs, _count, _destroy) \
	{                                                                    \
		.alloc = _alloc,                                             \
		.free = _K_LIFO_INITIALIZER(_pool.free),                     \
		.__bufs = _bufs,                                             \
		.buf_count = _count,                                         \
		.uninit_count = _count,                                      \
		.avail_count = _count,                                       \
		.destroy = _destroy,                                         \
		.name = STRINGIFY(_pool),                                    \
	}
#else
#define NET_BUF_POOL_INITIALIZER(_pool, _alloc, _bufs, _count, _destroy)     \
	{                                                                    \
		.alloc = _alloc,                                             \
		.free = _K_LIFO_INITIALIZER(_pool.free),                     \
		.__bufs = _bufs,                                             \
		.buf_count = _count,                                         \
		.uninit_count = _count,                                      \
		.destroy = _destroy,                                         \
	}
#endif /* CONFIG_NET_BUF_POOL_USAGE */

extern const struct net_buf_data_alloc net_buf_heap_alloc;

/** @def NET_BUF_POOL_HEAP_DEFINE
 *  @brief Define a new pool for buffers using the heap for the data.
 *
 *  Defines a net_buf_pool struct and the necessary memory storage (array of
 *  structs) for the needed amount of buffers. After this, the buffers can be
 *  accessed from the pool through net_buf_alloc. The pool is defined as a
 *  static variable, so if it needs to be exported outside the current module
 *  this needs to happen with the help of a separate pointer rather than an
 *  extern declaration.
 *
 *  The data payload of the buffers will be allocated from the heap using
 *  k_malloc, so CONFIG_HEAP_MEM_POOL_SIZE must be set to a positive value.
 *  This kind of pool does not support blocking on the data allocation, so
 *  the timeout passed to net_buf_alloc will be always treated as K_NO_WAIT
 *  when trying to allocate the data. This means that allocation failures,
 *  i.e. NULL returns, must always be handled cleanly.
 *
 *  If provided with a custom destroy callback, this callback is
 *  responsible for eventually calling net_buf_destroy() to complete the
 *  process of returning the buffer to the pool.
 *
 *  @param _name      Name of the pool variable.
 *  @param _count     Number of buffers in the pool.
 *  @param _destroy   Optional destroy callback when buffer is freed.
 */
#define NET_BUF_POOL_HEAP_DEFINE(_name, _count, _destroy)                     \
	static struct net_buf net_buf_##_name[_count] __noinit;               \
	struct net_buf_pool _name __net_buf_align                             \
			__in_section(_net_buf_pool, static, _name) =          \
		NET_BUF_POOL_INITIALIZER(_name, &net_buf_heap_alloc,          \
					 net_buf_##_name, _count, _destroy)

struct net_buf_pool_fixed {
	size_t data_size;
	u8_t *data_pool;
};

extern const struct net_buf_data_cb net_buf_fixed_cb;

/** @def NET_BUF_POOL_FIXED_DEFINE
 *  @brief Define a new pool for buffers based on fixed-size data
 *
 *  Defines a net_buf_pool struct and the necessary memory storage (array of
 *  structs) for the needed amount of buffers. After this, the buffers can be
 *  accessed from the pool through net_buf_alloc. The pool is defined as a
 *  static variable, so if it needs to be exported outside the current module
 *  this needs to happen with the help of a separate pointer rather than an
 *  extern declaration.
 *
 *  The data payload of the buffers will be allocated from a byte array
 *  of fixed sized chunks. This kind of pool does not support blocking on
 *  the data allocation, so the timeout passed to net_buf_alloc will be
 *  always treated as K_NO_WAIT when trying to allocate the data. This means
 *  that allocation failures, i.e. NULL returns, must always be handled
 *  cleanly.
 *
 *  If provided with a custom destroy callback, this callback is
 *  responsible for eventually calling net_buf_destroy() to complete the
 *  process of returning the buffer to the pool.
 *
 *  @param _name      Name of the pool variable.
 *  @param _count     Number of buffers in the pool.
 *  @param _data_size Maximum data payload per buffer.
 *  @param _destroy   Optional destroy callback when buffer is freed.
 */
#define NET_BUF_POOL_FIXED_DEFINE(_name, _count, _data_size, _destroy)        \
	static struct net_buf net_buf_##_name[_count] __noinit;               \
	static u8_t __noinit net_buf_data_##_name[_count][_data_size];        \
	static const struct net_buf_pool_fixed net_buf_fixed_##_name = {      \
		.data_size = _data_size,                                      \
		.data_pool = (u8_t *)net_buf_data_##_name,                    \
	};                                                                    \
	static const struct net_buf_data_alloc net_buf_fixed_alloc_##_name = {\
		.cb = &net_buf_fixed_cb,                                      \
		.alloc_data = (void *)&net_buf_fixed_##_name,                 \
	};                                                                    \
	struct net_buf_pool _name __net_buf_align                             \
			__in_section(_net_buf_pool, static, _name) =          \
		NET_BUF_POOL_INITIALIZER(_name, &net_buf_fixed_alloc_##_name, \
					 net_buf_##_name, _count, _destroy)

extern const struct net_buf_data_cb net_buf_var_cb;

/** @def NET_BUF_POOL_VAR_DEFINE
 *  @brief Define a new pool for buffers with variable size payloads
 *
 *  Defines a net_buf_pool struct and the necessary memory storage (array of
 *  structs) for the needed amount of buffers. After this, the buffers can be
 *  accessed from the pool through net_buf_alloc. The pool is defined as a
 *  static variable, so if it needs to be exported outside the current module
 *  this needs to happen with the help of a separate pointer rather than an
 *  extern declaration.
 *
 *  The data payload of the buffers will be based on a memory pool from which
 *  variable size payloads may be allocated.
 *
 *  If provided with a custom destroy callback, this callback is
 *  responsible for eventually calling net_buf_destroy() to complete the
 *  process of returning the buffer to the pool.
 *
 *  @param _name      Name of the pool variable.
 *  @param _count     Number of buffers in the pool.
 *  @param _data_size Total amount of memory available for data payloads.
 *  @param _destroy   Optional destroy callback when buffer is freed.
 */
#define NET_BUF_POOL_VAR_DEFINE(_name, _count, _data_size, _destroy)          \
	static struct net_buf _net_buf_##_name[_count] __noinit;              \
	K_MEM_POOL_DEFINE(net_buf_mem_pool_##_name, 16, _data_size, 1, 4);    \
	static const struct net_buf_data_alloc net_buf_data_alloc_##_name = { \
		.cb = &net_buf_var_cb,                                        \
		.alloc_data = &net_buf_mem_pool_##_name,                      \
	};                                                                    \
	struct net_buf_pool _name __net_buf_align                             \
			__in_section(_net_buf_pool, static, _name) =          \
		NET_BUF_POOL_INITIALIZER(_name, &net_buf_data_alloc_##_name,  \
					 _net_buf_##_name, _count, _destroy)

/** @def NET_BUF_POOL_DEFINE
 *  @brief Define a new pool for buffers
 *
 *  Defines a net_buf_pool struct and the necessary memory storage (array of
 *  structs) for the needed amount of buffers. After this,the buffers can be
 *  accessed from the pool through net_buf_alloc. The pool is defined as a
 *  static variable, so if it needs to be exported outside the current module
 *  this needs to happen with the help of a separate pointer rather than an
 *  extern declaration.
 *
 *  If provided with a custom destroy callback this callback is
 *  responsible for eventually calling net_buf_destroy() to complete the
 *  process of returning the buffer to the pool.
 *
 *  @param _name     Name of the pool variable.
 *  @param _count    Number of buffers in the pool.
 *  @param _size     Maximum data size for each buffer.
 *  @param _ud_size  Amount of user data space to reserve.
 *  @param _destroy  Optional destroy callback when buffer is freed.
 */
#define NET_BUF_POOL_DEFINE(_name, _count, _size, _ud_size, _destroy)        \
	BUILD_ASSERT(_ud_size <= CONFIG_NET_BUF_USER_DATA_SIZE);             \
	NET_BUF_POOL_FIXED_DEFINE(_name, _count, _size, _destroy)

/**
 *  @brief Looks up a pool based on its ID.
 *
 *  @param id Pool ID (e.g. from buf->pool_id).
 *
 *  @return Pointer to pool.
 */
struct net_buf_pool *net_buf_pool_get(int id);

/**
 *  @brief Get a zero-based index for a buffer.
 *
 *  This function will translate a buffer into a zero-based index,
 *  based on its placement in its buffer pool. This can be useful if you
 *  want to associate an external array of meta-data contexts with the
 *  buffers of a pool.
 *
 *  @param buf  Network buffer.
 *
 *  @return Zero-based index for the buffer.
 */
int net_buf_id(struct net_buf *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Allocate a new buffer from a pool.
 *
 *  Allocate a new buffer from a pool.
 *
 *  @param pool Which pool to allocate the buffer from.
 *  @param timeout Affects the action taken should the pool be empty.
 *         If K_NO_WAIT, then return immediately. If K_FOREVER, then
 *         wait as long as necessary. Otherwise, wait up to the specified
 *         number of milliseconds before timing out. Note that some types
 *         of data allocators do not support blocking (such as the HEAP
 *         type). In this case it's still possible for net_buf_alloc() to
 *         fail (return NULL) even if it was given K_FOREVER.
 *
 *  @return New buffer or NULL if out of buffers.
 */
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_BUF_LOG)
struct net_buf *net_buf_alloc_fixed_debug(struct net_buf_pool *pool,
					  s32_t timeout, const char *func,
					  int line);
#define net_buf_alloc_fixed(_pool, _timeout) \
	net_buf_alloc_fixed_debug(_pool, _timeout, __func__, __LINE__)
#else
struct net_buf *net_buf_alloc_fixed(struct net_buf_pool *pool, s32_t timeout);
#endif

#define net_buf_alloc(_pool, _timeout) net_buf_alloc_fixed(_pool, _timeout)

/**
 *  @brief Allocate a new buffer from a pool.
 *
 *  Allocate a new buffer from a pool.
 *
 *  @param pool Which pool to allocate the buffer from.
 *  @param size Amount of data the buffer must be able to fit.
 *  @param timeout Affects the action taken should the pool be empty.
 *         If K_NO_WAIT, then return immediately. If K_FOREVER, then
 *         wait as long as necessary. Otherwise, wait up to the specified
 *         number of milliseconds before timing out. Note that some types
 *         of data allocators do not support blocking (such as the HEAP
 *         type). In this case it's still possible for net_buf_alloc() to
 *         fail (return NULL) even if it was given K_FOREVER.
 *
 *  @return New buffer or NULL if out of buffers.
 */
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_BUF_LOG)
struct net_buf *net_buf_alloc_len_debug(struct net_buf_pool *pool, size_t size,
					s32_t timeout, const char *func,
					int line);
#define net_buf_alloc_len(_pool, _size, _timeout) \
	net_buf_alloc_len_debug(_pool, _size, _timeout, __func__, __LINE__)
#else
struct net_buf *net_buf_alloc_len(struct net_buf_pool *pool, size_t size,
				  s32_t timeout);
#endif

/**
 *  @brief Allocate a new buffer from a pool but with external data pointer.
 *
 *  Allocate a new buffer from a pool, where the data pointer comes from the
 *  user and not from the pool.
 *
 *  @param pool Which pool to allocate the buffer from.
 *  @param data External data pointer
 *  @param size Amount of data the pointed data buffer if able to fit.
 *  @param timeout Affects the action taken should the pool be empty.
 *         If K_NO_WAIT, then return immediately. If K_FOREVER, then
 *         wait as long as necessary. Otherwise, wait up to the specified
 *         number of milliseconds before timing out. Note that some types
 *         of data allocators do not support blocking (such as the HEAP
 *         type). In this case it's still possible for net_buf_alloc() to
 *         fail (return NULL) even if it was given K_FOREVER.
 *
 *  @return New buffer or NULL if out of buffers.
 */
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_BUF_LOG)
struct net_buf *net_buf_alloc_with_data_debug(struct net_buf_pool *pool,
					      void *data, size_t size,
					      s32_t timeout, const char *func,
					      int line);
#define net_buf_alloc_with_data(_pool, _data_, _size, _timeout)		\
	net_buf_alloc_with_data_debug(_pool, _data_, _size, _timeout,	\
				      __func__, __LINE__)
#else
struct net_buf *net_buf_alloc_with_data(struct net_buf_pool *pool,
					void *data, size_t size,
					s32_t timeout);
#endif

/**
 *  @brief Get a buffer from a FIFO.
 *
 *  Get buffer from a FIFO.
 *
 *  @param fifo Which FIFO to take the buffer from.
 *  @param timeout Affects the action taken should the FIFO be empty.
 *         If K_NO_WAIT, then return immediately. If K_FOREVER, then wait as
 *         long as necessary. Otherwise, wait up to the specified number of
 *         milliseconds before timing out.
 *
 *  @return New buffer or NULL if the FIFO is empty.
 */
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_BUF_LOG)
struct net_buf *net_buf_get_debug(struct k_fifo *fifo, s32_t timeout,
				  const char *func, int line);
#define	net_buf_get(_fifo, _timeout) \
	net_buf_get_debug(_fifo, _timeout, __func__, __LINE__)
#else
struct net_buf *net_buf_get(struct k_fifo *fifo, s32_t timeout);
#endif

/**
 *  @brief Destroy buffer from custom destroy callback
 *
 *  This helper is only intended to be used from custom destroy callbacks.
 *  If no custom destroy callback is given to NET_BUF_POOL_*_DEFINE() then
 *  there is no need to use this API.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to destroy.
 */
static inline void net_buf_destroy(struct net_buf *buf)
{
	struct net_buf_pool *pool = net_buf_pool_get(buf->pool_id);

	k_lifo_put(&pool->free, buf);
}

/**
 *  @brief Reset buffer
 *
 *  Reset buffer data and flags so it can be reused for other purposes.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to reset.
 */
void net_buf_reset(struct net_buf *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Initialize buffer with the given headroom.
 *
 *  Initializes a buffer with a given headroom. The buffer is not expected to
 *  contain any data when this API is called.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to initialize.
 *  @param reserve How much headroom to reserve.
 */
void net_buf_simple_reserve(struct net_buf_simple *buf, size_t reserve);

/**
 *  @brief Put a buffer into a list
 *
 *  Put a buffer to the end of a list. If the buffer contains follow-up
 *  fragments this function will take care of inserting them as well
 *  into the list.
 *
 *  @param list Which list to append the buffer to.
 *  @param buf Buffer.
 */
void net_buf_slist_put(sys_slist_t *list, struct net_buf *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Get a buffer from a list.
 *
 *  Get buffer from a list. If the buffer had any fragments, these will
 *  automatically be recovered from the list as well and be placed to
 *  the buffer's fragment list.
 *
 *  @param list Which list to take the buffer from.
 *
 *  @return New buffer or NULL if the FIFO is empty.
 */
struct net_buf *net_buf_slist_get(sys_slist_t *list);

/**
 *  @brief Put a buffer into a FIFO
 *
 *  Put a buffer to the end of a FIFO. If the buffer contains follow-up
 *  fragments this function will take care of inserting them as well
 *  into the FIFO.
 *
 *  @param fifo Which FIFO to put the buffer to.
 *  @param buf Buffer.
 */
void net_buf_put(struct k_fifo *fifo, struct net_buf *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Decrements the reference count of a buffer.
 *
 *  Decrements the reference count of a buffer and puts it back into the
 *  pool if the count reaches zero.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 */
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_BUF_LOG)
void net_buf_unref_debug(struct net_buf *buf, const char *func, int line);
#define	net_buf_unref(_buf) \
	net_buf_unref_debug(_buf, __func__, __LINE__)
#else
void net_buf_unref(struct net_buf *buf);
#endif

/**
 *  @brief Increment the reference count of a buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 *
 *  @return the buffer newly referenced
 */
struct net_buf *net_buf_ref(struct net_buf *buf);

/**
 *  @brief Duplicate buffer
 *
 *  Duplicate given buffer including any data and headers currently stored.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 *  @param timeout Affects the action taken should the pool be empty.
 *         If K_NO_WAIT, then return immediately. If K_FOREVER, then
 *         wait as long as necessary. Otherwise, wait up to the specified
 *         number of milliseconds before timing out.
 *
 *  @return Duplicated buffer or NULL if out of buffers.
 */
struct net_buf *net_buf_clone(struct net_buf *buf, s32_t timeout);

/**
 *  @brief Get a pointer to the user data of a buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 *
 *  @return Pointer to the user data of the buffer.
 */
static inline void *net_buf_user_data(const struct net_buf *buf)
{
	return (void *)buf->user_data;
}

/** @def net_buf_reserve
 *  @brief Initialize buffer with the given headroom.
 *
 *  Initializes a buffer with a given headroom. The buffer is not expected to
 *  contain any data when this API is called.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to initialize.
 *  @param reserve How much headroom to reserve.
 */
#define net_buf_reserve(buf, reserve) net_buf_simple_reserve(&(buf)->b, \
							     reserve)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_add
 *  @brief Prepare data to be added at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param len Number of bytes to increment the length with.
 *
 *  @return The original tail of the buffer.
 */
#define net_buf_add(buf, len) net_buf_simple_add(&(buf)->b, len)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_add_mem
 *  @brief Copy bytes from memory to the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Copies the given number of bytes to the end of the buffer. Increments the
 *  data length of the  buffer to account for more data at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param mem Location of data to be added.
 *  @param len Length of data to be added
 *
 *  @return The original tail of the buffer.
 */
#define net_buf_add_mem(buf, mem, len) net_buf_simple_add_mem(&(buf)->b, \
							      mem, len)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_add_u8
 *  @brief Add (8-bit) byte at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds a byte at the end of the buffer. Increments the data length of
 *  the  buffer to account for more data at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val byte value to be added.
 *
 *  @return Pointer to the value added
 */
#define net_buf_add_u8(buf, val) net_buf_simple_add_u8(&(buf)->b, val)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_add_le16
 *  @brief Add 16-bit value at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 16-bit value in little endian format at the end of buffer.
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 16-bit value to be added.
 */
#define net_buf_add_le16(buf, val) net_buf_simple_add_le16(&(buf)->b, val)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_add_be16
 *  @brief Add 16-bit value at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 16-bit value in big endian format at the end of buffer.
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 16-bit value to be added.
 */
#define net_buf_add_be16(buf, val) net_buf_simple_add_be16(&(buf)->b, val)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_add_le32
 *  @brief Add 32-bit value at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 32-bit value in little endian format at the end of buffer.
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 32-bit value to be added.
 */
#define net_buf_add_le32(buf, val) net_buf_simple_add_le32(&(buf)->b, val)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_add_be32
 *  @brief Add 32-bit value at the end of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 32-bit value in big endian format at the end of buffer.
 *  Increments the data length of a buffer to account for more data
 *  at the end.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 32-bit value to be added.
 */
#define net_buf_add_be32(buf, val) net_buf_simple_add_be32(&(buf)->b, val)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_push
 *  @brief Push data to the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Modifies the data pointer and buffer length to account for more data
 *  in the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param len Number of bytes to add to the beginning.
 *
 *  @return The new beginning of the buffer data.
 */
#define net_buf_push(buf, len) net_buf_simple_push(&(buf)->b, len)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_push_le16
 *  @brief Push 16-bit value to the beginning of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 16-bit value in little endian format to the beginning of the
 *  buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 16-bit value to be pushed to the buffer.
 */
#define net_buf_push_le16(buf, val) net_buf_simple_push_le16(&(buf)->b, val)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_push_be16
 *  @brief Push 16-bit value to the beginning of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 16-bit value in little endian format to the beginning of the
 *  buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 16-bit value to be pushed to the buffer.
 */
#define net_buf_push_be16(buf, val) net_buf_simple_push_be16(&(buf)->b, val)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_push_u8
 *  @brief Push 8-bit value to the beginning of the buffer
 *
 *  Adds 8-bit value the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param val 8-bit value to be pushed to the buffer.
 */
#define net_buf_push_u8(buf, val) net_buf_simple_push_u8(&(buf)->b, val)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_pull
 *  @brief Remove data from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Removes data from the beginning of the buffer by modifying the data
 *  pointer and buffer length.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param len Number of bytes to remove.
 *
 *  @return New beginning of the buffer data.
 */
#define net_buf_pull(buf, len) net_buf_simple_pull(&(buf)->b, len)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_pull_mem
 *  @brief Remove data from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Removes data from the beginning of the buffer by modifying the data
 *  pointer and buffer length.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to update.
 *  @param len Number of bytes to remove.
 *
 *  @return Pointer to the old beginning of the buffer data.
 */
#define net_buf_pull_mem(buf, len) net_buf_simple_pull_mem(&(buf)->b, len)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_pull_u8
 *  @brief Remove a 8-bit value from the beginning of the buffer
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_pull(), but a helper for operating on
 *  8-bit values.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return The 8-bit removed value
 */
#define net_buf_pull_u8(buf) net_buf_simple_pull_u8(&(buf)->b)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_pull_le16
 *  @brief Remove and convert 16 bits from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_pull(), but a helper for operating on
 *  16-bit little endian data.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return 16-bit value converted from little endian to host endian.
 */
#define net_buf_pull_le16(buf) net_buf_simple_pull_le16(&(buf)->b)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_pull_be16
 *  @brief Remove and convert 16 bits from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_pull(), but a helper for operating on
 *  16-bit big endian data.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return 16-bit value converted from big endian to host endian.
 */
#define net_buf_pull_be16(buf) net_buf_simple_pull_be16(&(buf)->b)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_pull_le32
 *  @brief Remove and convert 32 bits from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_pull(), but a helper for operating on
 *  32-bit little endian data.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer.
 *
 *  @return 32-bit value converted from little endian to host endian.
 */
#define net_buf_pull_le32(buf) net_buf_simple_pull_le32(&(buf)->b)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_pull_be32
 *  @brief Remove and convert 32 bits from the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  Same idea as with net_buf_pull(), but a helper for operating on
 *  32-bit big endian data.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 *
 *  @return 32-bit value converted from big endian to host endian.
 */
#define net_buf_pull_be32(buf) net_buf_simple_pull_be32(&(buf)->b)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_tailroom
 *  @brief Check buffer tailroom.
 *
 *  Check how much free space there is at the end of the buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 *
 *  @return Number of bytes available at the end of the buffer.
 */
#define net_buf_tailroom(buf) net_buf_simple_tailroom(&(buf)->b)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_headroom
 *  @brief Check buffer headroom.
 *
 *  Check how much free space there is in the beginning of the buffer.
 *
 *  buf A valid pointer on a buffer
 *
 *  @return Number of bytes available in the beginning of the buffer.
 */
#define net_buf_headroom(buf) net_buf_simple_headroom(&(buf)->b)

/**
 *  @def net_buf_tail
 *  @brief Get the tail pointer for a buffer.
 *
 *  Get a pointer to the end of the data in a buffer.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer.
 *
 *  @return Tail pointer for the buffer.
 */
#define net_buf_tail(buf) net_buf_simple_tail(&(buf)->b)

/** @brief Find the last fragment in the fragment list.
 *
 * @return Pointer to last fragment in the list.
 */
struct net_buf *net_buf_frag_last(struct net_buf *frags);

/** @brief Insert a new fragment to a chain of bufs.
 *
 *  Insert a new fragment into the buffer fragments list after the parent.
 *
 *  Note: This function takes ownership of the fragment reference so the
 *  caller is not required to unref.
 *
 *  @param parent Parent buffer/fragment.
 *  @param frag Fragment to insert.
 */
void net_buf_frag_insert(struct net_buf *parent, struct net_buf *frag);

/** @brief Add a new fragment to the end of a chain of bufs.
 *
 *  Append a new fragment into the buffer fragments list.
 *
 *  Note: This function takes ownership of the fragment reference so the
 *  caller is not required to unref.
 *
 *  @param head Head of the fragment chain.
 *  @param frag Fragment to add.
 *
 *  @return New head of the fragment chain. Either head (if head
 *          was non-NULL) or frag (if head was NULL).
 */
struct net_buf *net_buf_frag_add(struct net_buf *head, struct net_buf *frag);

/** @brief Delete existing fragment from a chain of bufs.
 *
 *  @param parent Parent buffer/fragment, or NULL if there is no parent.
 *  @param frag Fragment to delete.
 *
 *  @return Pointer to the buffer following the fragment, or NULL if it
 *          had no further fragments.
 */
#if defined(CONFIG_NET_BUF_LOG)
struct net_buf *net_buf_frag_del_debug(struct net_buf *parent,
				       struct net_buf *frag,
				       const char *func, int line);
#define net_buf_frag_del(_parent, _frag) \
	net_buf_frag_del_debug(_parent, _frag, __func__, __LINE__)
#else
struct net_buf *net_buf_frag_del(struct net_buf *parent, struct net_buf *frag);
#endif

/**
 * @brief Copy bytes from net_buf chain starting at offset to linear buffer
 *
 * Copy (extract) @a len bytes from @a src net_buf chain, starting from @a
 * offset in it, to a linear buffer @a dst. Return number of bytes actually
 * copied, which may be less than requested, if net_buf chain doesn't have
 * enough data, or destination buffer is too small.
 *
 * @param dst Destination buffer
 * @param dst_len Destination buffer length
 * @param src Source net_buf chain
 * @param offset Starting offset to copy from
 * @param len Number of bytes to copy
 * @return number of bytes actually copied
 */
size_t net_buf_linearize(void *dst, size_t dst_len,
			 struct net_buf *src, size_t offset, size_t len);

/**
 * @typedef net_buf_allocator_cb
 * @brief Network buffer allocator callback.
 *
 * @details The allocator callback is called when net_buf_append_bytes
 * needs to allocate a new net_buf.
 *
 * @param timeout Affects the action taken should the net buf pool be empty.
 *        If K_NO_WAIT, then return immediately. If K_FOREVER, then
 *        wait as long as necessary. Otherwise, wait up to the specified
 *        number of milliseconds before timing out.
 * @param user_data The user data given in net_buf_append_bytes call.
 * @return pointer to allocated net_buf or NULL on error.
 */
typedef struct net_buf *(*net_buf_allocator_cb)(s32_t timeout, void *user_data);

/**
 * @brief Append data to a list of net_buf
 *
 * @details Append data to a net_buf. If there is not enough space in the
 * net_buf then more net_buf will be added, unless there are no free net_buf
 * and timeout occurs.
 *
 * @param buf Network buffer.
 * @param len Total length of input data
 * @param value Data to be added
 * @param timeout Timeout is passed to the net_buf allocator callback.
 * @param allocate_cb When a new net_buf is required, use this callback.
 * @param user_data A user data pointer to be supplied to the allocate_cb.
 *        This pointer is can be anything from a mem_pool or a net_pkt, the
 *        logic is left up to the allocate_cb function.
 *
 * @return Length of data actually added. This may be less than input
 *         length if other timeout than K_FOREVER was used, and there
 *         were no free fragments in a pool to accommodate all data.
 */
size_t net_buf_append_bytes(struct net_buf *buf, size_t len,
			    const void *value, s32_t timeout,
			    net_buf_allocator_cb allocate_cb, void *user_data);

/**
 * @brief Skip N number of bytes in a net_buf
 *
 * @details Skip N number of bytes starting from fragment's offset. If the total
 * length of data is placed in multiple fragments, this function will skip from
 * all fragments until it reaches N number of bytes.  Any fully skipped buffers
 * are removed from the net_buf list.
 *
 * @param buf Network buffer.
 * @param len Total length of data to be skipped.
 *
 * @return Pointer to the fragment or
 *         NULL and pos is 0 after successful skip,
 *         NULL and pos is 0xffff otherwise.
 */
static inline struct net_buf *net_buf_skip(struct net_buf *buf, size_t len)
{
	while (buf && len--) {
		net_buf_pull_u8(buf);
		if (!buf->len) {
			buf = net_buf_frag_del(NULL, buf);
		}
	}

	return buf;
}

/** @brief Calculate amount of bytes stored in fragments.
 *
 *  Calculates the total amount of data stored in the given buffer and the
 *  fragments linked to it.
 *
 *  @param buf Buffer to start off with.
 *
 *  @return Number of bytes in the buffer and its fragments.
 */
static inline size_t net_buf_frags_len(struct net_buf *buf)
{
	size_t bytes = 0;

	while (buf) {
		bytes += buf->len;
		buf = buf->frags;
	}

	return bytes;
}

/**
 * @}
 */

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif /* ZEPHYR_INCLUDE_NET_BUF_H_ */