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 * kmod - the kernel module loader
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
#include <linux/binfmts.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/cred.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fdtable.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/resource.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/async.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>

#include <trace/events/module.h>

 * Assuming:
 * threads = div64_u64((u64) totalram_pages * (u64) PAGE_SIZE,
 *		       (u64) THREAD_SIZE * 8UL);
 * If you need less than 50 threads would mean we're dealing with systems
 * smaller than 3200 pages. This assumes you are capable of having ~13M memory,
 * and this would only be an be an upper limit, after which the OOM killer
 * would take effect. Systems like these are very unlikely if modules are
 * enabled.
static atomic_t kmod_concurrent_max = ATOMIC_INIT(MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT);
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(kmod_wq);

 * This is a restriction on having *all* MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT threads
 * running at the same time without returning. When this happens we
 * believe you've somehow ended up with a recursive module dependency
 * creating a loop.
 * We have no option but to fail.
 * Userspace should proactively try to detect and prevent these.

	modprobe_path is set via /proc/sys.
char modprobe_path[KMOD_PATH_LEN] = "/sbin/modprobe";

static void free_modprobe_argv(struct subprocess_info *info)
	kfree(info->argv[3]); /* check call_modprobe() */

static int call_modprobe(char *module_name, int wait)
	struct subprocess_info *info;
	static char *envp[] = {

	char **argv = kmalloc(sizeof(char *[5]), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!argv)
		goto out;

	module_name = kstrdup(module_name, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!module_name)
		goto free_argv;

	argv[0] = modprobe_path;
	argv[1] = "-q";
	argv[2] = "--";
	argv[3] = module_name;	/* check free_modprobe_argv() */
	argv[4] = NULL;

	info = call_usermodehelper_setup(modprobe_path, argv, envp, GFP_KERNEL,
					 NULL, free_modprobe_argv, NULL);
	if (!info)
		goto free_module_name;

	return call_usermodehelper_exec(info, wait | UMH_KILLABLE);

	return -ENOMEM;

 * __request_module - try to load a kernel module
 * @wait: wait (or not) for the operation to complete
 * @fmt: printf style format string for the name of the module
 * @...: arguments as specified in the format string
 * Load a module using the user mode module loader. The function returns
 * zero on success or a negative errno code or positive exit code from
 * "modprobe" on failure. Note that a successful module load does not mean
 * the module did not then unload and exit on an error of its own. Callers
 * must check that the service they requested is now available not blindly
 * invoke it.
 * If module auto-loading support is disabled then this function
 * simply returns -ENOENT.
int __request_module(bool wait, const char *fmt, ...)
	va_list args;
	char module_name[MODULE_NAME_LEN];
	int ret;

	 * We don't allow synchronous module loading from async.  Module
	 * init may invoke async_synchronize_full() which will end up
	 * waiting for this task which already is waiting for the module
	 * loading to complete, leading to a deadlock.
	WARN_ON_ONCE(wait && current_is_async());

	if (!modprobe_path[0])
		return -ENOENT;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	ret = vsnprintf(module_name, MODULE_NAME_LEN, fmt, args);
	if (ret >= MODULE_NAME_LEN)

	ret = security_kernel_module_request(module_name);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	if (atomic_dec_if_positive(&kmod_concurrent_max) < 0) {
		pr_warn_ratelimited("request_module: kmod_concurrent_max (%u) close to 0 (max_modprobes: %u), for module %s, throttling...",
				    MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT, module_name);
		ret = wait_event_killable_timeout(kmod_wq,
						  atomic_dec_if_positive(&kmod_concurrent_max) >= 0,
		if (!ret) {
			pr_warn_ratelimited("request_module: modprobe %s cannot be processed, kmod busy with %d threads for more than %d seconds now",
			return -ETIME;
		} else if (ret == -ERESTARTSYS) {
			pr_warn_ratelimited("request_module: sigkill sent for modprobe %s, giving up", module_name);
			return ret;

	trace_module_request(module_name, wait, _RET_IP_);

	ret = call_modprobe(module_name, wait ? UMH_WAIT_PROC : UMH_WAIT_EXEC);


	return ret;