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Elixir Cross Referencer

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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
/*
 * i2c.h - definitions for the Linux i2c bus interface
 * Copyright (C) 1995-2000 Simon G. Vogl
 * Copyright (C) 2013-2019 Wolfram Sang <wsa@kernel.org>
 *
 * With some changes from Kyösti Mälkki <kmalkki@cc.hut.fi> and
 * Frodo Looijaard <frodol@dds.nl>
 */
#ifndef _LINUX_I2C_H
#define _LINUX_I2C_H

#include <linux/acpi.h>		/* for acpi_handle */
#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
#include <linux/device.h>	/* for struct device */
#include <linux/sched.h>	/* for completion */
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/rtmutex.h>
#include <linux/irqdomain.h>		/* for Host Notify IRQ */
#include <linux/of.h>		/* for struct device_node */
#include <linux/swab.h>		/* for swab16 */
#include <uapi/linux/i2c.h>

extern struct bus_type i2c_bus_type;
extern struct device_type i2c_adapter_type;
extern struct device_type i2c_client_type;

/* --- General options ------------------------------------------------	*/

struct i2c_msg;
struct i2c_algorithm;
struct i2c_adapter;
struct i2c_client;
struct i2c_driver;
struct i2c_device_identity;
union i2c_smbus_data;
struct i2c_board_info;
enum i2c_slave_event;
typedef int (*i2c_slave_cb_t)(struct i2c_client *client,
			      enum i2c_slave_event event, u8 *val);

/* I2C Frequency Modes */
#define I2C_MAX_STANDARD_MODE_FREQ	100000
#define I2C_MAX_FAST_MODE_FREQ		400000
#define I2C_MAX_FAST_MODE_PLUS_FREQ	1000000
#define I2C_MAX_TURBO_MODE_FREQ		1400000
#define I2C_MAX_HIGH_SPEED_MODE_FREQ	3400000
#define I2C_MAX_ULTRA_FAST_MODE_FREQ	5000000

struct module;
struct property_entry;

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C)
/*
 * The master routines are the ones normally used to transmit data to devices
 * on a bus (or read from them). Apart from two basic transfer functions to
 * transmit one message at a time, a more complex version can be used to
 * transmit an arbitrary number of messages without interruption.
 * @count must be be less than 64k since msg.len is u16.
 */
int i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(const struct i2c_client *client,
			      char *buf, int count, u16 flags);

/**
 * i2c_master_recv - issue a single I2C message in master receive mode
 * @client: Handle to slave device
 * @buf: Where to store data read from slave
 * @count: How many bytes to read, must be less than 64k since msg.len is u16
 *
 * Returns negative errno, or else the number of bytes read.
 */
static inline int i2c_master_recv(const struct i2c_client *client,
				  char *buf, int count)
{
	return i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(client, buf, count, I2C_M_RD);
};

/**
 * i2c_master_recv_dmasafe - issue a single I2C message in master receive mode
 *			     using a DMA safe buffer
 * @client: Handle to slave device
 * @buf: Where to store data read from slave, must be safe to use with DMA
 * @count: How many bytes to read, must be less than 64k since msg.len is u16
 *
 * Returns negative errno, or else the number of bytes read.
 */
static inline int i2c_master_recv_dmasafe(const struct i2c_client *client,
					  char *buf, int count)
{
	return i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(client, buf, count,
					 I2C_M_RD | I2C_M_DMA_SAFE);
};

/**
 * i2c_master_send - issue a single I2C message in master transmit mode
 * @client: Handle to slave device
 * @buf: Data that will be written to the slave
 * @count: How many bytes to write, must be less than 64k since msg.len is u16
 *
 * Returns negative errno, or else the number of bytes written.
 */
static inline int i2c_master_send(const struct i2c_client *client,
				  const char *buf, int count)
{
	return i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(client, (char *)buf, count, 0);
};

/**
 * i2c_master_send_dmasafe - issue a single I2C message in master transmit mode
 *			     using a DMA safe buffer
 * @client: Handle to slave device
 * @buf: Data that will be written to the slave, must be safe to use with DMA
 * @count: How many bytes to write, must be less than 64k since msg.len is u16
 *
 * Returns negative errno, or else the number of bytes written.
 */
static inline int i2c_master_send_dmasafe(const struct i2c_client *client,
					  const char *buf, int count)
{
	return i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(client, (char *)buf, count,
					 I2C_M_DMA_SAFE);
};

/* Transfer num messages.
 */
int i2c_transfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num);
/* Unlocked flavor */
int __i2c_transfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num);

/* This is the very generalized SMBus access routine. You probably do not
   want to use this, though; one of the functions below may be much easier,
   and probably just as fast.
   Note that we use i2c_adapter here, because you do not need a specific
   smbus adapter to call this function. */
s32 i2c_smbus_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, u16 addr,
		   unsigned short flags, char read_write, u8 command,
		   int protocol, union i2c_smbus_data *data);

/* Unlocked flavor */
s32 __i2c_smbus_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, u16 addr,
		     unsigned short flags, char read_write, u8 command,
		     int protocol, union i2c_smbus_data *data);

/* Now follow the 'nice' access routines. These also document the calling
   conventions of i2c_smbus_xfer. */

s32 i2c_smbus_read_byte(const struct i2c_client *client);
s32 i2c_smbus_write_byte(const struct i2c_client *client, u8 value);
s32 i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(const struct i2c_client *client, u8 command);
s32 i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
			      u8 command, u8 value);
s32 i2c_smbus_read_word_data(const struct i2c_client *client, u8 command);
s32 i2c_smbus_write_word_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
			      u8 command, u16 value);

static inline s32
i2c_smbus_read_word_swapped(const struct i2c_client *client, u8 command)
{
	s32 value = i2c_smbus_read_word_data(client, command);

	return (value < 0) ? value : swab16(value);
}

static inline s32
i2c_smbus_write_word_swapped(const struct i2c_client *client,
			     u8 command, u16 value)
{
	return i2c_smbus_write_word_data(client, command, swab16(value));
}

/* Returns the number of read bytes */
s32 i2c_smbus_read_block_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
			      u8 command, u8 *values);
s32 i2c_smbus_write_block_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
			       u8 command, u8 length, const u8 *values);
/* Returns the number of read bytes */
s32 i2c_smbus_read_i2c_block_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
				  u8 command, u8 length, u8 *values);
s32 i2c_smbus_write_i2c_block_data(const struct i2c_client *client,
				   u8 command, u8 length, const u8 *values);
s32 i2c_smbus_read_i2c_block_data_or_emulated(const struct i2c_client *client,
					      u8 command, u8 length,
					      u8 *values);
int i2c_get_device_id(const struct i2c_client *client,
		      struct i2c_device_identity *id);
#endif /* I2C */

/**
 * struct i2c_device_identity - i2c client device identification
 * @manufacturer_id: 0 - 4095, database maintained by NXP
 * @part_id: 0 - 511, according to manufacturer
 * @die_revision: 0 - 7, according to manufacturer
 */
struct i2c_device_identity {
	u16 manufacturer_id;
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NXP_SEMICONDUCTORS                0
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NXP_SEMICONDUCTORS_1              1
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NXP_SEMICONDUCTORS_2              2
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NXP_SEMICONDUCTORS_3              3
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_RAMTRON_INTERNATIONAL             4
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_ANALOG_DEVICES                    5
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_STMICROELECTRONICS                6
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_ON_SEMICONDUCTOR                  7
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_SPRINTEK_CORPORATION              8
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_ESPROS_PHOTONICS_AG               9
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_FUJITSU_SEMICONDUCTOR            10
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_FLIR                             11
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_O2MICRO                          12
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_ATMEL                            13
#define I2C_DEVICE_ID_NONE                         0xffff
	u16 part_id;
	u8 die_revision;
};

enum i2c_alert_protocol {
	I2C_PROTOCOL_SMBUS_ALERT,
	I2C_PROTOCOL_SMBUS_HOST_NOTIFY,
};

/**
 * struct i2c_driver - represent an I2C device driver
 * @class: What kind of i2c device we instantiate (for detect)
 * @probe: Callback for device binding - soon to be deprecated
 * @probe_new: New callback for device binding
 * @remove: Callback for device unbinding
 * @shutdown: Callback for device shutdown
 * @alert: Alert callback, for example for the SMBus alert protocol
 * @command: Callback for bus-wide signaling (optional)
 * @driver: Device driver model driver
 * @id_table: List of I2C devices supported by this driver
 * @detect: Callback for device detection
 * @address_list: The I2C addresses to probe (for detect)
 * @clients: List of detected clients we created (for i2c-core use only)
 * @disable_i2c_core_irq_mapping: Tell the i2c-core to not do irq-mapping
 *
 * The driver.owner field should be set to the module owner of this driver.
 * The driver.name field should be set to the name of this driver.
 *
 * For automatic device detection, both @detect and @address_list must
 * be defined. @class should also be set, otherwise only devices forced
 * with module parameters will be created. The detect function must
 * fill at least the name field of the i2c_board_info structure it is
 * handed upon successful detection, and possibly also the flags field.
 *
 * If @detect is missing, the driver will still work fine for enumerated
 * devices. Detected devices simply won't be supported. This is expected
 * for the many I2C/SMBus devices which can't be detected reliably, and
 * the ones which can always be enumerated in practice.
 *
 * The i2c_client structure which is handed to the @detect callback is
 * not a real i2c_client. It is initialized just enough so that you can
 * call i2c_smbus_read_byte_data and friends on it. Don't do anything
 * else with it. In particular, calling dev_dbg and friends on it is
 * not allowed.
 */
struct i2c_driver {
	unsigned int class;

	/* Standard driver model interfaces */
	int (*probe)(struct i2c_client *client, const struct i2c_device_id *id);
	int (*remove)(struct i2c_client *client);

	/* New driver model interface to aid the seamless removal of the
	 * current probe()'s, more commonly unused than used second parameter.
	 */
	int (*probe_new)(struct i2c_client *client);

	/* driver model interfaces that don't relate to enumeration  */
	void (*shutdown)(struct i2c_client *client);

	/* Alert callback, for example for the SMBus alert protocol.
	 * The format and meaning of the data value depends on the protocol.
	 * For the SMBus alert protocol, there is a single bit of data passed
	 * as the alert response's low bit ("event flag").
	 * For the SMBus Host Notify protocol, the data corresponds to the
	 * 16-bit payload data reported by the slave device acting as master.
	 */
	void (*alert)(struct i2c_client *client, enum i2c_alert_protocol protocol,
		      unsigned int data);

	/* a ioctl like command that can be used to perform specific functions
	 * with the device.
	 */
	int (*command)(struct i2c_client *client, unsigned int cmd, void *arg);

	struct device_driver driver;
	const struct i2c_device_id *id_table;

	/* Device detection callback for automatic device creation */
	int (*detect)(struct i2c_client *client, struct i2c_board_info *info);
	const unsigned short *address_list;
	struct list_head clients;

	bool disable_i2c_core_irq_mapping;
};
#define to_i2c_driver(d) container_of(d, struct i2c_driver, driver)

/**
 * struct i2c_client - represent an I2C slave device
 * @flags: see I2C_CLIENT_* for possible flags
 * @addr: Address used on the I2C bus connected to the parent adapter.
 * @name: Indicates the type of the device, usually a chip name that's
 *	generic enough to hide second-sourcing and compatible revisions.
 * @adapter: manages the bus segment hosting this I2C device
 * @dev: Driver model device node for the slave.
 * @init_irq: IRQ that was set at initialization
 * @irq: indicates the IRQ generated by this device (if any)
 * @detected: member of an i2c_driver.clients list or i2c-core's
 *	userspace_devices list
 * @slave_cb: Callback when I2C slave mode of an adapter is used. The adapter
 *	calls it to pass on slave events to the slave driver.
 *
 * An i2c_client identifies a single device (i.e. chip) connected to an
 * i2c bus. The behaviour exposed to Linux is defined by the driver
 * managing the device.
 */
struct i2c_client {
	unsigned short flags;		/* div., see below		*/
#define I2C_CLIENT_PEC		0x04	/* Use Packet Error Checking */
#define I2C_CLIENT_TEN		0x10	/* we have a ten bit chip address */
					/* Must equal I2C_M_TEN below */
#define I2C_CLIENT_SLAVE	0x20	/* we are the slave */
#define I2C_CLIENT_HOST_NOTIFY	0x40	/* We want to use I2C host notify */
#define I2C_CLIENT_WAKE		0x80	/* for board_info; true iff can wake */
#define I2C_CLIENT_SCCB		0x9000	/* Use Omnivision SCCB protocol */
					/* Must match I2C_M_STOP|IGNORE_NAK */

	unsigned short addr;		/* chip address - NOTE: 7bit	*/
					/* addresses are stored in the	*/
					/* _LOWER_ 7 bits		*/
	char name[I2C_NAME_SIZE];
	struct i2c_adapter *adapter;	/* the adapter we sit on	*/
	struct device dev;		/* the device structure		*/
	int init_irq;			/* irq set at initialization	*/
	int irq;			/* irq issued by device		*/
	struct list_head detected;
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
	i2c_slave_cb_t slave_cb;	/* callback for slave mode	*/
#endif
};
#define to_i2c_client(d) container_of(d, struct i2c_client, dev)

struct i2c_client *i2c_verify_client(struct device *dev);
struct i2c_adapter *i2c_verify_adapter(struct device *dev);
const struct i2c_device_id *i2c_match_id(const struct i2c_device_id *id,
					 const struct i2c_client *client);

static inline struct i2c_client *kobj_to_i2c_client(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct device * const dev = container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj);
	return to_i2c_client(dev);
}

static inline void *i2c_get_clientdata(const struct i2c_client *client)
{
	return dev_get_drvdata(&client->dev);
}

static inline void i2c_set_clientdata(struct i2c_client *client, void *data)
{
	dev_set_drvdata(&client->dev, data);
}

/* I2C slave support */

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
enum i2c_slave_event {
	I2C_SLAVE_READ_REQUESTED,
	I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED,
	I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED,
	I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED,
	I2C_SLAVE_STOP,
};

int i2c_slave_register(struct i2c_client *client, i2c_slave_cb_t slave_cb);
int i2c_slave_unregister(struct i2c_client *client);
bool i2c_detect_slave_mode(struct device *dev);

static inline int i2c_slave_event(struct i2c_client *client,
				  enum i2c_slave_event event, u8 *val)
{
	return client->slave_cb(client, event, val);
}
#else
static inline bool i2c_detect_slave_mode(struct device *dev) { return false; }
#endif

/**
 * struct i2c_board_info - template for device creation
 * @type: chip type, to initialize i2c_client.name
 * @flags: to initialize i2c_client.flags
 * @addr: stored in i2c_client.addr
 * @dev_name: Overrides the default <busnr>-<addr> dev_name if set
 * @platform_data: stored in i2c_client.dev.platform_data
 * @of_node: pointer to OpenFirmware device node
 * @fwnode: device node supplied by the platform firmware
 * @properties: additional device properties for the device
 * @resources: resources associated with the device
 * @num_resources: number of resources in the @resources array
 * @irq: stored in i2c_client.irq
 *
 * I2C doesn't actually support hardware probing, although controllers and
 * devices may be able to use I2C_SMBUS_QUICK to tell whether or not there's
 * a device at a given address.  Drivers commonly need more information than
 * that, such as chip type, configuration, associated IRQ, and so on.
 *
 * i2c_board_info is used to build tables of information listing I2C devices
 * that are present.  This information is used to grow the driver model tree.
 * For mainboards this is done statically using i2c_register_board_info();
 * bus numbers identify adapters that aren't yet available.  For add-on boards,
 * i2c_new_client_device() does this dynamically with the adapter already known.
 */
struct i2c_board_info {
	char		type[I2C_NAME_SIZE];
	unsigned short	flags;
	unsigned short	addr;
	const char	*dev_name;
	void		*platform_data;
	struct device_node *of_node;
	struct fwnode_handle *fwnode;
	const struct property_entry *properties;
	const struct resource *resources;
	unsigned int	num_resources;
	int		irq;
};

/**
 * I2C_BOARD_INFO - macro used to list an i2c device and its address
 * @dev_type: identifies the device type
 * @dev_addr: the device's address on the bus.
 *
 * This macro initializes essential fields of a struct i2c_board_info,
 * declaring what has been provided on a particular board.  Optional
 * fields (such as associated irq, or device-specific platform_data)
 * are provided using conventional syntax.
 */
#define I2C_BOARD_INFO(dev_type, dev_addr) \
	.type = dev_type, .addr = (dev_addr)


#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C)
/*
 * Add-on boards should register/unregister their devices; e.g. a board
 * with integrated I2C, a config eeprom, sensors, and a codec that's
 * used in conjunction with the primary hardware.
 */
struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_client_device(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_board_info const *info);

/* If you don't know the exact address of an I2C device, use this variant
 * instead, which can probe for device presence in a list of possible
 * addresses. The "probe" callback function is optional. If it is provided,
 * it must return 1 on successful probe, 0 otherwise. If it is not provided,
 * a default probing method is used.
 */
struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_scanned_device(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
		       struct i2c_board_info *info,
		       unsigned short const *addr_list,
		       int (*probe)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, unsigned short addr));

/* Common custom probe functions */
int i2c_probe_func_quick_read(struct i2c_adapter *adap, unsigned short addr);

struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_dummy_device(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, u16 address);

struct i2c_client *
devm_i2c_new_dummy_device(struct device *dev, struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 address);

struct i2c_client *
i2c_new_ancillary_device(struct i2c_client *client,
			 const char *name,
			 u16 default_addr);

void i2c_unregister_device(struct i2c_client *client);
#endif /* I2C */

/* Mainboard arch_initcall() code should register all its I2C devices.
 * This is done at arch_initcall time, before declaring any i2c adapters.
 * Modules for add-on boards must use other calls.
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_I2C_BOARDINFO
int
i2c_register_board_info(int busnum, struct i2c_board_info const *info,
			unsigned n);
#else
static inline int
i2c_register_board_info(int busnum, struct i2c_board_info const *info,
			unsigned n)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif /* I2C_BOARDINFO */

/**
 * struct i2c_algorithm - represent I2C transfer method
 * @master_xfer: Issue a set of i2c transactions to the given I2C adapter
 *   defined by the msgs array, with num messages available to transfer via
 *   the adapter specified by adap.
 * @master_xfer_atomic: same as @master_xfer. Yet, only using atomic context
 *   so e.g. PMICs can be accessed very late before shutdown. Optional.
 * @smbus_xfer: Issue smbus transactions to the given I2C adapter. If this
 *   is not present, then the bus layer will try and convert the SMBus calls
 *   into I2C transfers instead.
 * @smbus_xfer_atomic: same as @smbus_xfer. Yet, only using atomic context
 *   so e.g. PMICs can be accessed very late before shutdown. Optional.
 * @functionality: Return the flags that this algorithm/adapter pair supports
 *   from the ``I2C_FUNC_*`` flags.
 * @reg_slave: Register given client to I2C slave mode of this adapter
 * @unreg_slave: Unregister given client from I2C slave mode of this adapter
 *
 * The following structs are for those who like to implement new bus drivers:
 * i2c_algorithm is the interface to a class of hardware solutions which can
 * be addressed using the same bus algorithms - i.e. bit-banging or the PCF8584
 * to name two of the most common.
 *
 * The return codes from the ``master_xfer{_atomic}`` fields should indicate the
 * type of error code that occurred during the transfer, as documented in the
 * Kernel Documentation file Documentation/i2c/fault-codes.rst.
 */
struct i2c_algorithm {
	/*
	 * If an adapter algorithm can't do I2C-level access, set master_xfer
	 * to NULL. If an adapter algorithm can do SMBus access, set
	 * smbus_xfer. If set to NULL, the SMBus protocol is simulated
	 * using common I2C messages.
	 *
	 * master_xfer should return the number of messages successfully
	 * processed, or a negative value on error
	 */
	int (*master_xfer)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs,
			   int num);
	int (*master_xfer_atomic)(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
				   struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num);
	int (*smbus_xfer)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 addr,
			  unsigned short flags, char read_write,
			  u8 command, int size, union i2c_smbus_data *data);
	int (*smbus_xfer_atomic)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 addr,
				 unsigned short flags, char read_write,
				 u8 command, int size, union i2c_smbus_data *data);

	/* To determine what the adapter supports */
	u32 (*functionality)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
	int (*reg_slave)(struct i2c_client *client);
	int (*unreg_slave)(struct i2c_client *client);
#endif
};

/**
 * struct i2c_lock_operations - represent I2C locking operations
 * @lock_bus: Get exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @trylock_bus: Try to get exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @unlock_bus: Release exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 *
 * The main operations are wrapped by i2c_lock_bus and i2c_unlock_bus.
 */
struct i2c_lock_operations {
	void (*lock_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags);
	int (*trylock_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags);
	void (*unlock_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags);
};

/**
 * struct i2c_timings - I2C timing information
 * @bus_freq_hz: the bus frequency in Hz
 * @scl_rise_ns: time SCL signal takes to rise in ns; t(r) in the I2C specification
 * @scl_fall_ns: time SCL signal takes to fall in ns; t(f) in the I2C specification
 * @scl_int_delay_ns: time IP core additionally needs to setup SCL in ns
 * @sda_fall_ns: time SDA signal takes to fall in ns; t(f) in the I2C specification
 * @sda_hold_ns: time IP core additionally needs to hold SDA in ns
 * @digital_filter_width_ns: width in ns of spikes on i2c lines that the IP core
 *	digital filter can filter out
 * @analog_filter_cutoff_freq_hz: threshold frequency for the low pass IP core
 *	analog filter
 */
struct i2c_timings {
	u32 bus_freq_hz;
	u32 scl_rise_ns;
	u32 scl_fall_ns;
	u32 scl_int_delay_ns;
	u32 sda_fall_ns;
	u32 sda_hold_ns;
	u32 digital_filter_width_ns;
	u32 analog_filter_cutoff_freq_hz;
};

/**
 * struct i2c_bus_recovery_info - I2C bus recovery information
 * @recover_bus: Recover routine. Either pass driver's recover_bus() routine, or
 *	i2c_generic_scl_recovery().
 * @get_scl: This gets current value of SCL line. Mandatory for generic SCL
 *      recovery. Populated internally for generic GPIO recovery.
 * @set_scl: This sets/clears the SCL line. Mandatory for generic SCL recovery.
 *      Populated internally for generic GPIO recovery.
 * @get_sda: This gets current value of SDA line. This or set_sda() is mandatory
 *	for generic SCL recovery. Populated internally, if sda_gpio is a valid
 *	GPIO, for generic GPIO recovery.
 * @set_sda: This sets/clears the SDA line. This or get_sda() is mandatory for
 *	generic SCL recovery. Populated internally, if sda_gpio is a valid GPIO,
 *	for generic GPIO recovery.
 * @get_bus_free: Returns the bus free state as seen from the IP core in case it
 *	has a more complex internal logic than just reading SDA. Optional.
 * @prepare_recovery: This will be called before starting recovery. Platform may
 *	configure padmux here for SDA/SCL line or something else they want.
 * @unprepare_recovery: This will be called after completing recovery. Platform
 *	may configure padmux here for SDA/SCL line or something else they want.
 * @scl_gpiod: gpiod of the SCL line. Only required for GPIO recovery.
 * @sda_gpiod: gpiod of the SDA line. Only required for GPIO recovery.
 */
struct i2c_bus_recovery_info {
	int (*recover_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

	int (*get_scl)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
	void (*set_scl)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, int val);
	int (*get_sda)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
	void (*set_sda)(struct i2c_adapter *adap, int val);
	int (*get_bus_free)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

	void (*prepare_recovery)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
	void (*unprepare_recovery)(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

	/* gpio recovery */
	struct gpio_desc *scl_gpiod;
	struct gpio_desc *sda_gpiod;
};

int i2c_recover_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

/* Generic recovery routines */
int i2c_generic_scl_recovery(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

/**
 * struct i2c_adapter_quirks - describe flaws of an i2c adapter
 * @flags: see I2C_AQ_* for possible flags and read below
 * @max_num_msgs: maximum number of messages per transfer
 * @max_write_len: maximum length of a write message
 * @max_read_len: maximum length of a read message
 * @max_comb_1st_msg_len: maximum length of the first msg in a combined message
 * @max_comb_2nd_msg_len: maximum length of the second msg in a combined message
 *
 * Note about combined messages: Some I2C controllers can only send one message
 * per transfer, plus something called combined message or write-then-read.
 * This is (usually) a small write message followed by a read message and
 * barely enough to access register based devices like EEPROMs. There is a flag
 * to support this mode. It implies max_num_msg = 2 and does the length checks
 * with max_comb_*_len because combined message mode usually has its own
 * limitations. Because of HW implementations, some controllers can actually do
 * write-then-anything or other variants. To support that, write-then-read has
 * been broken out into smaller bits like write-first and read-second which can
 * be combined as needed.
 */

struct i2c_adapter_quirks {
	u64 flags;
	int max_num_msgs;
	u16 max_write_len;
	u16 max_read_len;
	u16 max_comb_1st_msg_len;
	u16 max_comb_2nd_msg_len;
};

/* enforce max_num_msgs = 2 and use max_comb_*_len for length checks */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB			BIT(0)
/* first combined message must be write */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB_WRITE_FIRST		BIT(1)
/* second combined message must be read */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB_READ_SECOND		BIT(2)
/* both combined messages must have the same target address */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB_SAME_ADDR		BIT(3)
/* convenience macro for typical write-then read case */
#define I2C_AQ_COMB_WRITE_THEN_READ	(I2C_AQ_COMB | I2C_AQ_COMB_WRITE_FIRST | \
					 I2C_AQ_COMB_READ_SECOND | I2C_AQ_COMB_SAME_ADDR)
/* clock stretching is not supported */
#define I2C_AQ_NO_CLK_STRETCH		BIT(4)
/* message cannot have length of 0 */
#define I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN_READ		BIT(5)
#define I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN_WRITE	BIT(6)
#define I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN		(I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN_READ | I2C_AQ_NO_ZERO_LEN_WRITE)

/*
 * i2c_adapter is the structure used to identify a physical i2c bus along
 * with the access algorithms necessary to access it.
 */
struct i2c_adapter {
	struct module *owner;
	unsigned int class;		  /* classes to allow probing for */
	const struct i2c_algorithm *algo; /* the algorithm to access the bus */
	void *algo_data;

	/* data fields that are valid for all devices	*/
	const struct i2c_lock_operations *lock_ops;
	struct rt_mutex bus_lock;
	struct rt_mutex mux_lock;

	int timeout;			/* in jiffies */
	int retries;
	struct device dev;		/* the adapter device */
	unsigned long locked_flags;	/* owned by the I2C core */
#define I2C_ALF_IS_SUSPENDED		0
#define I2C_ALF_SUSPEND_REPORTED	1

	int nr;
	char name[48];
	struct completion dev_released;

	struct mutex userspace_clients_lock;
	struct list_head userspace_clients;

	struct i2c_bus_recovery_info *bus_recovery_info;
	const struct i2c_adapter_quirks *quirks;

	struct irq_domain *host_notify_domain;
};
#define to_i2c_adapter(d) container_of(d, struct i2c_adapter, dev)

static inline void *i2c_get_adapdata(const struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	return dev_get_drvdata(&adap->dev);
}

static inline void i2c_set_adapdata(struct i2c_adapter *adap, void *data)
{
	dev_set_drvdata(&adap->dev, data);
}

static inline struct i2c_adapter *
i2c_parent_is_i2c_adapter(const struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
{
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_MUX)
	struct device *parent = adapter->dev.parent;

	if (parent != NULL && parent->type == &i2c_adapter_type)
		return to_i2c_adapter(parent);
	else
#endif
		return NULL;
}

int i2c_for_each_dev(void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data));

/* Adapter locking functions, exported for shared pin cases */
#define I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER BIT(0)
#define I2C_LOCK_SEGMENT      BIT(1)

/**
 * i2c_lock_bus - Get exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @adapter: Target I2C bus segment
 * @flags: I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER locks the root i2c adapter, I2C_LOCK_SEGMENT
 *	locks only this branch in the adapter tree
 */
static inline void
i2c_lock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
{
	adapter->lock_ops->lock_bus(adapter, flags);
}

/**
 * i2c_trylock_bus - Try to get exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @adapter: Target I2C bus segment
 * @flags: I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER tries to locks the root i2c adapter,
 *	I2C_LOCK_SEGMENT tries to lock only this branch in the adapter tree
 *
 * Return: true if the I2C bus segment is locked, false otherwise
 */
static inline int
i2c_trylock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
{
	return adapter->lock_ops->trylock_bus(adapter, flags);
}

/**
 * i2c_unlock_bus - Release exclusive access to an I2C bus segment
 * @adapter: Target I2C bus segment
 * @flags: I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER unlocks the root i2c adapter, I2C_LOCK_SEGMENT
 *	unlocks only this branch in the adapter tree
 */
static inline void
i2c_unlock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
{
	adapter->lock_ops->unlock_bus(adapter, flags);
}

/**
 * i2c_mark_adapter_suspended - Report suspended state of the adapter to the core
 * @adap: Adapter to mark as suspended
 *
 * When using this helper to mark an adapter as suspended, the core will reject
 * further transfers to this adapter. The usage of this helper is optional but
 * recommended for devices having distinct handlers for system suspend and
 * runtime suspend. More complex devices are free to implement custom solutions
 * to reject transfers when suspended.
 */
static inline void i2c_mark_adapter_suspended(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	i2c_lock_bus(adap, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
	set_bit(I2C_ALF_IS_SUSPENDED, &adap->locked_flags);
	i2c_unlock_bus(adap, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
}

/**
 * i2c_mark_adapter_resumed - Report resumed state of the adapter to the core
 * @adap: Adapter to mark as resumed
 *
 * When using this helper to mark an adapter as resumed, the core will allow
 * further transfers to this adapter. See also further notes to
 * @i2c_mark_adapter_suspended().
 */
static inline void i2c_mark_adapter_resumed(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	i2c_lock_bus(adap, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
	clear_bit(I2C_ALF_IS_SUSPENDED, &adap->locked_flags);
	i2c_unlock_bus(adap, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
}

/* i2c adapter classes (bitmask) */
#define I2C_CLASS_HWMON		(1<<0)	/* lm_sensors, ... */
#define I2C_CLASS_DDC		(1<<3)	/* DDC bus on graphics adapters */
#define I2C_CLASS_SPD		(1<<7)	/* Memory modules */
/* Warn users that the adapter doesn't support classes anymore */
#define I2C_CLASS_DEPRECATED	(1<<8)

/* Internal numbers to terminate lists */
#define I2C_CLIENT_END		0xfffeU

/* Construct an I2C_CLIENT_END-terminated array of i2c addresses */
#define I2C_ADDRS(addr, addrs...) \
	((const unsigned short []){ addr, ## addrs, I2C_CLIENT_END })


/* ----- functions exported by i2c.o */

/* administration...
 */
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C)
int i2c_add_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
void i2c_del_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
int i2c_add_numbered_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap);

int i2c_register_driver(struct module *owner, struct i2c_driver *driver);
void i2c_del_driver(struct i2c_driver *driver);

/* use a define to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE */
#define i2c_add_driver(driver) \
	i2c_register_driver(THIS_MODULE, driver)

static inline bool i2c_client_has_driver(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(client) && client->dev.driver;
}

/* call the i2c_client->command() of all attached clients with
 * the given arguments */
void i2c_clients_command(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
			 unsigned int cmd, void *arg);

struct i2c_adapter *i2c_get_adapter(int nr);
void i2c_put_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
unsigned int i2c_adapter_depth(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);

void i2c_parse_fw_timings(struct device *dev, struct i2c_timings *t, bool use_defaults);

/* Return the functionality mask */
static inline u32 i2c_get_functionality(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	return adap->algo->functionality(adap);
}

/* Return 1 if adapter supports everything we need, 0 if not. */
static inline int i2c_check_functionality(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u32 func)
{
	return (func & i2c_get_functionality(adap)) == func;
}

/**
 * i2c_check_quirks() - Function for checking the quirk flags in an i2c adapter
 * @adap: i2c adapter
 * @quirks: quirk flags
 *
 * Return: true if the adapter has all the specified quirk flags, false if not
 */
static inline bool i2c_check_quirks(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u64 quirks)
{
	if (!adap->quirks)
		return false;
	return (adap->quirks->flags & quirks) == quirks;
}

/* Return the adapter number for a specific adapter */
static inline int i2c_adapter_id(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	return adap->nr;
}

static inline u8 i2c_8bit_addr_from_msg(const struct i2c_msg *msg)
{
	return (msg->addr << 1) | (msg->flags & I2C_M_RD ? 1 : 0);
}

u8 *i2c_get_dma_safe_msg_buf(struct i2c_msg *msg, unsigned int threshold);
void i2c_put_dma_safe_msg_buf(u8 *buf, struct i2c_msg *msg, bool xferred);

int i2c_handle_smbus_host_notify(struct i2c_adapter *adap, unsigned short addr);
/**
 * module_i2c_driver() - Helper macro for registering a modular I2C driver
 * @__i2c_driver: i2c_driver struct
 *
 * Helper macro for I2C drivers which do not do anything special in module
 * init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module may only
 * use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() and module_exit()
 */
#define module_i2c_driver(__i2c_driver) \
	module_driver(__i2c_driver, i2c_add_driver, \
			i2c_del_driver)

/**
 * builtin_i2c_driver() - Helper macro for registering a builtin I2C driver
 * @__i2c_driver: i2c_driver struct
 *
 * Helper macro for I2C drivers which do not do anything special in their
 * init. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each driver may only
 * use this macro once, and calling it replaces device_initcall().
 */
#define builtin_i2c_driver(__i2c_driver) \
	builtin_driver(__i2c_driver, i2c_add_driver)

#endif /* I2C */

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF)
/* must call put_device() when done with returned i2c_client device */
struct i2c_client *of_find_i2c_device_by_node(struct device_node *node);

/* must call put_device() when done with returned i2c_adapter device */
struct i2c_adapter *of_find_i2c_adapter_by_node(struct device_node *node);

/* must call i2c_put_adapter() when done with returned i2c_adapter device */
struct i2c_adapter *of_get_i2c_adapter_by_node(struct device_node *node);

const struct of_device_id
*i2c_of_match_device(const struct of_device_id *matches,
		     struct i2c_client *client);

int of_i2c_get_board_info(struct device *dev, struct device_node *node,
			  struct i2c_board_info *info);

#else

static inline struct i2c_client *of_find_i2c_device_by_node(struct device_node *node)
{
	return NULL;
}

static inline struct i2c_adapter *of_find_i2c_adapter_by_node(struct device_node *node)
{
	return NULL;
}

static inline struct i2c_adapter *of_get_i2c_adapter_by_node(struct device_node *node)
{
	return NULL;
}

static inline const struct of_device_id
*i2c_of_match_device(const struct of_device_id *matches,
		     struct i2c_client *client)
{
	return NULL;
}

static inline int of_i2c_get_board_info(struct device *dev,
					struct device_node *node,
					struct i2c_board_info *info)
{
	return -ENOTSUPP;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_OF */

struct acpi_resource;
struct acpi_resource_i2c_serialbus;

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI)
bool i2c_acpi_get_i2c_resource(struct acpi_resource *ares,
			       struct acpi_resource_i2c_serialbus **i2c);
u32 i2c_acpi_find_bus_speed(struct device *dev);
struct i2c_client *i2c_acpi_new_device(struct device *dev, int index,
				       struct i2c_board_info *info);
struct i2c_adapter *i2c_acpi_find_adapter_by_handle(acpi_handle handle);
#else
static inline bool i2c_acpi_get_i2c_resource(struct acpi_resource *ares,
					     struct acpi_resource_i2c_serialbus **i2c)
{
	return false;
}
static inline u32 i2c_acpi_find_bus_speed(struct device *dev)
{
	return 0;
}
static inline struct i2c_client *i2c_acpi_new_device(struct device *dev,
					int index, struct i2c_board_info *info)
{
	return NULL;
}
static inline struct i2c_adapter *i2c_acpi_find_adapter_by_handle(acpi_handle handle)
{
	return NULL;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ACPI */

#endif /* _LINUX_I2C_H */