Boot Linux faster!

Check our new training course

Boot Linux faster!

Check our new training course
and Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
lecture and lab materials

Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276
2277
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
2401
2402
2403
2404
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754
2755
2756
2757
2758
2759
2760
2761
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843
2844
2845
2846
2847
2848
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
2859
2860
2861
2862
2863
2864
2865
2866
2867
2868
2869
2870
2871
2872
2873
2874
2875
2876
2877
2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
2883
2884
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889
2890
2891
2892
2893
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
2899
2900
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
2907
2908
2909
2910
2911
2912
2913
2914
2915
2916
2917
2918
2919
2920
2921
2922
2923
2924
2925
2926
2927
2928
2929
2930
2931
2932
2933
2934
2935
2936
2937
2938
2939
2940
2941
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
3048
3049
3050
3051
3052
3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073
3074
3075
3076
3077
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
3091
3092
3093
3094
3095
3096
3097
3098
3099
3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
3171
3172
3173
3174
3175
3176
3177
3178
3179
3180
3181
3182
3183
3184
3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
3202
3203
3204
3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
3215
3216
3217
3218
3219
3220
3221
3222
3223
3224
3225
3226
3227
3228
3229
3230
3231
3232
3233
3234
3235
3236
3237
3238
3239
3240
3241
3242
3243
3244
3245
3246
3247
3248
3249
3250
3251
3252
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
3258
3259
3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3265
3266
3267
3268
3269
3270
3271
3272
3273
3274
3275
3276
3277
3278
3279
3280
3281
3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
3315
3316
3317
3318
3319
3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
3341
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357
3358
3359
3360
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395
3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434
3435
3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3445
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467
3468
3469
3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
3475
3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591
3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
3599
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
3606
3607
3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
3617
3618
3619
3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
3625
3626
3627
3628
3629
3630
3631
3632
3633
3634
3635
3636
3637
3638
3639
3640
3641
3642
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648
3649
3650
3651
3652
3653
3654
3655
3656
3657
3658
3659
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/gpio.h>
#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
#include <linux/gpio/machine.h>
#include <linux/pinctrl/consumer.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/kfifo.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/timekeeping.h>
#include <uapi/linux/gpio.h>

#include "gpiolib.h"

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/gpio.h>

/* Implementation infrastructure for GPIO interfaces.
 *
 * The GPIO programming interface allows for inlining speed-critical
 * get/set operations for common cases, so that access to SOC-integrated
 * GPIOs can sometimes cost only an instruction or two per bit.
 */


/* When debugging, extend minimal trust to callers and platform code.
 * Also emit diagnostic messages that may help initial bringup, when
 * board setup or driver bugs are most common.
 *
 * Otherwise, minimize overhead in what may be bitbanging codepaths.
 */
#ifdef	DEBUG
#define	extra_checks	1
#else
#define	extra_checks	0
#endif

/* Device and char device-related information */
static DEFINE_IDA(gpio_ida);
static dev_t gpio_devt;
#define GPIO_DEV_MAX 256 /* 256 GPIO chip devices supported */
static struct bus_type gpio_bus_type = {
	.name = "gpio",
};

/* gpio_lock prevents conflicts during gpio_desc[] table updates.
 * While any GPIO is requested, its gpio_chip is not removable;
 * each GPIO's "requested" flag serves as a lock and refcount.
 */
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(gpio_lock);

static DEFINE_MUTEX(gpio_lookup_lock);
static LIST_HEAD(gpio_lookup_list);
LIST_HEAD(gpio_devices);

static void gpiochip_free_hogs(struct gpio_chip *chip);
static void gpiochip_irqchip_remove(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip);
static int gpiochip_irqchip_init_valid_mask(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip);
static void gpiochip_irqchip_free_valid_mask(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip);

static bool gpiolib_initialized;

static inline void desc_set_label(struct gpio_desc *d, const char *label)
{
	d->label = label;
}

/**
 * Convert a GPIO number to its descriptor
 */
struct gpio_desc *gpio_to_desc(unsigned gpio)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);

	list_for_each_entry(gdev, &gpio_devices, list) {
		if (gdev->base <= gpio &&
		    gdev->base + gdev->ngpio > gpio) {
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
			return &gdev->descs[gpio - gdev->base];
		}
	}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);

	if (!gpio_is_valid(gpio))
		WARN(1, "invalid GPIO %d\n", gpio);

	return NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpio_to_desc);

/**
 * Get the GPIO descriptor corresponding to the given hw number for this chip.
 */
struct gpio_desc *gpiochip_get_desc(struct gpio_chip *chip,
				    u16 hwnum)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev = chip->gpiodev;

	if (hwnum >= gdev->ngpio)
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);

	return &gdev->descs[hwnum];
}

/**
 * Convert a GPIO descriptor to the integer namespace.
 * This should disappear in the future but is needed since we still
 * use GPIO numbers for error messages and sysfs nodes
 */
int desc_to_gpio(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	return desc->gdev->base + (desc - &desc->gdev->descs[0]);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(desc_to_gpio);


/**
 * gpiod_to_chip - Return the GPIO chip to which a GPIO descriptor belongs
 * @desc:	descriptor to return the chip of
 */
struct gpio_chip *gpiod_to_chip(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	if (!desc || !desc->gdev || !desc->gdev->chip)
		return NULL;
	return desc->gdev->chip;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_to_chip);

/* dynamic allocation of GPIOs, e.g. on a hotplugged device */
static int gpiochip_find_base(int ngpio)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev;
	int base = ARCH_NR_GPIOS - ngpio;

	list_for_each_entry_reverse(gdev, &gpio_devices, list) {
		/* found a free space? */
		if (gdev->base + gdev->ngpio <= base)
			break;
		else
			/* nope, check the space right before the chip */
			base = gdev->base - ngpio;
	}

	if (gpio_is_valid(base)) {
		pr_debug("%s: found new base at %d\n", __func__, base);
		return base;
	} else {
		pr_err("%s: cannot find free range\n", __func__);
		return -ENOSPC;
	}
}

/**
 * gpiod_get_direction - return the current direction of a GPIO
 * @desc:	GPIO to get the direction of
 *
 * Return GPIOF_DIR_IN or GPIOF_DIR_OUT, or an error code in case of error.
 *
 * This function may sleep if gpiod_cansleep() is true.
 */
int gpiod_get_direction(struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	struct gpio_chip	*chip;
	unsigned		offset;
	int			status = -EINVAL;

	chip = gpiod_to_chip(desc);
	offset = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);

	if (!chip->get_direction)
		return status;

	status = chip->get_direction(chip, offset);
	if (status > 0) {
		/* GPIOF_DIR_IN, or other positive */
		status = 1;
		clear_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
	}
	if (status == 0) {
		/* GPIOF_DIR_OUT */
		set_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
	}
	return status;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_direction);

/*
 * Add a new chip to the global chips list, keeping the list of chips sorted
 * by range(means [base, base + ngpio - 1]) order.
 *
 * Return -EBUSY if the new chip overlaps with some other chip's integer
 * space.
 */
static int gpiodev_add_to_list(struct gpio_device *gdev)
{
	struct gpio_device *prev, *next;

	if (list_empty(&gpio_devices)) {
		/* initial entry in list */
		list_add_tail(&gdev->list, &gpio_devices);
		return 0;
	}

	next = list_entry(gpio_devices.next, struct gpio_device, list);
	if (gdev->base + gdev->ngpio <= next->base) {
		/* add before first entry */
		list_add(&gdev->list, &gpio_devices);
		return 0;
	}

	prev = list_entry(gpio_devices.prev, struct gpio_device, list);
	if (prev->base + prev->ngpio <= gdev->base) {
		/* add behind last entry */
		list_add_tail(&gdev->list, &gpio_devices);
		return 0;
	}

	list_for_each_entry_safe(prev, next, &gpio_devices, list) {
		/* at the end of the list */
		if (&next->list == &gpio_devices)
			break;

		/* add between prev and next */
		if (prev->base + prev->ngpio <= gdev->base
				&& gdev->base + gdev->ngpio <= next->base) {
			list_add(&gdev->list, &prev->list);
			return 0;
		}
	}

	dev_err(&gdev->dev, "GPIO integer space overlap, cannot add chip\n");
	return -EBUSY;
}

/**
 * Convert a GPIO name to its descriptor
 */
static struct gpio_desc *gpio_name_to_desc(const char * const name)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);

	list_for_each_entry(gdev, &gpio_devices, list) {
		int i;

		for (i = 0; i != gdev->ngpio; ++i) {
			struct gpio_desc *desc = &gdev->descs[i];

			if (!desc->name || !name)
				continue;

			if (!strcmp(desc->name, name)) {
				spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
				return desc;
			}
		}
	}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);

	return NULL;
}

/*
 * Takes the names from gc->names and checks if they are all unique. If they
 * are, they are assigned to their gpio descriptors.
 *
 * Warning if one of the names is already used for a different GPIO.
 */
static int gpiochip_set_desc_names(struct gpio_chip *gc)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev = gc->gpiodev;
	int i;

	if (!gc->names)
		return 0;

	/* First check all names if they are unique */
	for (i = 0; i != gc->ngpio; ++i) {
		struct gpio_desc *gpio;

		gpio = gpio_name_to_desc(gc->names[i]);
		if (gpio)
			dev_warn(&gdev->dev,
				 "Detected name collision for GPIO name '%s'\n",
				 gc->names[i]);
	}

	/* Then add all names to the GPIO descriptors */
	for (i = 0; i != gc->ngpio; ++i)
		gdev->descs[i].name = gc->names[i];

	return 0;
}

/*
 * GPIO line handle management
 */

/**
 * struct linehandle_state - contains the state of a userspace handle
 * @gdev: the GPIO device the handle pertains to
 * @label: consumer label used to tag descriptors
 * @descs: the GPIO descriptors held by this handle
 * @numdescs: the number of descriptors held in the descs array
 */
struct linehandle_state {
	struct gpio_device *gdev;
	const char *label;
	struct gpio_desc *descs[GPIOHANDLES_MAX];
	u32 numdescs;
};

#define GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_VALID_FLAGS \
	(GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_INPUT | \
	GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OUTPUT | \
	GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_ACTIVE_LOW | \
	GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OPEN_DRAIN | \
	GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OPEN_SOURCE)

static long linehandle_ioctl(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd,
			     unsigned long arg)
{
	struct linehandle_state *lh = filep->private_data;
	void __user *ip = (void __user *)arg;
	struct gpiohandle_data ghd;
	int i;

	if (cmd == GPIOHANDLE_GET_LINE_VALUES_IOCTL) {
		int val;

		memset(&ghd, 0, sizeof(ghd));

		/* TODO: check if descriptors are really input */
		for (i = 0; i < lh->numdescs; i++) {
			val = gpiod_get_value_cansleep(lh->descs[i]);
			if (val < 0)
				return val;
			ghd.values[i] = val;
		}

		if (copy_to_user(ip, &ghd, sizeof(ghd)))
			return -EFAULT;

		return 0;
	} else if (cmd == GPIOHANDLE_SET_LINE_VALUES_IOCTL) {
		int vals[GPIOHANDLES_MAX];

		/* TODO: check if descriptors are really output */
		if (copy_from_user(&ghd, ip, sizeof(ghd)))
			return -EFAULT;

		/* Clamp all values to [0,1] */
		for (i = 0; i < lh->numdescs; i++)
			vals[i] = !!ghd.values[i];

		/* Reuse the array setting function */
		gpiod_set_array_value_complex(false,
					      true,
					      lh->numdescs,
					      lh->descs,
					      vals);
		return 0;
	}
	return -EINVAL;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static long linehandle_ioctl_compat(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd,
			     unsigned long arg)
{
	return linehandle_ioctl(filep, cmd, (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg));
}
#endif

static int linehandle_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
{
	struct linehandle_state *lh = filep->private_data;
	struct gpio_device *gdev = lh->gdev;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < lh->numdescs; i++)
		gpiod_free(lh->descs[i]);
	kfree(lh->label);
	kfree(lh);
	put_device(&gdev->dev);
	return 0;
}

static const struct file_operations linehandle_fileops = {
	.release = linehandle_release,
	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
	.llseek = noop_llseek,
	.unlocked_ioctl = linehandle_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_ioctl = linehandle_ioctl_compat,
#endif
};

static int linehandle_create(struct gpio_device *gdev, void __user *ip)
{
	struct gpiohandle_request handlereq;
	struct linehandle_state *lh;
	struct file *file;
	int fd, i, ret;

	if (copy_from_user(&handlereq, ip, sizeof(handlereq)))
		return -EFAULT;
	if ((handlereq.lines == 0) || (handlereq.lines > GPIOHANDLES_MAX))
		return -EINVAL;

	lh = kzalloc(sizeof(*lh), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!lh)
		return -ENOMEM;
	lh->gdev = gdev;
	get_device(&gdev->dev);

	/* Make sure this is terminated */
	handlereq.consumer_label[sizeof(handlereq.consumer_label)-1] = '\0';
	if (strlen(handlereq.consumer_label)) {
		lh->label = kstrdup(handlereq.consumer_label,
				    GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!lh->label) {
			ret = -ENOMEM;
			goto out_free_lh;
		}
	}

	/* Request each GPIO */
	for (i = 0; i < handlereq.lines; i++) {
		u32 offset = handlereq.lineoffsets[i];
		u32 lflags = handlereq.flags;
		struct gpio_desc *desc;

		if (offset >= gdev->ngpio) {
			ret = -EINVAL;
			goto out_free_descs;
		}

		/* Return an error if a unknown flag is set */
		if (lflags & ~GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_VALID_FLAGS) {
			ret = -EINVAL;
			goto out_free_descs;
		}

		desc = &gdev->descs[offset];
		ret = gpiod_request(desc, lh->label);
		if (ret)
			goto out_free_descs;
		lh->descs[i] = desc;

		if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_ACTIVE_LOW)
			set_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags);
		if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OPEN_DRAIN)
			set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags);
		if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OPEN_SOURCE)
			set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags);

		/*
		 * Lines have to be requested explicitly for input
		 * or output, else the line will be treated "as is".
		 */
		if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OUTPUT) {
			int val = !!handlereq.default_values[i];

			ret = gpiod_direction_output(desc, val);
			if (ret)
				goto out_free_descs;
		} else if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_INPUT) {
			ret = gpiod_direction_input(desc);
			if (ret)
				goto out_free_descs;
		}
		dev_dbg(&gdev->dev, "registered chardev handle for line %d\n",
			offset);
	}
	/* Let i point at the last handle */
	i--;
	lh->numdescs = handlereq.lines;

	fd = get_unused_fd_flags(O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
	if (fd < 0) {
		ret = fd;
		goto out_free_descs;
	}

	file = anon_inode_getfile("gpio-linehandle",
				  &linehandle_fileops,
				  lh,
				  O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(file);
		goto out_put_unused_fd;
	}

	handlereq.fd = fd;
	if (copy_to_user(ip, &handlereq, sizeof(handlereq))) {
		/*
		 * fput() will trigger the release() callback, so do not go onto
		 * the regular error cleanup path here.
		 */
		fput(file);
		put_unused_fd(fd);
		return -EFAULT;
	}

	fd_install(fd, file);

	dev_dbg(&gdev->dev, "registered chardev handle for %d lines\n",
		lh->numdescs);

	return 0;

out_put_unused_fd:
	put_unused_fd(fd);
out_free_descs:
	for (; i >= 0; i--)
		gpiod_free(lh->descs[i]);
	kfree(lh->label);
out_free_lh:
	kfree(lh);
	put_device(&gdev->dev);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * GPIO line event management
 */

/**
 * struct lineevent_state - contains the state of a userspace event
 * @gdev: the GPIO device the event pertains to
 * @label: consumer label used to tag descriptors
 * @desc: the GPIO descriptor held by this event
 * @eflags: the event flags this line was requested with
 * @irq: the interrupt that trigger in response to events on this GPIO
 * @wait: wait queue that handles blocking reads of events
 * @events: KFIFO for the GPIO events
 * @read_lock: mutex lock to protect reads from colliding with adding
 * new events to the FIFO
 */
struct lineevent_state {
	struct gpio_device *gdev;
	const char *label;
	struct gpio_desc *desc;
	u32 eflags;
	int irq;
	wait_queue_head_t wait;
	DECLARE_KFIFO(events, struct gpioevent_data, 16);
	struct mutex read_lock;
};

#define GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_VALID_FLAGS \
	(GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_RISING_EDGE | \
	GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_FALLING_EDGE)

static unsigned int lineevent_poll(struct file *filep,
				   struct poll_table_struct *wait)
{
	struct lineevent_state *le = filep->private_data;
	unsigned int events = 0;

	poll_wait(filep, &le->wait, wait);

	if (!kfifo_is_empty(&le->events))
		events = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;

	return events;
}


static ssize_t lineevent_read(struct file *filep,
			      char __user *buf,
			      size_t count,
			      loff_t *f_ps)
{
	struct lineevent_state *le = filep->private_data;
	unsigned int copied;
	int ret;

	if (count < sizeof(struct gpioevent_data))
		return -EINVAL;

	do {
		if (kfifo_is_empty(&le->events)) {
			if (filep->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
				return -EAGAIN;

			ret = wait_event_interruptible(le->wait,
					!kfifo_is_empty(&le->events));
			if (ret)
				return ret;
		}

		if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&le->read_lock))
			return -ERESTARTSYS;
		ret = kfifo_to_user(&le->events, buf, count, &copied);
		mutex_unlock(&le->read_lock);

		if (ret)
			return ret;

		/*
		 * If we couldn't read anything from the fifo (a different
		 * thread might have been faster) we either return -EAGAIN if
		 * the file descriptor is non-blocking, otherwise we go back to
		 * sleep and wait for more data to arrive.
		 */
		if (copied == 0 && (filep->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK))
			return -EAGAIN;

	} while (copied == 0);

	return copied;
}

static int lineevent_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
{
	struct lineevent_state *le = filep->private_data;
	struct gpio_device *gdev = le->gdev;

	free_irq(le->irq, le);
	gpiod_free(le->desc);
	kfree(le->label);
	kfree(le);
	put_device(&gdev->dev);
	return 0;
}

static long lineevent_ioctl(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd,
			    unsigned long arg)
{
	struct lineevent_state *le = filep->private_data;
	void __user *ip = (void __user *)arg;
	struct gpiohandle_data ghd;

	/*
	 * We can get the value for an event line but not set it,
	 * because it is input by definition.
	 */
	if (cmd == GPIOHANDLE_GET_LINE_VALUES_IOCTL) {
		int val;

		memset(&ghd, 0, sizeof(ghd));

		val = gpiod_get_value_cansleep(le->desc);
		if (val < 0)
			return val;
		ghd.values[0] = val;

		if (copy_to_user(ip, &ghd, sizeof(ghd)))
			return -EFAULT;

		return 0;
	}
	return -EINVAL;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static long lineevent_ioctl_compat(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd,
				   unsigned long arg)
{
	return lineevent_ioctl(filep, cmd, (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg));
}
#endif

static const struct file_operations lineevent_fileops = {
	.release = lineevent_release,
	.read = lineevent_read,
	.poll = lineevent_poll,
	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
	.llseek = noop_llseek,
	.unlocked_ioctl = lineevent_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_ioctl = lineevent_ioctl_compat,
#endif
};

static irqreturn_t lineevent_irq_thread(int irq, void *p)
{
	struct lineevent_state *le = p;
	struct gpioevent_data ge;
	int ret, level;

	/* Do not leak kernel stack to userspace */
	memset(&ge, 0, sizeof(ge));

	ge.timestamp = ktime_get_real_ns();
	level = gpiod_get_value_cansleep(le->desc);

	if (le->eflags & GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_RISING_EDGE
	    && le->eflags & GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_FALLING_EDGE) {
		if (level)
			/* Emit low-to-high event */
			ge.id = GPIOEVENT_EVENT_RISING_EDGE;
		else
			/* Emit high-to-low event */
			ge.id = GPIOEVENT_EVENT_FALLING_EDGE;
	} else if (le->eflags & GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_RISING_EDGE && level) {
		/* Emit low-to-high event */
		ge.id = GPIOEVENT_EVENT_RISING_EDGE;
	} else if (le->eflags & GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_FALLING_EDGE && !level) {
		/* Emit high-to-low event */
		ge.id = GPIOEVENT_EVENT_FALLING_EDGE;
	} else {
		return IRQ_NONE;
	}

	ret = kfifo_put(&le->events, ge);
	if (ret != 0)
		wake_up_poll(&le->wait, POLLIN);

	return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

static int lineevent_create(struct gpio_device *gdev, void __user *ip)
{
	struct gpioevent_request eventreq;
	struct lineevent_state *le;
	struct gpio_desc *desc;
	struct file *file;
	u32 offset;
	u32 lflags;
	u32 eflags;
	int fd;
	int ret;
	int irqflags = 0;

	if (copy_from_user(&eventreq, ip, sizeof(eventreq)))
		return -EFAULT;

	le = kzalloc(sizeof(*le), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!le)
		return -ENOMEM;
	le->gdev = gdev;
	get_device(&gdev->dev);

	/* Make sure this is terminated */
	eventreq.consumer_label[sizeof(eventreq.consumer_label)-1] = '\0';
	if (strlen(eventreq.consumer_label)) {
		le->label = kstrdup(eventreq.consumer_label,
				    GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!le->label) {
			ret = -ENOMEM;
			goto out_free_le;
		}
	}

	offset = eventreq.lineoffset;
	lflags = eventreq.handleflags;
	eflags = eventreq.eventflags;

	if (offset >= gdev->ngpio) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto out_free_label;
	}

	/* Return an error if a unknown flag is set */
	if ((lflags & ~GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_VALID_FLAGS) ||
	    (eflags & ~GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_VALID_FLAGS)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto out_free_label;
	}

	/* This is just wrong: we don't look for events on output lines */
	if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OUTPUT) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto out_free_label;
	}

	desc = &gdev->descs[offset];
	ret = gpiod_request(desc, le->label);
	if (ret)
		goto out_free_desc;
	le->desc = desc;
	le->eflags = eflags;

	if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_ACTIVE_LOW)
		set_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags);
	if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OPEN_DRAIN)
		set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags);
	if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OPEN_SOURCE)
		set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags);

	ret = gpiod_direction_input(desc);
	if (ret)
		goto out_free_desc;

	le->irq = gpiod_to_irq(desc);
	if (le->irq <= 0) {
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto out_free_desc;
	}

	if (eflags & GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_RISING_EDGE)
		irqflags |= IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING;
	if (eflags & GPIOEVENT_REQUEST_FALLING_EDGE)
		irqflags |= IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING;
	irqflags |= IRQF_ONESHOT;
	irqflags |= IRQF_SHARED;

	INIT_KFIFO(le->events);
	init_waitqueue_head(&le->wait);
	mutex_init(&le->read_lock);

	/* Request a thread to read the events */
	ret = request_threaded_irq(le->irq,
			NULL,
			lineevent_irq_thread,
			irqflags,
			le->label,
			le);
	if (ret)
		goto out_free_desc;

	fd = get_unused_fd_flags(O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
	if (fd < 0) {
		ret = fd;
		goto out_free_irq;
	}

	file = anon_inode_getfile("gpio-event",
				  &lineevent_fileops,
				  le,
				  O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(file);
		goto out_put_unused_fd;
	}

	eventreq.fd = fd;
	if (copy_to_user(ip, &eventreq, sizeof(eventreq))) {
		/*
		 * fput() will trigger the release() callback, so do not go onto
		 * the regular error cleanup path here.
		 */
		fput(file);
		put_unused_fd(fd);
		return -EFAULT;
	}

	fd_install(fd, file);

	return 0;

out_put_unused_fd:
	put_unused_fd(fd);
out_free_irq:
	free_irq(le->irq, le);
out_free_desc:
	gpiod_free(le->desc);
out_free_label:
	kfree(le->label);
out_free_le:
	kfree(le);
	put_device(&gdev->dev);
	return ret;
}

/**
 * gpio_ioctl() - ioctl handler for the GPIO chardev
 */
static long gpio_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev = filp->private_data;
	struct gpio_chip *chip = gdev->chip;
	void __user *ip = (void __user *)arg;

	/* We fail any subsequent ioctl():s when the chip is gone */
	if (!chip)
		return -ENODEV;

	/* Fill in the struct and pass to userspace */
	if (cmd == GPIO_GET_CHIPINFO_IOCTL) {
		struct gpiochip_info chipinfo;

		memset(&chipinfo, 0, sizeof(chipinfo));

		strncpy(chipinfo.name, dev_name(&gdev->dev),
			sizeof(chipinfo.name));
		chipinfo.name[sizeof(chipinfo.name)-1] = '\0';
		strncpy(chipinfo.label, gdev->label,
			sizeof(chipinfo.label));
		chipinfo.label[sizeof(chipinfo.label)-1] = '\0';
		chipinfo.lines = gdev->ngpio;
		if (copy_to_user(ip, &chipinfo, sizeof(chipinfo)))
			return -EFAULT;
		return 0;
	} else if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_IOCTL) {
		struct gpioline_info lineinfo;
		struct gpio_desc *desc;

		if (copy_from_user(&lineinfo, ip, sizeof(lineinfo)))
			return -EFAULT;
		if (lineinfo.line_offset >= gdev->ngpio)
			return -EINVAL;

		desc = &gdev->descs[lineinfo.line_offset];
		if (desc->name) {
			strncpy(lineinfo.name, desc->name,
				sizeof(lineinfo.name));
			lineinfo.name[sizeof(lineinfo.name)-1] = '\0';
		} else {
			lineinfo.name[0] = '\0';
		}
		if (desc->label) {
			strncpy(lineinfo.consumer, desc->label,
				sizeof(lineinfo.consumer));
			lineinfo.consumer[sizeof(lineinfo.consumer)-1] = '\0';
		} else {
			lineinfo.consumer[0] = '\0';
		}

		/*
		 * Userspace only need to know that the kernel is using
		 * this GPIO so it can't use it.
		 */
		lineinfo.flags = 0;
		if (test_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags) ||
		    test_bit(FLAG_IS_HOGGED, &desc->flags) ||
		    test_bit(FLAG_USED_AS_IRQ, &desc->flags) ||
		    test_bit(FLAG_EXPORT, &desc->flags) ||
		    test_bit(FLAG_SYSFS, &desc->flags))
			lineinfo.flags |= GPIOLINE_FLAG_KERNEL;
		if (test_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags))
			lineinfo.flags |= GPIOLINE_FLAG_IS_OUT;
		if (test_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags))
			lineinfo.flags |= GPIOLINE_FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW;
		if (test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags))
			lineinfo.flags |= GPIOLINE_FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN;
		if (test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags))
			lineinfo.flags |= GPIOLINE_FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE;

		if (copy_to_user(ip, &lineinfo, sizeof(lineinfo)))
			return -EFAULT;
		return 0;
	} else if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEHANDLE_IOCTL) {
		return linehandle_create(gdev, ip);
	} else if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEEVENT_IOCTL) {
		return lineevent_create(gdev, ip);
	}
	return -EINVAL;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static long gpio_ioctl_compat(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
			      unsigned long arg)
{
	return gpio_ioctl(filp, cmd, (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg));
}
#endif

/**
 * gpio_chrdev_open() - open the chardev for ioctl operations
 * @inode: inode for this chardev
 * @filp: file struct for storing private data
 * Returns 0 on success
 */
static int gpio_chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev = container_of(inode->i_cdev,
					      struct gpio_device, chrdev);

	/* Fail on open if the backing gpiochip is gone */
	if (!gdev || !gdev->chip)
		return -ENODEV;
	get_device(&gdev->dev);
	filp->private_data = gdev;

	return nonseekable_open(inode, filp);
}

/**
 * gpio_chrdev_release() - close chardev after ioctl operations
 * @inode: inode for this chardev
 * @filp: file struct for storing private data
 * Returns 0 on success
 */
static int gpio_chrdev_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev = container_of(inode->i_cdev,
					      struct gpio_device, chrdev);

	if (!gdev)
		return -ENODEV;
	put_device(&gdev->dev);
	return 0;
}


static const struct file_operations gpio_fileops = {
	.release = gpio_chrdev_release,
	.open = gpio_chrdev_open,
	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
	.llseek = no_llseek,
	.unlocked_ioctl = gpio_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_ioctl = gpio_ioctl_compat,
#endif
};

static void gpiodevice_release(struct device *dev)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);

	list_del(&gdev->list);
	ida_simple_remove(&gpio_ida, gdev->id);
	kfree(gdev->label);
	kfree(gdev->descs);
	kfree(gdev);
}

static int gpiochip_setup_dev(struct gpio_device *gdev)
{
	int status;

	cdev_init(&gdev->chrdev, &gpio_fileops);
	gdev->chrdev.owner = THIS_MODULE;
	gdev->chrdev.kobj.parent = &gdev->dev.kobj;
	gdev->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(gpio_devt), gdev->id);
	status = cdev_add(&gdev->chrdev, gdev->dev.devt, 1);
	if (status < 0)
		chip_warn(gdev->chip, "failed to add char device %d:%d\n",
			  MAJOR(gpio_devt), gdev->id);
	else
		chip_dbg(gdev->chip, "added GPIO chardev (%d:%d)\n",
			 MAJOR(gpio_devt), gdev->id);
	status = device_add(&gdev->dev);
	if (status)
		goto err_remove_chardev;

	status = gpiochip_sysfs_register(gdev);
	if (status)
		goto err_remove_device;

	/* From this point, the .release() function cleans up gpio_device */
	gdev->dev.release = gpiodevice_release;
	pr_debug("%s: registered GPIOs %d to %d on device: %s (%s)\n",
		 __func__, gdev->base, gdev->base + gdev->ngpio - 1,
		 dev_name(&gdev->dev), gdev->chip->label ? : "generic");

	return 0;

err_remove_device:
	device_del(&gdev->dev);
err_remove_chardev:
	cdev_del(&gdev->chrdev);
	return status;
}

static void gpiochip_setup_devs(void)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev;
	int err;

	list_for_each_entry(gdev, &gpio_devices, list) {
		err = gpiochip_setup_dev(gdev);
		if (err)
			pr_err("%s: Failed to initialize gpio device (%d)\n",
			       dev_name(&gdev->dev), err);
	}
}

/**
 * gpiochip_add_data() - register a gpio_chip
 * @chip: the chip to register, with chip->base initialized
 * Context: potentially before irqs will work
 *
 * Returns a negative errno if the chip can't be registered, such as
 * because the chip->base is invalid or already associated with a
 * different chip.  Otherwise it returns zero as a success code.
 *
 * When gpiochip_add_data() is called very early during boot, so that GPIOs
 * can be freely used, the chip->parent device must be registered before
 * the gpio framework's arch_initcall().  Otherwise sysfs initialization
 * for GPIOs will fail rudely.
 *
 * gpiochip_add_data() must only be called after gpiolib initialization,
 * ie after core_initcall().
 *
 * If chip->base is negative, this requests dynamic assignment of
 * a range of valid GPIOs.
 */
int gpiochip_add_data(struct gpio_chip *chip, void *data)
{
	unsigned long	flags;
	int		status = 0;
	unsigned	i;
	int		base = chip->base;
	struct gpio_device *gdev;

	/*
	 * First: allocate and populate the internal stat container, and
	 * set up the struct device.
	 */
	gdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*gdev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!gdev)
		return -ENOMEM;
	gdev->dev.bus = &gpio_bus_type;
	gdev->chip = chip;
	chip->gpiodev = gdev;
	if (chip->parent) {
		gdev->dev.parent = chip->parent;
		gdev->dev.of_node = chip->parent->of_node;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_OF_GPIO
	/* If the gpiochip has an assigned OF node this takes precedence */
	if (chip->of_node)
		gdev->dev.of_node = chip->of_node;
#endif

	gdev->id = ida_simple_get(&gpio_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (gdev->id < 0) {
		status = gdev->id;
		goto err_free_gdev;
	}
	dev_set_name(&gdev->dev, "gpiochip%d", gdev->id);
	device_initialize(&gdev->dev);
	dev_set_drvdata(&gdev->dev, gdev);
	if (chip->parent && chip->parent->driver)
		gdev->owner = chip->parent->driver->owner;
	else if (chip->owner)
		/* TODO: remove chip->owner */
		gdev->owner = chip->owner;
	else
		gdev->owner = THIS_MODULE;

	gdev->descs = kcalloc(chip->ngpio, sizeof(gdev->descs[0]), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!gdev->descs) {
		status = -ENOMEM;
		goto err_free_gdev;
	}

	if (chip->ngpio == 0) {
		chip_err(chip, "tried to insert a GPIO chip with zero lines\n");
		status = -EINVAL;
		goto err_free_descs;
	}

	if (chip->label)
		gdev->label = kstrdup(chip->label, GFP_KERNEL);
	else
		gdev->label = kstrdup("unknown", GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!gdev->label) {
		status = -ENOMEM;
		goto err_free_descs;
	}

	gdev->ngpio = chip->ngpio;
	gdev->data = data;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);

	/*
	 * TODO: this allocates a Linux GPIO number base in the global
	 * GPIO numberspace for this chip. In the long run we want to
	 * get *rid* of this numberspace and use only descriptors, but
	 * it may be a pipe dream. It will not happen before we get rid
	 * of the sysfs interface anyways.
	 */
	if (base < 0) {
		base = gpiochip_find_base(chip->ngpio);
		if (base < 0) {
			status = base;
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
			goto err_free_label;
		}
		/*
		 * TODO: it should not be necessary to reflect the assigned
		 * base outside of the GPIO subsystem. Go over drivers and
		 * see if anyone makes use of this, else drop this and assign
		 * a poison instead.
		 */
		chip->base = base;
	}
	gdev->base = base;

	status = gpiodev_add_to_list(gdev);
	if (status) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
		goto err_free_label;
	}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);

	for (i = 0; i < chip->ngpio; i++) {
		struct gpio_desc *desc = &gdev->descs[i];

		desc->gdev = gdev;
		/*
		 * REVISIT: most hardware initializes GPIOs as inputs
		 * (often with pullups enabled) so power usage is
		 * minimized. Linux code should set the gpio direction
		 * first thing; but until it does, and in case
		 * chip->get_direction is not set, we may expose the
		 * wrong direction in sysfs.
		 */

		if (chip->get_direction) {
			/*
			 * If we have .get_direction, set up the initial
			 * direction flag from the hardware.
			 */
			int dir = chip->get_direction(chip, i);

			if (!dir)
				set_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
		} else if (!chip->direction_input) {
			/*
			 * If the chip lacks the .direction_input callback
			 * we logically assume all lines are outputs.
			 */
			set_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
		}
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_PINCTRL
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&gdev->pin_ranges);
#endif

	status = gpiochip_set_desc_names(chip);
	if (status)
		goto err_remove_from_list;

	status = gpiochip_irqchip_init_valid_mask(chip);
	if (status)
		goto err_remove_from_list;

	status = of_gpiochip_add(chip);
	if (status)
		goto err_remove_chip;

	acpi_gpiochip_add(chip);

	/*
	 * By first adding the chardev, and then adding the device,
	 * we get a device node entry in sysfs under
	 * /sys/bus/gpio/devices/gpiochipN/dev that can be used for
	 * coldplug of device nodes and other udev business.
	 * We can do this only if gpiolib has been initialized.
	 * Otherwise, defer until later.
	 */
	if (gpiolib_initialized) {
		status = gpiochip_setup_dev(gdev);
		if (status)
			goto err_remove_chip;
	}
	return 0;

err_remove_chip:
	acpi_gpiochip_remove(chip);
	gpiochip_free_hogs(chip);
	of_gpiochip_remove(chip);
	gpiochip_irqchip_free_valid_mask(chip);
err_remove_from_list:
	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);
	list_del(&gdev->list);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
err_free_label:
	kfree(gdev->label);
err_free_descs:
	kfree(gdev->descs);
err_free_gdev:
	ida_simple_remove(&gpio_ida, gdev->id);
	/* failures here can mean systems won't boot... */
	pr_err("%s: GPIOs %d..%d (%s) failed to register\n", __func__,
	       gdev->base, gdev->base + gdev->ngpio - 1,
	       chip->label ? : "generic");
	kfree(gdev);
	return status;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_add_data);

/**
 * gpiochip_get_data() - get per-subdriver data for the chip
 */
void *gpiochip_get_data(struct gpio_chip *chip)
{
	return chip->gpiodev->data;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_get_data);

/**
 * gpiochip_remove() - unregister a gpio_chip
 * @chip: the chip to unregister
 *
 * A gpio_chip with any GPIOs still requested may not be removed.
 */
void gpiochip_remove(struct gpio_chip *chip)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev = chip->gpiodev;
	struct gpio_desc *desc;
	unsigned long	flags;
	unsigned	i;
	bool		requested = false;

	/* FIXME: should the legacy sysfs handling be moved to gpio_device? */
	gpiochip_sysfs_unregister(gdev);
	gpiochip_free_hogs(chip);
	/* Numb the device, cancelling all outstanding operations */
	gdev->chip = NULL;
	gpiochip_irqchip_remove(chip);
	acpi_gpiochip_remove(chip);
	gpiochip_remove_pin_ranges(chip);
	of_gpiochip_remove(chip);
	/*
	 * We accept no more calls into the driver from this point, so
	 * NULL the driver data pointer
	 */
	gdev->data = NULL;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);
	for (i = 0; i < gdev->ngpio; i++) {
		desc = &gdev->descs[i];
		if (test_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags))
			requested = true;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);

	if (requested)
		dev_crit(&gdev->dev,
			 "REMOVING GPIOCHIP WITH GPIOS STILL REQUESTED\n");

	/*
	 * The gpiochip side puts its use of the device to rest here:
	 * if there are no userspace clients, the chardev and device will
	 * be removed, else it will be dangling until the last user is
	 * gone.
	 */
	cdev_del(&gdev->chrdev);
	device_del(&gdev->dev);
	put_device(&gdev->dev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_remove);

static void devm_gpio_chip_release(struct device *dev, void *res)
{
	struct gpio_chip *chip = *(struct gpio_chip **)res;

	gpiochip_remove(chip);
}

static int devm_gpio_chip_match(struct device *dev, void *res, void *data)

{
	struct gpio_chip **r = res;

	if (!r || !*r) {
		WARN_ON(!r || !*r);
		return 0;
	}

	return *r == data;
}

/**
 * devm_gpiochip_add_data() - Resource manager piochip_add_data()
 * @dev: the device pointer on which irq_chip belongs to.
 * @chip: the chip to register, with chip->base initialized
 * Context: potentially before irqs will work
 *
 * Returns a negative errno if the chip can't be registered, such as
 * because the chip->base is invalid or already associated with a
 * different chip.  Otherwise it returns zero as a success code.
 *
 * The gpio chip automatically be released when the device is unbound.
 */
int devm_gpiochip_add_data(struct device *dev, struct gpio_chip *chip,
			   void *data)
{
	struct gpio_chip **ptr;
	int ret;

	ptr = devres_alloc(devm_gpio_chip_release, sizeof(*ptr),
			     GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!ptr)
		return -ENOMEM;

	ret = gpiochip_add_data(chip, data);
	if (ret < 0) {
		devres_free(ptr);
		return ret;
	}

	*ptr = chip;
	devres_add(dev, ptr);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(devm_gpiochip_add_data);

/**
 * devm_gpiochip_remove() - Resource manager of gpiochip_remove()
 * @dev: device for which which resource was allocated
 * @chip: the chip to remove
 *
 * A gpio_chip with any GPIOs still requested may not be removed.
 */
void devm_gpiochip_remove(struct device *dev, struct gpio_chip *chip)
{
	int ret;

	ret = devres_release(dev, devm_gpio_chip_release,
			     devm_gpio_chip_match, chip);
	if (!ret)
		WARN_ON(ret);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(devm_gpiochip_remove);

/**
 * gpiochip_find() - iterator for locating a specific gpio_chip
 * @data: data to pass to match function
 * @callback: Callback function to check gpio_chip
 *
 * Similar to bus_find_device.  It returns a reference to a gpio_chip as
 * determined by a user supplied @match callback.  The callback should return
 * 0 if the device doesn't match and non-zero if it does.  If the callback is
 * non-zero, this function will return to the caller and not iterate over any
 * more gpio_chips.
 */
struct gpio_chip *gpiochip_find(void *data,
				int (*match)(struct gpio_chip *chip,
					     void *data))
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev;
	struct gpio_chip *chip = NULL;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);
	list_for_each_entry(gdev, &gpio_devices, list)
		if (gdev->chip && match(gdev->chip, data)) {
			chip = gdev->chip;
			break;
		}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);

	return chip;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_find);

static int gpiochip_match_name(struct gpio_chip *chip, void *data)
{
	const char *name = data;

	return !strcmp(chip->label, name);
}

static struct gpio_chip *find_chip_by_name(const char *name)
{
	return gpiochip_find((void *)name, gpiochip_match_name);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_GPIOLIB_IRQCHIP

/*
 * The following is irqchip helper code for gpiochips.
 */

static int gpiochip_irqchip_init_valid_mask(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip)
{
	int i;

	if (!gpiochip->irq_need_valid_mask)
		return 0;

	gpiochip->irq_valid_mask = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(gpiochip->ngpio),
					   sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!gpiochip->irq_valid_mask)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* Assume by default all GPIOs are valid */
	for (i = 0; i < gpiochip->ngpio; i++)
		set_bit(i, gpiochip->irq_valid_mask);

	return 0;
}

static void gpiochip_irqchip_free_valid_mask(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip)
{
	kfree(gpiochip->irq_valid_mask);
	gpiochip->irq_valid_mask = NULL;
}

static bool gpiochip_irqchip_irq_valid(const struct gpio_chip *gpiochip,
				       unsigned int offset)
{
	/* No mask means all valid */
	if (likely(!gpiochip->irq_valid_mask))
		return true;
	return test_bit(offset, gpiochip->irq_valid_mask);
}

/**
 * gpiochip_set_chained_irqchip() - sets a chained irqchip to a gpiochip
 * @gpiochip: the gpiochip to set the irqchip chain to
 * @irqchip: the irqchip to chain to the gpiochip
 * @parent_irq: the irq number corresponding to the parent IRQ for this
 * chained irqchip
 * @parent_handler: the parent interrupt handler for the accumulated IRQ
 * coming out of the gpiochip. If the interrupt is nested rather than
 * cascaded, pass NULL in this handler argument
 */
void gpiochip_set_chained_irqchip(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip,
				  struct irq_chip *irqchip,
				  int parent_irq,
				  irq_flow_handler_t parent_handler)
{
	unsigned int offset;

	if (!gpiochip->irqdomain) {
		chip_err(gpiochip, "called %s before setting up irqchip\n",
			 __func__);
		return;
	}

	if (parent_handler) {
		if (gpiochip->can_sleep) {
			chip_err(gpiochip,
				 "you cannot have chained interrupts on a "
				 "chip that may sleep\n");
			return;
		}
		/*
		 * The parent irqchip is already using the chip_data for this
		 * irqchip, so our callbacks simply use the handler_data.
		 */
		irq_set_chained_handler_and_data(parent_irq, parent_handler,
						 gpiochip);

		gpiochip->irq_parent = parent_irq;
	}

	/* Set the parent IRQ for all affected IRQs */
	for (offset = 0; offset < gpiochip->ngpio; offset++) {
		if (!gpiochip_irqchip_irq_valid(gpiochip, offset))
			continue;
		irq_set_parent(irq_find_mapping(gpiochip->irqdomain, offset),
			       parent_irq);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_set_chained_irqchip);

/**
 * gpiochip_irq_map() - maps an IRQ into a GPIO irqchip
 * @d: the irqdomain used by this irqchip
 * @irq: the global irq number used by this GPIO irqchip irq
 * @hwirq: the local IRQ/GPIO line offset on this gpiochip
 *
 * This function will set up the mapping for a certain IRQ line on a
 * gpiochip by assigning the gpiochip as chip data, and using the irqchip
 * stored inside the gpiochip.
 */
static int gpiochip_irq_map(struct irq_domain *d, unsigned int irq,
			    irq_hw_number_t hwirq)
{
	struct gpio_chip *chip = d->host_data;

	irq_set_chip_data(irq, chip);
	/*
	 * This lock class tells lockdep that GPIO irqs are in a different
	 * category than their parents, so it won't report false recursion.
	 */
	irq_set_lockdep_class(irq, chip->lock_key);
	irq_set_chip_and_handler(irq, chip->irqchip, chip->irq_handler);
	/* Chips that can sleep need nested thread handlers */
	if (chip->can_sleep && !chip->irq_not_threaded)
		irq_set_nested_thread(irq, 1);
	irq_set_noprobe(irq);

	/*
	 * No set-up of the hardware will happen if IRQ_TYPE_NONE
	 * is passed as default type.
	 */
	if (chip->irq_default_type != IRQ_TYPE_NONE)
		irq_set_irq_type(irq, chip->irq_default_type);

	return 0;
}

static void gpiochip_irq_unmap(struct irq_domain *d, unsigned int irq)
{
	struct gpio_chip *chip = d->host_data;

	if (chip->can_sleep)
		irq_set_nested_thread(irq, 0);
	irq_set_chip_and_handler(irq, NULL, NULL);
	irq_set_chip_data(irq, NULL);
}

static const struct irq_domain_ops gpiochip_domain_ops = {
	.map	= gpiochip_irq_map,
	.unmap	= gpiochip_irq_unmap,
	/* Virtually all GPIO irqchips are twocell:ed */
	.xlate	= irq_domain_xlate_twocell,
};

static int gpiochip_irq_reqres(struct irq_data *d)
{
	struct gpio_chip *chip = irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(d);

	if (!try_module_get(chip->gpiodev->owner))
		return -ENODEV;

	if (gpiochip_lock_as_irq(chip, d->hwirq)) {
		chip_err(chip,
			"unable to lock HW IRQ %lu for IRQ\n",
			d->hwirq);
		module_put(chip->gpiodev->owner);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	return 0;
}

static void gpiochip_irq_relres(struct irq_data *d)
{
	struct gpio_chip *chip = irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(d);

	gpiochip_unlock_as_irq(chip, d->hwirq);
	module_put(chip->gpiodev->owner);
}

static int gpiochip_to_irq(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
	return irq_find_mapping(chip->irqdomain, offset);
}

/**
 * gpiochip_irqchip_remove() - removes an irqchip added to a gpiochip
 * @gpiochip: the gpiochip to remove the irqchip from
 *
 * This is called only from gpiochip_remove()
 */
static void gpiochip_irqchip_remove(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip)
{
	unsigned int offset;

	acpi_gpiochip_free_interrupts(gpiochip);

	if (gpiochip->irq_parent) {
		irq_set_chained_handler(gpiochip->irq_parent, NULL);
		irq_set_handler_data(gpiochip->irq_parent, NULL);
	}

	/* Remove all IRQ mappings and delete the domain */
	if (gpiochip->irqdomain) {
		for (offset = 0; offset < gpiochip->ngpio; offset++) {
			if (!gpiochip_irqchip_irq_valid(gpiochip, offset))
				continue;
			irq_dispose_mapping(
				irq_find_mapping(gpiochip->irqdomain, offset));
		}
		irq_domain_remove(gpiochip->irqdomain);
	}

	if (gpiochip->irqchip) {
		gpiochip->irqchip->irq_request_resources = NULL;
		gpiochip->irqchip->irq_release_resources = NULL;
		gpiochip->irqchip = NULL;
	}

	gpiochip_irqchip_free_valid_mask(gpiochip);
}

/**
 * gpiochip_irqchip_add() - adds an irqchip to a gpiochip
 * @gpiochip: the gpiochip to add the irqchip to
 * @irqchip: the irqchip to add to the gpiochip
 * @first_irq: if not dynamically assigned, the base (first) IRQ to
 * allocate gpiochip irqs from
 * @handler: the irq handler to use (often a predefined irq core function)
 * @type: the default type for IRQs on this irqchip, pass IRQ_TYPE_NONE
 * to have the core avoid setting up any default type in the hardware.
 * @lock_key: lockdep class
 *
 * This function closely associates a certain irqchip with a certain
 * gpiochip, providing an irq domain to translate the local IRQs to
 * global irqs in the gpiolib core, and making sure that the gpiochip
 * is passed as chip data to all related functions. Driver callbacks
 * need to use gpiochip_get_data() to get their local state containers back
 * from the gpiochip passed as chip data. An irqdomain will be stored
 * in the gpiochip that shall be used by the driver to handle IRQ number
 * translation. The gpiochip will need to be initialized and registered
 * before calling this function.
 *
 * This function will handle two cell:ed simple IRQs and assumes all
 * the pins on the gpiochip can generate a unique IRQ. Everything else
 * need to be open coded.
 */
int _gpiochip_irqchip_add(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip,
			  struct irq_chip *irqchip,
			  unsigned int first_irq,
			  irq_flow_handler_t handler,
			  unsigned int type,
			  struct lock_class_key *lock_key)
{
	struct device_node *of_node;
	bool irq_base_set = false;
	unsigned int offset;
	unsigned irq_base = 0;

	if (!gpiochip || !irqchip)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!gpiochip->parent) {
		pr_err("missing gpiochip .dev parent pointer\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	of_node = gpiochip->parent->of_node;
#ifdef CONFIG_OF_GPIO
	/*
	 * If the gpiochip has an assigned OF node this takes precedence
	 * FIXME: get rid of this and use gpiochip->parent->of_node
	 * everywhere
	 */
	if (gpiochip->of_node)
		of_node = gpiochip->of_node;
#endif
	/*
	 * Specifying a default trigger is a terrible idea if DT or ACPI is
	 * used to configure the interrupts, as you may end-up with
	 * conflicting triggers. Tell the user, and reset to NONE.
	 */
	if (WARN(of_node && type != IRQ_TYPE_NONE,
		 "%s: Ignoring %d default trigger\n", of_node->full_name, type))
		type = IRQ_TYPE_NONE;
	if (has_acpi_companion(gpiochip->parent) && type != IRQ_TYPE_NONE) {
		acpi_handle_warn(ACPI_HANDLE(gpiochip->parent),
				 "Ignoring %d default trigger\n", type);
		type = IRQ_TYPE_NONE;
	}

	gpiochip->irqchip = irqchip;
	gpiochip->irq_handler = handler;
	gpiochip->irq_default_type = type;
	gpiochip->to_irq = gpiochip_to_irq;
	gpiochip->lock_key = lock_key;
	gpiochip->irqdomain = irq_domain_add_simple(of_node,
					gpiochip->ngpio, first_irq,
					&gpiochip_domain_ops, gpiochip);
	if (!gpiochip->irqdomain) {
		gpiochip->irqchip = NULL;
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/*
	 * It is possible for a driver to override this, but only if the
	 * alternative functions are both implemented.
	 */
	if (!irqchip->irq_request_resources &&
	    !irqchip->irq_release_resources) {
		irqchip->irq_request_resources = gpiochip_irq_reqres;
		irqchip->irq_release_resources = gpiochip_irq_relres;
	}

	/*
	 * Prepare the mapping since the irqchip shall be orthogonal to
	 * any gpiochip calls. If the first_irq was zero, this is
	 * necessary to allocate descriptors for all IRQs.
	 */
	for (offset = 0; offset < gpiochip->ngpio; offset++) {
		if (!gpiochip_irqchip_irq_valid(gpiochip, offset))
			continue;
		irq_base = irq_create_mapping(gpiochip->irqdomain, offset);
		if (!irq_base_set) {
			/*
			 * Store the base into the gpiochip to be used when
			 * unmapping the irqs.
			 */
			gpiochip->irq_base = irq_base;
			irq_base_set = true;
		}
	}

	acpi_gpiochip_request_interrupts(gpiochip);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_gpiochip_irqchip_add);

#else /* CONFIG_GPIOLIB_IRQCHIP */

static void gpiochip_irqchip_remove(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip) {}
static inline int gpiochip_irqchip_init_valid_mask(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip)
{
	return 0;
}
static inline void gpiochip_irqchip_free_valid_mask(struct gpio_chip *gpiochip)
{ }

#endif /* CONFIG_GPIOLIB_IRQCHIP */

/**
 * gpiochip_generic_request() - request the gpio function for a pin
 * @chip: the gpiochip owning the GPIO
 * @offset: the offset of the GPIO to request for GPIO function
 */
int gpiochip_generic_request(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
	return pinctrl_request_gpio(chip->gpiodev->base + offset);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_generic_request);

/**
 * gpiochip_generic_free() - free the gpio function from a pin
 * @chip: the gpiochip to request the gpio function for
 * @offset: the offset of the GPIO to free from GPIO function
 */
void gpiochip_generic_free(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
	pinctrl_free_gpio(chip->gpiodev->base + offset);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_generic_free);

#ifdef CONFIG_PINCTRL

/**
 * gpiochip_add_pingroup_range() - add a range for GPIO <-> pin mapping
 * @chip: the gpiochip to add the range for
 * @pctldev: the pin controller to map to
 * @gpio_offset: the start offset in the current gpio_chip number space
 * @pin_group: name of the pin group inside the pin controller
 */
int gpiochip_add_pingroup_range(struct gpio_chip *chip,
			struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
			unsigned int gpio_offset, const char *pin_group)
{
	struct gpio_pin_range *pin_range;
	struct gpio_device *gdev = chip->gpiodev;
	int ret;

	pin_range = kzalloc(sizeof(*pin_range), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!pin_range) {
		chip_err(chip, "failed to allocate pin ranges\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	/* Use local offset as range ID */
	pin_range->range.id = gpio_offset;
	pin_range->range.gc = chip;
	pin_range->range.name = chip->label;
	pin_range->range.base = gdev->base + gpio_offset;
	pin_range->pctldev = pctldev;

	ret = pinctrl_get_group_pins(pctldev, pin_group,
					&pin_range->range.pins,
					&pin_range->range.npins);
	if (ret < 0) {
		kfree(pin_range);
		return ret;
	}

	pinctrl_add_gpio_range(pctldev, &pin_range->range);

	chip_dbg(chip, "created GPIO range %d->%d ==> %s PINGRP %s\n",
		 gpio_offset, gpio_offset + pin_range->range.npins - 1,
		 pinctrl_dev_get_devname(pctldev), pin_group);

	list_add_tail(&pin_range->node, &gdev->pin_ranges);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_add_pingroup_range);

/**
 * gpiochip_add_pin_range() - add a range for GPIO <-> pin mapping
 * @chip: the gpiochip to add the range for
 * @pinctrl_name: the dev_name() of the pin controller to map to
 * @gpio_offset: the start offset in the current gpio_chip number space
 * @pin_offset: the start offset in the pin controller number space
 * @npins: the number of pins from the offset of each pin space (GPIO and
 *	pin controller) to accumulate in this range
 */
int gpiochip_add_pin_range(struct gpio_chip *chip, const char *pinctl_name,
			   unsigned int gpio_offset, unsigned int pin_offset,
			   unsigned int npins)
{
	struct gpio_pin_range *pin_range;
	struct gpio_device *gdev = chip->gpiodev;
	int ret;

	pin_range = kzalloc(sizeof(*pin_range), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!pin_range) {
		chip_err(chip, "failed to allocate pin ranges\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	/* Use local offset as range ID */
	pin_range->range.id = gpio_offset;
	pin_range->range.gc = chip;
	pin_range->range.name = chip->label;
	pin_range->range.base = gdev->base + gpio_offset;
	pin_range->range.pin_base = pin_offset;
	pin_range->range.npins = npins;
	pin_range->pctldev = pinctrl_find_and_add_gpio_range(pinctl_name,
			&pin_range->range);
	if (IS_ERR(pin_range->pctldev)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(pin_range->pctldev);
		chip_err(chip, "could not create pin range\n");
		kfree(pin_range);
		return ret;
	}
	chip_dbg(chip, "created GPIO range %d->%d ==> %s PIN %d->%d\n",
		 gpio_offset, gpio_offset + npins - 1,
		 pinctl_name,
		 pin_offset, pin_offset + npins - 1);

	list_add_tail(&pin_range->node, &gdev->pin_ranges);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_add_pin_range);

/**
 * gpiochip_remove_pin_ranges() - remove all the GPIO <-> pin mappings
 * @chip: the chip to remove all the mappings for
 */
void gpiochip_remove_pin_ranges(struct gpio_chip *chip)
{
	struct gpio_pin_range *pin_range, *tmp;
	struct gpio_device *gdev = chip->gpiodev;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(pin_range, tmp, &gdev->pin_ranges, node) {
		list_del(&pin_range->node);
		pinctrl_remove_gpio_range(pin_range->pctldev,
				&pin_range->range);
		kfree(pin_range);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_remove_pin_ranges);

#endif /* CONFIG_PINCTRL */

/* These "optional" allocation calls help prevent drivers from stomping
 * on each other, and help provide better diagnostics in debugfs.
 * They're called even less than the "set direction" calls.
 */
static int __gpiod_request(struct gpio_desc *desc, const char *label)
{
	struct gpio_chip	*chip = desc->gdev->chip;
	int			status;
	unsigned long		flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);

	/* NOTE:  gpio_request() can be called in early boot,
	 * before IRQs are enabled, for non-sleeping (SOC) GPIOs.
	 */

	if (test_and_set_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags) == 0) {
		desc_set_label(desc, label ? : "?");
		status = 0;
	} else {
		status = -EBUSY;
		goto done;
	}

	if (chip->request) {
		/* chip->request may sleep */
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
		status = chip->request(chip, gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc));
		spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);

		if (status < 0) {
			desc_set_label(desc, NULL);
			clear_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags);
			goto done;
		}
	}
	if (chip->get_direction) {
		/* chip->get_direction may sleep */
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
		gpiod_get_direction(desc);
		spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);
	}
done:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
	return status;
}

/*
 * This descriptor validation needs to be inserted verbatim into each
 * function taking a descriptor, so we need to use a preprocessor
 * macro to avoid endless duplication. If the desc is NULL it is an
 * optional GPIO and calls should just bail out.
 */
#define VALIDATE_DESC(desc) do { \
	if (!desc) \
		return 0; \
	if (IS_ERR(desc)) {						\
		pr_warn("%s: invalid GPIO (errorpointer)\n", __func__); \
		return PTR_ERR(desc); \
	} \
	if (!desc->gdev) { \
		pr_warn("%s: invalid GPIO (no device)\n", __func__); \
		return -EINVAL; \
	} \
	if ( !desc->gdev->chip ) { \
		dev_warn(&desc->gdev->dev, \
			 "%s: backing chip is gone\n", __func__); \
		return 0; \
	} } while (0)

#define VALIDATE_DESC_VOID(desc) do { \
	if (!desc) \
		return; \
	if (IS_ERR(desc)) {						\
		pr_warn("%s: invalid GPIO (errorpointer)\n", __func__); \
		return; \
	} \
	if (!desc->gdev) { \
		pr_warn("%s: invalid GPIO (no device)\n", __func__); \
		return; \
	} \
	if (!desc->gdev->chip) { \
		dev_warn(&desc->gdev->dev, \
			 "%s: backing chip is gone\n", __func__); \
		return; \
	} } while (0)


int gpiod_request(struct gpio_desc *desc, const char *label)
{
	int status = -EPROBE_DEFER;
	struct gpio_device *gdev;

	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	gdev = desc->gdev;

	if (try_module_get(gdev->owner)) {
		status = __gpiod_request(desc, label);
		if (status < 0)
			module_put(gdev->owner);
		else
			get_device(&gdev->dev);
	}

	if (status)
		gpiod_dbg(desc, "%s: status %d\n", __func__, status);

	return status;
}

static bool __gpiod_free(struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	bool			ret = false;
	unsigned long		flags;
	struct gpio_chip	*chip;

	might_sleep();

	gpiod_unexport(desc);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);

	chip = desc->gdev->chip;
	if (chip && test_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags)) {
		if (chip->free) {
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
			might_sleep_if(chip->can_sleep);
			chip->free(chip, gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc));
			spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);
		}
		desc_set_label(desc, NULL);
		clear_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags);
		clear_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags);
		clear_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags);
		clear_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags);
		clear_bit(FLAG_IS_HOGGED, &desc->flags);
		ret = true;
	}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
	return ret;
}

void gpiod_free(struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	if (desc && desc->gdev && __gpiod_free(desc)) {
		module_put(desc->gdev->owner);
		put_device(&desc->gdev->dev);
	} else {
		WARN_ON(extra_checks);
	}
}

/**
 * gpiochip_is_requested - return string iff signal was requested
 * @chip: controller managing the signal
 * @offset: of signal within controller's 0..(ngpio - 1) range
 *
 * Returns NULL if the GPIO is not currently requested, else a string.
 * The string returned is the label passed to gpio_request(); if none has been
 * passed it is a meaningless, non-NULL constant.
 *
 * This function is for use by GPIO controller drivers.  The label can
 * help with diagnostics, and knowing that the signal is used as a GPIO
 * can help avoid accidentally multiplexing it to another controller.
 */
const char *gpiochip_is_requested(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
	struct gpio_desc *desc;

	if (offset >= chip->ngpio)
		return NULL;

	desc = &chip->gpiodev->descs[offset];

	if (test_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags) == 0)
		return NULL;
	return desc->label;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_is_requested);

/**
 * gpiochip_request_own_desc - Allow GPIO chip to request its own descriptor
 * @desc: GPIO descriptor to request
 * @label: label for the GPIO
 *
 * Function allows GPIO chip drivers to request and use their own GPIO
 * descriptors via gpiolib API. Difference to gpiod_request() is that this
 * function will not increase reference count of the GPIO chip module. This
 * allows the GPIO chip module to be unloaded as needed (we assume that the
 * GPIO chip driver handles freeing the GPIOs it has requested).
 */
struct gpio_desc *gpiochip_request_own_desc(struct gpio_chip *chip, u16 hwnum,
					    const char *label)
{
	struct gpio_desc *desc = gpiochip_get_desc(chip, hwnum);
	int err;

	if (IS_ERR(desc)) {
		chip_err(chip, "failed to get GPIO descriptor\n");
		return desc;
	}

	err = __gpiod_request(desc, label);
	if (err < 0)
		return ERR_PTR(err);

	return desc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_request_own_desc);

/**
 * gpiochip_free_own_desc - Free GPIO requested by the chip driver
 * @desc: GPIO descriptor to free
 *
 * Function frees the given GPIO requested previously with
 * gpiochip_request_own_desc().
 */
void gpiochip_free_own_desc(struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	if (desc)
		__gpiod_free(desc);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_free_own_desc);

/*
 * Drivers MUST set GPIO direction before making get/set calls.  In
 * some cases this is done in early boot, before IRQs are enabled.
 *
 * As a rule these aren't called more than once (except for drivers
 * using the open-drain emulation idiom) so these are natural places
 * to accumulate extra debugging checks.  Note that we can't (yet)
 * rely on gpio_request() having been called beforehand.
 */

/**
 * gpiod_direction_input - set the GPIO direction to input
 * @desc:	GPIO to set to input
 *
 * Set the direction of the passed GPIO to input, such as gpiod_get_value() can
 * be called safely on it.
 *
 * Return 0 in case of success, else an error code.
 */
int gpiod_direction_input(struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	struct gpio_chip	*chip;
	int			status = -EINVAL;

	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	chip = desc->gdev->chip;

	if (!chip->get || !chip->direction_input) {
		gpiod_warn(desc,
			"%s: missing get() or direction_input() operations\n",
			__func__);
		return -EIO;
	}

	status = chip->direction_input(chip, gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc));
	if (status == 0)
		clear_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);

	trace_gpio_direction(desc_to_gpio(desc), 1, status);

	return status;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_direction_input);

static int _gpiod_direction_output_raw(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value)
{
	struct gpio_chip *gc = desc->gdev->chip;
	int ret;

	/* GPIOs used for IRQs shall not be set as output */
	if (test_bit(FLAG_USED_AS_IRQ, &desc->flags)) {
		gpiod_err(desc,
			  "%s: tried to set a GPIO tied to an IRQ as output\n",
			  __func__);
		return -EIO;
	}

	if (test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags)) {
		/* First see if we can enable open drain in hardware */
		if (gc->set_single_ended) {
			ret = gc->set_single_ended(gc, gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc),
						   LINE_MODE_OPEN_DRAIN);
			if (!ret)
				goto set_output_value;
		}
		/* Emulate open drain by not actively driving the line high */
		if (value)
			return gpiod_direction_input(desc);
	}
	else if (test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags)) {
		if (gc->set_single_ended) {
			ret = gc->set_single_ended(gc, gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc),
						   LINE_MODE_OPEN_SOURCE);
			if (!ret)
				goto set_output_value;
		}
		/* Emulate open source by not actively driving the line low */
		if (!value)
			return gpiod_direction_input(desc);
	} else {
		/* Make sure to disable open drain/source hardware, if any */
		if (gc->set_single_ended)
			gc->set_single_ended(gc,
					     gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc),
					     LINE_MODE_PUSH_PULL);
	}

set_output_value:
	if (!gc->set || !gc->direction_output) {
		gpiod_warn(desc,
		       "%s: missing set() or direction_output() operations\n",
		       __func__);
		return -EIO;
	}

	ret = gc->direction_output(gc, gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc), value);
	if (!ret)
		set_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
	trace_gpio_value(desc_to_gpio(desc), 0, value);
	trace_gpio_direction(desc_to_gpio(desc), 0, ret);
	return ret;
}

/**
 * gpiod_direction_output_raw - set the GPIO direction to output
 * @desc:	GPIO to set to output
 * @value:	initial output value of the GPIO
 *
 * Set the direction of the passed GPIO to output, such as gpiod_set_value() can
 * be called safely on it. The initial value of the output must be specified
 * as raw value on the physical line without regard for the ACTIVE_LOW status.
 *
 * Return 0 in case of success, else an error code.
 */
int gpiod_direction_output_raw(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value)
{
	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	return _gpiod_direction_output_raw(desc, value);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_direction_output_raw);

/**
 * gpiod_direction_output - set the GPIO direction to output
 * @desc:	GPIO to set to output
 * @value:	initial output value of the GPIO
 *
 * Set the direction of the passed GPIO to output, such as gpiod_set_value() can
 * be called safely on it. The initial value of the output must be specified
 * as the logical value of the GPIO, i.e. taking its ACTIVE_LOW status into
 * account.
 *
 * Return 0 in case of success, else an error code.
 */
int gpiod_direction_output(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value)
{
	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	if (test_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags))
		value = !value;
	return _gpiod_direction_output_raw(desc, value);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_direction_output);

/**
 * gpiod_set_debounce - sets @debounce time for a @gpio
 * @gpio: the gpio to set debounce time
 * @debounce: debounce time is microseconds
 *
 * returns -ENOTSUPP if the controller does not support setting
 * debounce.
 */
int gpiod_set_debounce(struct gpio_desc *desc, unsigned debounce)
{
	struct gpio_chip	*chip;

	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	chip = desc->gdev->chip;
	if (!chip->set || !chip->set_debounce) {
		gpiod_dbg(desc,
			  "%s: missing set() or set_debounce() operations\n",
			  __func__);
		return -ENOTSUPP;
	}

	return chip->set_debounce(chip, gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc), debounce);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_debounce);

/**
 * gpiod_is_active_low - test whether a GPIO is active-low or not
 * @desc: the gpio descriptor to test
 *
 * Returns 1 if the GPIO is active-low, 0 otherwise.
 */
int gpiod_is_active_low(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	return test_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_is_active_low);

/* I/O calls are only valid after configuration completed; the relevant
 * "is this a valid GPIO" error checks should already have been done.
 *
 * "Get" operations are often inlinable as reading a pin value register,
 * and masking the relevant bit in that register.
 *
 * When "set" operations are inlinable, they involve writing that mask to
 * one register to set a low value, or a different register to set it high.
 * Otherwise locking is needed, so there may be little value to inlining.
 *
 *------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * IMPORTANT!!!  The hot paths -- get/set value -- assume that callers
 * have requested the GPIO.  That can include implicit requesting by
 * a direction setting call.  Marking a gpio as requested locks its chip
 * in memory, guaranteeing that these table lookups need no more locking
 * and that gpiochip_remove() will fail.
 *
 * REVISIT when debugging, consider adding some instrumentation to ensure
 * that the GPIO was actually requested.
 */

static int _gpiod_get_raw_value(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	struct gpio_chip	*chip;
	int offset;
	int value;

	chip = desc->gdev->chip;
	offset = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);
	value = chip->get ? chip->get(chip, offset) : -EIO;
	value = value < 0 ? value : !!value;
	trace_gpio_value(desc_to_gpio(desc), 1, value);
	return value;
}

/**
 * gpiod_get_raw_value() - return a gpio's raw value
 * @desc: gpio whose value will be returned
 *
 * Return the GPIO's raw value, i.e. the value of the physical line disregarding
 * its ACTIVE_LOW status, or negative errno on failure.
 *
 * This function should be called from contexts where we cannot sleep, and will
 * complain if the GPIO chip functions potentially sleep.
 */
int gpiod_get_raw_value(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	/* Should be using gpio_get_value_cansleep() */
	WARN_ON(desc->gdev->chip->can_sleep);
	return _gpiod_get_raw_value(desc);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_raw_value);

/**
 * gpiod_get_value() - return a gpio's value
 * @desc: gpio whose value will be returned
 *
 * Return the GPIO's logical value, i.e. taking the ACTIVE_LOW status into
 * account, or negative errno on failure.
 *
 * This function should be called from contexts where we cannot sleep, and will
 * complain if the GPIO chip functions potentially sleep.
 */
int gpiod_get_value(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	int value;

	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	/* Should be using gpio_get_value_cansleep() */
	WARN_ON(desc->gdev->chip->can_sleep);

	value = _gpiod_get_raw_value(desc);
	if (value < 0)
		return value;

	if (test_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags))
		value = !value;

	return value;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_value);

/*
 *  _gpio_set_open_drain_value() - Set the open drain gpio's value.
 * @desc: gpio descriptor whose state need to be set.
 * @value: Non-zero for setting it HIGH otherwise it will set to LOW.
 */
static void _gpio_set_open_drain_value(struct gpio_desc *desc, bool value)
{
	int err = 0;
	struct gpio_chip *chip = desc->gdev->chip;
	int offset = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);

	if (value) {
		err = chip->direction_input(chip, offset);
		if (!err)
			clear_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
	} else {
		err = chip->direction_output(chip, offset, 0);
		if (!err)
			set_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
	}
	trace_gpio_direction(desc_to_gpio(desc), value, err);
	if (err < 0)
		gpiod_err(desc,
			  "%s: Error in set_value for open drain err %d\n",
			  __func__, err);
}

/*
 *  _gpio_set_open_source_value() - Set the open source gpio's value.
 * @desc: gpio descriptor whose state need to be set.
 * @value: Non-zero for setting it HIGH otherwise it will set to LOW.
 */
static void _gpio_set_open_source_value(struct gpio_desc *desc, bool value)
{
	int err = 0;
	struct gpio_chip *chip = desc->gdev->chip;
	int offset = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);

	if (value) {
		err = chip->direction_output(chip, offset, 1);
		if (!err)
			set_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
	} else {
		err = chip->direction_input(chip, offset);
		if (!err)
			clear_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
	}
	trace_gpio_direction(desc_to_gpio(desc), !value, err);
	if (err < 0)
		gpiod_err(desc,
			  "%s: Error in set_value for open source err %d\n",
			  __func__, err);
}

static void _gpiod_set_raw_value(struct gpio_desc *desc, bool value)
{
	struct gpio_chip	*chip;

	chip = desc->gdev->chip;
	trace_gpio_value(desc_to_gpio(desc), 0, value);
	if (test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags))
		_gpio_set_open_drain_value(desc, value);
	else if (test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags))
		_gpio_set_open_source_value(desc, value);
	else
		chip->set(chip, gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc), value);
}

/*
 * set multiple outputs on the same chip;
 * use the chip's set_multiple function if available;
 * otherwise set the outputs sequentially;
 * @mask: bit mask array; one bit per output; BITS_PER_LONG bits per word
 *        defines which outputs are to be changed
 * @bits: bit value array; one bit per output; BITS_PER_LONG bits per word
 *        defines the values the outputs specified by mask are to be set to
 */
static void gpio_chip_set_multiple(struct gpio_chip *chip,
				   unsigned long *mask, unsigned long *bits)
{
	if (chip->set_multiple) {
		chip->set_multiple(chip, mask, bits);
	} else {
		int i;
		for (i = 0; i < chip->ngpio; i++) {
			if (mask[BIT_WORD(i)] == 0) {
				/* no more set bits in this mask word;
				 * skip ahead to the next word */
				i = (BIT_WORD(i) + 1) * BITS_PER_LONG - 1;
				continue;
			}
			/* set outputs if the corresponding mask bit is set */
			if (__test_and_clear_bit(i, mask))
				chip->set(chip, i, test_bit(i, bits));
		}
	}
}

void gpiod_set_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
				   unsigned int array_size,
				   struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
				   int *value_array)
{
	int i = 0;

	while (i < array_size) {
		struct gpio_chip *chip = desc_array[i]->gdev->chip;
		unsigned long mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio)];
		unsigned long bits[BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio)];
		int count = 0;

		if (!can_sleep)
			WARN_ON(chip->can_sleep);

		memset(mask, 0, sizeof(mask));
		do {
			struct gpio_desc *desc = desc_array[i];
			int hwgpio = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);
			int value = value_array[i];

			if (!raw && test_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags))
				value = !value;
			trace_gpio_value(desc_to_gpio(desc), 0, value);
			/*
			 * collect all normal outputs belonging to the same chip
			 * open drain and open source outputs are set individually
			 */
			if (test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags)) {
				_gpio_set_open_drain_value(desc, value);
			} else if (test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags)) {
				_gpio_set_open_source_value(desc, value);
			} else {
				__set_bit(hwgpio, mask);
				if (value)
					__set_bit(hwgpio, bits);
				else
					__clear_bit(hwgpio, bits);
				count++;
			}
			i++;
		} while ((i < array_size) &&
			 (desc_array[i]->gdev->chip == chip));
		/* push collected bits to outputs */
		if (count != 0)
			gpio_chip_set_multiple(chip, mask, bits);
	}
}

/**
 * gpiod_set_raw_value() - assign a gpio's raw value
 * @desc: gpio whose value will be assigned
 * @value: value to assign
 *
 * Set the raw value of the GPIO, i.e. the value of its physical line without
 * regard for its ACTIVE_LOW status.
 *
 * This function should be called from contexts where we cannot sleep, and will
 * complain if the GPIO chip functions potentially sleep.
 */
void gpiod_set_raw_value(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value)
{
	VALIDATE_DESC_VOID(desc);
	/* Should be using gpiod_set_value_cansleep() */
	WARN_ON(desc->gdev->chip->can_sleep);
	_gpiod_set_raw_value(desc, value);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_raw_value);

/**
 * gpiod_set_value() - assign a gpio's value
 * @desc: gpio whose value will be assigned
 * @value: value to assign
 *
 * Set the logical value of the GPIO, i.e. taking its ACTIVE_LOW status into
 * account
 *
 * This function should be called from contexts where we cannot sleep, and will
 * complain if the GPIO chip functions potentially sleep.
 */
void gpiod_set_value(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value)
{
	VALIDATE_DESC_VOID(desc);
	/* Should be using gpiod_set_value_cansleep() */
	WARN_ON(desc->gdev->chip->can_sleep);
	if (test_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags))
		value = !value;
	_gpiod_set_raw_value(desc, value);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_value);

/**
 * gpiod_set_raw_array_value() - assign values to an array of GPIOs
 * @array_size: number of elements in the descriptor / value arrays
 * @desc_array: array of GPIO descriptors whose values will be assigned
 * @value_array: array of values to assign
 *
 * Set the raw values of the GPIOs, i.e. the values of the physical lines
 * without regard for their ACTIVE_LOW status.
 *
 * This function should be called from contexts where we cannot sleep, and will
 * complain if the GPIO chip functions potentially sleep.
 */
void gpiod_set_raw_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
			 struct gpio_desc **desc_array, int *value_array)
{
	if (!desc_array)
		return;
	gpiod_set_array_value_complex(true, false, array_size, desc_array,
				      value_array);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_raw_array_value);

/**
 * gpiod_set_array_value() - assign values to an array of GPIOs
 * @array_size: number of elements in the descriptor / value arrays
 * @desc_array: array of GPIO descriptors whose values will be assigned
 * @value_array: array of values to assign
 *
 * Set the logical values of the GPIOs, i.e. taking their ACTIVE_LOW status
 * into account.
 *
 * This function should be called from contexts where we cannot sleep, and will
 * complain if the GPIO chip functions potentially sleep.
 */
void gpiod_set_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
			   struct gpio_desc **desc_array, int *value_array)
{
	if (!desc_array)
		return;
	gpiod_set_array_value_complex(false, false, array_size, desc_array,
				      value_array);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_array_value);

/**
 * gpiod_cansleep() - report whether gpio value access may sleep
 * @desc: gpio to check
 *
 */
int gpiod_cansleep(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	return desc->gdev->chip->can_sleep;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_cansleep);

/**
 * gpiod_to_irq() - return the IRQ corresponding to a GPIO
 * @desc: gpio whose IRQ will be returned (already requested)
 *
 * Return the IRQ corresponding to the passed GPIO, or an error code in case of
 * error.
 */
int gpiod_to_irq(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	struct gpio_chip *chip;
	int offset;

	/*
	 * Cannot VALIDATE_DESC() here as gpiod_to_irq() consumer semantics
	 * requires this function to not return zero on an invalid descriptor
	 * but rather a negative error number.
	 */
	if (!desc || IS_ERR(desc) || !desc->gdev || !desc->gdev->chip)
		return -EINVAL;

	chip = desc->gdev->chip;
	offset = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);
	if (chip->to_irq) {
		int retirq = chip->to_irq(chip, offset);

		/* Zero means NO_IRQ */
		if (!retirq)
			return -ENXIO;

		return retirq;
	}
	return -ENXIO;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_to_irq);

/**
 * gpiochip_lock_as_irq() - lock a GPIO to be used as IRQ
 * @chip: the chip the GPIO to lock belongs to
 * @offset: the offset of the GPIO to lock as IRQ
 *
 * This is used directly by GPIO drivers that want to lock down
 * a certain GPIO line to be used for IRQs.
 */
int gpiochip_lock_as_irq(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset)
{
	struct gpio_desc *desc;

	desc = gpiochip_get_desc(chip, offset);
	if (IS_ERR(desc))
		return PTR_ERR(desc);

	/*
	 * If it's fast: flush the direction setting if something changed
	 * behind our back
	 */
	if (!chip->can_sleep && chip->get_direction) {
		int dir = chip->get_direction(chip, offset);

		if (dir)
			clear_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
		else
			set_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags);
	}

	if (test_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags)) {
		chip_err(chip,
			  "%s: tried to flag a GPIO set as output for IRQ\n",
			  __func__);
		return -EIO;
	}

	set_bit(FLAG_USED_AS_IRQ, &desc->flags);
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_lock_as_irq);

/**
 * gpiochip_unlock_as_irq() - unlock a GPIO used as IRQ
 * @chip: the chip the GPIO to lock belongs to
 * @offset: the offset of the GPIO to lock as IRQ
 *
 * This is used directly by GPIO drivers that want to indicate
 * that a certain GPIO is no longer used exclusively for IRQ.
 */
void gpiochip_unlock_as_irq(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset)
{
	if (offset >= chip->ngpio)
		return;

	clear_bit(FLAG_USED_AS_IRQ, &chip->gpiodev->descs[offset].flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_unlock_as_irq);

bool gpiochip_line_is_irq(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset)
{
	if (offset >= chip->ngpio)
		return false;

	return test_bit(FLAG_USED_AS_IRQ, &chip->gpiodev->descs[offset].flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_line_is_irq);

bool gpiochip_line_is_open_drain(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset)
{
	if (offset >= chip->ngpio)
		return false;

	return test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &chip->gpiodev->descs[offset].flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_line_is_open_drain);

bool gpiochip_line_is_open_source(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset)
{
	if (offset >= chip->ngpio)
		return false;

	return test_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &chip->gpiodev->descs[offset].flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_line_is_open_source);

/**
 * gpiod_get_raw_value_cansleep() - return a gpio's raw value
 * @desc: gpio whose value will be returned
 *
 * Return the GPIO's raw value, i.e. the value of the physical line disregarding
 * its ACTIVE_LOW status, or negative errno on failure.
 *
 * This function is to be called from contexts that can sleep.
 */
int gpiod_get_raw_value_cansleep(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	might_sleep_if(extra_checks);
	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	return _gpiod_get_raw_value(desc);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_raw_value_cansleep);

/**
 * gpiod_get_value_cansleep() - return a gpio's value
 * @desc: gpio whose value will be returned
 *
 * Return the GPIO's logical value, i.e. taking the ACTIVE_LOW status into
 * account, or negative errno on failure.
 *
 * This function is to be called from contexts that can sleep.
 */
int gpiod_get_value_cansleep(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	int value;

	might_sleep_if(extra_checks);
	VALIDATE_DESC(desc);
	value = _gpiod_get_raw_value(desc);
	if (value < 0)
		return value;

	if (test_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags))
		value = !value;

	return value;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_value_cansleep);

/**
 * gpiod_set_raw_value_cansleep() - assign a gpio's raw value
 * @desc: gpio whose value will be assigned
 * @value: value to assign
 *
 * Set the raw value of the GPIO, i.e. the value of its physical line without
 * regard for its ACTIVE_LOW status.
 *
 * This function is to be called from contexts that can sleep.
 */
void gpiod_set_raw_value_cansleep(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value)
{
	might_sleep_if(extra_checks);
	VALIDATE_DESC_VOID(desc);
	_gpiod_set_raw_value(desc, value);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_raw_value_cansleep);

/**
 * gpiod_set_value_cansleep() - assign a gpio's value
 * @desc: gpio whose value will be assigned
 * @value: value to assign
 *
 * Set the logical value of the GPIO, i.e. taking its ACTIVE_LOW status into
 * account
 *
 * This function is to be called from contexts that can sleep.
 */
void gpiod_set_value_cansleep(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value)
{
	might_sleep_if(extra_checks);
	VALIDATE_DESC_VOID(desc);
	if (test_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags))
		value = !value;
	_gpiod_set_raw_value(desc, value);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_value_cansleep);

/**
 * gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep() - assign values to an array of GPIOs
 * @array_size: number of elements in the descriptor / value arrays
 * @desc_array: array of GPIO descriptors whose values will be assigned
 * @value_array: array of values to assign
 *
 * Set the raw values of the GPIOs, i.e. the values of the physical lines
 * without regard for their ACTIVE_LOW status.
 *
 * This function is to be called from contexts that can sleep.
 */
void gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
					struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
					int *value_array)
{
	might_sleep_if(extra_checks);
	if (!desc_array)
		return;
	gpiod_set_array_value_complex(true, true, array_size, desc_array,
				      value_array);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep);

/**
 * gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep() - assign values to an array of GPIOs
 * @array_size: number of elements in the descriptor / value arrays
 * @desc_array: array of GPIO descriptors whose values will be assigned
 * @value_array: array of values to assign
 *
 * Set the logical values of the GPIOs, i.e. taking their ACTIVE_LOW status
 * into account.
 *
 * This function is to be called from contexts that can sleep.
 */
void gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
				    struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
				    int *value_array)
{
	might_sleep_if(extra_checks);
	if (!desc_array)
		return;
	gpiod_set_array_value_complex(false, true, array_size, desc_array,
				      value_array);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep);

/**
 * gpiod_add_lookup_table() - register GPIO device consumers
 * @table: table of consumers to register
 */
void gpiod_add_lookup_table(struct gpiod_lookup_table *table)
{
	mutex_lock(&gpio_lookup_lock);

	list_add_tail(&table->list, &gpio_lookup_list);

	mutex_unlock(&gpio_lookup_lock);
}

/**
 * gpiod_remove_lookup_table() - unregister GPIO device consumers
 * @table: table of consumers to unregister
 */
void gpiod_remove_lookup_table(struct gpiod_lookup_table *table)
{
	mutex_lock(&gpio_lookup_lock);

	list_del(&table->list);

	mutex_unlock(&gpio_lookup_lock);
}

static struct gpiod_lookup_table *gpiod_find_lookup_table(struct device *dev)
{
	const char *dev_id = dev ? dev_name(dev) : NULL;
	struct gpiod_lookup_table *table;

	mutex_lock(&gpio_lookup_lock);

	list_for_each_entry(table, &gpio_lookup_list, list) {
		if (table->dev_id && dev_id) {
			/*
			 * Valid strings on both ends, must be identical to have
			 * a match
			 */
			if (!strcmp(table->dev_id, dev_id))
				goto found;
		} else {
			/*
			 * One of the pointers is NULL, so both must be to have
			 * a match
			 */
			if (dev_id == table->dev_id)
				goto found;
		}
	}
	table = NULL;

found:
	mutex_unlock(&gpio_lookup_lock);
	return table;
}

static struct gpio_desc *gpiod_find(struct device *dev, const char *con_id,
				    unsigned int idx,
				    enum gpio_lookup_flags *flags)
{
	struct gpio_desc *desc = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
	struct gpiod_lookup_table *table;
	struct gpiod_lookup *p;

	table = gpiod_find_lookup_table(dev);
	if (!table)
		return desc;

	for (p = &table->table[0]; p->chip_label; p++) {
		struct gpio_chip *chip;

		/* idx must always match exactly */
		if (p->idx != idx)
			continue;

		/* If the lookup entry has a con_id, require exact match */
		if (p->con_id && (!con_id || strcmp(p->con_id, con_id)))
			continue;

		chip = find_chip_by_name(p->chip_label);

		if (!chip) {
			dev_err(dev, "cannot find GPIO chip %s\n",
				p->chip_label);
			return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
		}

		if (chip->ngpio <= p->chip_hwnum) {
			dev_err(dev,
				"requested GPIO %d is out of range [0..%d] for chip %s\n",
				idx, chip->ngpio, chip->label);
			return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
		}

		desc = gpiochip_get_desc(chip, p->chip_hwnum);
		*flags = p->flags;

		return desc;
	}

	return desc;
}

static int dt_gpio_count(struct device *dev, const char *con_id)
{
	int ret;
	char propname[32];
	unsigned int i;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(gpio_suffixes); i++) {
		if (con_id)
			snprintf(propname, sizeof(propname), "%s-%s",
				 con_id, gpio_suffixes[i]);
		else
			snprintf(propname, sizeof(propname), "%s",
				 gpio_suffixes[i]);

		ret = of_gpio_named_count(dev->of_node, propname);
		if (ret >= 0)
			break;
	}
	return ret;
}

static int platform_gpio_count(struct device *dev, const char *con_id)
{
	struct gpiod_lookup_table *table;
	struct gpiod_lookup *p;
	unsigned int count = 0;

	table = gpiod_find_lookup_table(dev);
	if (!table)
		return -ENOENT;

	for (p = &table->table[0]; p->chip_label; p++) {
		if ((con_id && p->con_id && !strcmp(con_id, p->con_id)) ||
		    (!con_id && !p->con_id))
			count++;
	}
	if (!count)
		return -ENOENT;

	return count;
}

/**
 * gpiod_count - return the number of GPIOs associated with a device / function
 *		or -ENOENT if no GPIO has been assigned to the requested function
 * @dev:	GPIO consumer, can be NULL for system-global GPIOs
 * @con_id:	function within the GPIO consumer
 */
int gpiod_count(struct device *dev, const char *con_id)
{
	int count = -ENOENT;

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF) && dev && dev->of_node)
		count = dt_gpio_count(dev, con_id);
	else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI) && dev && ACPI_HANDLE(dev))
		count = acpi_gpio_count(dev, con_id);

	if (count < 0)
		count = platform_gpio_count(dev, con_id);

	return count;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_count);

/**
 * gpiod_get - obtain a GPIO for a given GPIO function
 * @dev:	GPIO consumer, can be NULL for system-global GPIOs
 * @con_id:	function within the GPIO consumer
 * @flags:	optional GPIO initialization flags
 *
 * Return the GPIO descriptor corresponding to the function con_id of device
 * dev, -ENOENT if no GPIO has been assigned to the requested function, or
 * another IS_ERR() code if an error occurred while trying to acquire the GPIO.
 */
struct gpio_desc *__must_check gpiod_get(struct device *dev, const char *con_id,
					 enum gpiod_flags flags)
{
	return gpiod_get_index(dev, con_id, 0, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get);

/**
 * gpiod_get_optional - obtain an optional GPIO for a given GPIO function
 * @dev: GPIO consumer, can be NULL for system-global GPIOs
 * @con_id: function within the GPIO consumer
 * @flags: optional GPIO initialization flags
 *
 * This is equivalent to gpiod_get(), except that when no GPIO was assigned to
 * the requested function it will return NULL. This is convenient for drivers
 * that need to handle optional GPIOs.
 */
struct gpio_desc *__must_check gpiod_get_optional(struct device *dev,
						  const char *con_id,
						  enum gpiod_flags flags)
{
	return gpiod_get_index_optional(dev, con_id, 0, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_optional);


/**
 * gpiod_configure_flags - helper function to configure a given GPIO
 * @desc:	gpio whose value will be assigned
 * @con_id:	function within the GPIO consumer
 * @lflags:	gpio_lookup_flags - returned from of_find_gpio() or
 *		of_get_gpio_hog()
 * @dflags:	gpiod_flags - optional GPIO initialization flags
 *
 * Return 0 on success, -ENOENT if no GPIO has been assigned to the
 * requested function and/or index, or another IS_ERR() code if an error
 * occurred while trying to acquire the GPIO.
 */
static int gpiod_configure_flags(struct gpio_desc *desc, const char *con_id,
		unsigned long lflags, enum gpiod_flags dflags)
{
	int status;

	if (lflags & GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW)
		set_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags);
	if (lflags & GPIO_OPEN_DRAIN)
		set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags);
	if (lflags & GPIO_OPEN_SOURCE)
		set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags);

	/* No particular flag request, return here... */
	if (!(dflags & GPIOD_FLAGS_BIT_DIR_SET)) {
		pr_debug("no flags found for %s\n", con_id);
		return 0;
	}

	/* Process flags */
	if (dflags & GPIOD_FLAGS_BIT_DIR_OUT)
		status = gpiod_direction_output(desc,
					      dflags & GPIOD_FLAGS_BIT_DIR_VAL);
	else
		status = gpiod_direction_input(desc);

	return status;
}

/**
 * gpiod_get_index - obtain a GPIO from a multi-index GPIO function
 * @dev:	GPIO consumer, can be NULL for system-global GPIOs
 * @con_id:	function within the GPIO consumer
 * @idx:	index of the GPIO to obtain in the consumer
 * @flags:	optional GPIO initialization flags
 *
 * This variant of gpiod_get() allows to access GPIOs other than the first
 * defined one for functions that define several GPIOs.
 *
 * Return a valid GPIO descriptor, -ENOENT if no GPIO has been assigned to the
 * requested function and/or index, or another IS_ERR() code if an error
 * occurred while trying to acquire the GPIO.
 */
struct gpio_desc *__must_check gpiod_get_index(struct device *dev,
					       const char *con_id,
					       unsigned int idx,
					       enum gpiod_flags flags)
{
	struct gpio_desc *desc = NULL;
	int status;
	enum gpio_lookup_flags lookupflags = 0;

	dev_dbg(dev, "GPIO lookup for consumer %s\n", con_id);

	if (dev) {
		/* Using device tree? */
		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF) && dev->of_node) {
			dev_dbg(dev, "using device tree for GPIO lookup\n");
			desc = of_find_gpio(dev, con_id, idx, &lookupflags);
		} else if (ACPI_COMPANION(dev)) {
			dev_dbg(dev, "using ACPI for GPIO lookup\n");
			desc = acpi_find_gpio(dev, con_id, idx, flags, &lookupflags);
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Either we are not using DT or ACPI, or their lookup did not return
	 * a result. In that case, use platform lookup as a fallback.
	 */
	if (!desc || desc == ERR_PTR(-ENOENT)) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "using lookup tables for GPIO lookup\n");
		desc = gpiod_find(dev, con_id, idx, &lookupflags);
	}

	if (IS_ERR(desc)) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "lookup for GPIO %s failed\n", con_id);
		return desc;
	}

	status = gpiod_request(desc, con_id);
	if (status < 0)
		return ERR_PTR(status);

	status = gpiod_configure_flags(desc, con_id, lookupflags, flags);
	if (status < 0) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "setup of GPIO %s failed\n", con_id);
		gpiod_put(desc);
		return ERR_PTR(status);
	}

	return desc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_index);

/**
 * fwnode_get_named_gpiod - obtain a GPIO from firmware node
 * @fwnode:	handle of the firmware node
 * @propname:	name of the firmware property representing the GPIO
 *
 * This function can be used for drivers that get their configuration
 * from firmware.
 *
 * Function properly finds the corresponding GPIO using whatever is the
 * underlying firmware interface and then makes sure that the GPIO
 * descriptor is requested before it is returned to the caller.
 *
 * In case of error an ERR_PTR() is returned.
 */
struct gpio_desc *fwnode_get_named_gpiod(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode,
					 const char *propname)
{
	struct gpio_desc *desc = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
	bool active_low = false;
	bool single_ended = false;
	int ret;

	if (!fwnode)
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);

	if (is_of_node(fwnode)) {
		enum of_gpio_flags flags;

		desc = of_get_named_gpiod_flags(to_of_node(fwnode), propname, 0,
						&flags);
		if (!IS_ERR(desc)) {
			active_low = flags & OF_GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW;
			single_ended = flags & OF_GPIO_SINGLE_ENDED;
		}
	} else if (is_acpi_node(fwnode)) {
		struct acpi_gpio_info info;

		desc = acpi_node_get_gpiod(fwnode, propname, 0, &info);
		if (!IS_ERR(desc))
			active_low = info.polarity == GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW;
	}

	if (IS_ERR(desc))
		return desc;

	ret = gpiod_request(desc, NULL);
	if (ret)
		return ERR_PTR(ret);

	if (active_low)
		set_bit(FLAG_ACTIVE_LOW, &desc->flags);

	if (single_ended) {
		if (active_low)
			set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags);
		else
			set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags);
	}

	return desc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fwnode_get_named_gpiod);

/**
 * gpiod_get_index_optional - obtain an optional GPIO from a multi-index GPIO
 *                            function
 * @dev: GPIO consumer, can be NULL for system-global GPIOs
 * @con_id: function within the GPIO consumer
 * @index: index of the GPIO to obtain in the consumer
 * @flags: optional GPIO initialization flags
 *
 * This is equivalent to gpiod_get_index(), except that when no GPIO with the
 * specified index was assigned to the requested function it will return NULL.
 * This is convenient for drivers that need to handle optional GPIOs.
 */
struct gpio_desc *__must_check gpiod_get_index_optional(struct device *dev,
							const char *con_id,
							unsigned int index,
							enum gpiod_flags flags)
{
	struct gpio_desc *desc;

	desc = gpiod_get_index(dev, con_id, index, flags);
	if (IS_ERR(desc)) {
		if (PTR_ERR(desc) == -ENOENT)
			return NULL;
	}

	return desc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_index_optional);

/**
 * gpiod_hog - Hog the specified GPIO desc given the provided flags
 * @desc:	gpio whose value will be assigned
 * @name:	gpio line name
 * @lflags:	gpio_lookup_flags - returned from of_find_gpio() or
 *		of_get_gpio_hog()
 * @dflags:	gpiod_flags - optional GPIO initialization flags
 */
int gpiod_hog(struct gpio_desc *desc, const char *name,
	      unsigned long lflags, enum gpiod_flags dflags)
{
	struct gpio_chip *chip;
	struct gpio_desc *local_desc;
	int hwnum;
	int status;

	chip = gpiod_to_chip(desc);
	hwnum = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);

	local_desc = gpiochip_request_own_desc(chip, hwnum, name);
	if (IS_ERR(local_desc)) {
		status = PTR_ERR(local_desc);
		pr_err("requesting hog GPIO %s (chip %s, offset %d) failed, %d\n",
		       name, chip->label, hwnum, status);
		return status;
	}

	status = gpiod_configure_flags(desc, name, lflags, dflags);
	if (status < 0) {
		pr_err("setup of hog GPIO %s (chip %s, offset %d) failed, %d\n",
		       name, chip->label, hwnum, status);
		gpiochip_free_own_desc(desc);
		return status;
	}

	/* Mark GPIO as hogged so it can be identified and removed later */
	set_bit(FLAG_IS_HOGGED, &desc->flags);

	pr_info("GPIO line %d (%s) hogged as %s%s\n",
		desc_to_gpio(desc), name,
		(dflags&GPIOD_FLAGS_BIT_DIR_OUT) ? "output" : "input",
		(dflags&GPIOD_FLAGS_BIT_DIR_OUT) ?
		  (dflags&GPIOD_FLAGS_BIT_DIR_VAL) ? "/high" : "/low":"");

	return 0;
}

/**
 * gpiochip_free_hogs - Scan gpio-controller chip and release GPIO hog
 * @chip:	gpio chip to act on
 *
 * This is only used by of_gpiochip_remove to free hogged gpios
 */
static void gpiochip_free_hogs(struct gpio_chip *chip)
{
	int id;

	for (id = 0; id < chip->ngpio; id++) {
		if (test_bit(FLAG_IS_HOGGED, &chip->gpiodev->descs[id].flags))
			gpiochip_free_own_desc(&chip->gpiodev->descs[id]);
	}
}

/**
 * gpiod_get_array - obtain multiple GPIOs from a multi-index GPIO function
 * @dev:	GPIO consumer, can be NULL for system-global GPIOs
 * @con_id:	function within the GPIO consumer
 * @flags:	optional GPIO initialization flags
 *
 * This function acquires all the GPIOs defined under a given function.
 *
 * Return a struct gpio_descs containing an array of descriptors, -ENOENT if
 * no GPIO has been assigned to the requested function, or another IS_ERR()
 * code if an error occurred while trying to acquire the GPIOs.
 */
struct gpio_descs *__must_check gpiod_get_array(struct device *dev,
						const char *con_id,
						enum gpiod_flags flags)
{
	struct gpio_desc *desc;
	struct gpio_descs *descs;
	int count;

	count = gpiod_count(dev, con_id);
	if (count < 0)
		return ERR_PTR(count);

	descs = kzalloc(sizeof(*descs) + sizeof(descs->desc[0]) * count,
			GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!descs)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

	for (descs->ndescs = 0; descs->ndescs < count; ) {
		desc = gpiod_get_index(dev, con_id, descs->ndescs, flags);
		if (IS_ERR(desc)) {
			gpiod_put_array(descs);
			return ERR_CAST(desc);
		}
		descs->desc[descs->ndescs] = desc;
		descs->ndescs++;
	}
	return descs;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_array);

/**
 * gpiod_get_array_optional - obtain multiple GPIOs from a multi-index GPIO
 *                            function
 * @dev:	GPIO consumer, can be NULL for system-global GPIOs
 * @con_id:	function within the GPIO consumer
 * @flags:	optional GPIO initialization flags
 *
 * This is equivalent to gpiod_get_array(), except that when no GPIO was
 * assigned to the requested function it will return NULL.
 */
struct gpio_descs *__must_check gpiod_get_array_optional(struct device *dev,
							const char *con_id,
							enum gpiod_flags flags)
{
	struct gpio_descs *descs;

	descs = gpiod_get_array(dev, con_id, flags);
	if (IS_ERR(descs) && (PTR_ERR(descs) == -ENOENT))
		return NULL;

	return descs;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_get_array_optional);

/**
 * gpiod_put - dispose of a GPIO descriptor
 * @desc:	GPIO descriptor to dispose of
 *
 * No descriptor can be used after gpiod_put() has been called on it.
 */
void gpiod_put(struct gpio_desc *desc)
{
	gpiod_free(desc);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_put);

/**
 * gpiod_put_array - dispose of multiple GPIO descriptors
 * @descs:	struct gpio_descs containing an array of descriptors
 */
void gpiod_put_array(struct gpio_descs *descs)
{
	unsigned int i;

	for (i = 0; i < descs->ndescs; i++)
		gpiod_put(descs->desc[i]);

	kfree(descs);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_put_array);

static int __init gpiolib_dev_init(void)
{
	int ret;

	/* Register GPIO sysfs bus */
	ret  = bus_register(&gpio_bus_type);
	if (ret < 0) {
		pr_err("gpiolib: could not register GPIO bus type\n");
		return ret;
	}

	ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&gpio_devt, 0, GPIO_DEV_MAX, "gpiochip");
	if (ret < 0) {
		pr_err("gpiolib: failed to allocate char dev region\n");
		bus_unregister(&gpio_bus_type);
	} else {
		gpiolib_initialized = true;
		gpiochip_setup_devs();
	}
	return ret;
}
core_initcall(gpiolib_dev_init);

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS

static void gpiolib_dbg_show(struct seq_file *s, struct gpio_device *gdev)
{
	unsigned		i;
	struct gpio_chip	*chip = gdev->chip;
	unsigned		gpio = gdev->base;
	struct gpio_desc	*gdesc = &gdev->descs[0];
	int			is_out;
	int			is_irq;

	for (i = 0; i < gdev->ngpio; i++, gpio++, gdesc++) {
		if (!test_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &gdesc->flags)) {
			if (gdesc->name) {
				seq_printf(s, " gpio-%-3d (%-20.20s)\n",
					   gpio, gdesc->name);
			}
			continue;
		}

		gpiod_get_direction(gdesc);
		is_out = test_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &gdesc->flags);
		is_irq = test_bit(FLAG_USED_AS_IRQ, &gdesc->flags);
		seq_printf(s, " gpio-%-3d (%-20.20s|%-20.20s) %s %s %s",
			gpio, gdesc->name ? gdesc->name : "", gdesc->label,
			is_out ? "out" : "in ",
			chip->get
				? (chip->get(chip, i) ? "hi" : "lo")
				: "?  ",
			is_irq ? "IRQ" : "   ");
		seq_printf(s, "\n");
	}
}

static void *gpiolib_seq_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct gpio_device *gdev = NULL;
	loff_t index = *pos;

	s->private = "";

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);
	list_for_each_entry(gdev, &gpio_devices, list)
		if (index-- == 0) {
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
			return gdev;
		}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);

	return NULL;
}

static void *gpiolib_seq_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct gpio_device *gdev = v;
	void *ret = NULL;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio_lock, flags);
	if (list_is_last(&gdev->list, &gpio_devices))
		ret = NULL;
	else
		ret = list_entry(gdev->list.next, struct gpio_device, list);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);

	s->private = "\n";
	++*pos;

	return ret;
}

static void gpiolib_seq_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
{
}

static int gpiolib_seq_show(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
{
	struct gpio_device *gdev = v;
	struct gpio_chip *chip = gdev->chip;
	struct device *parent;

	if (!chip) {
		seq_printf(s, "%s%s: (dangling chip)", (char *)s->private,
			   dev_name(&gdev->dev));
		return 0;
	}

	seq_printf(s, "%s%s: GPIOs %d-%d", (char *)s->private,
		   dev_name(&gdev->dev),
		   gdev->base, gdev->base + gdev->ngpio - 1);
	parent = chip->parent;
	if (parent)
		seq_printf(s, ", parent: %s/%s",
			   parent->bus ? parent->bus->name : "no-bus",
			   dev_name(parent));
	if (chip->label)
		seq_printf(s, ", %s", chip->label);
	if (chip->can_sleep)
		seq_printf(s, ", can sleep");
	seq_printf(s, ":\n");

	if (chip->dbg_show)
		chip->dbg_show(s, chip);
	else
		gpiolib_dbg_show(s, gdev);

	return 0;
}

static const struct seq_operations gpiolib_seq_ops = {
	.start = gpiolib_seq_start,
	.next = gpiolib_seq_next,
	.stop = gpiolib_seq_stop,
	.show = gpiolib_seq_show,
};

static int gpiolib_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return seq_open(file, &gpiolib_seq_ops);
}

static const struct file_operations gpiolib_operations = {
	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
	.open		= gpiolib_open,
	.read		= seq_read,
	.llseek		= seq_lseek,
	.release	= seq_release,
};

static int __init gpiolib_debugfs_init(void)
{
	/* /sys/kernel/debug/gpio */
	(void) debugfs_create_file("gpio", S_IFREG | S_IRUGO,
				NULL, NULL, &gpiolib_operations);
	return 0;
}
subsys_initcall(gpiolib_debugfs_init);

#endif	/* DEBUG_FS */