Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
/*
 * Copyright (C) 2011 IBM Corporation
 *
 * Author:
 * Mimi Zohar <zohar@us.ibm.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation, version 2 of the License.
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/xattr.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/ima.h>
#include <linux/evm.h>

#include "ima.h"

static int __init default_appraise_setup(char *str)
{
	if (strncmp(str, "off", 3) == 0)
		ima_appraise = 0;
	else if (strncmp(str, "log", 3) == 0)
		ima_appraise = IMA_APPRAISE_LOG;
	else if (strncmp(str, "fix", 3) == 0)
		ima_appraise = IMA_APPRAISE_FIX;
	return 1;
}

__setup("ima_appraise=", default_appraise_setup);

/*
 * ima_must_appraise - set appraise flag
 *
 * Return 1 to appraise
 */
int ima_must_appraise(struct inode *inode, int mask, enum ima_hooks func)
{
	if (!ima_appraise)
		return 0;

	return ima_match_policy(inode, func, mask, IMA_APPRAISE, NULL);
}

static int ima_fix_xattr(struct dentry *dentry,
			 struct integrity_iint_cache *iint)
{
	int rc, offset;
	u8 algo = iint->ima_hash->algo;

	if (algo <= HASH_ALGO_SHA1) {
		offset = 1;
		iint->ima_hash->xattr.sha1.type = IMA_XATTR_DIGEST;
	} else {
		offset = 0;
		iint->ima_hash->xattr.ng.type = IMA_XATTR_DIGEST_NG;
		iint->ima_hash->xattr.ng.algo = algo;
	}
	rc = __vfs_setxattr_noperm(dentry, XATTR_NAME_IMA,
				   &iint->ima_hash->xattr.data[offset],
				   (sizeof(iint->ima_hash->xattr) - offset) +
				   iint->ima_hash->length, 0);
	return rc;
}

/* Return specific func appraised cached result */
enum integrity_status ima_get_cache_status(struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
					   enum ima_hooks func)
{
	switch (func) {
	case MMAP_CHECK:
		return iint->ima_mmap_status;
	case BPRM_CHECK:
		return iint->ima_bprm_status;
	case FILE_CHECK:
	case POST_SETATTR:
		return iint->ima_file_status;
	case MODULE_CHECK ... MAX_CHECK - 1:
	default:
		return iint->ima_read_status;
	}
}

static void ima_set_cache_status(struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
				 enum ima_hooks func,
				 enum integrity_status status)
{
	switch (func) {
	case MMAP_CHECK:
		iint->ima_mmap_status = status;
		break;
	case BPRM_CHECK:
		iint->ima_bprm_status = status;
		break;
	case FILE_CHECK:
	case POST_SETATTR:
		iint->ima_file_status = status;
		break;
	case MODULE_CHECK ... MAX_CHECK - 1:
	default:
		iint->ima_read_status = status;
		break;
	}
}

static void ima_cache_flags(struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
			     enum ima_hooks func)
{
	switch (func) {
	case MMAP_CHECK:
		iint->flags |= (IMA_MMAP_APPRAISED | IMA_APPRAISED);
		break;
	case BPRM_CHECK:
		iint->flags |= (IMA_BPRM_APPRAISED | IMA_APPRAISED);
		break;
	case FILE_CHECK:
	case POST_SETATTR:
		iint->flags |= (IMA_FILE_APPRAISED | IMA_APPRAISED);
		break;
	case MODULE_CHECK ... MAX_CHECK - 1:
	default:
		iint->flags |= (IMA_READ_APPRAISED | IMA_APPRAISED);
		break;
	}
}

enum hash_algo ima_get_hash_algo(struct evm_ima_xattr_data *xattr_value,
				 int xattr_len)
{
	struct signature_v2_hdr *sig;

	if (!xattr_value || xattr_len < 2)
		/* return default hash algo */
		return ima_hash_algo;

	switch (xattr_value->type) {
	case EVM_IMA_XATTR_DIGSIG:
		sig = (typeof(sig))xattr_value;
		if (sig->version != 2 || xattr_len <= sizeof(*sig))
			return ima_hash_algo;
		return sig->hash_algo;
		break;
	case IMA_XATTR_DIGEST_NG:
		return xattr_value->digest[0];
		break;
	case IMA_XATTR_DIGEST:
		/* this is for backward compatibility */
		if (xattr_len == 21) {
			unsigned int zero = 0;
			if (!memcmp(&xattr_value->digest[16], &zero, 4))
				return HASH_ALGO_MD5;
			else
				return HASH_ALGO_SHA1;
		} else if (xattr_len == 17)
			return HASH_ALGO_MD5;
		break;
	}

	/* return default hash algo */
	return ima_hash_algo;
}

int ima_read_xattr(struct dentry *dentry,
		   struct evm_ima_xattr_data **xattr_value)
{
	ssize_t ret;

	ret = vfs_getxattr_alloc(dentry, XATTR_NAME_IMA, (char **)xattr_value,
				 0, GFP_NOFS);
	if (ret == -EOPNOTSUPP)
		ret = 0;
	return ret;
}

/*
 * ima_appraise_measurement - appraise file measurement
 *
 * Call evm_verifyxattr() to verify the integrity of 'security.ima'.
 * Assuming success, compare the xattr hash with the collected measurement.
 *
 * Return 0 on success, error code otherwise
 */
int ima_appraise_measurement(enum ima_hooks func,
			     struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
			     struct file *file, const unsigned char *filename,
			     struct evm_ima_xattr_data *xattr_value,
			     int xattr_len, int opened)
{
	static const char op[] = "appraise_data";
	char *cause = "unknown";
	struct dentry *dentry = file_dentry(file);
	struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry);
	enum integrity_status status = INTEGRITY_UNKNOWN;
	int rc = xattr_len, hash_start = 0;

	if (!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_XATTR))
		return INTEGRITY_UNKNOWN;

	if (rc <= 0) {
		if (rc && rc != -ENODATA)
			goto out;

		cause = "missing-hash";
		status = INTEGRITY_NOLABEL;
		if (opened & FILE_CREATED)
			iint->flags |= IMA_NEW_FILE;
		if ((iint->flags & IMA_NEW_FILE) &&
		    !(iint->flags & IMA_DIGSIG_REQUIRED))
			status = INTEGRITY_PASS;
		goto out;
	}

	status = evm_verifyxattr(dentry, XATTR_NAME_IMA, xattr_value, rc, iint);
	if ((status != INTEGRITY_PASS) && (status != INTEGRITY_UNKNOWN)) {
		if ((status == INTEGRITY_NOLABEL)
		    || (status == INTEGRITY_NOXATTRS))
			cause = "missing-HMAC";
		else if (status == INTEGRITY_FAIL)
			cause = "invalid-HMAC";
		goto out;
	}
	switch (xattr_value->type) {
	case IMA_XATTR_DIGEST_NG:
		/* first byte contains algorithm id */
		hash_start = 1;
	case IMA_XATTR_DIGEST:
		if (iint->flags & IMA_DIGSIG_REQUIRED) {
			cause = "IMA-signature-required";
			status = INTEGRITY_FAIL;
			break;
		}
		if (xattr_len - sizeof(xattr_value->type) - hash_start >=
				iint->ima_hash->length)
			/* xattr length may be longer. md5 hash in previous
			   version occupied 20 bytes in xattr, instead of 16
			 */
			rc = memcmp(&xattr_value->digest[hash_start],
				    iint->ima_hash->digest,
				    iint->ima_hash->length);
		else
			rc = -EINVAL;
		if (rc) {
			cause = "invalid-hash";
			status = INTEGRITY_FAIL;
			break;
		}
		status = INTEGRITY_PASS;
		break;
	case EVM_IMA_XATTR_DIGSIG:
		iint->flags |= IMA_DIGSIG;
		rc = integrity_digsig_verify(INTEGRITY_KEYRING_IMA,
					     (const char *)xattr_value, rc,
					     iint->ima_hash->digest,
					     iint->ima_hash->length);
		if (rc == -EOPNOTSUPP) {
			status = INTEGRITY_UNKNOWN;
		} else if (rc) {
			cause = "invalid-signature";
			status = INTEGRITY_FAIL;
		} else {
			status = INTEGRITY_PASS;
		}
		break;
	default:
		status = INTEGRITY_UNKNOWN;
		cause = "unknown-ima-data";
		break;
	}

out:
	if (status != INTEGRITY_PASS) {
		if ((ima_appraise & IMA_APPRAISE_FIX) &&
		    (!xattr_value ||
		     xattr_value->type != EVM_IMA_XATTR_DIGSIG)) {
			if (!ima_fix_xattr(dentry, iint))
				status = INTEGRITY_PASS;
		} else if ((inode->i_size == 0) &&
			   (iint->flags & IMA_NEW_FILE) &&
			   (xattr_value &&
			    xattr_value->type == EVM_IMA_XATTR_DIGSIG)) {
			status = INTEGRITY_PASS;
		}
		integrity_audit_msg(AUDIT_INTEGRITY_DATA, inode, filename,
				    op, cause, rc, 0);
	} else {
		ima_cache_flags(iint, func);
	}
	ima_set_cache_status(iint, func, status);
	return status;
}

/*
 * ima_update_xattr - update 'security.ima' hash value
 */
void ima_update_xattr(struct integrity_iint_cache *iint, struct file *file)
{
	struct dentry *dentry = file_dentry(file);
	int rc = 0;

	/* do not collect and update hash for digital signatures */
	if (iint->flags & IMA_DIGSIG)
		return;

	if (iint->ima_file_status != INTEGRITY_PASS)
		return;

	rc = ima_collect_measurement(iint, file, NULL, 0, ima_hash_algo);
	if (rc < 0)
		return;

	ima_fix_xattr(dentry, iint);
}

/**
 * ima_inode_post_setattr - reflect file metadata changes
 * @dentry: pointer to the affected dentry
 *
 * Changes to a dentry's metadata might result in needing to appraise.
 *
 * This function is called from notify_change(), which expects the caller
 * to lock the inode's i_mutex.
 */
void ima_inode_post_setattr(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry);
	struct integrity_iint_cache *iint;
	int must_appraise;

	if (!(ima_policy_flag & IMA_APPRAISE) || !S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)
	    || !(inode->i_opflags & IOP_XATTR))
		return;

	must_appraise = ima_must_appraise(inode, MAY_ACCESS, POST_SETATTR);
	iint = integrity_iint_find(inode);
	if (iint) {
		iint->flags &= ~(IMA_APPRAISE | IMA_APPRAISED |
				 IMA_APPRAISE_SUBMASK | IMA_APPRAISED_SUBMASK |
				 IMA_ACTION_RULE_FLAGS);
		if (must_appraise)
			iint->flags |= IMA_APPRAISE;
	}
	if (!must_appraise)
		__vfs_removexattr(dentry, XATTR_NAME_IMA);
}

/*
 * ima_protect_xattr - protect 'security.ima'
 *
 * Ensure that not just anyone can modify or remove 'security.ima'.
 */
static int ima_protect_xattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *xattr_name,
			     const void *xattr_value, size_t xattr_value_len)
{
	if (strcmp(xattr_name, XATTR_NAME_IMA) == 0) {
		if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static void ima_reset_appraise_flags(struct inode *inode, int digsig)
{
	struct integrity_iint_cache *iint;

	if (!(ima_policy_flag & IMA_APPRAISE) || !S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
		return;

	iint = integrity_iint_find(inode);
	if (!iint)
		return;

	iint->flags &= ~IMA_DONE_MASK;
	iint->measured_pcrs = 0;
	if (digsig)
		iint->flags |= IMA_DIGSIG;
	return;
}

int ima_inode_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *xattr_name,
		       const void *xattr_value, size_t xattr_value_len)
{
	const struct evm_ima_xattr_data *xvalue = xattr_value;
	int result;

	result = ima_protect_xattr(dentry, xattr_name, xattr_value,
				   xattr_value_len);
	if (result == 1) {
		bool digsig;

		if (!xattr_value_len || (xvalue->type >= IMA_XATTR_LAST))
			return -EINVAL;
		digsig = (xvalue->type == EVM_IMA_XATTR_DIGSIG);
		if (!digsig && (ima_appraise & IMA_APPRAISE_ENFORCE))
			return -EPERM;
		ima_reset_appraise_flags(d_backing_inode(dentry), digsig);
		result = 0;
	}
	return result;
}

int ima_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *xattr_name)
{
	int result;

	result = ima_protect_xattr(dentry, xattr_name, NULL, 0);
	if (result == 1) {
		ima_reset_appraise_flags(d_backing_inode(dentry), 0);
		result = 0;
	}
	return result;
}