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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H
#define _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H

/*
 * Copyright 1995 Linus Torvalds
 */
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h> /* for in_interrupt() */
#include <linux/hugetlb_inline.h>

/*
 * Bits in mapping->flags.
 */
enum mapping_flags {
	AS_EIO		= 0,	/* IO error on async write */
	AS_ENOSPC	= 1,	/* ENOSPC on async write */
	AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS	= 2,	/* under mm_take_all_locks() */
	AS_UNEVICTABLE	= 3,	/* e.g., ramdisk, SHM_LOCK */
	AS_EXITING	= 4, 	/* final truncate in progress */
	/* writeback related tags are not used */
	AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS = 5,
};

/**
 * mapping_set_error - record a writeback error in the address_space
 * @mapping - the mapping in which an error should be set
 * @error - the error to set in the mapping
 *
 * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that
 * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called.  We endeavor
 * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error.  Some
 * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred.
 *
 * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call
 * mapping_set_error to record the error in the mapping so that it can be
 * reported when the application calls fsync(2).
 */
static inline void mapping_set_error(struct address_space *mapping, int error)
{
	if (likely(!error))
		return;

	/* Record in wb_err for checkers using errseq_t based tracking */
	filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, error);

	/* Record it in flags for now, for legacy callers */
	if (error == -ENOSPC)
		set_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags);
	else
		set_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags);
}

static inline void mapping_set_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	set_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags);
}

static inline void mapping_clear_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	clear_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags);
}

static inline int mapping_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	if (mapping)
		return test_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags);
	return !!mapping;
}

static inline void mapping_set_exiting(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	set_bit(AS_EXITING, &mapping->flags);
}

static inline int mapping_exiting(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	return test_bit(AS_EXITING, &mapping->flags);
}

static inline void mapping_set_no_writeback_tags(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	set_bit(AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS, &mapping->flags);
}

static inline int mapping_use_writeback_tags(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	return !test_bit(AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS, &mapping->flags);
}

static inline gfp_t mapping_gfp_mask(struct address_space * mapping)
{
	return mapping->gfp_mask;
}

/* Restricts the given gfp_mask to what the mapping allows. */
static inline gfp_t mapping_gfp_constraint(struct address_space *mapping,
		gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
	return mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & gfp_mask;
}

/*
 * This is non-atomic.  Only to be used before the mapping is activated.
 * Probably needs a barrier...
 */
static inline void mapping_set_gfp_mask(struct address_space *m, gfp_t mask)
{
	m->gfp_mask = mask;
}

void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr, bool cold);

/*
 * speculatively take a reference to a page.
 * If the page is free (_refcount == 0), then _refcount is untouched, and 0
 * is returned. Otherwise, _refcount is incremented by 1 and 1 is returned.
 *
 * This function must be called inside the same rcu_read_lock() section as has
 * been used to lookup the page in the pagecache radix-tree (or page table):
 * this allows allocators to use a synchronize_rcu() to stabilize _refcount.
 *
 * Unless an RCU grace period has passed, the count of all pages coming out
 * of the allocator must be considered unstable. page_count may return higher
 * than expected, and put_page must be able to do the right thing when the
 * page has been finished with, no matter what it is subsequently allocated
 * for (because put_page is what is used here to drop an invalid speculative
 * reference).
 *
 * This is the interesting part of the lockless pagecache (and lockless
 * get_user_pages) locking protocol, where the lookup-side (eg. find_get_page)
 * has the following pattern:
 * 1. find page in radix tree
 * 2. conditionally increment refcount
 * 3. check the page is still in pagecache (if no, goto 1)
 *
 * Remove-side that cares about stability of _refcount (eg. reclaim) has the
 * following (with tree_lock held for write):
 * A. atomically check refcount is correct and set it to 0 (atomic_cmpxchg)
 * B. remove page from pagecache
 * C. free the page
 *
 * There are 2 critical interleavings that matter:
 * - 2 runs before A: in this case, A sees elevated refcount and bails out
 * - A runs before 2: in this case, 2 sees zero refcount and retries;
 *   subsequently, B will complete and 1 will find no page, causing the
 *   lookup to return NULL.
 *
 * It is possible that between 1 and 2, the page is removed then the exact same
 * page is inserted into the same position in pagecache. That's OK: the
 * old find_get_page using tree_lock could equally have run before or after
 * such a re-insertion, depending on order that locks are granted.
 *
 * Lookups racing against pagecache insertion isn't a big problem: either 1
 * will find the page or it will not. Likewise, the old find_get_page could run
 * either before the insertion or afterwards, depending on timing.
 */
static inline int page_cache_get_speculative(struct page *page)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU
# ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT
	VM_BUG_ON(!in_atomic() && !irqs_disabled());
# endif
	/*
	 * Preempt must be disabled here - we rely on rcu_read_lock doing
	 * this for us.
	 *
	 * Pagecache won't be truncated from interrupt context, so if we have
	 * found a page in the radix tree here, we have pinned its refcount by
	 * disabling preempt, and hence no need for the "speculative get" that
	 * SMP requires.
	 */
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) == 0, page);
	page_ref_inc(page);

#else
	if (unlikely(!get_page_unless_zero(page))) {
		/*
		 * Either the page has been freed, or will be freed.
		 * In either case, retry here and the caller should
		 * do the right thing (see comments above).
		 */
		return 0;
	}
#endif
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page);

	return 1;
}

/*
 * Same as above, but add instead of inc (could just be merged)
 */
static inline int page_cache_add_speculative(struct page *page, int count)
{
	VM_BUG_ON(in_interrupt());

#if !defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU)
# ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT
	VM_BUG_ON(!in_atomic() && !irqs_disabled());
# endif
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) == 0, page);
	page_ref_add(page, count);

#else
	if (unlikely(!page_ref_add_unless(page, count, 0)))
		return 0;
#endif
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageCompound(page) && page != compound_head(page), page);

	return 1;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
extern struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp);
#else
static inline struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp)
{
	return alloc_pages(gfp, 0);
}
#endif

static inline struct page *page_cache_alloc(struct address_space *x)
{
	return __page_cache_alloc(mapping_gfp_mask(x));
}

static inline struct page *page_cache_alloc_cold(struct address_space *x)
{
	return __page_cache_alloc(mapping_gfp_mask(x)|__GFP_COLD);
}

static inline gfp_t readahead_gfp_mask(struct address_space *x)
{
	return mapping_gfp_mask(x) |
				  __GFP_COLD | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN;
}

typedef int filler_t(void *, struct page *);

pgoff_t page_cache_next_hole(struct address_space *mapping,
			     pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan);
pgoff_t page_cache_prev_hole(struct address_space *mapping,
			     pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan);

#define FGP_ACCESSED		0x00000001
#define FGP_LOCK		0x00000002
#define FGP_CREAT		0x00000004
#define FGP_WRITE		0x00000008
#define FGP_NOFS		0x00000010
#define FGP_NOWAIT		0x00000020

struct page *pagecache_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset,
		int fgp_flags, gfp_t cache_gfp_mask);

/**
 * find_get_page - find and get a page reference
 * @mapping: the address_space to search
 * @offset: the page index
 *
 * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset.  If there is a
 * page cache page, it is returned with an increased refcount.
 *
 * Otherwise, %NULL is returned.
 */
static inline struct page *find_get_page(struct address_space *mapping,
					pgoff_t offset)
{
	return pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, 0, 0);
}

static inline struct page *find_get_page_flags(struct address_space *mapping,
					pgoff_t offset, int fgp_flags)
{
	return pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, fgp_flags, 0);
}

/**
 * find_lock_page - locate, pin and lock a pagecache page
 * @mapping: the address_space to search
 * @offset: the page index
 *
 * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset.  If there is a
 * page cache page, it is returned locked and with an increased
 * refcount.
 *
 * Otherwise, %NULL is returned.
 *
 * find_lock_page() may sleep.
 */
static inline struct page *find_lock_page(struct address_space *mapping,
					pgoff_t offset)
{
	return pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, FGP_LOCK, 0);
}

/**
 * find_or_create_page - locate or add a pagecache page
 * @mapping: the page's address_space
 * @index: the page's index into the mapping
 * @gfp_mask: page allocation mode
 *
 * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset.  If there is a
 * page cache page, it is returned locked and with an increased
 * refcount.
 *
 * If the page is not present, a new page is allocated using @gfp_mask
 * and added to the page cache and the VM's LRU list.  The page is
 * returned locked and with an increased refcount.
 *
 * On memory exhaustion, %NULL is returned.
 *
 * find_or_create_page() may sleep, even if @gfp_flags specifies an
 * atomic allocation!
 */
static inline struct page *find_or_create_page(struct address_space *mapping,
					pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
	return pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset,
					FGP_LOCK|FGP_ACCESSED|FGP_CREAT,
					gfp_mask);
}

/**
 * grab_cache_page_nowait - returns locked page at given index in given cache
 * @mapping: target address_space
 * @index: the page index
 *
 * Same as grab_cache_page(), but do not wait if the page is unavailable.
 * This is intended for speculative data generators, where the data can
 * be regenerated if the page couldn't be grabbed.  This routine should
 * be safe to call while holding the lock for another page.
 *
 * Clear __GFP_FS when allocating the page to avoid recursion into the fs
 * and deadlock against the caller's locked page.
 */
static inline struct page *grab_cache_page_nowait(struct address_space *mapping,
				pgoff_t index)
{
	return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index,
			FGP_LOCK|FGP_CREAT|FGP_NOFS|FGP_NOWAIT,
			mapping_gfp_mask(mapping));
}

struct page *find_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset);
struct page *find_lock_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset);
unsigned find_get_entries(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start,
			  unsigned int nr_entries, struct page **entries,
			  pgoff_t *indices);
unsigned find_get_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start,
			pgoff_t end, unsigned int nr_pages,
			struct page **pages);
static inline unsigned find_get_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
			pgoff_t *start, unsigned int nr_pages,
			struct page **pages)
{
	return find_get_pages_range(mapping, start, (pgoff_t)-1, nr_pages,
				    pages);
}
unsigned find_get_pages_contig(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start,
			       unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages);
unsigned find_get_pages_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index,
			int tag, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages);
unsigned find_get_entries_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start,
			int tag, unsigned int nr_entries,
			struct page **entries, pgoff_t *indices);

struct page *grab_cache_page_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping,
			pgoff_t index, unsigned flags);

/*
 * Returns locked page at given index in given cache, creating it if needed.
 */
static inline struct page *grab_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping,
								pgoff_t index)
{
	return find_or_create_page(mapping, index, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping));
}

extern struct page * read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping,
				pgoff_t index, filler_t *filler, void *data);
extern struct page * read_cache_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping,
				pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern int read_cache_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
		struct list_head *pages, filler_t *filler, void *data);

static inline struct page *read_mapping_page(struct address_space *mapping,
				pgoff_t index, void *data)
{
	filler_t *filler = (filler_t *)mapping->a_ops->readpage;
	return read_cache_page(mapping, index, filler, data);
}

/*
 * Get index of the page with in radix-tree
 * (TODO: remove once hugetlb pages will have ->index in PAGE_SIZE)
 */
static inline pgoff_t page_to_index(struct page *page)
{
	pgoff_t pgoff;

	if (likely(!PageTransTail(page)))
		return page->index;

	/*
	 *  We don't initialize ->index for tail pages: calculate based on
	 *  head page
	 */
	pgoff = compound_head(page)->index;
	pgoff += page - compound_head(page);
	return pgoff;
}

/*
 * Get the offset in PAGE_SIZE.
 * (TODO: hugepage should have ->index in PAGE_SIZE)
 */
static inline pgoff_t page_to_pgoff(struct page *page)
{
	if (unlikely(PageHeadHuge(page)))
		return page->index << compound_order(page);

	return page_to_index(page);
}

/*
 * Return byte-offset into filesystem object for page.
 */
static inline loff_t page_offset(struct page *page)
{
	return ((loff_t)page->index) << PAGE_SHIFT;
}

static inline loff_t page_file_offset(struct page *page)
{
	return ((loff_t)page_index(page)) << PAGE_SHIFT;
}

extern pgoff_t linear_hugepage_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				     unsigned long address);

static inline pgoff_t linear_page_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
					unsigned long address)
{
	pgoff_t pgoff;
	if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)))
		return linear_hugepage_index(vma, address);
	pgoff = (address - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
	pgoff += vma->vm_pgoff;
	return pgoff;
}

extern void __lock_page(struct page *page);
extern int __lock_page_killable(struct page *page);
extern int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
				unsigned int flags);
extern void unlock_page(struct page *page);

static inline int trylock_page(struct page *page)
{
	page = compound_head(page);
	return (likely(!test_and_set_bit_lock(PG_locked, &page->flags)));
}

/*
 * lock_page may only be called if we have the page's inode pinned.
 */
static inline void lock_page(struct page *page)
{
	might_sleep();
	if (!trylock_page(page))
		__lock_page(page);
}

/*
 * lock_page_killable is like lock_page but can be interrupted by fatal
 * signals.  It returns 0 if it locked the page and -EINTR if it was
 * killed while waiting.
 */
static inline int lock_page_killable(struct page *page)
{
	might_sleep();
	if (!trylock_page(page))
		return __lock_page_killable(page);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * lock_page_or_retry - Lock the page, unless this would block and the
 * caller indicated that it can handle a retry.
 *
 * Return value and mmap_sem implications depend on flags; see
 * __lock_page_or_retry().
 */
static inline int lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
				     unsigned int flags)
{
	might_sleep();
	return trylock_page(page) || __lock_page_or_retry(page, mm, flags);
}

/*
 * This is exported only for wait_on_page_locked/wait_on_page_writeback, etc.,
 * and should not be used directly.
 */
extern void wait_on_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr);
extern int wait_on_page_bit_killable(struct page *page, int bit_nr);

/* 
 * Wait for a page to be unlocked.
 *
 * This must be called with the caller "holding" the page,
 * ie with increased "page->count" so that the page won't
 * go away during the wait..
 */
static inline void wait_on_page_locked(struct page *page)
{
	if (PageLocked(page))
		wait_on_page_bit(compound_head(page), PG_locked);
}

static inline int wait_on_page_locked_killable(struct page *page)
{
	if (!PageLocked(page))
		return 0;
	return wait_on_page_bit_killable(compound_head(page), PG_locked);
}

/* 
 * Wait for a page to complete writeback
 */
static inline void wait_on_page_writeback(struct page *page)
{
	if (PageWriteback(page))
		wait_on_page_bit(page, PG_writeback);
}

extern void end_page_writeback(struct page *page);
void wait_for_stable_page(struct page *page);

void page_endio(struct page *page, bool is_write, int err);

/*
 * Add an arbitrary waiter to a page's wait queue
 */
extern void add_page_wait_queue(struct page *page, wait_queue_entry_t *waiter);

/*
 * Fault everything in given userspace address range in.
 */
static inline int fault_in_pages_writeable(char __user *uaddr, int size)
{
	char __user *end = uaddr + size - 1;

	if (unlikely(size == 0))
		return 0;

	if (unlikely(uaddr > end))
		return -EFAULT;
	/*
	 * Writing zeroes into userspace here is OK, because we know that if
	 * the zero gets there, we'll be overwriting it.
	 */
	do {
		if (unlikely(__put_user(0, uaddr) != 0))
			return -EFAULT;
		uaddr += PAGE_SIZE;
	} while (uaddr <= end);

	/* Check whether the range spilled into the next page. */
	if (((unsigned long)uaddr & PAGE_MASK) ==
			((unsigned long)end & PAGE_MASK))
		return __put_user(0, end);

	return 0;
}

static inline int fault_in_pages_readable(const char __user *uaddr, int size)
{
	volatile char c;
	const char __user *end = uaddr + size - 1;

	if (unlikely(size == 0))
		return 0;

	if (unlikely(uaddr > end))
		return -EFAULT;

	do {
		if (unlikely(__get_user(c, uaddr) != 0))
			return -EFAULT;
		uaddr += PAGE_SIZE;
	} while (uaddr <= end);

	/* Check whether the range spilled into the next page. */
	if (((unsigned long)uaddr & PAGE_MASK) ==
			((unsigned long)end & PAGE_MASK)) {
		return __get_user(c, end);
	}

	(void)c;
	return 0;
}

int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
				pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask);
int add_to_page_cache_lru(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
				pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern void delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page);
extern void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow);
int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask);

/*
 * Like add_to_page_cache_locked, but used to add newly allocated pages:
 * the page is new, so we can just run __SetPageLocked() against it.
 */
static inline int add_to_page_cache(struct page *page,
		struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
	int error;

	__SetPageLocked(page);
	error = add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask);
	if (unlikely(error))
		__ClearPageLocked(page);
	return error;
}

static inline unsigned long dir_pages(struct inode *inode)
{
	return (unsigned long)(inode->i_size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >>
			       PAGE_SHIFT;
}

#endif /* _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H */