Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
/*
 * The USB Monitor, inspired by Dave Harding's USBMon.
 *
 * mon_main.c: Main file, module initiation and exit, registrations, etc.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2005 Pete Zaitcev (zaitcev@redhat.com)
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/usb/hcd.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

#include "usb_mon.h"


static void mon_stop(struct mon_bus *mbus);
static void mon_dissolve(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct usb_bus *ubus);
static void mon_bus_drop(struct kref *r);
static void mon_bus_init(struct usb_bus *ubus);

DEFINE_MUTEX(mon_lock);

struct mon_bus mon_bus0;		/* Pseudo bus meaning "all buses" */
static LIST_HEAD(mon_buses);		/* All buses we know: struct mon_bus */

/*
 * Link a reader into the bus.
 *
 * This must be called with mon_lock taken because of mbus->ref.
 */
void mon_reader_add(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct mon_reader *r)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct list_head *p;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
	if (mbus->nreaders == 0) {
		if (mbus == &mon_bus0) {
			list_for_each (p, &mon_buses) {
				struct mon_bus *m1;
				m1 = list_entry(p, struct mon_bus, bus_link);
				m1->u_bus->monitored = 1;
			}
		} else {
			mbus->u_bus->monitored = 1;
		}
	}
	mbus->nreaders++;
	list_add_tail(&r->r_link, &mbus->r_list);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);

	kref_get(&mbus->ref);
}

/*
 * Unlink reader from the bus.
 *
 * This is called with mon_lock taken, so we can decrement mbus->ref.
 */
void mon_reader_del(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct mon_reader *r)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
	list_del(&r->r_link);
	--mbus->nreaders;
	if (mbus->nreaders == 0)
		mon_stop(mbus);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);

	kref_put(&mbus->ref, mon_bus_drop);
}

/*
 */
static void mon_bus_submit(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct urb *urb)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct list_head *pos;
	struct mon_reader *r;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
	mbus->cnt_events++;
	list_for_each (pos, &mbus->r_list) {
		r = list_entry(pos, struct mon_reader, r_link);
		r->rnf_submit(r->r_data, urb);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
}

static void mon_submit(struct usb_bus *ubus, struct urb *urb)
{
	struct mon_bus *mbus;

	if ((mbus = ubus->mon_bus) != NULL)
		mon_bus_submit(mbus, urb);
	mon_bus_submit(&mon_bus0, urb);
}

/*
 */
static void mon_bus_submit_error(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct urb *urb, int error)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct list_head *pos;
	struct mon_reader *r;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
	mbus->cnt_events++;
	list_for_each (pos, &mbus->r_list) {
		r = list_entry(pos, struct mon_reader, r_link);
		r->rnf_error(r->r_data, urb, error);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
}

static void mon_submit_error(struct usb_bus *ubus, struct urb *urb, int error)
{
	struct mon_bus *mbus;

	if ((mbus = ubus->mon_bus) != NULL)
		mon_bus_submit_error(mbus, urb, error);
	mon_bus_submit_error(&mon_bus0, urb, error);
}

/*
 */
static void mon_bus_complete(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct urb *urb, int status)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct list_head *pos;
	struct mon_reader *r;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
	mbus->cnt_events++;
	list_for_each (pos, &mbus->r_list) {
		r = list_entry(pos, struct mon_reader, r_link);
		r->rnf_complete(r->r_data, urb, status);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
}

static void mon_complete(struct usb_bus *ubus, struct urb *urb, int status)
{
	struct mon_bus *mbus;

	if ((mbus = ubus->mon_bus) != NULL)
		mon_bus_complete(mbus, urb, status);
	mon_bus_complete(&mon_bus0, urb, status);
}

/* int (*unlink_urb) (struct urb *urb, int status); */

/*
 * Stop monitoring.
 */
static void mon_stop(struct mon_bus *mbus)
{
	struct usb_bus *ubus;
	struct list_head *p;

	if (mbus == &mon_bus0) {
		list_for_each (p, &mon_buses) {
			mbus = list_entry(p, struct mon_bus, bus_link);
			/*
			 * We do not change nreaders here, so rely on mon_lock.
			 */
			if (mbus->nreaders == 0 && (ubus = mbus->u_bus) != NULL)
				ubus->monitored = 0;
		}
	} else {
		/*
		 * A stop can be called for a dissolved mon_bus in case of
		 * a reader staying across an rmmod foo_hcd, so test ->u_bus.
		 */
		if (mon_bus0.nreaders == 0 && (ubus = mbus->u_bus) != NULL) {
			ubus->monitored = 0;
			mb();
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Add a USB bus (usually by a modprobe foo-hcd)
 *
 * This does not return an error code because the core cannot care less
 * if monitoring is not established.
 */
static void mon_bus_add(struct usb_bus *ubus)
{
	mon_bus_init(ubus);
	mutex_lock(&mon_lock);
	if (mon_bus0.nreaders != 0)
		ubus->monitored = 1;
	mutex_unlock(&mon_lock);
}

/*
 * Remove a USB bus (either from rmmod foo-hcd or from a hot-remove event).
 */
static void mon_bus_remove(struct usb_bus *ubus)
{
	struct mon_bus *mbus = ubus->mon_bus;

	mutex_lock(&mon_lock);
	list_del(&mbus->bus_link);
	if (mbus->text_inited)
		mon_text_del(mbus);
	if (mbus->bin_inited)
		mon_bin_del(mbus);

	mon_dissolve(mbus, ubus);
	kref_put(&mbus->ref, mon_bus_drop);
	mutex_unlock(&mon_lock);
}

static int mon_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long action,
		      void *dev)
{
	switch (action) {
	case USB_BUS_ADD:
		mon_bus_add(dev);
		break;
	case USB_BUS_REMOVE:
		mon_bus_remove(dev);
	}
	return NOTIFY_OK;
}

static struct notifier_block mon_nb = {
	.notifier_call = 	mon_notify,
};

/*
 * Ops
 */
static struct usb_mon_operations mon_ops_0 = {
	.urb_submit =	mon_submit,
	.urb_submit_error = mon_submit_error,
	.urb_complete =	mon_complete,
};

/*
 * Tear usb_bus and mon_bus apart.
 */
static void mon_dissolve(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct usb_bus *ubus)
{

	if (ubus->monitored) {
		ubus->monitored = 0;
		mb();
	}

	ubus->mon_bus = NULL;
	mbus->u_bus = NULL;
	mb();

	/* We want synchronize_irq() here, but that needs an argument. */
}

/*
 */
static void mon_bus_drop(struct kref *r)
{
	struct mon_bus *mbus = container_of(r, struct mon_bus, ref);
	kfree(mbus);
}

/*
 * Initialize a bus for us:
 *  - allocate mon_bus
 *  - refcount USB bus struct
 *  - link
 */
static void mon_bus_init(struct usb_bus *ubus)
{
	struct mon_bus *mbus;

	if ((mbus = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mon_bus), GFP_KERNEL)) == NULL)
		goto err_alloc;
	kref_init(&mbus->ref);
	spin_lock_init(&mbus->lock);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mbus->r_list);

	/*
	 * We don't need to take a reference to ubus, because we receive
	 * a notification if the bus is about to be removed.
	 */
	mbus->u_bus = ubus;
	ubus->mon_bus = mbus;

	mbus->text_inited = mon_text_add(mbus, ubus);
	mbus->bin_inited = mon_bin_add(mbus, ubus);

	mutex_lock(&mon_lock);
	list_add_tail(&mbus->bus_link, &mon_buses);
	mutex_unlock(&mon_lock);
	return;

err_alloc:
	return;
}

static void mon_bus0_init(void)
{
	struct mon_bus *mbus = &mon_bus0;

	kref_init(&mbus->ref);
	spin_lock_init(&mbus->lock);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mbus->r_list);

	mbus->text_inited = mon_text_add(mbus, NULL);
	mbus->bin_inited = mon_bin_add(mbus, NULL);
}

/*
 * Search a USB bus by number. Notice that USB bus numbers start from one,
 * which we may later use to identify "all" with zero.
 *
 * This function must be called with mon_lock held.
 *
 * This is obviously inefficient and may be revised in the future.
 */
struct mon_bus *mon_bus_lookup(unsigned int num)
{
	struct list_head *p;
	struct mon_bus *mbus;

	if (num == 0) {
		return &mon_bus0;
	}
	list_for_each (p, &mon_buses) {
		mbus = list_entry(p, struct mon_bus, bus_link);
		if (mbus->u_bus->busnum == num) {
			return mbus;
		}
	}
	return NULL;
}

static int __init mon_init(void)
{
	struct usb_bus *ubus;
	int rc;

	if ((rc = mon_text_init()) != 0)
		goto err_text;
	if ((rc = mon_bin_init()) != 0)
		goto err_bin;

	mon_bus0_init();

	if (usb_mon_register(&mon_ops_0) != 0) {
		printk(KERN_NOTICE TAG ": unable to register with the core\n");
		rc = -ENODEV;
		goto err_reg;
	}
	// MOD_INC_USE_COUNT(which_module?);

	mutex_lock(&usb_bus_list_lock);
	list_for_each_entry (ubus, &usb_bus_list, bus_list) {
		mon_bus_init(ubus);
	}
	usb_register_notify(&mon_nb);
	mutex_unlock(&usb_bus_list_lock);
	return 0;

err_reg:
	mon_bin_exit();
err_bin:
	mon_text_exit();
err_text:
	return rc;
}

static void __exit mon_exit(void)
{
	struct mon_bus *mbus;
	struct list_head *p;

	usb_unregister_notify(&mon_nb);
	usb_mon_deregister();

	mutex_lock(&mon_lock);

	while (!list_empty(&mon_buses)) {
		p = mon_buses.next;
		mbus = list_entry(p, struct mon_bus, bus_link);
		list_del(p);

		if (mbus->text_inited)
			mon_text_del(mbus);
		if (mbus->bin_inited)
			mon_bin_del(mbus);

		/*
		 * This never happens, because the open/close paths in
		 * file level maintain module use counters and so rmmod fails
		 * before reaching here. However, better be safe...
		 */
		if (mbus->nreaders) {
			printk(KERN_ERR TAG
			    ": Outstanding opens (%d) on usb%d, leaking...\n",
			    mbus->nreaders, mbus->u_bus->busnum);
			atomic_set(&mbus->ref.refcount, 2);	/* Force leak */
		}

		mon_dissolve(mbus, mbus->u_bus);
		kref_put(&mbus->ref, mon_bus_drop);
	}

	mbus = &mon_bus0;
	if (mbus->text_inited)
		mon_text_del(mbus);
	if (mbus->bin_inited)
		mon_bin_del(mbus);

	mutex_unlock(&mon_lock);

	mon_text_exit();
	mon_bin_exit();
}

module_init(mon_init);
module_exit(mon_exit);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");