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/*******************************************************************************
 * Filename:  target_core_file.c
 *
 * This file contains the Storage Engine <-> FILEIO transport specific functions
 *
 * (c) Copyright 2005-2012 RisingTide Systems LLC.
 *
 * Nicholas A. Bellinger <nab@kernel.org>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/parser.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <scsi/scsi.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_host.h>

#include <target/target_core_base.h>
#include <target/target_core_backend.h>

#include "target_core_file.h"

static inline struct fd_dev *FD_DEV(struct se_device *dev)
{
	return container_of(dev, struct fd_dev, dev);
}

/*	fd_attach_hba(): (Part of se_subsystem_api_t template)
 *
 *
 */
static int fd_attach_hba(struct se_hba *hba, u32 host_id)
{
	struct fd_host *fd_host;

	fd_host = kzalloc(sizeof(struct fd_host), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!fd_host) {
		pr_err("Unable to allocate memory for struct fd_host\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	fd_host->fd_host_id = host_id;

	hba->hba_ptr = fd_host;

	pr_debug("CORE_HBA[%d] - TCM FILEIO HBA Driver %s on Generic"
		" Target Core Stack %s\n", hba->hba_id, FD_VERSION,
		TARGET_CORE_MOD_VERSION);
	pr_debug("CORE_HBA[%d] - Attached FILEIO HBA: %u to Generic"
		" MaxSectors: %u\n",
		hba->hba_id, fd_host->fd_host_id, FD_MAX_SECTORS);

	return 0;
}

static void fd_detach_hba(struct se_hba *hba)
{
	struct fd_host *fd_host = hba->hba_ptr;

	pr_debug("CORE_HBA[%d] - Detached FILEIO HBA: %u from Generic"
		" Target Core\n", hba->hba_id, fd_host->fd_host_id);

	kfree(fd_host);
	hba->hba_ptr = NULL;
}

static struct se_device *fd_alloc_device(struct se_hba *hba, const char *name)
{
	struct fd_dev *fd_dev;
	struct fd_host *fd_host = hba->hba_ptr;

	fd_dev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct fd_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!fd_dev) {
		pr_err("Unable to allocate memory for struct fd_dev\n");
		return NULL;
	}

	fd_dev->fd_host = fd_host;

	pr_debug("FILEIO: Allocated fd_dev for %p\n", name);

	return &fd_dev->dev;
}

static int fd_configure_device(struct se_device *dev)
{
	struct fd_dev *fd_dev = FD_DEV(dev);
	struct fd_host *fd_host = dev->se_hba->hba_ptr;
	struct file *file;
	struct inode *inode = NULL;
	int flags, ret = -EINVAL;

	if (!(fd_dev->fbd_flags & FBDF_HAS_PATH)) {
		pr_err("Missing fd_dev_name=\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/*
	 * Use O_DSYNC by default instead of O_SYNC to forgo syncing
	 * of pure timestamp updates.
	 */
	flags = O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_LARGEFILE | O_DSYNC;

	/*
	 * Optionally allow fd_buffered_io=1 to be enabled for people
	 * who want use the fs buffer cache as an WriteCache mechanism.
	 *
	 * This means that in event of a hard failure, there is a risk
	 * of silent data-loss if the SCSI client has *not* performed a
	 * forced unit access (FUA) write, or issued SYNCHRONIZE_CACHE
	 * to write-out the entire device cache.
	 */
	if (fd_dev->fbd_flags & FDBD_HAS_BUFFERED_IO_WCE) {
		pr_debug("FILEIO: Disabling O_DSYNC, using buffered FILEIO\n");
		flags &= ~O_DSYNC;
	}

	file = filp_open(fd_dev->fd_dev_name, flags, 0600);
	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
		pr_err("filp_open(%s) failed\n", fd_dev->fd_dev_name);
		ret = PTR_ERR(file);
		goto fail;
	}
	fd_dev->fd_file = file;
	/*
	 * If using a block backend with this struct file, we extract
	 * fd_dev->fd_[block,dev]_size from struct block_device.
	 *
	 * Otherwise, we use the passed fd_size= from configfs
	 */
	inode = file->f_mapping->host;
	if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
		struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(inode->i_bdev);
		unsigned long long dev_size;

		dev->dev_attrib.hw_block_size =
			bdev_logical_block_size(inode->i_bdev);
		dev->dev_attrib.hw_max_sectors = queue_max_hw_sectors(q);

		/*
		 * Determine the number of bytes from i_size_read() minus
		 * one (1) logical sector from underlying struct block_device
		 */
		dev_size = (i_size_read(file->f_mapping->host) -
				       fd_dev->fd_block_size);

		pr_debug("FILEIO: Using size: %llu bytes from struct"
			" block_device blocks: %llu logical_block_size: %d\n",
			dev_size, div_u64(dev_size, fd_dev->fd_block_size),
			fd_dev->fd_block_size);
	} else {
		if (!(fd_dev->fbd_flags & FBDF_HAS_SIZE)) {
			pr_err("FILEIO: Missing fd_dev_size="
				" parameter, and no backing struct"
				" block_device\n");
			goto fail;
		}

		dev->dev_attrib.hw_block_size = FD_BLOCKSIZE;
		dev->dev_attrib.hw_max_sectors = FD_MAX_SECTORS;
	}

	fd_dev->fd_block_size = dev->dev_attrib.hw_block_size;

	dev->dev_attrib.hw_queue_depth = FD_MAX_DEVICE_QUEUE_DEPTH;

	if (fd_dev->fbd_flags & FDBD_HAS_BUFFERED_IO_WCE) {
		pr_debug("FILEIO: Forcing setting of emulate_write_cache=1"
			" with FDBD_HAS_BUFFERED_IO_WCE\n");
		dev->dev_attrib.emulate_write_cache = 1;
	}

	fd_dev->fd_dev_id = fd_host->fd_host_dev_id_count++;
	fd_dev->fd_queue_depth = dev->queue_depth;

	pr_debug("CORE_FILE[%u] - Added TCM FILEIO Device ID: %u at %s,"
		" %llu total bytes\n", fd_host->fd_host_id, fd_dev->fd_dev_id,
			fd_dev->fd_dev_name, fd_dev->fd_dev_size);

	return 0;
fail:
	if (fd_dev->fd_file) {
		filp_close(fd_dev->fd_file, NULL);
		fd_dev->fd_file = NULL;
	}
	return ret;
}

static void fd_free_device(struct se_device *dev)
{
	struct fd_dev *fd_dev = FD_DEV(dev);

	if (fd_dev->fd_file) {
		filp_close(fd_dev->fd_file, NULL);
		fd_dev->fd_file = NULL;
	}

	kfree(fd_dev);
}

static int fd_do_rw(struct se_cmd *cmd, struct scatterlist *sgl,
		u32 sgl_nents, int is_write)
{
	struct se_device *se_dev = cmd->se_dev;
	struct fd_dev *dev = FD_DEV(se_dev);
	struct file *fd = dev->fd_file;
	struct scatterlist *sg;
	struct iovec *iov;
	mm_segment_t old_fs;
	loff_t pos = (cmd->t_task_lba * se_dev->dev_attrib.block_size);
	int ret = 0, i;

	iov = kzalloc(sizeof(struct iovec) * sgl_nents, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!iov) {
		pr_err("Unable to allocate fd_do_readv iov[]\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	for_each_sg(sgl, sg, sgl_nents, i) {
		iov[i].iov_len = sg->length;
		iov[i].iov_base = kmap(sg_page(sg)) + sg->offset;
	}

	old_fs = get_fs();
	set_fs(get_ds());

	if (is_write)
		ret = vfs_writev(fd, &iov[0], sgl_nents, &pos);
	else
		ret = vfs_readv(fd, &iov[0], sgl_nents, &pos);

	set_fs(old_fs);

	for_each_sg(sgl, sg, sgl_nents, i)
		kunmap(sg_page(sg));

	kfree(iov);

	if (is_write) {
		if (ret < 0 || ret != cmd->data_length) {
			pr_err("%s() write returned %d\n", __func__, ret);
			return (ret < 0 ? ret : -EINVAL);
		}
	} else {
		/*
		 * Return zeros and GOOD status even if the READ did not return
		 * the expected virt_size for struct file w/o a backing struct
		 * block_device.
		 */
		if (S_ISBLK(fd->f_dentry->d_inode->i_mode)) {
			if (ret < 0 || ret != cmd->data_length) {
				pr_err("%s() returned %d, expecting %u for "
						"S_ISBLK\n", __func__, ret,
						cmd->data_length);
				return (ret < 0 ? ret : -EINVAL);
			}
		} else {
			if (ret < 0) {
				pr_err("%s() returned %d for non S_ISBLK\n",
						__func__, ret);
				return ret;
			}
		}
	}
	return 1;
}

static sense_reason_t
fd_execute_sync_cache(struct se_cmd *cmd)
{
	struct se_device *dev = cmd->se_dev;
	struct fd_dev *fd_dev = FD_DEV(dev);
	int immed = (cmd->t_task_cdb[1] & 0x2);
	loff_t start, end;
	int ret;

	/*
	 * If the Immediate bit is set, queue up the GOOD response
	 * for this SYNCHRONIZE_CACHE op
	 */
	if (immed)
		target_complete_cmd(cmd, SAM_STAT_GOOD);

	/*
	 * Determine if we will be flushing the entire device.
	 */
	if (cmd->t_task_lba == 0 && cmd->data_length == 0) {
		start = 0;
		end = LLONG_MAX;
	} else {
		start = cmd->t_task_lba * dev->dev_attrib.block_size;
		if (cmd->data_length)
			end = start + cmd->data_length;
		else
			end = LLONG_MAX;
	}

	ret = vfs_fsync_range(fd_dev->fd_file, start, end, 1);
	if (ret != 0)
		pr_err("FILEIO: vfs_fsync_range() failed: %d\n", ret);

	if (immed)
		return 0;

	if (ret)
		target_complete_cmd(cmd, SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION);
	else
		target_complete_cmd(cmd, SAM_STAT_GOOD);

	return 0;
}

static sense_reason_t
fd_execute_rw(struct se_cmd *cmd)
{
	struct scatterlist *sgl = cmd->t_data_sg;
	u32 sgl_nents = cmd->t_data_nents;
	enum dma_data_direction data_direction = cmd->data_direction;
	struct se_device *dev = cmd->se_dev;
	int ret = 0;

	/*
	 * Call vectorized fileio functions to map struct scatterlist
	 * physical memory addresses to struct iovec virtual memory.
	 */
	if (data_direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) {
		ret = fd_do_rw(cmd, sgl, sgl_nents, 0);
	} else {
		ret = fd_do_rw(cmd, sgl, sgl_nents, 1);
		/*
		 * Perform implict vfs_fsync_range() for fd_do_writev() ops
		 * for SCSI WRITEs with Forced Unit Access (FUA) set.
		 * Allow this to happen independent of WCE=0 setting.
		 */
		if (ret > 0 &&
		    dev->dev_attrib.emulate_fua_write > 0 &&
		    (cmd->se_cmd_flags & SCF_FUA)) {
			struct fd_dev *fd_dev = FD_DEV(dev);
			loff_t start = cmd->t_task_lba *
				dev->dev_attrib.block_size;
			loff_t end = start + cmd->data_length;

			vfs_fsync_range(fd_dev->fd_file, start, end, 1);
		}
	}

	if (ret < 0)
		return TCM_LOGICAL_UNIT_COMMUNICATION_FAILURE;

	if (ret)
		target_complete_cmd(cmd, SAM_STAT_GOOD);
	return 0;
}

enum {
	Opt_fd_dev_name, Opt_fd_dev_size, Opt_fd_buffered_io, Opt_err
};

static match_table_t tokens = {
	{Opt_fd_dev_name, "fd_dev_name=%s"},
	{Opt_fd_dev_size, "fd_dev_size=%s"},
	{Opt_fd_buffered_io, "fd_buffered_io=%d"},
	{Opt_err, NULL}
};

static ssize_t fd_set_configfs_dev_params(struct se_device *dev,
		const char *page, ssize_t count)
{
	struct fd_dev *fd_dev = FD_DEV(dev);
	char *orig, *ptr, *arg_p, *opts;
	substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS];
	int ret = 0, arg, token;

	opts = kstrdup(page, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!opts)
		return -ENOMEM;

	orig = opts;

	while ((ptr = strsep(&opts, ",\n")) != NULL) {
		if (!*ptr)
			continue;

		token = match_token(ptr, tokens, args);
		switch (token) {
		case Opt_fd_dev_name:
			if (match_strlcpy(fd_dev->fd_dev_name, &args[0],
				FD_MAX_DEV_NAME) == 0) {
				ret = -EINVAL;
				break;
			}
			pr_debug("FILEIO: Referencing Path: %s\n",
					fd_dev->fd_dev_name);
			fd_dev->fbd_flags |= FBDF_HAS_PATH;
			break;
		case Opt_fd_dev_size:
			arg_p = match_strdup(&args[0]);
			if (!arg_p) {
				ret = -ENOMEM;
				break;
			}
			ret = strict_strtoull(arg_p, 0, &fd_dev->fd_dev_size);
			kfree(arg_p);
			if (ret < 0) {
				pr_err("strict_strtoull() failed for"
						" fd_dev_size=\n");
				goto out;
			}
			pr_debug("FILEIO: Referencing Size: %llu"
					" bytes\n", fd_dev->fd_dev_size);
			fd_dev->fbd_flags |= FBDF_HAS_SIZE;
			break;
		case Opt_fd_buffered_io:
			match_int(args, &arg);
			if (arg != 1) {
				pr_err("bogus fd_buffered_io=%d value\n", arg);
				ret = -EINVAL;
				goto out;
			}

			pr_debug("FILEIO: Using buffered I/O"
				" operations for struct fd_dev\n");

			fd_dev->fbd_flags |= FDBD_HAS_BUFFERED_IO_WCE;
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}

out:
	kfree(orig);
	return (!ret) ? count : ret;
}

static ssize_t fd_show_configfs_dev_params(struct se_device *dev, char *b)
{
	struct fd_dev *fd_dev = FD_DEV(dev);
	ssize_t bl = 0;

	bl = sprintf(b + bl, "TCM FILEIO ID: %u", fd_dev->fd_dev_id);
	bl += sprintf(b + bl, "        File: %s  Size: %llu  Mode: %s\n",
		fd_dev->fd_dev_name, fd_dev->fd_dev_size,
		(fd_dev->fbd_flags & FDBD_HAS_BUFFERED_IO_WCE) ?
		"Buffered-WCE" : "O_DSYNC");
	return bl;
}

static sector_t fd_get_blocks(struct se_device *dev)
{
	struct fd_dev *fd_dev = FD_DEV(dev);
	struct file *f = fd_dev->fd_file;
	struct inode *i = f->f_mapping->host;
	unsigned long long dev_size;
	/*
	 * When using a file that references an underlying struct block_device,
	 * ensure dev_size is always based on the current inode size in order
	 * to handle underlying block_device resize operations.
	 */
	if (S_ISBLK(i->i_mode))
		dev_size = (i_size_read(i) - fd_dev->fd_block_size);
	else
		dev_size = fd_dev->fd_dev_size;

	return div_u64(dev_size, dev->dev_attrib.block_size);
}

static struct sbc_ops fd_sbc_ops = {
	.execute_rw		= fd_execute_rw,
	.execute_sync_cache	= fd_execute_sync_cache,
};

static sense_reason_t
fd_parse_cdb(struct se_cmd *cmd)
{
	return sbc_parse_cdb(cmd, &fd_sbc_ops);
}

static struct se_subsystem_api fileio_template = {
	.name			= "fileio",
	.inquiry_prod		= "FILEIO",
	.inquiry_rev		= FD_VERSION,
	.owner			= THIS_MODULE,
	.transport_type		= TRANSPORT_PLUGIN_VHBA_PDEV,
	.attach_hba		= fd_attach_hba,
	.detach_hba		= fd_detach_hba,
	.alloc_device		= fd_alloc_device,
	.configure_device	= fd_configure_device,
	.free_device		= fd_free_device,
	.parse_cdb		= fd_parse_cdb,
	.set_configfs_dev_params = fd_set_configfs_dev_params,
	.show_configfs_dev_params = fd_show_configfs_dev_params,
	.get_device_type	= sbc_get_device_type,
	.get_blocks		= fd_get_blocks,
};

static int __init fileio_module_init(void)
{
	return transport_subsystem_register(&fileio_template);
}

static void fileio_module_exit(void)
{
	transport_subsystem_release(&fileio_template);
}

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("TCM FILEIO subsystem plugin");
MODULE_AUTHOR("nab@Linux-iSCSI.org");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

module_init(fileio_module_init);
module_exit(fileio_module_exit);