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Elixir Cross Referencer

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/******************************************************************************
 * xen.h
 *
 * Guest OS interface to Xen.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2004, K A Fraser
 */

#ifndef __XEN_PUBLIC_XEN_H__
#define __XEN_PUBLIC_XEN_H__

#include <asm/xen/interface.h>
#include <asm/pvclock-abi.h>

/*
 * XEN "SYSTEM CALLS" (a.k.a. HYPERCALLS).
 */

/*
 * x86_32: EAX = vector; EBX, ECX, EDX, ESI, EDI = args 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
 *         EAX = return value
 *         (argument registers may be clobbered on return)
 * x86_64: RAX = vector; RDI, RSI, RDX, R10, R8, R9 = args 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
 *         RAX = return value
 *         (argument registers not clobbered on return; RCX, R11 are)
 */
#define __HYPERVISOR_set_trap_table        0
#define __HYPERVISOR_mmu_update            1
#define __HYPERVISOR_set_gdt               2
#define __HYPERVISOR_stack_switch          3
#define __HYPERVISOR_set_callbacks         4
#define __HYPERVISOR_fpu_taskswitch        5
#define __HYPERVISOR_sched_op_compat       6
#define __HYPERVISOR_dom0_op               7
#define __HYPERVISOR_set_debugreg          8
#define __HYPERVISOR_get_debugreg          9
#define __HYPERVISOR_update_descriptor    10
#define __HYPERVISOR_memory_op            12
#define __HYPERVISOR_multicall            13
#define __HYPERVISOR_update_va_mapping    14
#define __HYPERVISOR_set_timer_op         15
#define __HYPERVISOR_event_channel_op_compat 16
#define __HYPERVISOR_xen_version          17
#define __HYPERVISOR_console_io           18
#define __HYPERVISOR_physdev_op_compat    19
#define __HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op       20
#define __HYPERVISOR_vm_assist            21
#define __HYPERVISOR_update_va_mapping_otherdomain 22
#define __HYPERVISOR_iret                 23 /* x86 only */
#define __HYPERVISOR_vcpu_op              24
#define __HYPERVISOR_set_segment_base     25 /* x86/64 only */
#define __HYPERVISOR_mmuext_op            26
#define __HYPERVISOR_acm_op               27
#define __HYPERVISOR_nmi_op               28
#define __HYPERVISOR_sched_op             29
#define __HYPERVISOR_callback_op          30
#define __HYPERVISOR_xenoprof_op          31
#define __HYPERVISOR_event_channel_op     32
#define __HYPERVISOR_physdev_op           33
#define __HYPERVISOR_hvm_op               34
#define __HYPERVISOR_tmem_op              38

/* Architecture-specific hypercall definitions. */
#define __HYPERVISOR_arch_0               48
#define __HYPERVISOR_arch_1               49
#define __HYPERVISOR_arch_2               50
#define __HYPERVISOR_arch_3               51
#define __HYPERVISOR_arch_4               52
#define __HYPERVISOR_arch_5               53
#define __HYPERVISOR_arch_6               54
#define __HYPERVISOR_arch_7               55

/*
 * VIRTUAL INTERRUPTS
 *
 * Virtual interrupts that a guest OS may receive from Xen.
 */
#define VIRQ_TIMER      0  /* Timebase update, and/or requested timeout.  */
#define VIRQ_DEBUG      1  /* Request guest to dump debug info.           */
#define VIRQ_CONSOLE    2  /* (DOM0) Bytes received on emergency console. */
#define VIRQ_DOM_EXC    3  /* (DOM0) Exceptional event for some domain.   */
#define VIRQ_DEBUGGER   6  /* (DOM0) A domain has paused for debugging.   */

/* Architecture-specific VIRQ definitions. */
#define VIRQ_ARCH_0    16
#define VIRQ_ARCH_1    17
#define VIRQ_ARCH_2    18
#define VIRQ_ARCH_3    19
#define VIRQ_ARCH_4    20
#define VIRQ_ARCH_5    21
#define VIRQ_ARCH_6    22
#define VIRQ_ARCH_7    23

#define NR_VIRQS       24
/*
 * MMU-UPDATE REQUESTS
 *
 * HYPERVISOR_mmu_update() accepts a list of (ptr, val) pairs.
 * A foreigndom (FD) can be specified (or DOMID_SELF for none).
 * Where the FD has some effect, it is described below.
 * ptr[1:0] specifies the appropriate MMU_* command.
 *
 * ptr[1:0] == MMU_NORMAL_PT_UPDATE:
 * Updates an entry in a page table. If updating an L1 table, and the new
 * table entry is valid/present, the mapped frame must belong to the FD, if
 * an FD has been specified. If attempting to map an I/O page then the
 * caller assumes the privilege of the FD.
 * FD == DOMID_IO: Permit /only/ I/O mappings, at the priv level of the caller.
 * FD == DOMID_XEN: Map restricted areas of Xen's heap space.
 * ptr[:2]  -- Machine address of the page-table entry to modify.
 * val      -- Value to write.
 *
 * ptr[1:0] == MMU_MACHPHYS_UPDATE:
 * Updates an entry in the machine->pseudo-physical mapping table.
 * ptr[:2]  -- Machine address within the frame whose mapping to modify.
 *             The frame must belong to the FD, if one is specified.
 * val      -- Value to write into the mapping entry.
 *
 * ptr[1:0] == MMU_PT_UPDATE_PRESERVE_AD:
 * As MMU_NORMAL_PT_UPDATE above, but A/D bits currently in the PTE are ORed
 * with those in @val.
 */
#define MMU_NORMAL_PT_UPDATE      0 /* checked '*ptr = val'. ptr is MA.       */
#define MMU_MACHPHYS_UPDATE       1 /* ptr = MA of frame to modify entry for  */
#define MMU_PT_UPDATE_PRESERVE_AD 2 /* atomically: *ptr = val | (*ptr&(A|D)) */

/*
 * MMU EXTENDED OPERATIONS
 *
 * HYPERVISOR_mmuext_op() accepts a list of mmuext_op structures.
 * A foreigndom (FD) can be specified (or DOMID_SELF for none).
 * Where the FD has some effect, it is described below.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_(UN)PIN_*_TABLE
 * mfn: Machine frame number to be (un)pinned as a p.t. page.
 *      The frame must belong to the FD, if one is specified.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_NEW_BASEPTR
 * mfn: Machine frame number of new page-table base to install in MMU.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_NEW_USER_BASEPTR [x86/64 only]
 * mfn: Machine frame number of new page-table base to install in MMU
 *      when in user space.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_TLB_FLUSH_LOCAL
 * No additional arguments. Flushes local TLB.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_INVLPG_LOCAL
 * linear_addr: Linear address to be flushed from the local TLB.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_TLB_FLUSH_MULTI
 * vcpumask: Pointer to bitmap of VCPUs to be flushed.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_INVLPG_MULTI
 * linear_addr: Linear address to be flushed.
 * vcpumask: Pointer to bitmap of VCPUs to be flushed.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_TLB_FLUSH_ALL
 * No additional arguments. Flushes all VCPUs' TLBs.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_INVLPG_ALL
 * linear_addr: Linear address to be flushed from all VCPUs' TLBs.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_FLUSH_CACHE
 * No additional arguments. Writes back and flushes cache contents.
 *
 * cmd: MMUEXT_SET_LDT
 * linear_addr: Linear address of LDT base (NB. must be page-aligned).
 * nr_ents: Number of entries in LDT.
 */
#define MMUEXT_PIN_L1_TABLE      0
#define MMUEXT_PIN_L2_TABLE      1
#define MMUEXT_PIN_L3_TABLE      2
#define MMUEXT_PIN_L4_TABLE      3
#define MMUEXT_UNPIN_TABLE       4
#define MMUEXT_NEW_BASEPTR       5
#define MMUEXT_TLB_FLUSH_LOCAL   6
#define MMUEXT_INVLPG_LOCAL      7
#define MMUEXT_TLB_FLUSH_MULTI   8
#define MMUEXT_INVLPG_MULTI      9
#define MMUEXT_TLB_FLUSH_ALL    10
#define MMUEXT_INVLPG_ALL       11
#define MMUEXT_FLUSH_CACHE      12
#define MMUEXT_SET_LDT          13
#define MMUEXT_NEW_USER_BASEPTR 15

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
struct mmuext_op {
	unsigned int cmd;
	union {
		/* [UN]PIN_TABLE, NEW_BASEPTR, NEW_USER_BASEPTR */
		unsigned long mfn;
		/* INVLPG_LOCAL, INVLPG_ALL, SET_LDT */
		unsigned long linear_addr;
	} arg1;
	union {
		/* SET_LDT */
		unsigned int nr_ents;
		/* TLB_FLUSH_MULTI, INVLPG_MULTI */
		void *vcpumask;
	} arg2;
};
DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(mmuext_op);
#endif

/* These are passed as 'flags' to update_va_mapping. They can be ORed. */
/* When specifying UVMF_MULTI, also OR in a pointer to a CPU bitmap.   */
/* UVMF_LOCAL is merely UVMF_MULTI with a NULL bitmap pointer.         */
#define UVMF_NONE               (0UL<<0) /* No flushing at all.   */
#define UVMF_TLB_FLUSH          (1UL<<0) /* Flush entire TLB(s).  */
#define UVMF_INVLPG             (2UL<<0) /* Flush only one entry. */
#define UVMF_FLUSHTYPE_MASK     (3UL<<0)
#define UVMF_MULTI              (0UL<<2) /* Flush subset of TLBs. */
#define UVMF_LOCAL              (0UL<<2) /* Flush local TLB.      */
#define UVMF_ALL                (1UL<<2) /* Flush all TLBs.       */

/*
 * Commands to HYPERVISOR_console_io().
 */
#define CONSOLEIO_write         0
#define CONSOLEIO_read          1

/*
 * Commands to HYPERVISOR_vm_assist().
 */
#define VMASST_CMD_enable                0
#define VMASST_CMD_disable               1
#define VMASST_TYPE_4gb_segments         0
#define VMASST_TYPE_4gb_segments_notify  1
#define VMASST_TYPE_writable_pagetables  2
#define VMASST_TYPE_pae_extended_cr3     3
#define MAX_VMASST_TYPE 3

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

typedef uint16_t domid_t;

/* Domain ids >= DOMID_FIRST_RESERVED cannot be used for ordinary domains. */
#define DOMID_FIRST_RESERVED (0x7FF0U)

/* DOMID_SELF is used in certain contexts to refer to oneself. */
#define DOMID_SELF (0x7FF0U)

/*
 * DOMID_IO is used to restrict page-table updates to mapping I/O memory.
 * Although no Foreign Domain need be specified to map I/O pages, DOMID_IO
 * is useful to ensure that no mappings to the OS's own heap are accidentally
 * installed. (e.g., in Linux this could cause havoc as reference counts
 * aren't adjusted on the I/O-mapping code path).
 * This only makes sense in MMUEXT_SET_FOREIGNDOM, but in that context can
 * be specified by any calling domain.
 */
#define DOMID_IO   (0x7FF1U)

/*
 * DOMID_XEN is used to allow privileged domains to map restricted parts of
 * Xen's heap space (e.g., the machine_to_phys table).
 * This only makes sense in MMUEXT_SET_FOREIGNDOM, and is only permitted if
 * the caller is privileged.
 */
#define DOMID_XEN  (0x7FF2U)

/*
 * Send an array of these to HYPERVISOR_mmu_update().
 * NB. The fields are natural pointer/address size for this architecture.
 */
struct mmu_update {
    uint64_t ptr;       /* Machine address of PTE. */
    uint64_t val;       /* New contents of PTE.    */
};
DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(mmu_update);

/*
 * Send an array of these to HYPERVISOR_multicall().
 * NB. The fields are natural register size for this architecture.
 */
struct multicall_entry {
    unsigned long op;
    long result;
    unsigned long args[6];
};
DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(multicall_entry);

/*
 * Event channel endpoints per domain:
 *  1024 if a long is 32 bits; 4096 if a long is 64 bits.
 */
#define NR_EVENT_CHANNELS (sizeof(unsigned long) * sizeof(unsigned long) * 64)

struct vcpu_time_info {
	/*
	 * Updates to the following values are preceded and followed
	 * by an increment of 'version'. The guest can therefore
	 * detect updates by looking for changes to 'version'. If the
	 * least-significant bit of the version number is set then an
	 * update is in progress and the guest must wait to read a
	 * consistent set of values.  The correct way to interact with
	 * the version number is similar to Linux's seqlock: see the
	 * implementations of read_seqbegin/read_seqretry.
	 */
	uint32_t version;
	uint32_t pad0;
	uint64_t tsc_timestamp;   /* TSC at last update of time vals.  */
	uint64_t system_time;     /* Time, in nanosecs, since boot.    */
	/*
	 * Current system time:
	 *   system_time + ((tsc - tsc_timestamp) << tsc_shift) * tsc_to_system_mul
	 * CPU frequency (Hz):
	 *   ((10^9 << 32) / tsc_to_system_mul) >> tsc_shift
	 */
	uint32_t tsc_to_system_mul;
	int8_t   tsc_shift;
	int8_t   pad1[3];
}; /* 32 bytes */

struct vcpu_info {
	/*
	 * 'evtchn_upcall_pending' is written non-zero by Xen to indicate
	 * a pending notification for a particular VCPU. It is then cleared
	 * by the guest OS /before/ checking for pending work, thus avoiding
	 * a set-and-check race. Note that the mask is only accessed by Xen
	 * on the CPU that is currently hosting the VCPU. This means that the
	 * pending and mask flags can be updated by the guest without special
	 * synchronisation (i.e., no need for the x86 LOCK prefix).
	 * This may seem suboptimal because if the pending flag is set by
	 * a different CPU then an IPI may be scheduled even when the mask
	 * is set. However, note:
	 *  1. The task of 'interrupt holdoff' is covered by the per-event-
	 *     channel mask bits. A 'noisy' event that is continually being
	 *     triggered can be masked at source at this very precise
	 *     granularity.
	 *  2. The main purpose of the per-VCPU mask is therefore to restrict
	 *     reentrant execution: whether for concurrency control, or to
	 *     prevent unbounded stack usage. Whatever the purpose, we expect
	 *     that the mask will be asserted only for short periods at a time,
	 *     and so the likelihood of a 'spurious' IPI is suitably small.
	 * The mask is read before making an event upcall to the guest: a
	 * non-zero mask therefore guarantees that the VCPU will not receive
	 * an upcall activation. The mask is cleared when the VCPU requests
	 * to block: this avoids wakeup-waiting races.
	 */
	uint8_t evtchn_upcall_pending;
	uint8_t evtchn_upcall_mask;
	unsigned long evtchn_pending_sel;
	struct arch_vcpu_info arch;
	struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info time;
}; /* 64 bytes (x86) */

/*
 * Xen/kernel shared data -- pointer provided in start_info.
 * NB. We expect that this struct is smaller than a page.
 */
struct shared_info {
	struct vcpu_info vcpu_info[MAX_VIRT_CPUS];

	/*
	 * A domain can create "event channels" on which it can send and receive
	 * asynchronous event notifications. There are three classes of event that
	 * are delivered by this mechanism:
	 *  1. Bi-directional inter- and intra-domain connections. Domains must
	 *     arrange out-of-band to set up a connection (usually by allocating
	 *     an unbound 'listener' port and avertising that via a storage service
	 *     such as xenstore).
	 *  2. Physical interrupts. A domain with suitable hardware-access
	 *     privileges can bind an event-channel port to a physical interrupt
	 *     source.
	 *  3. Virtual interrupts ('events'). A domain can bind an event-channel
	 *     port to a virtual interrupt source, such as the virtual-timer
	 *     device or the emergency console.
	 *
	 * Event channels are addressed by a "port index". Each channel is
	 * associated with two bits of information:
	 *  1. PENDING -- notifies the domain that there is a pending notification
	 *     to be processed. This bit is cleared by the guest.
	 *  2. MASK -- if this bit is clear then a 0->1 transition of PENDING
	 *     will cause an asynchronous upcall to be scheduled. This bit is only
	 *     updated by the guest. It is read-only within Xen. If a channel
	 *     becomes pending while the channel is masked then the 'edge' is lost
	 *     (i.e., when the channel is unmasked, the guest must manually handle
	 *     pending notifications as no upcall will be scheduled by Xen).
	 *
	 * To expedite scanning of pending notifications, any 0->1 pending
	 * transition on an unmasked channel causes a corresponding bit in a
	 * per-vcpu selector word to be set. Each bit in the selector covers a
	 * 'C long' in the PENDING bitfield array.
	 */
	unsigned long evtchn_pending[sizeof(unsigned long) * 8];
	unsigned long evtchn_mask[sizeof(unsigned long) * 8];

	/*
	 * Wallclock time: updated only by control software. Guests should base
	 * their gettimeofday() syscall on this wallclock-base value.
	 */
	struct pvclock_wall_clock wc;

	struct arch_shared_info arch;

};

/*
 * Start-of-day memory layout for the initial domain (DOM0):
 *  1. The domain is started within contiguous virtual-memory region.
 *  2. The contiguous region begins and ends on an aligned 4MB boundary.
 *  3. The region start corresponds to the load address of the OS image.
 *     If the load address is not 4MB aligned then the address is rounded down.
 *  4. This the order of bootstrap elements in the initial virtual region:
 *      a. relocated kernel image
 *      b. initial ram disk              [mod_start, mod_len]
 *      c. list of allocated page frames [mfn_list, nr_pages]
 *      d. start_info_t structure        [register ESI (x86)]
 *      e. bootstrap page tables         [pt_base, CR3 (x86)]
 *      f. bootstrap stack               [register ESP (x86)]
 *  5. Bootstrap elements are packed together, but each is 4kB-aligned.
 *  6. The initial ram disk may be omitted.
 *  7. The list of page frames forms a contiguous 'pseudo-physical' memory
 *     layout for the domain. In particular, the bootstrap virtual-memory
 *     region is a 1:1 mapping to the first section of the pseudo-physical map.
 *  8. All bootstrap elements are mapped read-writable for the guest OS. The
 *     only exception is the bootstrap page table, which is mapped read-only.
 *  9. There is guaranteed to be at least 512kB padding after the final
 *     bootstrap element. If necessary, the bootstrap virtual region is
 *     extended by an extra 4MB to ensure this.
 */

#define MAX_GUEST_CMDLINE 1024
struct start_info {
	/* THE FOLLOWING ARE FILLED IN BOTH ON INITIAL BOOT AND ON RESUME.    */
	char magic[32];             /* "xen-<version>-<platform>".            */
	unsigned long nr_pages;     /* Total pages allocated to this domain.  */
	unsigned long shared_info;  /* MACHINE address of shared info struct. */
	uint32_t flags;             /* SIF_xxx flags.                         */
	unsigned long store_mfn;    /* MACHINE page number of shared page.    */
	uint32_t store_evtchn;      /* Event channel for store communication. */
	union {
		struct {
			unsigned long mfn;  /* MACHINE page number of console page.   */
			uint32_t  evtchn;   /* Event channel for console page.        */
		} domU;
		struct {
			uint32_t info_off;  /* Offset of console_info struct.         */
			uint32_t info_size; /* Size of console_info struct from start.*/
		} dom0;
	} console;
	/* THE FOLLOWING ARE ONLY FILLED IN ON INITIAL BOOT (NOT RESUME).     */
	unsigned long pt_base;      /* VIRTUAL address of page directory.     */
	unsigned long nr_pt_frames; /* Number of bootstrap p.t. frames.       */
	unsigned long mfn_list;     /* VIRTUAL address of page-frame list.    */
	unsigned long mod_start;    /* VIRTUAL address of pre-loaded module.  */
	unsigned long mod_len;      /* Size (bytes) of pre-loaded module.     */
	int8_t cmd_line[MAX_GUEST_CMDLINE];
};

struct dom0_vga_console_info {
	uint8_t video_type;
#define XEN_VGATYPE_TEXT_MODE_3 0x03
#define XEN_VGATYPE_VESA_LFB    0x23

	union {
		struct {
			/* Font height, in pixels. */
			uint16_t font_height;
			/* Cursor location (column, row). */
			uint16_t cursor_x, cursor_y;
			/* Number of rows and columns (dimensions in characters). */
			uint16_t rows, columns;
		} text_mode_3;

		struct {
			/* Width and height, in pixels. */
			uint16_t width, height;
			/* Bytes per scan line. */
			uint16_t bytes_per_line;
			/* Bits per pixel. */
			uint16_t bits_per_pixel;
			/* LFB physical address, and size (in units of 64kB). */
			uint32_t lfb_base;
			uint32_t lfb_size;
			/* RGB mask offsets and sizes, as defined by VBE 1.2+ */
			uint8_t  red_pos, red_size;
			uint8_t  green_pos, green_size;
			uint8_t  blue_pos, blue_size;
			uint8_t  rsvd_pos, rsvd_size;

			/* VESA capabilities (offset 0xa, VESA command 0x4f00). */
			uint32_t gbl_caps;
			/* Mode attributes (offset 0x0, VESA command 0x4f01). */
			uint16_t mode_attrs;
		} vesa_lfb;
	} u;
};

/* These flags are passed in the 'flags' field of start_info_t. */
#define SIF_PRIVILEGED    (1<<0)  /* Is the domain privileged? */
#define SIF_INITDOMAIN    (1<<1)  /* Is this the initial control domain? */
#define SIF_PM_MASK       (0xFF<<8) /* reserve 1 byte for xen-pm options */

typedef uint64_t cpumap_t;

typedef uint8_t xen_domain_handle_t[16];

/* Turn a plain number into a C unsigned long constant. */
#define __mk_unsigned_long(x) x ## UL
#define mk_unsigned_long(x) __mk_unsigned_long(x)

#define TMEM_SPEC_VERSION 1

struct tmem_op {
	uint32_t cmd;
	int32_t pool_id;
	union {
		struct {  /* for cmd == TMEM_NEW_POOL */
			uint64_t uuid[2];
			uint32_t flags;
		} new;
		struct {
			uint64_t oid[3];
			uint32_t index;
			uint32_t tmem_offset;
			uint32_t pfn_offset;
			uint32_t len;
			GUEST_HANDLE(void) gmfn; /* guest machine page frame */
		} gen;
	} u;
};

DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE(u64);

#else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

/* In assembly code we cannot use C numeric constant suffixes. */
#define mk_unsigned_long(x) x

#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */

#endif /* __XEN_PUBLIC_XEN_H__ */