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/*
 * vgaarb.c: Implements the VGA arbitration. For details refer to
 * Documentation/vgaarbiter.txt
 *
 *
 * (C) Copyright 2005 Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
 * (C) Copyright 2007 Paulo R. Zanoni <przanoni@gmail.com>
 * (C) Copyright 2007, 2009 Tiago Vignatti <vignatti@freedesktop.org>
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
 * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
 * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
 * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
 * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
 * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next
 * paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the
 * Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
 * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
 * DEALINGS
 * IN THE SOFTWARE.
 *
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/screen_info.h>

#include <linux/uaccess.h>

#include <linux/vgaarb.h>

static void vga_arbiter_notify_clients(void);
/*
 * We keep a list of all vga devices in the system to speed
 * up the various operations of the arbiter
 */
struct vga_device {
	struct list_head list;
	struct pci_dev *pdev;
	unsigned int decodes;	/* what does it decodes */
	unsigned int owns;	/* what does it owns */
	unsigned int locks;	/* what does it locks */
	unsigned int io_lock_cnt;	/* legacy IO lock count */
	unsigned int mem_lock_cnt;	/* legacy MEM lock count */
	unsigned int io_norm_cnt;	/* normal IO count */
	unsigned int mem_norm_cnt;	/* normal MEM count */
	bool bridge_has_one_vga;
	/* allow IRQ enable/disable hook */
	void *cookie;
	void (*irq_set_state)(void *cookie, bool enable);
	unsigned int (*set_vga_decode)(void *cookie, bool decode);
};

static LIST_HEAD(vga_list);
static int vga_count, vga_decode_count;
static bool vga_arbiter_used;
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vga_lock);
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(vga_wait_queue);


static const char *vga_iostate_to_str(unsigned int iostate)
{
	/* Ignore VGA_RSRC_IO and VGA_RSRC_MEM */
	iostate &= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;
	switch (iostate) {
	case VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM:
		return "io+mem";
	case VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO:
		return "io";
	case VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM:
		return "mem";
	}
	return "none";
}

static int vga_str_to_iostate(char *buf, int str_size, int *io_state)
{
	/* we could in theory hand out locks on IO and mem
	 * separately to userspace but it can cause deadlocks */
	if (strncmp(buf, "none", 4) == 0) {
		*io_state = VGA_RSRC_NONE;
		return 1;
	}

	/* XXX We're not chekcing the str_size! */
	if (strncmp(buf, "io+mem", 6) == 0)
		goto both;
	else if (strncmp(buf, "io", 2) == 0)
		goto both;
	else if (strncmp(buf, "mem", 3) == 0)
		goto both;
	return 0;
both:
	*io_state = VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;
	return 1;
}

#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_VGA_DEFAULT_DEVICE
/* this is only used a cookie - it should not be dereferenced */
static struct pci_dev *vga_default;
#endif

static void vga_arb_device_card_gone(struct pci_dev *pdev);

/* Find somebody in our list */
static struct vga_device *vgadev_find(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct vga_device *vgadev;

	list_for_each_entry(vgadev, &vga_list, list)
		if (pdev == vgadev->pdev)
			return vgadev;
	return NULL;
}

/* Returns the default VGA device (vgacon's babe) */
#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_VGA_DEFAULT_DEVICE
struct pci_dev *vga_default_device(void)
{
	return vga_default;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vga_default_device);

void vga_set_default_device(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	if (vga_default == pdev)
		return;

	pci_dev_put(vga_default);
	vga_default = pci_dev_get(pdev);
}
#endif

static inline void vga_irq_set_state(struct vga_device *vgadev, bool state)
{
	if (vgadev->irq_set_state)
		vgadev->irq_set_state(vgadev->cookie, state);
}


/* If we don't ever use VGA arb we should avoid
   turning off anything anywhere due to old X servers getting
   confused about the boot device not being VGA */
static void vga_check_first_use(void)
{
	/* we should inform all GPUs in the system that
	 * VGA arb has occurred and to try and disable resources
	 * if they can */
	if (!vga_arbiter_used) {
		vga_arbiter_used = true;
		vga_arbiter_notify_clients();
	}
}

static struct vga_device *__vga_tryget(struct vga_device *vgadev,
				       unsigned int rsrc)
{
	unsigned int wants, legacy_wants, match;
	struct vga_device *conflict;
	unsigned int pci_bits;
	u32 flags = 0;

	/* Account for "normal" resources to lock. If we decode the legacy,
	 * counterpart, we need to request it as well
	 */
	if ((rsrc & VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO) &&
	    (vgadev->decodes & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO))
		rsrc |= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO;
	if ((rsrc & VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM) &&
	    (vgadev->decodes & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM))
		rsrc |= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;

	pr_debug("%s: %d\n", __func__, rsrc);
	pr_debug("%s: owns: %d\n", __func__, vgadev->owns);

	/* Check what resources we need to acquire */
	wants = rsrc & ~vgadev->owns;

	/* We already own everything, just mark locked & bye bye */
	if (wants == 0)
		goto lock_them;

	/* We don't need to request a legacy resource, we just enable
	 * appropriate decoding and go
	 */
	legacy_wants = wants & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK;
	if (legacy_wants == 0)
		goto enable_them;

	/* Ok, we don't, let's find out how we need to kick off */
	list_for_each_entry(conflict, &vga_list, list) {
		unsigned int lwants = legacy_wants;
		unsigned int change_bridge = 0;

		/* Don't conflict with myself */
		if (vgadev == conflict)
			continue;

		/* Check if the architecture allows a conflict between those
		 * 2 devices or if they are on separate domains
		 */
		if (!vga_conflicts(vgadev->pdev, conflict->pdev))
			continue;

		/* We have a possible conflict. before we go further, we must
		 * check if we sit on the same bus as the conflicting device.
		 * if we don't, then we must tie both IO and MEM resources
		 * together since there is only a single bit controlling
		 * VGA forwarding on P2P bridges
		 */
		if (vgadev->pdev->bus != conflict->pdev->bus) {
			change_bridge = 1;
			lwants = VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;
		}

		/* Check if the guy has a lock on the resource. If he does,
		 * return the conflicting entry
		 */
		if (conflict->locks & lwants)
			return conflict;

		/* Ok, now check if he owns the resource we want. We don't need
		 * to check "decodes" since it should be impossible to own
		 * own legacy resources you don't decode unless I have a bug
		 * in this code...
		 */
		WARN_ON(conflict->owns & ~conflict->decodes);
		match = lwants & conflict->owns;
		if (!match)
			continue;

		/* looks like he doesn't have a lock, we can steal
		 * them from him
		 */

		flags = 0;
		pci_bits = 0;

		if (!conflict->bridge_has_one_vga) {
			vga_irq_set_state(conflict, false);
			flags |= PCI_VGA_STATE_CHANGE_DECODES;
			if (match & (VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM|VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM))
				pci_bits |= PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY;
			if (match & (VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO|VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO))
				pci_bits |= PCI_COMMAND_IO;
		}

		if (change_bridge)
			flags |= PCI_VGA_STATE_CHANGE_BRIDGE;

		pci_set_vga_state(conflict->pdev, false, pci_bits, flags);
		conflict->owns &= ~match;
		/* If he also owned non-legacy, that is no longer the case */
		if (match & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM)
			conflict->owns &= ~VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM;
		if (match & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO)
			conflict->owns &= ~VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO;
	}

enable_them:
	/* ok dude, we got it, everybody conflicting has been disabled, let's
	 * enable us. Make sure we don't mark a bit in "owns" that we don't
	 * also have in "decodes". We can lock resources we don't decode but
	 * not own them.
	 */
	flags = 0;
	pci_bits = 0;

	if (!vgadev->bridge_has_one_vga) {
		flags |= PCI_VGA_STATE_CHANGE_DECODES;
		if (wants & (VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM|VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM))
			pci_bits |= PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY;
		if (wants & (VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO|VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO))
			pci_bits |= PCI_COMMAND_IO;
	}
	if (!!(wants & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK))
		flags |= PCI_VGA_STATE_CHANGE_BRIDGE;

	pci_set_vga_state(vgadev->pdev, true, pci_bits, flags);

	if (!vgadev->bridge_has_one_vga) {
		vga_irq_set_state(vgadev, true);
	}
	vgadev->owns |= (wants & vgadev->decodes);
lock_them:
	vgadev->locks |= (rsrc & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK);
	if (rsrc & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO)
		vgadev->io_lock_cnt++;
	if (rsrc & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM)
		vgadev->mem_lock_cnt++;
	if (rsrc & VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO)
		vgadev->io_norm_cnt++;
	if (rsrc & VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM)
		vgadev->mem_norm_cnt++;

	return NULL;
}

static void __vga_put(struct vga_device *vgadev, unsigned int rsrc)
{
	unsigned int old_locks = vgadev->locks;

	pr_debug("%s\n", __func__);

	/* Update our counters, and account for equivalent legacy resources
	 * if we decode them
	 */
	if ((rsrc & VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO) && vgadev->io_norm_cnt > 0) {
		vgadev->io_norm_cnt--;
		if (vgadev->decodes & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO)
			rsrc |= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO;
	}
	if ((rsrc & VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM) && vgadev->mem_norm_cnt > 0) {
		vgadev->mem_norm_cnt--;
		if (vgadev->decodes & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM)
			rsrc |= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;
	}
	if ((rsrc & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO) && vgadev->io_lock_cnt > 0)
		vgadev->io_lock_cnt--;
	if ((rsrc & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM) && vgadev->mem_lock_cnt > 0)
		vgadev->mem_lock_cnt--;

	/* Just clear lock bits, we do lazy operations so we don't really
	 * have to bother about anything else at this point
	 */
	if (vgadev->io_lock_cnt == 0)
		vgadev->locks &= ~VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO;
	if (vgadev->mem_lock_cnt == 0)
		vgadev->locks &= ~VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;

	/* Kick the wait queue in case somebody was waiting if we actually
	 * released something
	 */
	if (old_locks != vgadev->locks)
		wake_up_all(&vga_wait_queue);
}

int vga_get(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc, int interruptible)
{
	struct vga_device *vgadev, *conflict;
	unsigned long flags;
	wait_queue_t wait;
	int rc = 0;

	vga_check_first_use();
	/* The one who calls us should check for this, but lets be sure... */
	if (pdev == NULL)
		pdev = vga_default_device();
	if (pdev == NULL)
		return 0;

	for (;;) {
		spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);
		vgadev = vgadev_find(pdev);
		if (vgadev == NULL) {
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
			rc = -ENODEV;
			break;
		}
		conflict = __vga_tryget(vgadev, rsrc);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
		if (conflict == NULL)
			break;


		/* We have a conflict, we wait until somebody kicks the
		 * work queue. Currently we have one work queue that we
		 * kick each time some resources are released, but it would
		 * be fairly easy to have a per device one so that we only
		 * need to attach to the conflicting device
		 */
		init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
		add_wait_queue(&vga_wait_queue, &wait);
		set_current_state(interruptible ?
				  TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE :
				  TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
		if (interruptible && signal_pending(current)) {
			__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
			remove_wait_queue(&vga_wait_queue, &wait);
			rc = -ERESTARTSYS;
			break;
		}
		schedule();
		remove_wait_queue(&vga_wait_queue, &wait);
		set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
	}
	return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vga_get);

int vga_tryget(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc)
{
	struct vga_device *vgadev;
	unsigned long flags;
	int rc = 0;

	vga_check_first_use();

	/* The one who calls us should check for this, but lets be sure... */
	if (pdev == NULL)
		pdev = vga_default_device();
	if (pdev == NULL)
		return 0;
	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);
	vgadev = vgadev_find(pdev);
	if (vgadev == NULL) {
		rc = -ENODEV;
		goto bail;
	}
	if (__vga_tryget(vgadev, rsrc))
		rc = -EBUSY;
bail:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
	return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vga_tryget);

void vga_put(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc)
{
	struct vga_device *vgadev;
	unsigned long flags;

	/* The one who calls us should check for this, but lets be sure... */
	if (pdev == NULL)
		pdev = vga_default_device();
	if (pdev == NULL)
		return;
	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);
	vgadev = vgadev_find(pdev);
	if (vgadev == NULL)
		goto bail;
	__vga_put(vgadev, rsrc);
bail:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vga_put);

/* Rules for using a bridge to control a VGA descendant decoding:
   if a bridge has only one VGA descendant then it can be used
   to control the VGA routing for that device.
   It should always use the bridge closest to the device to control it.
   If a bridge has a direct VGA descendant, but also have a sub-bridge
   VGA descendant then we cannot use that bridge to control the direct VGA descendant.
   So for every device we register, we need to iterate all its parent bridges
   so we can invalidate any devices using them properly.
*/
static void vga_arbiter_check_bridge_sharing(struct vga_device *vgadev)
{
	struct vga_device *same_bridge_vgadev;
	struct pci_bus *new_bus, *bus;
	struct pci_dev *new_bridge, *bridge;

	vgadev->bridge_has_one_vga = true;

	if (list_empty(&vga_list))
		return;

	/* okay iterate the new devices bridge hierarachy */
	new_bus = vgadev->pdev->bus;
	while (new_bus) {
		new_bridge = new_bus->self;

		/* go through list of devices already registered */
		list_for_each_entry(same_bridge_vgadev, &vga_list, list) {
			bus = same_bridge_vgadev->pdev->bus;
			bridge = bus->self;

			/* see if the share a bridge with this device */
			if (new_bridge == bridge) {
				/* if their direct parent bridge is the same
				   as any bridge of this device then it can't be used
				   for that device */
				same_bridge_vgadev->bridge_has_one_vga = false;
			}

			/* now iterate the previous devices bridge hierarchy */
			/* if the new devices parent bridge is in the other devices
			   hierarchy then we can't use it to control this device */
			while (bus) {
				bridge = bus->self;
				if (bridge) {
					if (bridge == vgadev->pdev->bus->self)
						vgadev->bridge_has_one_vga = false;
				}
				bus = bus->parent;
			}
		}
		new_bus = new_bus->parent;
	}
}

/*
 * Currently, we assume that the "initial" setup of the system is
 * not sane, that is we come up with conflicting devices and let
 * the arbiter's client decides if devices decodes or not legacy
 * things.
 */
static bool vga_arbiter_add_pci_device(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct vga_device *vgadev;
	unsigned long flags;
	struct pci_bus *bus;
	struct pci_dev *bridge;
	u16 cmd;

	/* Only deal with VGA class devices */
	if ((pdev->class >> 8) != PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA)
		return false;

	/* Allocate structure */
	vgadev = kmalloc(sizeof(struct vga_device), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (vgadev == NULL) {
		pr_err("vgaarb: failed to allocate pci device\n");
		/* What to do on allocation failure ? For now, let's
		 * just do nothing, I'm not sure there is anything saner
		 * to be done
		 */
		return false;
	}

	memset(vgadev, 0, sizeof(*vgadev));

	/* Take lock & check for duplicates */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);
	if (vgadev_find(pdev) != NULL) {
		BUG_ON(1);
		goto fail;
	}
	vgadev->pdev = pdev;

	/* By default, assume we decode everything */
	vgadev->decodes = VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM |
			  VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO | VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM;

	/* by default mark it as decoding */
	vga_decode_count++;
	/* Mark that we "own" resources based on our enables, we will
	 * clear that below if the bridge isn't forwarding
	 */
	pci_read_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, &cmd);
	if (cmd & PCI_COMMAND_IO)
		vgadev->owns |= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO;
	if (cmd & PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY)
		vgadev->owns |= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;

	/* Check if VGA cycles can get down to us */
	bus = pdev->bus;
	while (bus) {
		bridge = bus->self;
		if (bridge) {
			u16 l;
			pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_BRIDGE_CONTROL,
					     &l);
			if (!(l & PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_VGA)) {
				vgadev->owns = 0;
				break;
			}
		}
		bus = bus->parent;
	}

	/* Deal with VGA default device. Use first enabled one
	 * by default if arch doesn't have it's own hook
	 */
#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_VGA_DEFAULT_DEVICE
	if (vga_default == NULL &&
	    ((vgadev->owns & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK) == VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK)) {
		pr_info("vgaarb: setting as boot device: PCI:%s\n",
			pci_name(pdev));
		vga_set_default_device(pdev);
	}
#endif

	vga_arbiter_check_bridge_sharing(vgadev);

	/* Add to the list */
	list_add(&vgadev->list, &vga_list);
	vga_count++;
	pr_info("vgaarb: device added: PCI:%s,decodes=%s,owns=%s,locks=%s\n",
		pci_name(pdev),
		vga_iostate_to_str(vgadev->decodes),
		vga_iostate_to_str(vgadev->owns),
		vga_iostate_to_str(vgadev->locks));

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
	return true;
fail:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
	kfree(vgadev);
	return false;
}

static bool vga_arbiter_del_pci_device(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct vga_device *vgadev;
	unsigned long flags;
	bool ret = true;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);
	vgadev = vgadev_find(pdev);
	if (vgadev == NULL) {
		ret = false;
		goto bail;
	}

#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_VGA_DEFAULT_DEVICE
	if (vga_default == pdev)
		vga_set_default_device(NULL);
#endif

	if (vgadev->decodes & (VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM))
		vga_decode_count--;

	/* Remove entry from list */
	list_del(&vgadev->list);
	vga_count--;
	/* Notify userland driver that the device is gone so it discards
	 * it's copies of the pci_dev pointer
	 */
	vga_arb_device_card_gone(pdev);

	/* Wake up all possible waiters */
	wake_up_all(&vga_wait_queue);
bail:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
	kfree(vgadev);
	return ret;
}

/* this is called with the lock */
static inline void vga_update_device_decodes(struct vga_device *vgadev,
					     int new_decodes)
{
	int old_decodes, decodes_removed, decodes_unlocked;

	old_decodes = vgadev->decodes;
	decodes_removed = ~new_decodes & old_decodes;
	decodes_unlocked = vgadev->locks & decodes_removed;
	vgadev->owns &= ~decodes_removed;
	vgadev->decodes = new_decodes;

	pr_info("vgaarb: device changed decodes: PCI:%s,olddecodes=%s,decodes=%s:owns=%s\n",
		pci_name(vgadev->pdev),
		vga_iostate_to_str(old_decodes),
		vga_iostate_to_str(vgadev->decodes),
		vga_iostate_to_str(vgadev->owns));

	/* if we removed locked decodes, lock count goes to zero, and release */
	if (decodes_unlocked) {
		if (decodes_unlocked & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO)
			vgadev->io_lock_cnt = 0;
		if (decodes_unlocked & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM)
			vgadev->mem_lock_cnt = 0;
		__vga_put(vgadev, decodes_unlocked);
	}

	/* change decodes counter */
	if (old_decodes & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK &&
	    !(new_decodes & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK))
		vga_decode_count--;
	if (!(old_decodes & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK) &&
	    new_decodes & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK)
		vga_decode_count++;
	pr_debug("vgaarb: decoding count now is: %d\n", vga_decode_count);
}

static void __vga_set_legacy_decoding(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int decodes, bool userspace)
{
	struct vga_device *vgadev;
	unsigned long flags;

	decodes &= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);
	vgadev = vgadev_find(pdev);
	if (vgadev == NULL)
		goto bail;

	/* don't let userspace futz with kernel driver decodes */
	if (userspace && vgadev->set_vga_decode)
		goto bail;

	/* update the device decodes + counter */
	vga_update_device_decodes(vgadev, decodes);

	/* XXX if somebody is going from "doesn't decode" to "decodes" state
	 * here, additional care must be taken as we may have pending owner
	 * ship of non-legacy region ...
	 */
bail:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
}

void vga_set_legacy_decoding(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int decodes)
{
	__vga_set_legacy_decoding(pdev, decodes, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vga_set_legacy_decoding);

/* call with NULL to unregister */
int vga_client_register(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *cookie,
			void (*irq_set_state)(void *cookie, bool state),
			unsigned int (*set_vga_decode)(void *cookie, bool decode))
{
	int ret = -ENODEV;
	struct vga_device *vgadev;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);
	vgadev = vgadev_find(pdev);
	if (!vgadev)
		goto bail;

	vgadev->irq_set_state = irq_set_state;
	vgadev->set_vga_decode = set_vga_decode;
	vgadev->cookie = cookie;
	ret = 0;

bail:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
	return ret;

}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vga_client_register);

/*
 * Char driver implementation
 *
 * Semantics is:
 *
 *  open       : open user instance of the arbitrer. by default, it's
 *                attached to the default VGA device of the system.
 *
 *  close      : close user instance, release locks
 *
 *  read       : return a string indicating the status of the target.
 *                an IO state string is of the form {io,mem,io+mem,none},
 *                mc and ic are respectively mem and io lock counts (for
 *                debugging/diagnostic only). "decodes" indicate what the
 *                card currently decodes, "owns" indicates what is currently
 *                enabled on it, and "locks" indicates what is locked by this
 *                card. If the card is unplugged, we get "invalid" then for
 *                card_ID and an -ENODEV error is returned for any command
 *                until a new card is targeted
 *
 *   "<card_ID>,decodes=<io_state>,owns=<io_state>,locks=<io_state> (ic,mc)"
 *
 * write       : write a command to the arbiter. List of commands is:
 *
 *   target <card_ID>   : switch target to card <card_ID> (see below)
 *   lock <io_state>    : acquires locks on target ("none" is invalid io_state)
 *   trylock <io_state> : non-blocking acquire locks on target
 *   unlock <io_state>  : release locks on target
 *   unlock all         : release all locks on target held by this user
 *   decodes <io_state> : set the legacy decoding attributes for the card
 *
 * poll         : event if something change on any card (not just the target)
 *
 * card_ID is of the form "PCI:domain:bus:dev.fn". It can be set to "default"
 * to go back to the system default card (TODO: not implemented yet).
 * Currently, only PCI is supported as a prefix, but the userland API may
 * support other bus types in the future, even if the current kernel
 * implementation doesn't.
 *
 * Note about locks:
 *
 * The driver keeps track of which user has what locks on which card. It
 * supports stacking, like the kernel one. This complexifies the implementation
 * a bit, but makes the arbiter more tolerant to userspace problems and able
 * to properly cleanup in all cases when a process dies.
 * Currently, a max of 16 cards simultaneously can have locks issued from
 * userspace for a given user (file descriptor instance) of the arbiter.
 *
 * If the device is hot-unplugged, there is a hook inside the module to notify
 * they being added/removed in the system and automatically added/removed in
 * the arbiter.
 */

#define MAX_USER_CARDS         CONFIG_VGA_ARB_MAX_GPUS
#define PCI_INVALID_CARD       ((struct pci_dev *)-1UL)

/*
 * Each user has an array of these, tracking which cards have locks
 */
struct vga_arb_user_card {
	struct pci_dev *pdev;
	unsigned int mem_cnt;
	unsigned int io_cnt;
};

struct vga_arb_private {
	struct list_head list;
	struct pci_dev *target;
	struct vga_arb_user_card cards[MAX_USER_CARDS];
	spinlock_t lock;
};

static LIST_HEAD(vga_user_list);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vga_user_lock);


/*
 * This function gets a string in the format: "PCI:domain:bus:dev.fn" and
 * returns the respective values. If the string is not in this format,
 * it returns 0.
 */
static int vga_pci_str_to_vars(char *buf, int count, unsigned int *domain,
			       unsigned int *bus, unsigned int *devfn)
{
	int n;
	unsigned int slot, func;


	n = sscanf(buf, "PCI:%x:%x:%x.%x", domain, bus, &slot, &func);
	if (n != 4)
		return 0;

	*devfn = PCI_DEVFN(slot, func);

	return 1;
}

static ssize_t vga_arb_read(struct file *file, char __user * buf,
			    size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
	struct vga_arb_private *priv = file->private_data;
	struct vga_device *vgadev;
	struct pci_dev *pdev;
	unsigned long flags;
	size_t len;
	int rc;
	char *lbuf;

	lbuf = kmalloc(1024, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (lbuf == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* Shields against vga_arb_device_card_gone (pci_dev going
	 * away), and allows access to vga list
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);

	/* If we are targeting the default, use it */
	pdev = priv->target;
	if (pdev == NULL || pdev == PCI_INVALID_CARD) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
		len = sprintf(lbuf, "invalid");
		goto done;
	}

	/* Find card vgadev structure */
	vgadev = vgadev_find(pdev);
	if (vgadev == NULL) {
		/* Wow, it's not in the list, that shouldn't happen,
		 * let's fix us up and return invalid card
		 */
		if (pdev == priv->target)
			vga_arb_device_card_gone(pdev);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
		len = sprintf(lbuf, "invalid");
		goto done;
	}

	/* Fill the buffer with infos */
	len = snprintf(lbuf, 1024,
		       "count:%d,PCI:%s,decodes=%s,owns=%s,locks=%s(%d:%d)\n",
		       vga_decode_count, pci_name(pdev),
		       vga_iostate_to_str(vgadev->decodes),
		       vga_iostate_to_str(vgadev->owns),
		       vga_iostate_to_str(vgadev->locks),
		       vgadev->io_lock_cnt, vgadev->mem_lock_cnt);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
done:

	/* Copy that to user */
	if (len > count)
		len = count;
	rc = copy_to_user(buf, lbuf, len);
	kfree(lbuf);
	if (rc)
		return -EFAULT;
	return len;
}

/*
 * TODO: To avoid parsing inside kernel and to improve the speed we may
 * consider use ioctl here
 */
static ssize_t vga_arb_write(struct file *file, const char __user * buf,
			     size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
	struct vga_arb_private *priv = file->private_data;
	struct vga_arb_user_card *uc = NULL;
	struct pci_dev *pdev;

	unsigned int io_state;

	char *kbuf, *curr_pos;
	size_t remaining = count;

	int ret_val;
	int i;


	kbuf = kmalloc(count + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!kbuf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (copy_from_user(kbuf, buf, count)) {
		kfree(kbuf);
		return -EFAULT;
	}
	curr_pos = kbuf;
	kbuf[count] = '\0';	/* Just to make sure... */

	if (strncmp(curr_pos, "lock ", 5) == 0) {
		curr_pos += 5;
		remaining -= 5;

		pr_debug("client 0x%p called 'lock'\n", priv);

		if (!vga_str_to_iostate(curr_pos, remaining, &io_state)) {
			ret_val = -EPROTO;
			goto done;
		}
		if (io_state == VGA_RSRC_NONE) {
			ret_val = -EPROTO;
			goto done;
		}

		pdev = priv->target;
		if (priv->target == NULL) {
			ret_val = -ENODEV;
			goto done;
		}

		vga_get_uninterruptible(pdev, io_state);

		/* Update the client's locks lists... */
		for (i = 0; i < MAX_USER_CARDS; i++) {
			if (priv->cards[i].pdev == pdev) {
				if (io_state & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO)
					priv->cards[i].io_cnt++;
				if (io_state & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM)
					priv->cards[i].mem_cnt++;
				break;
			}
		}

		ret_val = count;
		goto done;
	} else if (strncmp(curr_pos, "unlock ", 7) == 0) {
		curr_pos += 7;
		remaining -= 7;

		pr_debug("client 0x%p called 'unlock'\n", priv);

		if (strncmp(curr_pos, "all", 3) == 0)
			io_state = VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;
		else {
			if (!vga_str_to_iostate
			    (curr_pos, remaining, &io_state)) {
				ret_val = -EPROTO;
				goto done;
			}
			/* TODO: Add this?
			   if (io_state == VGA_RSRC_NONE) {
			   ret_val = -EPROTO;
			   goto done;
			   }
			  */
		}

		pdev = priv->target;
		if (priv->target == NULL) {
			ret_val = -ENODEV;
			goto done;
		}
		for (i = 0; i < MAX_USER_CARDS; i++) {
			if (priv->cards[i].pdev == pdev)
				uc = &priv->cards[i];
		}

		if (!uc) {
			ret_val = -EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}

		if (io_state & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO && uc->io_cnt == 0) {
			ret_val = -EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}

		if (io_state & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM && uc->mem_cnt == 0) {
			ret_val = -EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}

		vga_put(pdev, io_state);

		if (io_state & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO)
			uc->io_cnt--;
		if (io_state & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM)
			uc->mem_cnt--;

		ret_val = count;
		goto done;
	} else if (strncmp(curr_pos, "trylock ", 8) == 0) {
		curr_pos += 8;
		remaining -= 8;

		pr_debug("client 0x%p called 'trylock'\n", priv);

		if (!vga_str_to_iostate(curr_pos, remaining, &io_state)) {
			ret_val = -EPROTO;
			goto done;
		}
		/* TODO: Add this?
		   if (io_state == VGA_RSRC_NONE) {
		   ret_val = -EPROTO;
		   goto done;
		   }
		 */

		pdev = priv->target;
		if (priv->target == NULL) {
			ret_val = -ENODEV;
			goto done;
		}

		if (vga_tryget(pdev, io_state)) {
			/* Update the client's locks lists... */
			for (i = 0; i < MAX_USER_CARDS; i++) {
				if (priv->cards[i].pdev == pdev) {
					if (io_state & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO)
						priv->cards[i].io_cnt++;
					if (io_state & VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM)
						priv->cards[i].mem_cnt++;
					break;
				}
			}
			ret_val = count;
			goto done;
		} else {
			ret_val = -EBUSY;
			goto done;
		}

	} else if (strncmp(curr_pos, "target ", 7) == 0) {
		unsigned int domain, bus, devfn;
		struct vga_device *vgadev;

		curr_pos += 7;
		remaining -= 7;
		pr_debug("client 0x%p called 'target'\n", priv);
		/* if target is default */
		if (!strncmp(curr_pos, "default", 7))
			pdev = pci_dev_get(vga_default_device());
		else {
			if (!vga_pci_str_to_vars(curr_pos, remaining,
						 &domain, &bus, &devfn)) {
				ret_val = -EPROTO;
				goto done;
			}
			pr_debug("vgaarb: %s ==> %x:%x:%x.%x\n", curr_pos,
				domain, bus, PCI_SLOT(devfn), PCI_FUNC(devfn));

			pdev = pci_get_domain_bus_and_slot(domain, bus, devfn);
			pr_debug("vgaarb: pdev %p\n", pdev);
			if (!pdev) {
				pr_err("vgaarb: invalid PCI address %x:%x:%x\n",
					domain, bus, devfn);
				ret_val = -ENODEV;
				goto done;
			}
		}

		vgadev = vgadev_find(pdev);
		pr_debug("vgaarb: vgadev %p\n", vgadev);
		if (vgadev == NULL) {
			pr_err("vgaarb: this pci device is not a vga device\n");
			pci_dev_put(pdev);
			ret_val = -ENODEV;
			goto done;
		}

		priv->target = pdev;
		for (i = 0; i < MAX_USER_CARDS; i++) {
			if (priv->cards[i].pdev == pdev)
				break;
			if (priv->cards[i].pdev == NULL) {
				priv->cards[i].pdev = pdev;
				priv->cards[i].io_cnt = 0;
				priv->cards[i].mem_cnt = 0;
				break;
			}
		}
		if (i == MAX_USER_CARDS) {
			pr_err("vgaarb: maximum user cards (%d) number reached!\n",
				MAX_USER_CARDS);
			pci_dev_put(pdev);
			/* XXX: which value to return? */
			ret_val =  -ENOMEM;
			goto done;
		}

		ret_val = count;
		pci_dev_put(pdev);
		goto done;


	} else if (strncmp(curr_pos, "decodes ", 8) == 0) {
		curr_pos += 8;
		remaining -= 8;
		pr_debug("vgaarb: client 0x%p called 'decodes'\n", priv);

		if (!vga_str_to_iostate(curr_pos, remaining, &io_state)) {
			ret_val = -EPROTO;
			goto done;
		}
		pdev = priv->target;
		if (priv->target == NULL) {
			ret_val = -ENODEV;
			goto done;
		}

		__vga_set_legacy_decoding(pdev, io_state, true);
		ret_val = count;
		goto done;
	}
	/* If we got here, the message written is not part of the protocol! */
	kfree(kbuf);
	return -EPROTO;

done:
	kfree(kbuf);
	return ret_val;
}

static unsigned int vga_arb_fpoll(struct file *file, poll_table * wait)
{
	struct vga_arb_private *priv = file->private_data;

	pr_debug("%s\n", __func__);

	if (priv == NULL)
		return -ENODEV;
	poll_wait(file, &vga_wait_queue, wait);
	return POLLIN;
}

static int vga_arb_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct vga_arb_private *priv;
	unsigned long flags;

	pr_debug("%s\n", __func__);

	priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (priv == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	spin_lock_init(&priv->lock);
	file->private_data = priv;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_user_lock, flags);
	list_add(&priv->list, &vga_user_list);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_user_lock, flags);

	/* Set the client' lists of locks */
	priv->target = vga_default_device(); /* Maybe this is still null! */
	priv->cards[0].pdev = priv->target;
	priv->cards[0].io_cnt = 0;
	priv->cards[0].mem_cnt = 0;


	return 0;
}

static int vga_arb_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct vga_arb_private *priv = file->private_data;
	struct vga_arb_user_card *uc;
	unsigned long flags;
	int i;

	pr_debug("%s\n", __func__);

	if (priv == NULL)
		return -ENODEV;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_user_lock, flags);
	list_del(&priv->list);
	for (i = 0; i < MAX_USER_CARDS; i++) {
		uc = &priv->cards[i];
		if (uc->pdev == NULL)
			continue;
		pr_debug("uc->io_cnt == %d, uc->mem_cnt == %d\n",
			 uc->io_cnt, uc->mem_cnt);
		while (uc->io_cnt--)
			vga_put(uc->pdev, VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO);
		while (uc->mem_cnt--)
			vga_put(uc->pdev, VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_user_lock, flags);

	kfree(priv);

	return 0;
}

static void vga_arb_device_card_gone(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
}

/*
 * callback any registered clients to let them know we have a
 * change in VGA cards
 */
static void vga_arbiter_notify_clients(void)
{
	struct vga_device *vgadev;
	unsigned long flags;
	uint32_t new_decodes;
	bool new_state;

	if (!vga_arbiter_used)
		return;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&vga_lock, flags);
	list_for_each_entry(vgadev, &vga_list, list) {
		if (vga_count > 1)
			new_state = false;
		else
			new_state = true;
		if (vgadev->set_vga_decode) {
			new_decodes = vgadev->set_vga_decode(vgadev->cookie, new_state);
			vga_update_device_decodes(vgadev, new_decodes);
		}
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vga_lock, flags);
}

static int pci_notify(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action,
		      void *data)
{
	struct device *dev = data;
	struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	bool notify = false;

	pr_debug("%s\n", __func__);

	/* For now we're only intereted in devices added and removed. I didn't
	 * test this thing here, so someone needs to double check for the
	 * cases of hotplugable vga cards. */
	if (action == BUS_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE)
		notify = vga_arbiter_add_pci_device(pdev);
	else if (action == BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE)
		notify = vga_arbiter_del_pci_device(pdev);

	if (notify)
		vga_arbiter_notify_clients();
	return 0;
}

static struct notifier_block pci_notifier = {
	.notifier_call = pci_notify,
};

static const struct file_operations vga_arb_device_fops = {
	.read = vga_arb_read,
	.write = vga_arb_write,
	.poll = vga_arb_fpoll,
	.open = vga_arb_open,
	.release = vga_arb_release,
	.llseek = noop_llseek,
};

static struct miscdevice vga_arb_device = {
	MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR, "vga_arbiter", &vga_arb_device_fops
};

static int __init vga_arb_device_init(void)
{
	int rc;
	struct pci_dev *pdev;
	struct vga_device *vgadev;

	rc = misc_register(&vga_arb_device);
	if (rc < 0)
		pr_err("vgaarb: error %d registering device\n", rc);

	bus_register_notifier(&pci_bus_type, &pci_notifier);

	/* We add all pci devices satisfying vga class in the arbiter by
	 * default */
	pdev = NULL;
	while ((pdev =
		pci_get_subsys(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID,
			       PCI_ANY_ID, pdev)) != NULL)
		vga_arbiter_add_pci_device(pdev);

	pr_info("vgaarb: loaded\n");

	list_for_each_entry(vgadev, &vga_list, list) {
#if defined(CONFIG_X86) || defined(CONFIG_IA64)
		/* Override I/O based detection done by vga_arbiter_add_pci_device()
		 * as it may take the wrong device (e.g. on Apple system under EFI).
		 *
		 * Select the device owning the boot framebuffer if there is one.
		 */
		resource_size_t start, end;
		int i;

		/* Does firmware framebuffer belong to us? */
		for (i = 0; i < DEVICE_COUNT_RESOURCE; i++) {
			if (!(pci_resource_flags(vgadev->pdev, i) & IORESOURCE_MEM))
				continue;

			start = pci_resource_start(vgadev->pdev, i);
			end  = pci_resource_end(vgadev->pdev, i);

			if (!start || !end)
				continue;

			if (screen_info.lfb_base < start ||
			    (screen_info.lfb_base + screen_info.lfb_size) >= end)
				continue;
			if (!vga_default_device())
				pr_info("vgaarb: setting as boot device: PCI:%s\n",
					pci_name(vgadev->pdev));
			else if (vgadev->pdev != vga_default_device())
				pr_info("vgaarb: overriding boot device: PCI:%s\n",
					pci_name(vgadev->pdev));
			vga_set_default_device(vgadev->pdev);
		}
#endif
		if (vgadev->bridge_has_one_vga)
			pr_info("vgaarb: bridge control possible %s\n", pci_name(vgadev->pdev));
		else
			pr_info("vgaarb: no bridge control possible %s\n", pci_name(vgadev->pdev));
	}
	return rc;
}
subsys_initcall(vga_arb_device_init);