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/*
 * L2TPv3 IP encapsulation support
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2008,2009,2010 Katalix Systems Ltd
 *
 *	This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *	modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 *	as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 *	2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/icmp.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/l2tp.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
#include <net/icmp.h>
#include <net/udp.h>
#include <net/inet_common.h>
#include <net/inet_hashtables.h>
#include <net/tcp_states.h>
#include <net/protocol.h>
#include <net/xfrm.h>

#include "l2tp_core.h"

struct l2tp_ip_sock {
	/* inet_sock has to be the first member of l2tp_ip_sock */
	struct inet_sock	inet;

	u32			conn_id;
	u32			peer_conn_id;
};

static DEFINE_RWLOCK(l2tp_ip_lock);
static struct hlist_head l2tp_ip_table;
static struct hlist_head l2tp_ip_bind_table;

static inline struct l2tp_ip_sock *l2tp_ip_sk(const struct sock *sk)
{
	return (struct l2tp_ip_sock *)sk;
}

static struct sock *__l2tp_ip_bind_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 laddr, int dif, u32 tunnel_id)
{
	struct sock *sk;

	sk_for_each_bound(sk, &l2tp_ip_bind_table) {
		struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
		struct l2tp_ip_sock *l2tp = l2tp_ip_sk(sk);

		if (l2tp == NULL)
			continue;

		if ((l2tp->conn_id == tunnel_id) &&
		    net_eq(sock_net(sk), net) &&
		    !(inet->inet_rcv_saddr && inet->inet_rcv_saddr != laddr) &&
		    !(sk->sk_bound_dev_if && sk->sk_bound_dev_if != dif))
			goto found;
	}

	sk = NULL;
found:
	return sk;
}

static inline struct sock *l2tp_ip_bind_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 laddr, int dif, u32 tunnel_id)
{
	struct sock *sk = __l2tp_ip_bind_lookup(net, laddr, dif, tunnel_id);
	if (sk)
		sock_hold(sk);

	return sk;
}

/* When processing receive frames, there are two cases to
 * consider. Data frames consist of a non-zero session-id and an
 * optional cookie. Control frames consist of a regular L2TP header
 * preceded by 32-bits of zeros.
 *
 * L2TPv3 Session Header Over IP
 *
 *  0                   1                   2                   3
 *  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 * |                           Session ID                          |
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 * |               Cookie (optional, maximum 64 bits)...
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *                                                                 |
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 * L2TPv3 Control Message Header Over IP
 *
 *  0                   1                   2                   3
 *  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 * |                      (32 bits of zeros)                       |
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 * |T|L|x|x|S|x|x|x|x|x|x|x|  Ver  |             Length            |
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 * |                     Control Connection ID                     |
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 * |               Ns              |               Nr              |
 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 * All control frames are passed to userspace.
 */
static int l2tp_ip_recv(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev);
	struct sock *sk;
	u32 session_id;
	u32 tunnel_id;
	unsigned char *ptr, *optr;
	struct l2tp_session *session;
	struct l2tp_tunnel *tunnel = NULL;
	int length;

	/* Point to L2TP header */
	optr = ptr = skb->data;

	if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, 4))
		goto discard;

	session_id = ntohl(*((__be32 *) ptr));
	ptr += 4;

	/* RFC3931: L2TP/IP packets have the first 4 bytes containing
	 * the session_id. If it is 0, the packet is a L2TP control
	 * frame and the session_id value can be discarded.
	 */
	if (session_id == 0) {
		__skb_pull(skb, 4);
		goto pass_up;
	}

	/* Ok, this is a data packet. Lookup the session. */
	session = l2tp_session_find(net, NULL, session_id);
	if (session == NULL)
		goto discard;

	tunnel = session->tunnel;
	if (tunnel == NULL)
		goto discard;

	/* Trace packet contents, if enabled */
	if (tunnel->debug & L2TP_MSG_DATA) {
		length = min(32u, skb->len);
		if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, length))
			goto discard;

		pr_debug("%s: ip recv\n", tunnel->name);
		print_hex_dump_bytes("", DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, ptr, length);
	}

	l2tp_recv_common(session, skb, ptr, optr, 0, skb->len, tunnel->recv_payload_hook);

	return 0;

pass_up:
	/* Get the tunnel_id from the L2TP header */
	if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, 12))
		goto discard;

	if ((skb->data[0] & 0xc0) != 0xc0)
		goto discard;

	tunnel_id = ntohl(*(__be32 *) &skb->data[4]);
	tunnel = l2tp_tunnel_find(net, tunnel_id);
	if (tunnel != NULL)
		sk = tunnel->sock;
	else {
		struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr *) skb_network_header(skb);

		read_lock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
		sk = __l2tp_ip_bind_lookup(net, iph->daddr, 0, tunnel_id);
		read_unlock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
	}

	if (sk == NULL)
		goto discard;

	sock_hold(sk);

	if (!xfrm4_policy_check(sk, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb))
		goto discard_put;

	nf_reset(skb);

	return sk_receive_skb(sk, skb, 1);

discard_put:
	sock_put(sk);

discard:
	kfree_skb(skb);
	return 0;
}

static int l2tp_ip_open(struct sock *sk)
{
	/* Prevent autobind. We don't have ports. */
	inet_sk(sk)->inet_num = IPPROTO_L2TP;

	write_lock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
	sk_add_node(sk, &l2tp_ip_table);
	write_unlock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);

	return 0;
}

static void l2tp_ip_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout)
{
	write_lock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
	hlist_del_init(&sk->sk_bind_node);
	sk_del_node_init(sk);
	write_unlock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
	sk_common_release(sk);
}

static void l2tp_ip_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk)
{
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct l2tp_tunnel *tunnel = l2tp_sock_to_tunnel(sk);

	while ((skb = __skb_dequeue_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue)) != NULL)
		kfree_skb(skb);

	if (tunnel) {
		l2tp_tunnel_closeall(tunnel);
		sock_put(sk);
	}

	sk_refcnt_debug_dec(sk);
}

static int l2tp_ip_bind(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	struct sockaddr_l2tpip *addr = (struct sockaddr_l2tpip *) uaddr;
	struct net *net = sock_net(sk);
	int ret;
	int chk_addr_ret;

	if (!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_ZAPPED))
		return -EINVAL;
	if (addr_len < sizeof(struct sockaddr_l2tpip))
		return -EINVAL;
	if (addr->l2tp_family != AF_INET)
		return -EINVAL;

	ret = -EADDRINUSE;
	read_lock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
	if (__l2tp_ip_bind_lookup(net, addr->l2tp_addr.s_addr,
				  sk->sk_bound_dev_if, addr->l2tp_conn_id))
		goto out_in_use;

	read_unlock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);

	lock_sock(sk);
	if (sk->sk_state != TCP_CLOSE || addr_len < sizeof(struct sockaddr_l2tpip))
		goto out;

	chk_addr_ret = inet_addr_type(net, addr->l2tp_addr.s_addr);
	ret = -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
	if (addr->l2tp_addr.s_addr && chk_addr_ret != RTN_LOCAL &&
	    chk_addr_ret != RTN_MULTICAST && chk_addr_ret != RTN_BROADCAST)
		goto out;

	if (addr->l2tp_addr.s_addr)
		inet->inet_rcv_saddr = inet->inet_saddr = addr->l2tp_addr.s_addr;
	if (chk_addr_ret == RTN_MULTICAST || chk_addr_ret == RTN_BROADCAST)
		inet->inet_saddr = 0;  /* Use device */
	sk_dst_reset(sk);

	l2tp_ip_sk(sk)->conn_id = addr->l2tp_conn_id;

	write_lock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
	sk_add_bind_node(sk, &l2tp_ip_bind_table);
	sk_del_node_init(sk);
	write_unlock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
	ret = 0;
	sock_reset_flag(sk, SOCK_ZAPPED);

out:
	release_sock(sk);

	return ret;

out_in_use:
	read_unlock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);

	return ret;
}

static int l2tp_ip_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len)
{
	struct sockaddr_l2tpip *lsa = (struct sockaddr_l2tpip *) uaddr;
	int rc;

	if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_ZAPPED)) /* Must bind first - autobinding does not work */
		return -EINVAL;

	if (addr_len < sizeof(*lsa))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (ipv4_is_multicast(lsa->l2tp_addr.s_addr))
		return -EINVAL;

	rc = ip4_datagram_connect(sk, uaddr, addr_len);
	if (rc < 0)
		return rc;

	lock_sock(sk);

	l2tp_ip_sk(sk)->peer_conn_id = lsa->l2tp_conn_id;

	write_lock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);
	hlist_del_init(&sk->sk_bind_node);
	sk_add_bind_node(sk, &l2tp_ip_bind_table);
	write_unlock_bh(&l2tp_ip_lock);

	release_sock(sk);
	return rc;
}

static int l2tp_ip_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags)
{
	if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_ZAPPED))
		return 0;

	return udp_disconnect(sk, flags);
}

static int l2tp_ip_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr,
			   int *uaddr_len, int peer)
{
	struct sock *sk		= sock->sk;
	struct inet_sock *inet	= inet_sk(sk);
	struct l2tp_ip_sock *lsk = l2tp_ip_sk(sk);
	struct sockaddr_l2tpip *lsa = (struct sockaddr_l2tpip *)uaddr;

	memset(lsa, 0, sizeof(*lsa));
	lsa->l2tp_family = AF_INET;
	if (peer) {
		if (!inet->inet_dport)
			return -ENOTCONN;
		lsa->l2tp_conn_id = lsk->peer_conn_id;
		lsa->l2tp_addr.s_addr = inet->inet_daddr;
	} else {
		__be32 addr = inet->inet_rcv_saddr;
		if (!addr)
			addr = inet->inet_saddr;
		lsa->l2tp_conn_id = lsk->conn_id;
		lsa->l2tp_addr.s_addr = addr;
	}
	*uaddr_len = sizeof(*lsa);
	return 0;
}

static int l2tp_ip_backlog_recv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	int rc;

	/* Charge it to the socket, dropping if the queue is full. */
	rc = sock_queue_rcv_skb(sk, skb);
	if (rc < 0)
		goto drop;

	return 0;

drop:
	IP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), IPSTATS_MIB_INDISCARDS);
	kfree_skb(skb);
	return -1;
}

/* Userspace will call sendmsg() on the tunnel socket to send L2TP
 * control frames.
 */
static int l2tp_ip_sendmsg(struct kiocb *iocb, struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len)
{
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	int rc;
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	struct rtable *rt = NULL;
	struct flowi4 *fl4;
	int connected = 0;
	__be32 daddr;

	lock_sock(sk);

	rc = -ENOTCONN;
	if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD))
		goto out;

	/* Get and verify the address. */
	if (msg->msg_name) {
		struct sockaddr_l2tpip *lip = (struct sockaddr_l2tpip *) msg->msg_name;
		rc = -EINVAL;
		if (msg->msg_namelen < sizeof(*lip))
			goto out;

		if (lip->l2tp_family != AF_INET) {
			rc = -EAFNOSUPPORT;
			if (lip->l2tp_family != AF_UNSPEC)
				goto out;
		}

		daddr = lip->l2tp_addr.s_addr;
	} else {
		rc = -EDESTADDRREQ;
		if (sk->sk_state != TCP_ESTABLISHED)
			goto out;

		daddr = inet->inet_daddr;
		connected = 1;
	}

	/* Allocate a socket buffer */
	rc = -ENOMEM;
	skb = sock_wmalloc(sk, 2 + NET_SKB_PAD + sizeof(struct iphdr) +
			   4 + len, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!skb)
		goto error;

	/* Reserve space for headers, putting IP header on 4-byte boundary. */
	skb_reserve(skb, 2 + NET_SKB_PAD);
	skb_reset_network_header(skb);
	skb_reserve(skb, sizeof(struct iphdr));
	skb_reset_transport_header(skb);

	/* Insert 0 session_id */
	*((__be32 *) skb_put(skb, 4)) = 0;

	/* Copy user data into skb */
	rc = memcpy_fromiovec(skb_put(skb, len), msg->msg_iov, len);
	if (rc < 0) {
		kfree_skb(skb);
		goto error;
	}

	fl4 = &inet->cork.fl.u.ip4;
	if (connected)
		rt = (struct rtable *) __sk_dst_check(sk, 0);

	rcu_read_lock();
	if (rt == NULL) {
		const struct ip_options_rcu *inet_opt;

		inet_opt = rcu_dereference(inet->inet_opt);

		/* Use correct destination address if we have options. */
		if (inet_opt && inet_opt->opt.srr)
			daddr = inet_opt->opt.faddr;

		/* If this fails, retransmit mechanism of transport layer will
		 * keep trying until route appears or the connection times
		 * itself out.
		 */
		rt = ip_route_output_ports(sock_net(sk), fl4, sk,
					   daddr, inet->inet_saddr,
					   inet->inet_dport, inet->inet_sport,
					   sk->sk_protocol, RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk),
					   sk->sk_bound_dev_if);
		if (IS_ERR(rt))
			goto no_route;
		if (connected) {
			sk_setup_caps(sk, &rt->dst);
		} else {
			skb_dst_set(skb, &rt->dst);
			goto xmit;
		}
	}

	/* We dont need to clone dst here, it is guaranteed to not disappear.
	 *  __dev_xmit_skb() might force a refcount if needed.
	 */
	skb_dst_set_noref(skb, &rt->dst);

xmit:
	/* Queue the packet to IP for output */
	rc = ip_queue_xmit(skb, &inet->cork.fl);
	rcu_read_unlock();

error:
	if (rc >= 0)
		rc = len;

out:
	release_sock(sk);
	return rc;

no_route:
	rcu_read_unlock();
	IP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), IPSTATS_MIB_OUTNOROUTES);
	kfree_skb(skb);
	rc = -EHOSTUNREACH;
	goto out;
}

static int l2tp_ip_recvmsg(struct kiocb *iocb, struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg,
			   size_t len, int noblock, int flags, int *addr_len)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	size_t copied = 0;
	int err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
	struct sockaddr_in *sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)msg->msg_name;
	struct sk_buff *skb;

	if (flags & MSG_OOB)
		goto out;

	if (addr_len)
		*addr_len = sizeof(*sin);

	skb = skb_recv_datagram(sk, flags, noblock, &err);
	if (!skb)
		goto out;

	copied = skb->len;
	if (len < copied) {
		msg->msg_flags |= MSG_TRUNC;
		copied = len;
	}

	err = skb_copy_datagram_iovec(skb, 0, msg->msg_iov, copied);
	if (err)
		goto done;

	sock_recv_timestamp(msg, sk, skb);

	/* Copy the address. */
	if (sin) {
		sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
		sin->sin_addr.s_addr = ip_hdr(skb)->saddr;
		sin->sin_port = 0;
		memset(&sin->sin_zero, 0, sizeof(sin->sin_zero));
	}
	if (inet->cmsg_flags)
		ip_cmsg_recv(msg, skb);
	if (flags & MSG_TRUNC)
		copied = skb->len;
done:
	skb_free_datagram(sk, skb);
out:
	return err ? err : copied;
}

static struct proto l2tp_ip_prot = {
	.name		   = "L2TP/IP",
	.owner		   = THIS_MODULE,
	.init		   = l2tp_ip_open,
	.close		   = l2tp_ip_close,
	.bind		   = l2tp_ip_bind,
	.connect	   = l2tp_ip_connect,
	.disconnect	   = l2tp_ip_disconnect,
	.ioctl		   = udp_ioctl,
	.destroy	   = l2tp_ip_destroy_sock,
	.setsockopt	   = ip_setsockopt,
	.getsockopt	   = ip_getsockopt,
	.sendmsg	   = l2tp_ip_sendmsg,
	.recvmsg	   = l2tp_ip_recvmsg,
	.backlog_rcv	   = l2tp_ip_backlog_recv,
	.hash		   = inet_hash,
	.unhash		   = inet_unhash,
	.obj_size	   = sizeof(struct l2tp_ip_sock),
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_setsockopt = compat_ip_setsockopt,
	.compat_getsockopt = compat_ip_getsockopt,
#endif
};

static const struct proto_ops l2tp_ip_ops = {
	.family		   = PF_INET,
	.owner		   = THIS_MODULE,
	.release	   = inet_release,
	.bind		   = inet_bind,
	.connect	   = inet_dgram_connect,
	.socketpair	   = sock_no_socketpair,
	.accept		   = sock_no_accept,
	.getname	   = l2tp_ip_getname,
	.poll		   = datagram_poll,
	.ioctl		   = inet_ioctl,
	.listen		   = sock_no_listen,
	.shutdown	   = inet_shutdown,
	.setsockopt	   = sock_common_setsockopt,
	.getsockopt	   = sock_common_getsockopt,
	.sendmsg	   = inet_sendmsg,
	.recvmsg	   = sock_common_recvmsg,
	.mmap		   = sock_no_mmap,
	.sendpage	   = sock_no_sendpage,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_setsockopt = compat_sock_common_setsockopt,
	.compat_getsockopt = compat_sock_common_getsockopt,
#endif
};

static struct inet_protosw l2tp_ip_protosw = {
	.type		= SOCK_DGRAM,
	.protocol	= IPPROTO_L2TP,
	.prot		= &l2tp_ip_prot,
	.ops		= &l2tp_ip_ops,
	.no_check	= 0,
};

static struct net_protocol l2tp_ip_protocol __read_mostly = {
	.handler	= l2tp_ip_recv,
	.netns_ok	= 1,
};

static int __init l2tp_ip_init(void)
{
	int err;

	pr_info("L2TP IP encapsulation support (L2TPv3)\n");

	err = proto_register(&l2tp_ip_prot, 1);
	if (err != 0)
		goto out;

	err = inet_add_protocol(&l2tp_ip_protocol, IPPROTO_L2TP);
	if (err)
		goto out1;

	inet_register_protosw(&l2tp_ip_protosw);
	return 0;

out1:
	proto_unregister(&l2tp_ip_prot);
out:
	return err;
}

static void __exit l2tp_ip_exit(void)
{
	inet_unregister_protosw(&l2tp_ip_protosw);
	inet_del_protocol(&l2tp_ip_protocol, IPPROTO_L2TP);
	proto_unregister(&l2tp_ip_prot);
}

module_init(l2tp_ip_init);
module_exit(l2tp_ip_exit);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("James Chapman <jchapman@katalix.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("L2TP over IP");
MODULE_VERSION("1.0");

/* Use the value of SOCK_DGRAM (2) directory, because __stringify doesn't like
 * enums
 */
MODULE_ALIAS_NET_PF_PROTO_TYPE(PF_INET, 2, IPPROTO_L2TP);