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/*
 * Monitoring code for network dropped packet alerts
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2009 Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com>
 */

#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/inetdevice.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/netpoll.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/net_dropmon.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <net/genetlink.h>
#include <net/netevent.h>

#include <trace/events/skb.h>
#include <trace/events/napi.h>

#include <asm/unaligned.h>

#define TRACE_ON 1
#define TRACE_OFF 0

static void send_dm_alert(struct work_struct *unused);


/*
 * Globals, our netlink socket pointer
 * and the work handle that will send up
 * netlink alerts
 */
static int trace_state = TRACE_OFF;
static spinlock_t trace_state_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

struct per_cpu_dm_data {
	struct work_struct dm_alert_work;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	atomic_t dm_hit_count;
	struct timer_list send_timer;
};

struct dm_hw_stat_delta {
	struct net_device *dev;
	unsigned long last_rx;
	struct list_head list;
	struct rcu_head rcu;
	unsigned long last_drop_val;
};

static struct genl_family net_drop_monitor_family = {
	.id             = GENL_ID_GENERATE,
	.hdrsize        = 0,
	.name           = "NET_DM",
	.version        = 2,
	.maxattr        = NET_DM_CMD_MAX,
};

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct per_cpu_dm_data, dm_cpu_data);

static int dm_hit_limit = 64;
static int dm_delay = 1;
static unsigned long dm_hw_check_delta = 2*HZ;
static LIST_HEAD(hw_stats_list);

static void reset_per_cpu_data(struct per_cpu_dm_data *data)
{
	size_t al;
	struct net_dm_alert_msg *msg;
	struct nlattr *nla;

	al = sizeof(struct net_dm_alert_msg);
	al += dm_hit_limit * sizeof(struct net_dm_drop_point);
	al += sizeof(struct nlattr);

	data->skb = genlmsg_new(al, GFP_KERNEL);
	genlmsg_put(data->skb, 0, 0, &net_drop_monitor_family,
			0, NET_DM_CMD_ALERT);
	nla = nla_reserve(data->skb, NLA_UNSPEC, sizeof(struct net_dm_alert_msg));
	msg = nla_data(nla);
	memset(msg, 0, al);
	atomic_set(&data->dm_hit_count, dm_hit_limit);
}

static void send_dm_alert(struct work_struct *unused)
{
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct per_cpu_dm_data *data = &__get_cpu_var(dm_cpu_data);

	/*
	 * Grab the skb we're about to send
	 */
	skb = data->skb;

	/*
	 * Replace it with a new one
	 */
	reset_per_cpu_data(data);

	/*
	 * Ship it!
	 */
	genlmsg_multicast(skb, 0, NET_DM_GRP_ALERT, GFP_KERNEL);

}

/*
 * This is the timer function to delay the sending of an alert
 * in the event that more drops will arrive during the
 * hysteresis period.  Note that it operates under the timer interrupt
 * so we don't need to disable preemption here
 */
static void sched_send_work(unsigned long unused)
{
	struct per_cpu_dm_data *data =  &__get_cpu_var(dm_cpu_data);

	schedule_work(&data->dm_alert_work);
}

static void trace_drop_common(struct sk_buff *skb, void *location)
{
	struct net_dm_alert_msg *msg;
	struct nlmsghdr *nlh;
	struct nlattr *nla;
	int i;
	struct per_cpu_dm_data *data = &__get_cpu_var(dm_cpu_data);


	if (!atomic_add_unless(&data->dm_hit_count, -1, 0)) {
		/*
		 * we're already at zero, discard this hit
		 */
		goto out;
	}

	nlh = (struct nlmsghdr *)data->skb->data;
	nla = genlmsg_data(nlmsg_data(nlh));
	msg = nla_data(nla);
	for (i = 0; i < msg->entries; i++) {
		if (!memcmp(&location, msg->points[i].pc, sizeof(void *))) {
			msg->points[i].count++;
			goto out;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * We need to create a new entry
	 */
	__nla_reserve_nohdr(data->skb, sizeof(struct net_dm_drop_point));
	nla->nla_len += NLA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct net_dm_drop_point));
	memcpy(msg->points[msg->entries].pc, &location, sizeof(void *));
	msg->points[msg->entries].count = 1;
	msg->entries++;

	if (!timer_pending(&data->send_timer)) {
		data->send_timer.expires = jiffies + dm_delay * HZ;
		add_timer_on(&data->send_timer, smp_processor_id());
	}

out:
	return;
}

static void trace_kfree_skb_hit(struct sk_buff *skb, void *location)
{
	trace_drop_common(skb, location);
}

static void trace_napi_poll_hit(struct napi_struct *napi)
{
	struct dm_hw_stat_delta *new_stat;

	/*
	 * Don't check napi structures with no associated device
	 */
	if (!napi->dev)
		return;

	rcu_read_lock();
	list_for_each_entry_rcu(new_stat, &hw_stats_list, list) {
		/*
		 * only add a note to our monitor buffer if:
		 * 1) this is the dev we received on
		 * 2) its after the last_rx delta
		 * 3) our rx_dropped count has gone up
		 */
		if ((new_stat->dev == napi->dev)  &&
		    (time_after(jiffies, new_stat->last_rx + dm_hw_check_delta)) &&
		    (napi->dev->stats.rx_dropped != new_stat->last_drop_val)) {
			trace_drop_common(NULL, NULL);
			new_stat->last_drop_val = napi->dev->stats.rx_dropped;
			new_stat->last_rx = jiffies;
			break;
		}
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();
}


static void free_dm_hw_stat(struct rcu_head *head)
{
	struct dm_hw_stat_delta *n;
	n = container_of(head, struct dm_hw_stat_delta, rcu);
	kfree(n);
}

static int set_all_monitor_traces(int state)
{
	int rc = 0;
	struct dm_hw_stat_delta *new_stat = NULL;
	struct dm_hw_stat_delta *temp;

	spin_lock(&trace_state_lock);

	switch (state) {
	case TRACE_ON:
		rc |= register_trace_kfree_skb(trace_kfree_skb_hit);
		rc |= register_trace_napi_poll(trace_napi_poll_hit);
		break;
	case TRACE_OFF:
		rc |= unregister_trace_kfree_skb(trace_kfree_skb_hit);
		rc |= unregister_trace_napi_poll(trace_napi_poll_hit);

		tracepoint_synchronize_unregister();

		/*
		 * Clean the device list
		 */
		list_for_each_entry_safe(new_stat, temp, &hw_stats_list, list) {
			if (new_stat->dev == NULL) {
				list_del_rcu(&new_stat->list);
				call_rcu(&new_stat->rcu, free_dm_hw_stat);
			}
		}
		break;
	default:
		rc = 1;
		break;
	}

	if (!rc)
		trace_state = state;

	spin_unlock(&trace_state_lock);

	if (rc)
		return -EINPROGRESS;
	return rc;
}


static int net_dm_cmd_config(struct sk_buff *skb,
			struct genl_info *info)
{
	return -ENOTSUPP;
}

static int net_dm_cmd_trace(struct sk_buff *skb,
			struct genl_info *info)
{
	switch (info->genlhdr->cmd) {
	case NET_DM_CMD_START:
		return set_all_monitor_traces(TRACE_ON);
		break;
	case NET_DM_CMD_STOP:
		return set_all_monitor_traces(TRACE_OFF);
		break;
	}

	return -ENOTSUPP;
}

static int dropmon_net_event(struct notifier_block *ev_block,
			unsigned long event, void *ptr)
{
	struct net_device *dev = ptr;
	struct dm_hw_stat_delta *new_stat = NULL;
	struct dm_hw_stat_delta *tmp;

	switch (event) {
	case NETDEV_REGISTER:
		new_stat = kzalloc(sizeof(struct dm_hw_stat_delta), GFP_KERNEL);

		if (!new_stat)
			goto out;

		new_stat->dev = dev;
		new_stat->last_rx = jiffies;
		INIT_RCU_HEAD(&new_stat->rcu);
		spin_lock(&trace_state_lock);
		list_add_rcu(&new_stat->list, &hw_stats_list);
		spin_unlock(&trace_state_lock);
		break;
	case NETDEV_UNREGISTER:
		spin_lock(&trace_state_lock);
		list_for_each_entry_safe(new_stat, tmp, &hw_stats_list, list) {
			if (new_stat->dev == dev) {
				new_stat->dev = NULL;
				if (trace_state == TRACE_OFF) {
					list_del_rcu(&new_stat->list);
					call_rcu(&new_stat->rcu, free_dm_hw_stat);
					break;
				}
			}
		}
		spin_unlock(&trace_state_lock);
		break;
	}
out:
	return NOTIFY_DONE;
}

static struct genl_ops dropmon_ops[] = {
	{
		.cmd = NET_DM_CMD_CONFIG,
		.doit = net_dm_cmd_config,
	},
	{
		.cmd = NET_DM_CMD_START,
		.doit = net_dm_cmd_trace,
	},
	{
		.cmd = NET_DM_CMD_STOP,
		.doit = net_dm_cmd_trace,
	},
};

static struct notifier_block dropmon_net_notifier = {
	.notifier_call = dropmon_net_event
};

static int __init init_net_drop_monitor(void)
{
	int cpu;
	int rc, i, ret;
	struct per_cpu_dm_data *data;
	printk(KERN_INFO "Initalizing network drop monitor service\n");

	if (sizeof(void *) > 8) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to store program counters on this arch, Drop monitor failed\n");
		return -ENOSPC;
	}

	if (genl_register_family(&net_drop_monitor_family) < 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Could not create drop monitor netlink family\n");
		return -EFAULT;
	}

	rc = -EFAULT;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(dropmon_ops); i++) {
		ret = genl_register_ops(&net_drop_monitor_family,
					&dropmon_ops[i]);
		if (ret) {
			printk(KERN_CRIT "Failed to register operation %d\n",
				dropmon_ops[i].cmd);
			goto out_unreg;
		}
	}

	rc = register_netdevice_notifier(&dropmon_net_notifier);
	if (rc < 0) {
		printk(KERN_CRIT "Failed to register netdevice notifier\n");
		goto out_unreg;
	}

	rc = 0;

	for_each_present_cpu(cpu) {
		data = &per_cpu(dm_cpu_data, cpu);
		reset_per_cpu_data(data);
		INIT_WORK(&data->dm_alert_work, send_dm_alert);
		init_timer(&data->send_timer);
		data->send_timer.data = cpu;
		data->send_timer.function = sched_send_work;
	}

	goto out;

out_unreg:
	genl_unregister_family(&net_drop_monitor_family);
out:
	return rc;
}

late_initcall(init_net_drop_monitor);