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Elixir Cross Referencer

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/* CPU control.
 * (C) 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 Rusty Russell
 *
 * This code is licenced under the GPL.
 */
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

/*
 * Represents all cpu's present in the system
 * In systems capable of hotplug, this map could dynamically grow
 * as new cpu's are detected in the system via any platform specific
 * method, such as ACPI for e.g.
 */
cpumask_t cpu_present_map __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_present_map);

#ifndef CONFIG_SMP

/*
 * Represents all cpu's that are currently online.
 */
cpumask_t cpu_online_map __read_mostly = CPU_MASK_ALL;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_online_map);

cpumask_t cpu_possible_map __read_mostly = CPU_MASK_ALL;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_possible_map);

#else /* CONFIG_SMP */

/* Serializes the updates to cpu_online_map, cpu_present_map */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(cpu_add_remove_lock);

static __cpuinitdata RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(cpu_chain);

/* If set, cpu_up and cpu_down will return -EBUSY and do nothing.
 * Should always be manipulated under cpu_add_remove_lock
 */
static int cpu_hotplug_disabled;

static struct {
	struct task_struct *active_writer;
	struct mutex lock; /* Synchronizes accesses to refcount, */
	/*
	 * Also blocks the new readers during
	 * an ongoing cpu hotplug operation.
	 */
	int refcount;
} cpu_hotplug;

void __init cpu_hotplug_init(void)
{
	cpu_hotplug.active_writer = NULL;
	mutex_init(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
	cpu_hotplug.refcount = 0;
}

cpumask_t cpu_active_map;

#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU

void get_online_cpus(void)
{
	might_sleep();
	if (cpu_hotplug.active_writer == current)
		return;
	mutex_lock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
	cpu_hotplug.refcount++;
	mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);

}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_online_cpus);

void put_online_cpus(void)
{
	if (cpu_hotplug.active_writer == current)
		return;
	mutex_lock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
	if (!--cpu_hotplug.refcount && unlikely(cpu_hotplug.active_writer))
		wake_up_process(cpu_hotplug.active_writer);
	mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);

}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_online_cpus);

#endif	/* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */

/*
 * The following two API's must be used when attempting
 * to serialize the updates to cpu_online_map, cpu_present_map.
 */
void cpu_maps_update_begin(void)
{
	mutex_lock(&cpu_add_remove_lock);
}

void cpu_maps_update_done(void)
{
	mutex_unlock(&cpu_add_remove_lock);
}

/*
 * This ensures that the hotplug operation can begin only when the
 * refcount goes to zero.
 *
 * Note that during a cpu-hotplug operation, the new readers, if any,
 * will be blocked by the cpu_hotplug.lock
 *
 * Since cpu_hotplug_begin() is always called after invoking
 * cpu_maps_update_begin(), we can be sure that only one writer is active.
 *
 * Note that theoretically, there is a possibility of a livelock:
 * - Refcount goes to zero, last reader wakes up the sleeping
 *   writer.
 * - Last reader unlocks the cpu_hotplug.lock.
 * - A new reader arrives at this moment, bumps up the refcount.
 * - The writer acquires the cpu_hotplug.lock finds the refcount
 *   non zero and goes to sleep again.
 *
 * However, this is very difficult to achieve in practice since
 * get_online_cpus() not an api which is called all that often.
 *
 */
static void cpu_hotplug_begin(void)
{
	cpu_hotplug.active_writer = current;

	for (;;) {
		mutex_lock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
		if (likely(!cpu_hotplug.refcount))
			break;
		__set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
		mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
		schedule();
	}
}

static void cpu_hotplug_done(void)
{
	cpu_hotplug.active_writer = NULL;
	mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
}
/* Need to know about CPUs going up/down? */
int __ref register_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
	int ret;
	cpu_maps_update_begin();
	ret = raw_notifier_chain_register(&cpu_chain, nb);
	cpu_maps_update_done();
	return ret;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU

EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_cpu_notifier);

void __ref unregister_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
	cpu_maps_update_begin();
	raw_notifier_chain_unregister(&cpu_chain, nb);
	cpu_maps_update_done();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_cpu_notifier);

static inline void check_for_tasks(int cpu)
{
	struct task_struct *p;

	write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
	for_each_process(p) {
		if (task_cpu(p) == cpu &&
		    (!cputime_eq(p->utime, cputime_zero) ||
		     !cputime_eq(p->stime, cputime_zero)))
			printk(KERN_WARNING "Task %s (pid = %d) is on cpu %d\
				(state = %ld, flags = %x) \n",
				 p->comm, task_pid_nr(p), cpu,
				 p->state, p->flags);
	}
	write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
}

struct take_cpu_down_param {
	unsigned long mod;
	void *hcpu;
};

/* Take this CPU down. */
static int __ref take_cpu_down(void *_param)
{
	struct take_cpu_down_param *param = _param;
	int err;

	raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DYING | param->mod,
				param->hcpu);
	/* Ensure this CPU doesn't handle any more interrupts. */
	err = __cpu_disable();
	if (err < 0)
		return err;

	/* Force idle task to run as soon as we yield: it should
	   immediately notice cpu is offline and die quickly. */
	sched_idle_next();
	return 0;
}

/* Requires cpu_add_remove_lock to be held */
static int __ref _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu, int tasks_frozen)
{
	int err, nr_calls = 0;
	cpumask_t old_allowed, tmp;
	void *hcpu = (void *)(long)cpu;
	unsigned long mod = tasks_frozen ? CPU_TASKS_FROZEN : 0;
	struct take_cpu_down_param tcd_param = {
		.mod = mod,
		.hcpu = hcpu,
	};

	if (num_online_cpus() == 1)
		return -EBUSY;

	if (!cpu_online(cpu))
		return -EINVAL;

	cpu_hotplug_begin();
	err = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_PREPARE | mod,
					hcpu, -1, &nr_calls);
	if (err == NOTIFY_BAD) {
		nr_calls--;
		__raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_FAILED | mod,
					  hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
		printk("%s: attempt to take down CPU %u failed\n",
				__func__, cpu);
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out_release;
	}

	/* Ensure that we are not runnable on dying cpu */
	old_allowed = current->cpus_allowed;
	cpus_setall(tmp);
	cpu_clear(cpu, tmp);
	set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, &tmp);
	tmp = cpumask_of_cpu(cpu);

	err = __stop_machine(take_cpu_down, &tcd_param, &tmp);
	if (err) {
		/* CPU didn't die: tell everyone.  Can't complain. */
		if (raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_FAILED | mod,
					    hcpu) == NOTIFY_BAD)
			BUG();

		goto out_allowed;
	}
	BUG_ON(cpu_online(cpu));

	/* Wait for it to sleep (leaving idle task). */
	while (!idle_cpu(cpu))
		yield();

	/* This actually kills the CPU. */
	__cpu_die(cpu);

	/* CPU is completely dead: tell everyone.  Too late to complain. */
	if (raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DEAD | mod,
				    hcpu) == NOTIFY_BAD)
		BUG();

	check_for_tasks(cpu);

out_allowed:
	set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, &old_allowed);
out_release:
	cpu_hotplug_done();
	if (!err) {
		if (raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_POST_DEAD | mod,
					    hcpu) == NOTIFY_BAD)
			BUG();
	}
	return err;
}

int __ref cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
{
	int err = 0;

	cpu_maps_update_begin();

	if (cpu_hotplug_disabled) {
		err = -EBUSY;
		goto out;
	}

	cpu_clear(cpu, cpu_active_map);

	/*
	 * Make sure the all cpus did the reschedule and are not
	 * using stale version of the cpu_active_map.
	 * This is not strictly necessary becuase stop_machine()
	 * that we run down the line already provides the required
	 * synchronization. But it's really a side effect and we do not
	 * want to depend on the innards of the stop_machine here.
	 */
	synchronize_sched();

	err = _cpu_down(cpu, 0);

	if (cpu_online(cpu))
		cpu_set(cpu, cpu_active_map);

out:
	cpu_maps_update_done();
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_down);
#endif /*CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU*/

/* Requires cpu_add_remove_lock to be held */
static int __cpuinit _cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, int tasks_frozen)
{
	int ret, nr_calls = 0;
	void *hcpu = (void *)(long)cpu;
	unsigned long mod = tasks_frozen ? CPU_TASKS_FROZEN : 0;

	if (cpu_online(cpu) || !cpu_present(cpu))
		return -EINVAL;

	cpu_hotplug_begin();
	ret = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_UP_PREPARE | mod, hcpu,
							-1, &nr_calls);
	if (ret == NOTIFY_BAD) {
		nr_calls--;
		printk("%s: attempt to bring up CPU %u failed\n",
				__func__, cpu);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto out_notify;
	}

	/* Arch-specific enabling code. */
	ret = __cpu_up(cpu);
	if (ret != 0)
		goto out_notify;
	BUG_ON(!cpu_online(cpu));

	cpu_set(cpu, cpu_active_map);

	/* Now call notifier in preparation. */
	raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_ONLINE | mod, hcpu);

out_notify:
	if (ret != 0)
		__raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain,
				CPU_UP_CANCELED | mod, hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
	cpu_hotplug_done();

	return ret;
}

int __cpuinit cpu_up(unsigned int cpu)
{
	int err = 0;
	if (!cpu_isset(cpu, cpu_possible_map)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "can't online cpu %d because it is not "
			"configured as may-hotadd at boot time\n", cpu);
#if defined(CONFIG_IA64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_64)
		printk(KERN_ERR "please check additional_cpus= boot "
				"parameter\n");
#endif
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	cpu_maps_update_begin();

	if (cpu_hotplug_disabled) {
		err = -EBUSY;
		goto out;
	}

	err = _cpu_up(cpu, 0);

out:
	cpu_maps_update_done();
	return err;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP
static cpumask_t frozen_cpus;

int disable_nonboot_cpus(void)
{
	int cpu, first_cpu, error = 0;

	cpu_maps_update_begin();
	first_cpu = first_cpu(cpu_online_map);
	/* We take down all of the non-boot CPUs in one shot to avoid races
	 * with the userspace trying to use the CPU hotplug at the same time
	 */
	cpus_clear(frozen_cpus);
	printk("Disabling non-boot CPUs ...\n");
	for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
		if (cpu == first_cpu)
			continue;
		error = _cpu_down(cpu, 1);
		if (!error) {
			cpu_set(cpu, frozen_cpus);
			printk("CPU%d is down\n", cpu);
		} else {
			printk(KERN_ERR "Error taking CPU%d down: %d\n",
				cpu, error);
			break;
		}
	}
	if (!error) {
		BUG_ON(num_online_cpus() > 1);
		/* Make sure the CPUs won't be enabled by someone else */
		cpu_hotplug_disabled = 1;
	} else {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Non-boot CPUs are not disabled\n");
	}
	cpu_maps_update_done();
	return error;
}

void __ref enable_nonboot_cpus(void)
{
	int cpu, error;

	/* Allow everyone to use the CPU hotplug again */
	cpu_maps_update_begin();
	cpu_hotplug_disabled = 0;
	if (cpus_empty(frozen_cpus))
		goto out;

	printk("Enabling non-boot CPUs ...\n");
	for_each_cpu_mask_nr(cpu, frozen_cpus) {
		error = _cpu_up(cpu, 1);
		if (!error) {
			printk("CPU%d is up\n", cpu);
			continue;
		}
		printk(KERN_WARNING "Error taking CPU%d up: %d\n", cpu, error);
	}
	cpus_clear(frozen_cpus);
out:
	cpu_maps_update_done();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */

#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

/*
 * cpu_bit_bitmap[] is a special, "compressed" data structure that
 * represents all NR_CPUS bits binary values of 1<<nr.
 *
 * It is used by cpumask_of_cpu() to get a constant address to a CPU
 * mask value that has a single bit set only.
 */

/* cpu_bit_bitmap[0] is empty - so we can back into it */
#define MASK_DECLARE_1(x)	[x+1][0] = 1UL << (x)
#define MASK_DECLARE_2(x)	MASK_DECLARE_1(x), MASK_DECLARE_1(x+1)
#define MASK_DECLARE_4(x)	MASK_DECLARE_2(x), MASK_DECLARE_2(x+2)
#define MASK_DECLARE_8(x)	MASK_DECLARE_4(x), MASK_DECLARE_4(x+4)

const unsigned long cpu_bit_bitmap[BITS_PER_LONG+1][BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)] = {

	MASK_DECLARE_8(0),	MASK_DECLARE_8(8),
	MASK_DECLARE_8(16),	MASK_DECLARE_8(24),
#if BITS_PER_LONG > 32
	MASK_DECLARE_8(32),	MASK_DECLARE_8(40),
	MASK_DECLARE_8(48),	MASK_DECLARE_8(56),
#endif
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpu_bit_bitmap);