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Elixir Cross Referencer

/* $Id: fault.c,v 1.5 2000/01/26 16:20:29 jsm Exp $
 *
 * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
 * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
 * for more details.
 *
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 by Ralf Baechle
 * Copyright 1999 SuSE GmbH (Philipp Rumpf, prumpf@tux.org)
 * Copyright 1999 Hewlett Packard Co.
 *
 */

#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/module.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>

#define PRINT_USER_FAULTS /* (turn this on if you want user faults to be */
			 /*  dumped to the console via printk)          */


/* Various important other fields */
#define bit22set(x)		(x & 0x00000200)
#define bits23_25set(x)		(x & 0x000001c0)
#define isGraphicsFlushRead(x)	((x & 0xfc003fdf) == 0x04001a80)
				/* extended opcode is 0x6a */

#define BITSSET		0x1c0	/* for identifying LDCW */


DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct exception_data, exception_data);

/*
 * parisc_acctyp(unsigned int inst) --
 *    Given a PA-RISC memory access instruction, determine if the
 *    the instruction would perform a memory read or memory write
 *    operation.
 *
 *    This function assumes that the given instruction is a memory access
 *    instruction (i.e. you should really only call it if you know that
 *    the instruction has generated some sort of a memory access fault).
 *
 * Returns:
 *   VM_READ  if read operation
 *   VM_WRITE if write operation
 *   VM_EXEC  if execute operation
 */
static unsigned long
parisc_acctyp(unsigned long code, unsigned int inst)
{
	if (code == 6 || code == 16)
	    return VM_EXEC;

	switch (inst & 0xf0000000) {
	case 0x40000000: /* load */
	case 0x50000000: /* new load */
		return VM_READ;

	case 0x60000000: /* store */
	case 0x70000000: /* new store */
		return VM_WRITE;

	case 0x20000000: /* coproc */
	case 0x30000000: /* coproc2 */
		if (bit22set(inst))
			return VM_WRITE;

	case 0x0: /* indexed/memory management */
		if (bit22set(inst)) {
			/*
			 * Check for the 'Graphics Flush Read' instruction.
			 * It resembles an FDC instruction, except for bits
			 * 20 and 21. Any combination other than zero will
			 * utilize the block mover functionality on some
			 * older PA-RISC platforms.  The case where a block
			 * move is performed from VM to graphics IO space
			 * should be treated as a READ.
			 *
			 * The significance of bits 20,21 in the FDC
			 * instruction is:
			 *
			 *   00  Flush data cache (normal instruction behavior)
			 *   01  Graphics flush write  (IO space -> VM)
			 *   10  Graphics flush read   (VM -> IO space)
			 *   11  Graphics flush read/write (VM <-> IO space)
			 */
			if (isGraphicsFlushRead(inst))
				return VM_READ;
			return VM_WRITE;
		} else {
			/*
			 * Check for LDCWX and LDCWS (semaphore instructions).
			 * If bits 23 through 25 are all 1's it is one of
			 * the above two instructions and is a write.
			 *
			 * Note: With the limited bits we are looking at,
			 * this will also catch PROBEW and PROBEWI. However,
			 * these should never get in here because they don't
			 * generate exceptions of the type:
			 *   Data TLB miss fault/data page fault
			 *   Data memory protection trap
			 */
			if (bits23_25set(inst) == BITSSET)
				return VM_WRITE;
		}
		return VM_READ; /* Default */
	}
	return VM_READ; /* Default */
}

#undef bit22set
#undef bits23_25set
#undef isGraphicsFlushRead
#undef BITSSET


#if 0
/* This is the treewalk to find a vma which is the highest that has
 * a start < addr.  We're using find_vma_prev instead right now, but
 * we might want to use this at some point in the future.  Probably
 * not, but I want it committed to CVS so I don't lose it :-)
 */
			while (tree != vm_avl_empty) {
				if (tree->vm_start > addr) {
					tree = tree->vm_avl_left;
				} else {
					prev = tree;
					if (prev->vm_next == NULL)
						break;
					if (prev->vm_next->vm_start > addr)
						break;
					tree = tree->vm_avl_right;
				}
			}
#endif

void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long code,
			      unsigned long address)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev_vma;
	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
	struct mm_struct *mm = tsk->mm;
	const struct exception_table_entry *fix;
	unsigned long acc_type;
	int fault;

	if (in_atomic() || !mm)
		goto no_context;

	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	vma = find_vma_prev(mm, address, &prev_vma);
	if (!vma || address < vma->vm_start)
		goto check_expansion;
/*
 * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this memory access. We still need to
 * check the access permissions.
 */

good_area:

	acc_type = parisc_acctyp(code,regs->iir);

	if ((vma->vm_flags & acc_type) != acc_type)
		goto bad_area;

	/*
	 * If for any reason at all we couldn't handle the fault, make
	 * sure we exit gracefully rather than endlessly redo the
	 * fault.
	 */

	fault = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, address, (acc_type & VM_WRITE) != 0);
	if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
		/*
		 * We hit a shared mapping outside of the file, or some
		 * other thing happened to us that made us unable to
		 * handle the page fault gracefully.
		 */
		if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM)
			goto out_of_memory;
		else if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
			goto bad_area;
		BUG();
	}
	if (fault & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
		current->maj_flt++;
	else
		current->min_flt++;
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	return;

check_expansion:
	vma = prev_vma;
	if (vma && (expand_stack(vma, address) == 0))
		goto good_area;

/*
 * Something tried to access memory that isn't in our memory map..
 */
bad_area:
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);

	if (user_mode(regs)) {
		struct siginfo si;

#ifdef PRINT_USER_FAULTS
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n");
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "do_page_fault() pid=%d command='%s' type=%lu address=0x%08lx\n",
		    task_pid_nr(tsk), tsk->comm, code, address);
		if (vma) {
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "vm_start = 0x%08lx, vm_end = 0x%08lx\n",
					vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
		}
		show_regs(regs);
#endif
		/* FIXME: actually we need to get the signo and code correct */
		si.si_signo = SIGSEGV;
		si.si_errno = 0;
		si.si_code = SEGV_MAPERR;
		si.si_addr = (void __user *) address;
		force_sig_info(SIGSEGV, &si, current);
		return;
	}

no_context:

	if (!user_mode(regs)) {
		fix = search_exception_tables(regs->iaoq[0]);

		if (fix) {
			struct exception_data *d;

			d = &__get_cpu_var(exception_data);
			d->fault_ip = regs->iaoq[0];
			d->fault_space = regs->isr;
			d->fault_addr = regs->ior;

			regs->iaoq[0] = ((fix->fixup) & ~3);

			/*
			 * NOTE: In some cases the faulting instruction
			 * may be in the delay slot of a branch. We
			 * don't want to take the branch, so we don't
			 * increment iaoq[1], instead we set it to be
			 * iaoq[0]+4, and clear the B bit in the PSW
			 */

			regs->iaoq[1] = regs->iaoq[0] + 4;
			regs->gr[0] &= ~PSW_B; /* IPSW in gr[0] */

			return;
		}
	}

	parisc_terminate("Bad Address (null pointer deref?)", regs, code, address);

  out_of_memory:
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	printk(KERN_CRIT "VM: killing process %s\n", current->comm);
	if (user_mode(regs))
		do_group_exit(SIGKILL);
	goto no_context;
}