Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
/*
 * linux/kernel/ptrace.c
 *
 * (C) Copyright 1999 Linus Torvalds
 *
 * Common interfaces for "ptrace()" which we do not want
 * to continually duplicate across every architecture.
 */

#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>

/*
 * ptrace a task: make the debugger its new parent and
 * move it to the ptrace list.
 *
 * Must be called with the tasklist lock write-held.
 */
void __ptrace_link(struct task_struct *child, struct task_struct *new_parent)
{
	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&child->ptrace_list));
	if (child->parent == new_parent)
		return;
	list_add(&child->ptrace_list, &child->parent->ptrace_children);
	remove_parent(child);
	child->parent = new_parent;
	add_parent(child);
}
 
/*
 * Turn a tracing stop into a normal stop now, since with no tracer there
 * would be no way to wake it up with SIGCONT or SIGKILL.  If there was a
 * signal sent that would resume the child, but didn't because it was in
 * TASK_TRACED, resume it now.
 * Requires that irqs be disabled.
 */
void ptrace_untrace(struct task_struct *child)
{
	spin_lock(&child->sighand->siglock);
	if (child->state == TASK_TRACED) {
		if (child->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED) {
			child->state = TASK_STOPPED;
		} else {
			signal_wake_up(child, 1);
		}
	}
	spin_unlock(&child->sighand->siglock);
}

/*
 * unptrace a task: move it back to its original parent and
 * remove it from the ptrace list.
 *
 * Must be called with the tasklist lock write-held.
 */
void __ptrace_unlink(struct task_struct *child)
{
	BUG_ON(!child->ptrace);

	child->ptrace = 0;
	if (!list_empty(&child->ptrace_list)) {
		list_del_init(&child->ptrace_list);
		remove_parent(child);
		child->parent = child->real_parent;
		add_parent(child);
	}

	if (child->state == TASK_TRACED)
		ptrace_untrace(child);
}

/*
 * Check that we have indeed attached to the thing..
 */
int ptrace_check_attach(struct task_struct *child, int kill)
{
	int ret = -ESRCH;

	/*
	 * We take the read lock around doing both checks to close a
	 * possible race where someone else was tracing our child and
	 * detached between these two checks.  After this locked check,
	 * we are sure that this is our traced child and that can only
	 * be changed by us so it's not changing right after this.
	 */
	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
	if ((child->ptrace & PT_PTRACED) && child->parent == current &&
	    (!(child->ptrace & PT_ATTACHED) || child->real_parent != current)
	    && child->signal != NULL) {
		ret = 0;
		spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
		if (child->state == TASK_STOPPED) {
			child->state = TASK_TRACED;
		} else if (child->state != TASK_TRACED && !kill) {
			ret = -ESRCH;
		}
		spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
	}
	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);

	if (!ret && !kill) {
		wait_task_inactive(child);
	}

	/* All systems go.. */
	return ret;
}

static int may_attach(struct task_struct *task)
{
	/* May we inspect the given task?
	 * This check is used both for attaching with ptrace
	 * and for allowing access to sensitive information in /proc.
	 *
	 * ptrace_attach denies several cases that /proc allows
	 * because setting up the necessary parent/child relationship
	 * or halting the specified task is impossible.
	 */
	int dumpable = 0;
	/* Don't let security modules deny introspection */
	if (task == current)
		return 0;
	if (((current->uid != task->euid) ||
	     (current->uid != task->suid) ||
	     (current->uid != task->uid) ||
	     (current->gid != task->egid) ||
	     (current->gid != task->sgid) ||
	     (current->gid != task->gid)) && !capable(CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
		return -EPERM;
	smp_rmb();
	if (task->mm)
		dumpable = task->mm->dumpable;
	if (!dumpable && !capable(CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
		return -EPERM;

	return security_ptrace(current, task);
}

int ptrace_may_attach(struct task_struct *task)
{
	int err;
	task_lock(task);
	err = may_attach(task);
	task_unlock(task);
	return !err;
}

int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task)
{
	int retval;

	audit_ptrace(task);

	retval = -EPERM;
	if (task->pid <= 1)
		goto out;
	if (task->tgid == current->tgid)
		goto out;

repeat:
	/*
	 * Nasty, nasty.
	 *
	 * We want to hold both the task-lock and the
	 * tasklist_lock for writing at the same time.
	 * But that's against the rules (tasklist_lock
	 * is taken for reading by interrupts on other
	 * cpu's that may have task_lock).
	 */
	task_lock(task);
	local_irq_disable();
	if (!write_trylock(&tasklist_lock)) {
		local_irq_enable();
		task_unlock(task);
		do {
			cpu_relax();
		} while (!write_can_lock(&tasklist_lock));
		goto repeat;
	}

	if (!task->mm)
		goto bad;
	/* the same process cannot be attached many times */
	if (task->ptrace & PT_PTRACED)
		goto bad;
	retval = may_attach(task);
	if (retval)
		goto bad;

	/* Go */
	task->ptrace |= PT_PTRACED | ((task->real_parent != current)
				      ? PT_ATTACHED : 0);
	if (capable(CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
		task->ptrace |= PT_PTRACE_CAP;

	__ptrace_link(task, current);

	force_sig_specific(SIGSTOP, task);

bad:
	write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
	task_unlock(task);
out:
	return retval;
}

static inline void __ptrace_detach(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int data)
{
	child->exit_code = data;
	/* .. re-parent .. */
	__ptrace_unlink(child);
	/* .. and wake it up. */
	if (child->exit_state != EXIT_ZOMBIE)
		wake_up_process(child);
}

int ptrace_detach(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int data)
{
	if (!valid_signal(data))
		return -EIO;

	/* Architecture-specific hardware disable .. */
	ptrace_disable(child);

	write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
	/* protect against de_thread()->release_task() */
	if (child->ptrace)
		__ptrace_detach(child, data);
	write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);

	return 0;
}

int ptrace_readdata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long src, char __user *dst, int len)
{
	int copied = 0;

	while (len > 0) {
		char buf[128];
		int this_len, retval;

		this_len = (len > sizeof(buf)) ? sizeof(buf) : len;
		retval = access_process_vm(tsk, src, buf, this_len, 0);
		if (!retval) {
			if (copied)
				break;
			return -EIO;
		}
		if (copy_to_user(dst, buf, retval))
			return -EFAULT;
		copied += retval;
		src += retval;
		dst += retval;
		len -= retval;			
	}
	return copied;
}

int ptrace_writedata(struct task_struct *tsk, char __user *src, unsigned long dst, int len)
{
	int copied = 0;

	while (len > 0) {
		char buf[128];
		int this_len, retval;

		this_len = (len > sizeof(buf)) ? sizeof(buf) : len;
		if (copy_from_user(buf, src, this_len))
			return -EFAULT;
		retval = access_process_vm(tsk, dst, buf, this_len, 1);
		if (!retval) {
			if (copied)
				break;
			return -EIO;
		}
		copied += retval;
		src += retval;
		dst += retval;
		len -= retval;			
	}
	return copied;
}

static int ptrace_setoptions(struct task_struct *child, long data)
{
	child->ptrace &= ~PT_TRACE_MASK;

	if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACESYSGOOD)
		child->ptrace |= PT_TRACESYSGOOD;

	if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEFORK)
		child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_FORK;

	if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEVFORK)
		child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_VFORK;

	if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACECLONE)
		child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_CLONE;

	if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEEXEC)
		child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_EXEC;

	if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEVFORKDONE)
		child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_VFORK_DONE;

	if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEEXIT)
		child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_EXIT;

	return (data & ~PTRACE_O_MASK) ? -EINVAL : 0;
}

static int ptrace_getsiginfo(struct task_struct *child, siginfo_t __user * data)
{
	siginfo_t lastinfo;
	int error = -ESRCH;

	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
	if (likely(child->sighand != NULL)) {
		error = -EINVAL;
		spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
		if (likely(child->last_siginfo != NULL)) {
			lastinfo = *child->last_siginfo;
			error = 0;
		}
		spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
	}
	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
	if (!error)
		return copy_siginfo_to_user(data, &lastinfo);
	return error;
}

static int ptrace_setsiginfo(struct task_struct *child, siginfo_t __user * data)
{
	siginfo_t newinfo;
	int error = -ESRCH;

	if (copy_from_user(&newinfo, data, sizeof (siginfo_t)))
		return -EFAULT;

	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
	if (likely(child->sighand != NULL)) {
		error = -EINVAL;
		spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
		if (likely(child->last_siginfo != NULL)) {
			*child->last_siginfo = newinfo;
			error = 0;
		}
		spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
	}
	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
	return error;
}

int ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, long request,
		   long addr, long data)
{
	int ret = -EIO;

	switch (request) {
#ifdef PTRACE_OLDSETOPTIONS
	case PTRACE_OLDSETOPTIONS:
#endif
	case PTRACE_SETOPTIONS:
		ret = ptrace_setoptions(child, data);
		break;
	case PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG:
		ret = put_user(child->ptrace_message, (unsigned long __user *) data);
		break;
	case PTRACE_GETSIGINFO:
		ret = ptrace_getsiginfo(child, (siginfo_t __user *) data);
		break;
	case PTRACE_SETSIGINFO:
		ret = ptrace_setsiginfo(child, (siginfo_t __user *) data);
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	return ret;
}

/**
 * ptrace_traceme  --  helper for PTRACE_TRACEME
 *
 * Performs checks and sets PT_PTRACED.
 * Should be used by all ptrace implementations for PTRACE_TRACEME.
 */
int ptrace_traceme(void)
{
	int ret = -EPERM;

	/*
	 * Are we already being traced?
	 */
	task_lock(current);
	if (!(current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED)) {
		ret = security_ptrace(current->parent, current);
		/*
		 * Set the ptrace bit in the process ptrace flags.
		 */
		if (!ret)
			current->ptrace |= PT_PTRACED;
	}
	task_unlock(current);
	return ret;
}

/**
 * ptrace_get_task_struct  --  grab a task struct reference for ptrace
 * @pid:       process id to grab a task_struct reference of
 *
 * This function is a helper for ptrace implementations.  It checks
 * permissions and then grabs a task struct for use of the actual
 * ptrace implementation.
 *
 * Returns the task_struct for @pid or an ERR_PTR() on failure.
 */
struct task_struct *ptrace_get_task_struct(pid_t pid)
{
	struct task_struct *child;

	/*
	 * Tracing init is not allowed.
	 */
	if (pid == 1)
		return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);

	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
	child = find_task_by_pid(pid);
	if (child)
		get_task_struct(child);

	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
	if (!child)
		return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH);
	return child;
}

#ifndef __ARCH_SYS_PTRACE
asmlinkage long sys_ptrace(long request, long pid, long addr, long data)
{
	struct task_struct *child;
	long ret;

	/*
	 * This lock_kernel fixes a subtle race with suid exec
	 */
	lock_kernel();
	if (request == PTRACE_TRACEME) {
		ret = ptrace_traceme();
		goto out;
	}

	child = ptrace_get_task_struct(pid);
	if (IS_ERR(child)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(child);
		goto out;
	}

	if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH) {
		ret = ptrace_attach(child);
		goto out_put_task_struct;
	}

	ret = ptrace_check_attach(child, request == PTRACE_KILL);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto out_put_task_struct;

	ret = arch_ptrace(child, request, addr, data);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto out_put_task_struct;

 out_put_task_struct:
	put_task_struct(child);
 out:
	unlock_kernel();
	return ret;
}
#endif /* __ARCH_SYS_PTRACE */