Boot Linux faster!

Check our new training course

Boot Linux faster!

Check our new training course
and Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
lecture and lab materials

Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
#ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_H
#define _LINUX_SCHED_H

#include <asm/param.h>	/* for HZ */

#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/timex.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/thread_info.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>

#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/semaphore.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
#include <asm/mmu.h>

#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/sem.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/securebits.h>
#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/pid.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>

struct exec_domain;

/*
 * cloning flags:
 */
#define CSIGNAL		0x000000ff	/* signal mask to be sent at exit */
#define CLONE_VM	0x00000100	/* set if VM shared between processes */
#define CLONE_FS	0x00000200	/* set if fs info shared between processes */
#define CLONE_FILES	0x00000400	/* set if open files shared between processes */
#define CLONE_SIGHAND	0x00000800	/* set if signal handlers and blocked signals shared */
#define CLONE_IDLETASK	0x00001000	/* set if new pid should be 0 (kernel only)*/
#define CLONE_PTRACE	0x00002000	/* set if we want to let tracing continue on the child too */
#define CLONE_VFORK	0x00004000	/* set if the parent wants the child to wake it up on mm_release */
#define CLONE_PARENT	0x00008000	/* set if we want to have the same parent as the cloner */
#define CLONE_THREAD	0x00010000	/* Same thread group? */
#define CLONE_NEWNS	0x00020000	/* New namespace group? */
#define CLONE_SYSVSEM	0x00040000	/* share system V SEM_UNDO semantics */
#define CLONE_SETTLS	0x00080000	/* create a new TLS for the child */
#define CLONE_PARENT_SETTID	0x00100000	/* set the TID in the parent */
#define CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID	0x00200000	/* clear the TID in the child */
#define CLONE_DETACHED		0x00400000	/* Unused, ignored */
#define CLONE_UNTRACED		0x00800000	/* set if the tracing process can't force CLONE_PTRACE on this clone */
#define CLONE_CHILD_SETTID	0x01000000	/* set the TID in the child */
#define CLONE_STOPPED		0x02000000	/* Start in stopped state */

/*
 * List of flags we want to share for kernel threads,
 * if only because they are not used by them anyway.
 */
#define CLONE_KERNEL	(CLONE_FS | CLONE_FILES | CLONE_SIGHAND)

/*
 * These are the constant used to fake the fixed-point load-average
 * counting. Some notes:
 *  - 11 bit fractions expand to 22 bits by the multiplies: this gives
 *    a load-average precision of 10 bits integer + 11 bits fractional
 *  - if you want to count load-averages more often, you need more
 *    precision, or rounding will get you. With 2-second counting freq,
 *    the EXP_n values would be 1981, 2034 and 2043 if still using only
 *    11 bit fractions.
 */
extern unsigned long avenrun[];		/* Load averages */

#define FSHIFT		11		/* nr of bits of precision */
#define FIXED_1		(1<<FSHIFT)	/* 1.0 as fixed-point */
#define LOAD_FREQ	(5*HZ)		/* 5 sec intervals */
#define EXP_1		1884		/* 1/exp(5sec/1min) as fixed-point */
#define EXP_5		2014		/* 1/exp(5sec/5min) */
#define EXP_15		2037		/* 1/exp(5sec/15min) */

#define CALC_LOAD(load,exp,n) \
	load *= exp; \
	load += n*(FIXED_1-exp); \
	load >>= FSHIFT;

#define CT_TO_SECS(x)	((x) / HZ)
#define CT_TO_USECS(x)	(((x) % HZ) * 1000000/HZ)

extern int nr_threads;
extern int last_pid;
DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, process_counts);
extern int nr_processes(void);
extern unsigned long nr_running(void);
extern unsigned long nr_uninterruptible(void);
extern unsigned long nr_iowait(void);

#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/param.h>
#include <linux/resource.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>

#define TASK_RUNNING		0
#define TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE	1
#define TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE	2
#define TASK_STOPPED		4
#define TASK_ZOMBIE		8
#define TASK_DEAD		16

#define __set_task_state(tsk, state_value)		\
	do { (tsk)->state = (state_value); } while (0)
#define set_task_state(tsk, state_value)		\
	set_mb((tsk)->state, (state_value))

#define __set_current_state(state_value)			\
	do { current->state = (state_value); } while (0)
#define set_current_state(state_value)		\
	set_mb(current->state, (state_value))

/*
 * Scheduling policies
 */
#define SCHED_NORMAL		0
#define SCHED_FIFO		1
#define SCHED_RR		2

struct sched_param {
	int sched_priority;
};

#ifdef __KERNEL__

#include <linux/spinlock.h>

/*
 * This serializes "schedule()" and also protects
 * the run-queue from deletions/modifications (but
 * _adding_ to the beginning of the run-queue has
 * a separate lock).
 */
extern rwlock_t tasklist_lock;
extern spinlock_t mmlist_lock;

typedef struct task_struct task_t;

extern void sched_init(void);
extern void init_idle(task_t *idle, int cpu);

extern void show_state(void);
extern void show_regs(struct pt_regs *);

/*
 * TASK is a pointer to the task whose backtrace we want to see (or NULL for current
 * task), SP is the stack pointer of the first frame that should be shown in the back
 * trace (or NULL if the entire call-chain of the task should be shown).
 */
extern void show_stack(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *sp);

void io_schedule(void);
long io_schedule_timeout(long timeout);

extern void cpu_init (void);
extern void trap_init(void);
extern void update_process_times(int user);
extern void update_one_process(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long user,
			       unsigned long system, int cpu);
extern void scheduler_tick(int user_tick, int system);
extern unsigned long cache_decay_ticks;


#define	MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT	LONG_MAX
extern signed long FASTCALL(schedule_timeout(signed long timeout));
asmlinkage void schedule(void);

struct namespace;

/* Maximum number of active map areas.. This is a random (large) number */
#define MAX_MAP_COUNT	(65536)

#include <linux/aio.h>

struct mm_struct {
	struct vm_area_struct * mmap;		/* list of VMAs */
	struct rb_root mm_rb;
	struct vm_area_struct * mmap_cache;	/* last find_vma result */
	unsigned long free_area_cache;		/* first hole */
	pgd_t * pgd;
	atomic_t mm_users;			/* How many users with user space? */
	atomic_t mm_count;			/* How many references to "struct mm_struct" (users count as 1) */
	int map_count;				/* number of VMAs */
	struct rw_semaphore mmap_sem;
	spinlock_t page_table_lock;		/* Protects task page tables and mm->rss */

	struct list_head mmlist;		/* List of all active mm's.  These are globally strung
						 * together off init_mm.mmlist, and are protected
						 * by mmlist_lock
						 */

	unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data;
	unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack;
	unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end;
	unsigned long rss, total_vm, locked_vm;
	unsigned long def_flags;
	cpumask_t cpu_vm_mask;

	unsigned long saved_auxv[40]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */

	unsigned dumpable:1;
#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
	int used_hugetlb;
#endif
	/* Architecture-specific MM context */
	mm_context_t context;

	/* coredumping support */
	int core_waiters;
	struct completion *core_startup_done, core_done;

	/* aio bits */
	rwlock_t		ioctx_list_lock;
	struct kioctx		*ioctx_list;

	struct kioctx		default_kioctx;
};

extern int mmlist_nr;

struct sighand_struct {
	atomic_t		count;
	struct k_sigaction	action[_NSIG];
	spinlock_t		siglock;
};

/*
 * NOTE! "signal_struct" does not have it's own
 * locking, because a shared signal_struct always
 * implies a shared sighand_struct, so locking
 * sighand_struct is always a proper superset of
 * the locking of signal_struct.
 */
struct signal_struct {
	atomic_t		count;

	/* current thread group signal load-balancing target: */
	task_t			*curr_target;

	/* shared signal handling: */
	struct sigpending	shared_pending;

	/* thread group exit support */
	int			group_exit;
	int			group_exit_code;
	/* overloaded:
	 * - notify group_exit_task when ->count is equal to notify_count
	 * - everyone except group_exit_task is stopped during signal delivery
	 *   of fatal signals, group_exit_task processes the signal.
	 */
	struct task_struct	*group_exit_task;
	int			notify_count;

	/* thread group stop support, overloads group_exit_code too */
	int			group_stop_count;
};

/*
 * Priority of a process goes from 0..MAX_PRIO-1, valid RT
 * priority is 0..MAX_RT_PRIO-1, and SCHED_NORMAL tasks are
 * in the range MAX_RT_PRIO..MAX_PRIO-1. Priority values
 * are inverted: lower p->prio value means higher priority.
 *
 * The MAX_RT_USER_PRIO value allows the actual maximum
 * RT priority to be separate from the value exported to
 * user-space.  This allows kernel threads to set their
 * priority to a value higher than any user task. Note:
 * MAX_RT_PRIO must not be smaller than MAX_USER_RT_PRIO.
 */

#define MAX_USER_RT_PRIO	100
#define MAX_RT_PRIO		MAX_USER_RT_PRIO

#define MAX_PRIO		(MAX_RT_PRIO + 40)

#define rt_task(p)		((p)->prio < MAX_RT_PRIO)

/*
 * Some day this will be a full-fledged user tracking system..
 */
struct user_struct {
	atomic_t __count;	/* reference count */
	atomic_t processes;	/* How many processes does this user have? */
	atomic_t files;		/* How many open files does this user have? */

	/* Hash table maintenance information */
	struct list_head uidhash_list;
	uid_t uid;
};

extern struct user_struct *find_user(uid_t);

extern struct user_struct root_user;
#define INIT_USER (&root_user)

typedef struct prio_array prio_array_t;
struct backing_dev_info;
struct reclaim_state;

/* POSIX.1b interval timer structure. */
struct k_itimer {
	struct list_head list;		 /* free/ allocate list */
	spinlock_t it_lock;
	clockid_t it_clock;		/* which timer type */
	timer_t it_id;			/* timer id */
	int it_overrun;			/* overrun on pending signal  */
	int it_overrun_last;		 /* overrun on last delivered signal */
	int it_requeue_pending;          /* waiting to requeue this timer */
	int it_sigev_notify;		 /* notify word of sigevent struct */
	int it_sigev_signo;		 /* signo word of sigevent struct */
	sigval_t it_sigev_value;	 /* value word of sigevent struct */
	unsigned long it_incr;		/* interval specified in jiffies */
	struct task_struct *it_process;	/* process to send signal to */
	struct timer_list it_timer;
	struct sigqueue *sigq;		/* signal queue entry. */
};


struct io_context;			/* See blkdev.h */
void exit_io_context(void);

struct task_struct {
	volatile long state;	/* -1 unrunnable, 0 runnable, >0 stopped */
	struct thread_info *thread_info;
	atomic_t usage;
	unsigned long flags;	/* per process flags, defined below */
	unsigned long ptrace;

	int lock_depth;		/* Lock depth */

	int prio, static_prio;
	struct list_head run_list;
	prio_array_t *array;

	unsigned long sleep_avg;
	long interactive_credit;
	unsigned long long timestamp;
	int activated;

	unsigned long policy;
	cpumask_t cpus_allowed;
	unsigned int time_slice, first_time_slice;

	struct list_head tasks;
	struct list_head ptrace_children;
	struct list_head ptrace_list;

	struct mm_struct *mm, *active_mm;

/* task state */
	struct linux_binfmt *binfmt;
	int exit_code, exit_signal;
	int pdeath_signal;  /*  The signal sent when the parent dies  */
	/* ??? */
	unsigned long personality;
	int did_exec:1;
	pid_t pid;
	pid_t __pgrp;		/* Accessed via process_group() */
	pid_t tty_old_pgrp;
	pid_t session;
	pid_t tgid;
	/* boolean value for session group leader */
	int leader;
	/* 
	 * pointers to (original) parent process, youngest child, younger sibling,
	 * older sibling, respectively.  (p->father can be replaced with 
	 * p->parent->pid)
	 */
	struct task_struct *real_parent; /* real parent process (when being debugged) */
	struct task_struct *parent;	/* parent process */
	struct list_head children;	/* list of my children */
	struct list_head sibling;	/* linkage in my parent's children list */
	struct task_struct *group_leader;	/* threadgroup leader */

	/* PID/PID hash table linkage. */
	struct pid_link pids[PIDTYPE_MAX];

	wait_queue_head_t wait_chldexit;	/* for wait4() */
	struct completion *vfork_done;		/* for vfork() */
	int __user *set_child_tid;		/* CLONE_CHILD_SETTID */
	int __user *clear_child_tid;		/* CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID */

	unsigned long rt_priority;
	unsigned long it_real_value, it_prof_value, it_virt_value;
	unsigned long it_real_incr, it_prof_incr, it_virt_incr;
	struct timer_list real_timer;
	struct list_head posix_timers; /* POSIX.1b Interval Timers */
	unsigned long utime, stime, cutime, cstime;
	unsigned long nvcsw, nivcsw, cnvcsw, cnivcsw; /* context switch counts */
	u64 start_time;
/* mm fault and swap info: this can arguably be seen as either mm-specific or thread-specific */
	unsigned long min_flt, maj_flt, nswap, cmin_flt, cmaj_flt, cnswap;
/* process credentials */
	uid_t uid,euid,suid,fsuid;
	gid_t gid,egid,sgid,fsgid;
	int ngroups;
	gid_t	groups[NGROUPS];
	kernel_cap_t   cap_effective, cap_inheritable, cap_permitted;
	int keep_capabilities:1;
	struct user_struct *user;
/* limits */
	struct rlimit rlim[RLIM_NLIMITS];
	unsigned short used_math;
	char comm[16];
/* file system info */
	int link_count, total_link_count;
	struct tty_struct *tty; /* NULL if no tty */
/* ipc stuff */
	struct sysv_sem sysvsem;
/* CPU-specific state of this task */
	struct thread_struct thread;
/* filesystem information */
	struct fs_struct *fs;
/* open file information */
	struct files_struct *files;
/* namespace */
	struct namespace *namespace;
/* signal handlers */
	struct signal_struct *signal;
	struct sighand_struct *sighand;

	sigset_t blocked, real_blocked;
	struct sigpending pending;

	unsigned long sas_ss_sp;
	size_t sas_ss_size;
	int (*notifier)(void *priv);
	void *notifier_data;
	sigset_t *notifier_mask;
	
	void *security;

/* Thread group tracking */
   	u32 parent_exec_id;
   	u32 self_exec_id;
/* Protection of (de-)allocation: mm, files, fs, tty */
	spinlock_t alloc_lock;
/* Protection of proc_dentry: nesting proc_lock, dcache_lock, write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); */
	spinlock_t proc_lock;
/* context-switch lock */
	spinlock_t switch_lock;

/* journalling filesystem info */
	void *journal_info;

/* VM state */
	struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state;

	struct dentry *proc_dentry;
	struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info;

	struct io_context *io_context;

	unsigned long ptrace_message;
	siginfo_t *last_siginfo; /* For ptrace use.  */
};

static inline pid_t process_group(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	return tsk->group_leader->__pgrp;
}

extern void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk);
#define get_task_struct(tsk) do { atomic_inc(&(tsk)->usage); } while(0)
#define put_task_struct(tsk) \
do { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&(tsk)->usage)) __put_task_struct(tsk); } while(0)

/*
 * Per process flags
 */
#define PF_ALIGNWARN	0x00000001	/* Print alignment warning msgs */
					/* Not implemented yet, only for 486*/
#define PF_STARTING	0x00000002	/* being created */
#define PF_EXITING	0x00000004	/* getting shut down */
#define PF_DEAD		0x00000008	/* Dead */
#define PF_FORKNOEXEC	0x00000040	/* forked but didn't exec */
#define PF_SUPERPRIV	0x00000100	/* used super-user privileges */
#define PF_DUMPCORE	0x00000200	/* dumped core */
#define PF_SIGNALED	0x00000400	/* killed by a signal */
#define PF_MEMALLOC	0x00000800	/* Allocating memory */
#define PF_MEMDIE	0x00001000	/* Killed for out-of-memory */
#define PF_FLUSHER	0x00002000	/* responsible for disk writeback */

#define PF_FREEZE	0x00004000	/* this task should be frozen for suspend */
#define PF_IOTHREAD	0x00008000	/* this thread is needed for doing I/O to swap */
#define PF_FROZEN	0x00010000	/* frozen for system suspend */
#define PF_FSTRANS	0x00020000	/* inside a filesystem transaction */
#define PF_KSWAPD	0x00040000	/* I am kswapd */
#define PF_SWAPOFF	0x00080000	/* I am in swapoff */
#define PF_LESS_THROTTLE 0x00100000	/* Throttle me less: I clean memory */
#define PF_SYNCWRITE	0x00200000	/* I am doing a sync write */

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
extern int set_cpus_allowed(task_t *p, cpumask_t new_mask);
#else
static inline int set_cpus_allowed(task_t *p, cpumask_t new_mask)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif

extern unsigned long long sched_clock(void);

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
extern void sched_balance_exec(void);
extern void node_nr_running_init(void);
#else
#define sched_balance_exec()   {}
#define node_nr_running_init() {}
#endif

extern void set_user_nice(task_t *p, long nice);
extern int task_prio(task_t *p);
extern int task_nice(task_t *p);
extern int task_curr(task_t *p);
extern int idle_cpu(int cpu);

void yield(void);

/*
 * The default (Linux) execution domain.
 */
extern struct exec_domain	default_exec_domain;

#ifndef INIT_THREAD_SIZE
# define INIT_THREAD_SIZE	2048*sizeof(long)
#endif

union thread_union {
	struct thread_info thread_info;
	unsigned long stack[INIT_THREAD_SIZE/sizeof(long)];
};

#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_KSTACK_END
static inline int kstack_end(void *addr)
{
	/* Reliable end of stack detection:
	 * Some APM bios versions misalign the stack
	 */
	return !(((unsigned long)addr+sizeof(void*)-1) & (THREAD_SIZE-sizeof(void*)));
}
#endif

extern union thread_union init_thread_union;
extern struct task_struct init_task;

extern struct   mm_struct init_mm;

extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid(int pid);
extern void set_special_pids(pid_t session, pid_t pgrp);
extern void __set_special_pids(pid_t session, pid_t pgrp);

/* per-UID process charging. */
extern struct user_struct * alloc_uid(uid_t);
extern void free_uid(struct user_struct *);
extern void switch_uid(struct user_struct *);

#include <asm/current.h>

extern unsigned long itimer_ticks;
extern unsigned long itimer_next;
extern void do_timer(struct pt_regs *);

extern int FASTCALL(wake_up_state(struct task_struct * tsk, unsigned int state));
extern int FASTCALL(wake_up_process(struct task_struct * tsk));
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 extern void FASTCALL(kick_process(struct task_struct * tsk));
#else
 static inline void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk) { }
#endif
extern void FASTCALL(wake_up_forked_process(struct task_struct * tsk));
extern void FASTCALL(sched_fork(task_t * p));
extern void FASTCALL(sched_exit(task_t * p));

asmlinkage long sys_wait4(pid_t pid,unsigned int * stat_addr, int options, struct rusage * ru);

extern int in_group_p(gid_t);
extern int in_egroup_p(gid_t);

extern void proc_caches_init(void);
extern void flush_signals(struct task_struct *);
extern void flush_signal_handlers(struct task_struct *, int force_default);
extern int dequeue_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, sigset_t *mask, siginfo_t *info);

static inline int dequeue_signal_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, sigset_t *mask, siginfo_t *info)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&tsk->sighand->siglock, flags);
	ret = dequeue_signal(tsk, mask, info);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->sighand->siglock, flags);

	return ret;
}	

extern void block_all_signals(int (*notifier)(void *priv), void *priv,
			      sigset_t *mask);
extern void unblock_all_signals(void);
extern void release_task(struct task_struct * p);
extern int send_sig_info(int, struct siginfo *, struct task_struct *);
extern int send_group_sig_info(int, struct siginfo *, struct task_struct *);
extern int force_sig_info(int, struct siginfo *, struct task_struct *);
extern int __kill_pg_info(int sig, struct siginfo *info, pid_t pgrp);
extern int kill_pg_info(int, struct siginfo *, pid_t);
extern int kill_sl_info(int, struct siginfo *, pid_t);
extern int kill_proc_info(int, struct siginfo *, pid_t);
extern void notify_parent(struct task_struct *, int);
extern void do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *, int);
extern void force_sig(int, struct task_struct *);
extern void force_sig_specific(int, struct task_struct *);
extern int send_sig(int, struct task_struct *, int);
extern void zap_other_threads(struct task_struct *p);
extern int kill_pg(pid_t, int, int);
extern int kill_sl(pid_t, int, int);
extern int kill_proc(pid_t, int, int);
extern struct sigqueue *sigqueue_alloc(void);
extern void sigqueue_free(struct sigqueue *);
extern int send_sigqueue(int, struct sigqueue *,  struct task_struct *);
extern int send_group_sigqueue(int, struct sigqueue *,  struct task_struct *);
extern int do_sigaction(int, const struct k_sigaction *, struct k_sigaction *);
extern int do_sigaltstack(const stack_t __user *, stack_t __user *, unsigned long);

/* These can be the second arg to send_sig_info/send_group_sig_info.  */
#define SEND_SIG_NOINFO ((struct siginfo *) 0)
#define SEND_SIG_PRIV	((struct siginfo *) 1)
#define SEND_SIG_FORCED	((struct siginfo *) 2)

/* True if we are on the alternate signal stack.  */

static inline int on_sig_stack(unsigned long sp)
{
	return (sp - current->sas_ss_sp < current->sas_ss_size);
}

static inline int sas_ss_flags(unsigned long sp)
{
	return (current->sas_ss_size == 0 ? SS_DISABLE
		: on_sig_stack(sp) ? SS_ONSTACK : 0);
}


#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
/* code is in security.c */
extern int capable(int cap);
#else
static inline int capable(int cap)
{
	if (cap_raised(current->cap_effective, cap)) {
		current->flags |= PF_SUPERPRIV;
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}
#endif

/*
 * Routines for handling mm_structs
 */
extern struct mm_struct * mm_alloc(void);

/* mmdrop drops the mm and the page tables */
extern inline void FASTCALL(__mmdrop(struct mm_struct *));
static inline void mmdrop(struct mm_struct * mm)
{
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))
		__mmdrop(mm);
}

/* mmput gets rid of the mappings and all user-space */
extern void mmput(struct mm_struct *);
/* Grab a reference to the mm if its not already going away */
extern struct mm_struct *mmgrab(struct mm_struct *);
/* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct */
extern void mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *);

extern int  copy_thread(int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct task_struct *, struct pt_regs *);
extern void flush_thread(void);
extern void exit_thread(void);

extern void exit_mm(struct task_struct *);
extern void exit_files(struct task_struct *);
extern void exit_signal(struct task_struct *);
extern void __exit_signal(struct task_struct *);
extern void exit_sighand(struct task_struct *);
extern void __exit_sighand(struct task_struct *);
extern void exit_itimers(struct task_struct *);

extern NORET_TYPE void do_group_exit(int);

extern void reparent_to_init(void);
extern void daemonize(const char *, ...);
extern int allow_signal(int);
extern int disallow_signal(int);
extern task_t *child_reaper;

extern int do_execve(char *, char __user * __user *, char __user * __user *, struct pt_regs *);
extern long do_fork(unsigned long, unsigned long, struct pt_regs *, unsigned long, int __user *, int __user *);
extern struct task_struct * copy_process(unsigned long, unsigned long, struct pt_regs *, unsigned long, int __user *, int __user *);

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
extern void wait_task_inactive(task_t * p);
#else
#define wait_task_inactive(p)	do { } while (0)
#endif

#define remove_parent(p)	list_del_init(&(p)->sibling)
#define add_parent(p, parent)	list_add_tail(&(p)->sibling,&(parent)->children)

#define REMOVE_LINKS(p) do {					\
	if (thread_group_leader(p))				\
		list_del_init(&(p)->tasks);			\
	remove_parent(p);					\
	} while (0)

#define SET_LINKS(p) do {					\
	if (thread_group_leader(p))				\
		list_add_tail(&(p)->tasks,&init_task.tasks);	\
	add_parent(p, (p)->parent);				\
	} while (0)

#define next_task(p)	list_entry((p)->tasks.next, struct task_struct, tasks)
#define prev_task(p)	list_entry((p)->tasks.prev, struct task_struct, tasks)

#define for_each_process(p) \
	for (p = &init_task ; (p = next_task(p)) != &init_task ; )

/*
 * Careful: do_each_thread/while_each_thread is a double loop so
 *          'break' will not work as expected - use goto instead.
 */
#define do_each_thread(g, t) \
	for (g = t = &init_task ; (g = t = next_task(g)) != &init_task ; ) do

#define while_each_thread(g, t) \
	while ((t = next_thread(t)) != g)

extern task_t * FASTCALL(next_thread(task_t *p));

#define thread_group_leader(p)	(p->pid == p->tgid)

static inline int thread_group_empty(task_t *p)
{
	struct pid *pid = p->pids[PIDTYPE_TGID].pidptr;

	return pid->task_list.next->next == &pid->task_list;
}

#define delay_group_leader(p) \
		(thread_group_leader(p) && !thread_group_empty(p))

extern void unhash_process(struct task_struct *p);

/* Protects ->fs, ->files, ->mm, and synchronises with wait4().
 * Nests both inside and outside of read_lock(&tasklist_lock).
 * It must not be nested with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock),
 * neither inside nor outside.
 */
static inline void task_lock(struct task_struct *p)
{
	spin_lock(&p->alloc_lock);
}

static inline void task_unlock(struct task_struct *p)
{
	spin_unlock(&p->alloc_lock);
}
 
/**
 * get_task_mm - acquire a reference to the task's mm
 *
 * Returns %NULL if the task has no mm. User must release
 * the mm via mmput() after use.
 */
static inline struct mm_struct * get_task_mm(struct task_struct * task)
{
	struct mm_struct * mm;
 
	task_lock(task);
	mm = task->mm;
	if (mm)
		mm = mmgrab(mm);
	task_unlock(task);

	return mm;
}
 
 
/* set thread flags in other task's structures
 * - see asm/thread_info.h for TIF_xxxx flags available
 */
static inline void set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag)
{
	set_ti_thread_flag(tsk->thread_info,flag);
}

static inline void clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag)
{
	clear_ti_thread_flag(tsk->thread_info,flag);
}

static inline int test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag)
{
	return test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(tsk->thread_info,flag);
}

static inline int test_and_clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag)
{
	return test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(tsk->thread_info,flag);
}

static inline int test_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag)
{
	return test_ti_thread_flag(tsk->thread_info,flag);
}

static inline void set_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED);
}

static inline void clear_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED);
}

static inline int signal_pending(struct task_struct *p)
{
	return unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(p,TIF_SIGPENDING));
}
  
static inline int need_resched(void)
{
	return unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_RESCHED));
}

extern void __cond_resched(void);
static inline void cond_resched(void)
{
	if (need_resched())
		__cond_resched();
}

/*
 * cond_resched_lock() - if a reschedule is pending, drop the given lock,
 * call schedule, and on return reacquire the lock.
 *
 * This works OK both with and without CONFIG_PREEMPT.  We do strange low-level
 * operations here to prevent schedule() from being called twice (once via
 * spin_unlock(), once by hand).
 */
static inline void cond_resched_lock(spinlock_t * lock)
{
	if (need_resched()) {
		_raw_spin_unlock(lock);
		preempt_enable_no_resched();
		__cond_resched();
		spin_lock(lock);
	}
}

/* Reevaluate whether the task has signals pending delivery.
   This is required every time the blocked sigset_t changes.
   callers must hold sighand->siglock.  */

extern FASTCALL(void recalc_sigpending_tsk(struct task_struct *t));
extern void recalc_sigpending(void);

extern void signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, int resume_stopped);

/*
 * Wrappers for p->thread_info->cpu access. No-op on UP.
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP

static inline unsigned int task_cpu(struct task_struct *p)
{
	return p->thread_info->cpu;
}

static inline void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
{
	p->thread_info->cpu = cpu;
}

#else

static inline unsigned int task_cpu(struct task_struct *p)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
{
}

#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */

#endif