Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

 *  Kernel Probes (KProbes)
 *  include/linux/kprobes.h
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
 * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004
 * 2002-Oct	Created by Vamsi Krishna S <> Kernel
 *		Probes initial implementation ( includes suggestions from
 *		Rusty Russell).
 * 2004-July	Suparna Bhattacharya <> added jumper probes
 *		interface to access function arguments.
 * 2005-May	Hien Nguyen <> and Jim Keniston
 *		<>  and Prasanna S Panchamukhi
 *		<> added function-return probes.
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

#include <asm/kprobes.h>

/* kprobe_status settings */
#define KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE	0x00000001
#define KPROBE_HIT_SS		0x00000002
#define KPROBE_REENTER		0x00000004
#define KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE	0x00000008

/* Attach to insert probes on any functions which should be ignored*/
#define __kprobes	__attribute__((__section__(".kprobes.text")))

struct kprobe;
struct pt_regs;
struct kretprobe;
struct kretprobe_instance;
typedef int (*kprobe_pre_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *);
typedef int (*kprobe_break_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *);
typedef void (*kprobe_post_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *,
				       unsigned long flags);
typedef int (*kprobe_fault_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *,
				       int trapnr);
typedef int (*kretprobe_handler_t) (struct kretprobe_instance *,
				    struct pt_regs *);

struct kprobe {
	struct hlist_node hlist;

	/* list of kprobes for multi-handler support */
	struct list_head list;

	/* Indicates that the corresponding module has been ref counted */
	unsigned int mod_refcounted;

	/*count the number of times this probe was temporarily disarmed */
	unsigned long nmissed;

	/* location of the probe point */
	kprobe_opcode_t *addr;

	/* Called before addr is executed. */
	kprobe_pre_handler_t pre_handler;

	/* Called after addr is executed, unless... */
	kprobe_post_handler_t post_handler;

	/* ... called if executing addr causes a fault (eg. page fault).
	 * Return 1 if it handled fault, otherwise kernel will see it. */
	kprobe_fault_handler_t fault_handler;

	/* ... called if breakpoint trap occurs in probe handler.
	 * Return 1 if it handled break, otherwise kernel will see it. */
	kprobe_break_handler_t break_handler;

	/* Saved opcode (which has been replaced with breakpoint) */
	kprobe_opcode_t opcode;

	/* copy of the original instruction */
	struct arch_specific_insn ainsn;

 * Special probe type that uses setjmp-longjmp type tricks to resume
 * execution at a specified entry with a matching prototype corresponding
 * to the probed function - a trick to enable arguments to become
 * accessible seamlessly by probe handling logic.
 * Note:
 * Because of the way compilers allocate stack space for local variables
 * etc upfront, regardless of sub-scopes within a function, this mirroring
 * principle currently works only for probes placed on function entry points.
struct jprobe {
	struct kprobe kp;
	kprobe_opcode_t *entry;	/* probe handling code to jump to */

DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, current_kprobe);
DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe_ctlblk, kprobe_ctlblk);

extern void arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp, struct pt_regs *regs);
static inline void arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp,
					struct pt_regs *regs)
 * Function-return probe -
 * Note:
 * User needs to provide a handler function, and initialize maxactive.
 * maxactive - The maximum number of instances of the probed function that
 * can be active concurrently.
 * nmissed - tracks the number of times the probed function's return was
 * ignored, due to maxactive being too low.
struct kretprobe {
	struct kprobe kp;
	kretprobe_handler_t handler;
	int maxactive;
	int nmissed;
	struct hlist_head free_instances;
	struct hlist_head used_instances;

struct kretprobe_instance {
	struct hlist_node uflist; /* either on free list or used list */
	struct hlist_node hlist;
	struct kretprobe *rp;
	kprobe_opcode_t *ret_addr;
	struct task_struct *task;

extern spinlock_t kretprobe_lock;
extern struct mutex kprobe_mutex;
extern int arch_prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
extern void arch_arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
extern void arch_disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
extern int arch_init_kprobes(void);
extern void show_registers(struct pt_regs *regs);
extern kprobe_opcode_t *get_insn_slot(void);
extern void free_insn_slot(kprobe_opcode_t *slot);
extern void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p);

/* Get the kprobe at this addr (if any) - called with preemption disabled */
struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr);
struct hlist_head * kretprobe_inst_table_head(struct task_struct *tsk);

/* kprobe_running() will just return the current_kprobe on this CPU */
static inline struct kprobe *kprobe_running(void)
	return (__get_cpu_var(current_kprobe));

static inline void reset_current_kprobe(void)
	__get_cpu_var(current_kprobe) = NULL;

static inline struct kprobe_ctlblk *get_kprobe_ctlblk(void)
	return (&__get_cpu_var(kprobe_ctlblk));

int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
int setjmp_pre_handler(struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *);
int longjmp_break_handler(struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *);
int register_jprobe(struct jprobe *p);
void unregister_jprobe(struct jprobe *p);
void jprobe_return(void);

int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp);
void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp);

struct kretprobe_instance *get_free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp);
void add_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri);
void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk);
void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri);
#else /* CONFIG_KPROBES */

#define __kprobes	/**/
struct jprobe;
struct kretprobe;

static inline struct kprobe *kprobe_running(void)
	return NULL;
static inline int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
	return -ENOSYS;
static inline void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
static inline int register_jprobe(struct jprobe *p)
	return -ENOSYS;
static inline void unregister_jprobe(struct jprobe *p)
static inline void jprobe_return(void)
static inline int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp)
	return -ENOSYS;
static inline void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp)
static inline void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk)
#endif				/* CONFIG_KPROBES */
#endif				/* _LINUX_KPROBES_H */