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/*
 *  linux/mm/mmu_notifier.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2008  Qumranet, Inc.
 *  Copyright (C) 2008  SGI
 *             Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
 *
 *  This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
 *  the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
 */

#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

/* global SRCU for all MMs */
DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU(srcu);

/*
 * This function allows mmu_notifier::release callback to delay a call to
 * a function that will free appropriate resources. The function must be
 * quick and must not block.
 */
void mmu_notifier_call_srcu(struct rcu_head *rcu,
			    void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
{
	call_srcu(&srcu, rcu, func);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmu_notifier_call_srcu);

void mmu_notifier_synchronize(void)
{
	/* Wait for any running method to finish. */
	srcu_barrier(&srcu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmu_notifier_synchronize);

/*
 * This function can't run concurrently against mmu_notifier_register
 * because mm->mm_users > 0 during mmu_notifier_register and exit_mmap
 * runs with mm_users == 0. Other tasks may still invoke mmu notifiers
 * in parallel despite there being no task using this mm any more,
 * through the vmas outside of the exit_mmap context, such as with
 * vmtruncate. This serializes against mmu_notifier_unregister with
 * the mmu_notifier_mm->lock in addition to SRCU and it serializes
 * against the other mmu notifiers with SRCU. struct mmu_notifier_mm
 * can't go away from under us as exit_mmap holds an mm_count pin
 * itself.
 */
void __mmu_notifier_release(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int id;

	/*
	 * SRCU here will block mmu_notifier_unregister until
	 * ->release returns.
	 */
	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist)
		/*
		 * If ->release runs before mmu_notifier_unregister it must be
		 * handled, as it's the only way for the driver to flush all
		 * existing sptes and stop the driver from establishing any more
		 * sptes before all the pages in the mm are freed.
		 */
		if (mn->ops->release)
			mn->ops->release(mn, mm);

	spin_lock(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->lock);
	while (unlikely(!hlist_empty(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list))) {
		mn = hlist_entry(mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list.first,
				 struct mmu_notifier,
				 hlist);
		/*
		 * We arrived before mmu_notifier_unregister so
		 * mmu_notifier_unregister will do nothing other than to wait
		 * for ->release to finish and for mmu_notifier_unregister to
		 * return.
		 */
		hlist_del_init_rcu(&mn->hlist);
	}
	spin_unlock(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->lock);
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);

	/*
	 * synchronize_srcu here prevents mmu_notifier_release from returning to
	 * exit_mmap (which would proceed with freeing all pages in the mm)
	 * until the ->release method returns, if it was invoked by
	 * mmu_notifier_unregister.
	 *
	 * The mmu_notifier_mm can't go away from under us because one mm_count
	 * is held by exit_mmap.
	 */
	synchronize_srcu(&srcu);
}

/*
 * If no young bitflag is supported by the hardware, ->clear_flush_young can
 * unmap the address and return 1 or 0 depending if the mapping previously
 * existed or not.
 */
int __mmu_notifier_clear_flush_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
					unsigned long start,
					unsigned long end)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int young = 0, id;

	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist) {
		if (mn->ops->clear_flush_young)
			young |= mn->ops->clear_flush_young(mn, mm, start, end);
	}
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);

	return young;
}

int __mmu_notifier_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
			       unsigned long start,
			       unsigned long end)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int young = 0, id;

	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist) {
		if (mn->ops->clear_young)
			young |= mn->ops->clear_young(mn, mm, start, end);
	}
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);

	return young;
}

int __mmu_notifier_test_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
			      unsigned long address)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int young = 0, id;

	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist) {
		if (mn->ops->test_young) {
			young = mn->ops->test_young(mn, mm, address);
			if (young)
				break;
		}
	}
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);

	return young;
}

void __mmu_notifier_change_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
			       pte_t pte)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int id;

	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist) {
		if (mn->ops->change_pte)
			mn->ops->change_pte(mn, mm, address, pte);
	}
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);
}

void __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(struct mm_struct *mm,
				  unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int id;

	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist) {
		if (mn->ops->invalidate_range_start)
			mn->ops->invalidate_range_start(mn, mm, start, end);
	}
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start);

void __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(struct mm_struct *mm,
					 unsigned long start,
					 unsigned long end,
					 bool only_end)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int id;

	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist) {
		/*
		 * Call invalidate_range here too to avoid the need for the
		 * subsystem of having to register an invalidate_range_end
		 * call-back when there is invalidate_range already. Usually a
		 * subsystem registers either invalidate_range_start()/end() or
		 * invalidate_range(), so this will be no additional overhead
		 * (besides the pointer check).
		 *
		 * We skip call to invalidate_range() if we know it is safe ie
		 * call site use mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end() which
		 * is safe to do when we know that a call to invalidate_range()
		 * already happen under page table lock.
		 */
		if (!only_end && mn->ops->invalidate_range)
			mn->ops->invalidate_range(mn, mm, start, end);
		if (mn->ops->invalidate_range_end)
			mn->ops->invalidate_range_end(mn, mm, start, end);
	}
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end);

void __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(struct mm_struct *mm,
				  unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int id;

	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist) {
		if (mn->ops->invalidate_range)
			mn->ops->invalidate_range(mn, mm, start, end);
	}
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range);

/*
 * Must be called while holding mm->mmap_sem for either read or write.
 * The result is guaranteed to be valid until mm->mmap_sem is dropped.
 */
bool mm_has_blockable_invalidate_notifiers(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	struct mmu_notifier *mn;
	int id;
	bool ret = false;

	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_sem));

	if (!mm_has_notifiers(mm))
		return ret;

	id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(mn, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list, hlist) {
		if (!mn->ops->invalidate_range &&
		    !mn->ops->invalidate_range_start &&
		    !mn->ops->invalidate_range_end)
				continue;

		if (!(mn->ops->flags & MMU_INVALIDATE_DOES_NOT_BLOCK)) {
			ret = true;
			break;
		}
	}
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);
	return ret;
}

static int do_mmu_notifier_register(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
				    struct mm_struct *mm,
				    int take_mmap_sem)
{
	struct mmu_notifier_mm *mmu_notifier_mm;
	int ret;

	BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) <= 0);

	ret = -ENOMEM;
	mmu_notifier_mm = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mmu_notifier_mm), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (unlikely(!mmu_notifier_mm))
		goto out;

	if (take_mmap_sem)
		down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
	ret = mm_take_all_locks(mm);
	if (unlikely(ret))
		goto out_clean;

	if (!mm_has_notifiers(mm)) {
		INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mmu_notifier_mm->list);
		spin_lock_init(&mmu_notifier_mm->lock);

		mm->mmu_notifier_mm = mmu_notifier_mm;
		mmu_notifier_mm = NULL;
	}
	mmgrab(mm);

	/*
	 * Serialize the update against mmu_notifier_unregister. A
	 * side note: mmu_notifier_release can't run concurrently with
	 * us because we hold the mm_users pin (either implicitly as
	 * current->mm or explicitly with get_task_mm() or similar).
	 * We can't race against any other mmu notifier method either
	 * thanks to mm_take_all_locks().
	 */
	spin_lock(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->lock);
	hlist_add_head(&mn->hlist, &mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list);
	spin_unlock(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->lock);

	mm_drop_all_locks(mm);
out_clean:
	if (take_mmap_sem)
		up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
	kfree(mmu_notifier_mm);
out:
	BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) <= 0);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Must not hold mmap_sem nor any other VM related lock when calling
 * this registration function. Must also ensure mm_users can't go down
 * to zero while this runs to avoid races with mmu_notifier_release,
 * so mm has to be current->mm or the mm should be pinned safely such
 * as with get_task_mm(). If the mm is not current->mm, the mm_users
 * pin should be released by calling mmput after mmu_notifier_register
 * returns. mmu_notifier_unregister must be always called to
 * unregister the notifier. mm_count is automatically pinned to allow
 * mmu_notifier_unregister to safely run at any time later, before or
 * after exit_mmap. ->release will always be called before exit_mmap
 * frees the pages.
 */
int mmu_notifier_register(struct mmu_notifier *mn, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	return do_mmu_notifier_register(mn, mm, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmu_notifier_register);

/*
 * Same as mmu_notifier_register but here the caller must hold the
 * mmap_sem in write mode.
 */
int __mmu_notifier_register(struct mmu_notifier *mn, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	return do_mmu_notifier_register(mn, mm, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmu_notifier_register);

/* this is called after the last mmu_notifier_unregister() returned */
void __mmu_notifier_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	BUG_ON(!hlist_empty(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->list));
	kfree(mm->mmu_notifier_mm);
	mm->mmu_notifier_mm = LIST_POISON1; /* debug */
}

/*
 * This releases the mm_count pin automatically and frees the mm
 * structure if it was the last user of it. It serializes against
 * running mmu notifiers with SRCU and against mmu_notifier_unregister
 * with the unregister lock + SRCU. All sptes must be dropped before
 * calling mmu_notifier_unregister. ->release or any other notifier
 * method may be invoked concurrently with mmu_notifier_unregister,
 * and only after mmu_notifier_unregister returned we're guaranteed
 * that ->release or any other method can't run anymore.
 */
void mmu_notifier_unregister(struct mmu_notifier *mn, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_count) <= 0);

	if (!hlist_unhashed(&mn->hlist)) {
		/*
		 * SRCU here will force exit_mmap to wait for ->release to
		 * finish before freeing the pages.
		 */
		int id;

		id = srcu_read_lock(&srcu);
		/*
		 * exit_mmap will block in mmu_notifier_release to guarantee
		 * that ->release is called before freeing the pages.
		 */
		if (mn->ops->release)
			mn->ops->release(mn, mm);
		srcu_read_unlock(&srcu, id);

		spin_lock(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->lock);
		/*
		 * Can not use list_del_rcu() since __mmu_notifier_release
		 * can delete it before we hold the lock.
		 */
		hlist_del_init_rcu(&mn->hlist);
		spin_unlock(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->lock);
	}

	/*
	 * Wait for any running method to finish, of course including
	 * ->release if it was run by mmu_notifier_release instead of us.
	 */
	synchronize_srcu(&srcu);

	BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_count) <= 0);

	mmdrop(mm);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmu_notifier_unregister);

/*
 * Same as mmu_notifier_unregister but no callback and no srcu synchronization.
 */
void mmu_notifier_unregister_no_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
					struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	spin_lock(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->lock);
	/*
	 * Can not use list_del_rcu() since __mmu_notifier_release
	 * can delete it before we hold the lock.
	 */
	hlist_del_init_rcu(&mn->hlist);
	spin_unlock(&mm->mmu_notifier_mm->lock);

	BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_count) <= 0);
	mmdrop(mm);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmu_notifier_unregister_no_release);