Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
/*
 * core.c - Kernel Live Patching Core
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2014 Seth Jennings <sjenning@redhat.com>
 * Copyright (C) 2014 SUSE
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
 * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/livepatch.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/moduleloader.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include "core.h"
#include "patch.h"
#include "transition.h"

/*
 * klp_mutex is a coarse lock which serializes access to klp data.  All
 * accesses to klp-related variables and structures must have mutex protection,
 * except within the following functions which carefully avoid the need for it:
 *
 * - klp_ftrace_handler()
 * - klp_update_patch_state()
 */
DEFINE_MUTEX(klp_mutex);

static LIST_HEAD(klp_patches);

static struct kobject *klp_root_kobj;

static bool klp_is_module(struct klp_object *obj)
{
	return obj->name;
}

/* sets obj->mod if object is not vmlinux and module is found */
static void klp_find_object_module(struct klp_object *obj)
{
	struct module *mod;

	if (!klp_is_module(obj))
		return;

	mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
	/*
	 * We do not want to block removal of patched modules and therefore
	 * we do not take a reference here. The patches are removed by
	 * klp_module_going() instead.
	 */
	mod = find_module(obj->name);
	/*
	 * Do not mess work of klp_module_coming() and klp_module_going().
	 * Note that the patch might still be needed before klp_module_going()
	 * is called. Module functions can be called even in the GOING state
	 * until mod->exit() finishes. This is especially important for
	 * patches that modify semantic of the functions.
	 */
	if (mod && mod->klp_alive)
		obj->mod = mod;

	mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
}

static bool klp_is_patch_registered(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	struct klp_patch *mypatch;

	list_for_each_entry(mypatch, &klp_patches, list)
		if (mypatch == patch)
			return true;

	return false;
}

static bool klp_initialized(void)
{
	return !!klp_root_kobj;
}

struct klp_find_arg {
	const char *objname;
	const char *name;
	unsigned long addr;
	unsigned long count;
	unsigned long pos;
};

static int klp_find_callback(void *data, const char *name,
			     struct module *mod, unsigned long addr)
{
	struct klp_find_arg *args = data;

	if ((mod && !args->objname) || (!mod && args->objname))
		return 0;

	if (strcmp(args->name, name))
		return 0;

	if (args->objname && strcmp(args->objname, mod->name))
		return 0;

	args->addr = addr;
	args->count++;

	/*
	 * Finish the search when the symbol is found for the desired position
	 * or the position is not defined for a non-unique symbol.
	 */
	if ((args->pos && (args->count == args->pos)) ||
	    (!args->pos && (args->count > 1)))
		return 1;

	return 0;
}

static int klp_find_object_symbol(const char *objname, const char *name,
				  unsigned long sympos, unsigned long *addr)
{
	struct klp_find_arg args = {
		.objname = objname,
		.name = name,
		.addr = 0,
		.count = 0,
		.pos = sympos,
	};

	mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
	if (objname)
		module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(klp_find_callback, &args);
	else
		kallsyms_on_each_symbol(klp_find_callback, &args);
	mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);

	/*
	 * Ensure an address was found. If sympos is 0, ensure symbol is unique;
	 * otherwise ensure the symbol position count matches sympos.
	 */
	if (args.addr == 0)
		pr_err("symbol '%s' not found in symbol table\n", name);
	else if (args.count > 1 && sympos == 0) {
		pr_err("unresolvable ambiguity for symbol '%s' in object '%s'\n",
		       name, objname);
	} else if (sympos != args.count && sympos > 0) {
		pr_err("symbol position %lu for symbol '%s' in object '%s' not found\n",
		       sympos, name, objname ? objname : "vmlinux");
	} else {
		*addr = args.addr;
		return 0;
	}

	*addr = 0;
	return -EINVAL;
}

static int klp_resolve_symbols(Elf_Shdr *relasec, struct module *pmod)
{
	int i, cnt, vmlinux, ret;
	char objname[MODULE_NAME_LEN];
	char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
	char *strtab = pmod->core_kallsyms.strtab;
	Elf_Rela *relas;
	Elf_Sym *sym;
	unsigned long sympos, addr;

	/*
	 * Since the field widths for objname and symname in the sscanf()
	 * call are hard-coded and correspond to MODULE_NAME_LEN and
	 * KSYM_NAME_LEN respectively, we must make sure that MODULE_NAME_LEN
	 * and KSYM_NAME_LEN have the values we expect them to have.
	 *
	 * Because the value of MODULE_NAME_LEN can differ among architectures,
	 * we use the smallest/strictest upper bound possible (56, based on
	 * the current definition of MODULE_NAME_LEN) to prevent overflows.
	 */
	BUILD_BUG_ON(MODULE_NAME_LEN < 56 || KSYM_NAME_LEN != 128);

	relas = (Elf_Rela *) relasec->sh_addr;
	/* For each rela in this klp relocation section */
	for (i = 0; i < relasec->sh_size / sizeof(Elf_Rela); i++) {
		sym = pmod->core_kallsyms.symtab + ELF_R_SYM(relas[i].r_info);
		if (sym->st_shndx != SHN_LIVEPATCH) {
			pr_err("symbol %s is not marked as a livepatch symbol\n",
			       strtab + sym->st_name);
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		/* Format: .klp.sym.objname.symname,sympos */
		cnt = sscanf(strtab + sym->st_name,
			     ".klp.sym.%55[^.].%127[^,],%lu",
			     objname, symname, &sympos);
		if (cnt != 3) {
			pr_err("symbol %s has an incorrectly formatted name\n",
			       strtab + sym->st_name);
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		/* klp_find_object_symbol() treats a NULL objname as vmlinux */
		vmlinux = !strcmp(objname, "vmlinux");
		ret = klp_find_object_symbol(vmlinux ? NULL : objname,
					     symname, sympos, &addr);
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		sym->st_value = addr;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int klp_write_object_relocations(struct module *pmod,
					struct klp_object *obj)
{
	int i, cnt, ret = 0;
	const char *objname, *secname;
	char sec_objname[MODULE_NAME_LEN];
	Elf_Shdr *sec;

	if (WARN_ON(!klp_is_object_loaded(obj)))
		return -EINVAL;

	objname = klp_is_module(obj) ? obj->name : "vmlinux";

	/* For each klp relocation section */
	for (i = 1; i < pmod->klp_info->hdr.e_shnum; i++) {
		sec = pmod->klp_info->sechdrs + i;
		secname = pmod->klp_info->secstrings + sec->sh_name;
		if (!(sec->sh_flags & SHF_RELA_LIVEPATCH))
			continue;

		/*
		 * Format: .klp.rela.sec_objname.section_name
		 * See comment in klp_resolve_symbols() for an explanation
		 * of the selected field width value.
		 */
		cnt = sscanf(secname, ".klp.rela.%55[^.]", sec_objname);
		if (cnt != 1) {
			pr_err("section %s has an incorrectly formatted name\n",
			       secname);
			ret = -EINVAL;
			break;
		}

		if (strcmp(objname, sec_objname))
			continue;

		ret = klp_resolve_symbols(sec, pmod);
		if (ret)
			break;

		ret = apply_relocate_add(pmod->klp_info->sechdrs,
					 pmod->core_kallsyms.strtab,
					 pmod->klp_info->symndx, i, pmod);
		if (ret)
			break;
	}

	return ret;
}

static int __klp_disable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	struct klp_object *obj;

	if (WARN_ON(!patch->enabled))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (klp_transition_patch)
		return -EBUSY;

	/* enforce stacking: only the last enabled patch can be disabled */
	if (!list_is_last(&patch->list, &klp_patches) &&
	    list_next_entry(patch, list)->enabled)
		return -EBUSY;

	klp_init_transition(patch, KLP_UNPATCHED);

	klp_for_each_object(patch, obj)
		if (obj->patched)
			klp_pre_unpatch_callback(obj);

	/*
	 * Enforce the order of the func->transition writes in
	 * klp_init_transition() and the TIF_PATCH_PENDING writes in
	 * klp_start_transition().  In the rare case where klp_ftrace_handler()
	 * is called shortly after klp_update_patch_state() switches the task,
	 * this ensures the handler sees that func->transition is set.
	 */
	smp_wmb();

	klp_start_transition();
	klp_try_complete_transition();
	patch->enabled = false;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * klp_disable_patch() - disables a registered patch
 * @patch:	The registered, enabled patch to be disabled
 *
 * Unregisters the patched functions from ftrace.
 *
 * Return: 0 on success, otherwise error
 */
int klp_disable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	int ret;

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);

	if (!klp_is_patch_registered(patch)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto err;
	}

	if (!patch->enabled) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto err;
	}

	ret = __klp_disable_patch(patch);

err:
	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_disable_patch);

static int __klp_enable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	struct klp_object *obj;
	int ret;

	if (klp_transition_patch)
		return -EBUSY;

	if (WARN_ON(patch->enabled))
		return -EINVAL;

	/* enforce stacking: only the first disabled patch can be enabled */
	if (patch->list.prev != &klp_patches &&
	    !list_prev_entry(patch, list)->enabled)
		return -EBUSY;

	/*
	 * A reference is taken on the patch module to prevent it from being
	 * unloaded.
	 */
	if (!try_module_get(patch->mod))
		return -ENODEV;

	pr_notice("enabling patch '%s'\n", patch->mod->name);

	klp_init_transition(patch, KLP_PATCHED);

	/*
	 * Enforce the order of the func->transition writes in
	 * klp_init_transition() and the ops->func_stack writes in
	 * klp_patch_object(), so that klp_ftrace_handler() will see the
	 * func->transition updates before the handler is registered and the
	 * new funcs become visible to the handler.
	 */
	smp_wmb();

	klp_for_each_object(patch, obj) {
		if (!klp_is_object_loaded(obj))
			continue;

		ret = klp_pre_patch_callback(obj);
		if (ret) {
			pr_warn("pre-patch callback failed for object '%s'\n",
				klp_is_module(obj) ? obj->name : "vmlinux");
			goto err;
		}

		ret = klp_patch_object(obj);
		if (ret) {
			pr_warn("failed to patch object '%s'\n",
				klp_is_module(obj) ? obj->name : "vmlinux");
			goto err;
		}
	}

	klp_start_transition();
	klp_try_complete_transition();
	patch->enabled = true;

	return 0;
err:
	pr_warn("failed to enable patch '%s'\n", patch->mod->name);

	klp_cancel_transition();
	return ret;
}

/**
 * klp_enable_patch() - enables a registered patch
 * @patch:	The registered, disabled patch to be enabled
 *
 * Performs the needed symbol lookups and code relocations,
 * then registers the patched functions with ftrace.
 *
 * Return: 0 on success, otherwise error
 */
int klp_enable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	int ret;

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);

	if (!klp_is_patch_registered(patch)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto err;
	}

	ret = __klp_enable_patch(patch);

err:
	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_enable_patch);

/*
 * Sysfs Interface
 *
 * /sys/kernel/livepatch
 * /sys/kernel/livepatch/<patch>
 * /sys/kernel/livepatch/<patch>/enabled
 * /sys/kernel/livepatch/<patch>/transition
 * /sys/kernel/livepatch/<patch>/signal
 * /sys/kernel/livepatch/<patch>/force
 * /sys/kernel/livepatch/<patch>/<object>
 * /sys/kernel/livepatch/<patch>/<object>/<function,sympos>
 */

static ssize_t enabled_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
			     const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct klp_patch *patch;
	int ret;
	bool enabled;

	ret = kstrtobool(buf, &enabled);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	patch = container_of(kobj, struct klp_patch, kobj);

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);

	if (!klp_is_patch_registered(patch)) {
		/*
		 * Module with the patch could either disappear meanwhile or is
		 * not properly initialized yet.
		 */
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto err;
	}

	if (patch->enabled == enabled) {
		/* already in requested state */
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto err;
	}

	if (patch == klp_transition_patch) {
		klp_reverse_transition();
	} else if (enabled) {
		ret = __klp_enable_patch(patch);
		if (ret)
			goto err;
	} else {
		ret = __klp_disable_patch(patch);
		if (ret)
			goto err;
	}

	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);

	return count;

err:
	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t enabled_show(struct kobject *kobj,
			    struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct klp_patch *patch;

	patch = container_of(kobj, struct klp_patch, kobj);
	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE-1, "%d\n", patch->enabled);
}

static ssize_t transition_show(struct kobject *kobj,
			       struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct klp_patch *patch;

	patch = container_of(kobj, struct klp_patch, kobj);
	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE-1, "%d\n",
			patch == klp_transition_patch);
}

static ssize_t signal_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
			    const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct klp_patch *patch;
	int ret;
	bool val;

	ret = kstrtobool(buf, &val);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	if (!val)
		return count;

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);

	patch = container_of(kobj, struct klp_patch, kobj);
	if (patch != klp_transition_patch) {
		mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	klp_send_signals();

	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);

	return count;
}

static ssize_t force_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
			   const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct klp_patch *patch;
	int ret;
	bool val;

	ret = kstrtobool(buf, &val);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	if (!val)
		return count;

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);

	patch = container_of(kobj, struct klp_patch, kobj);
	if (patch != klp_transition_patch) {
		mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	klp_force_transition();

	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);

	return count;
}

static struct kobj_attribute enabled_kobj_attr = __ATTR_RW(enabled);
static struct kobj_attribute transition_kobj_attr = __ATTR_RO(transition);
static struct kobj_attribute signal_kobj_attr = __ATTR_WO(signal);
static struct kobj_attribute force_kobj_attr = __ATTR_WO(force);
static struct attribute *klp_patch_attrs[] = {
	&enabled_kobj_attr.attr,
	&transition_kobj_attr.attr,
	&signal_kobj_attr.attr,
	&force_kobj_attr.attr,
	NULL
};

static void klp_kobj_release_patch(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct klp_patch *patch;

	patch = container_of(kobj, struct klp_patch, kobj);
	complete(&patch->finish);
}

static struct kobj_type klp_ktype_patch = {
	.release = klp_kobj_release_patch,
	.sysfs_ops = &kobj_sysfs_ops,
	.default_attrs = klp_patch_attrs,
};

static void klp_kobj_release_object(struct kobject *kobj)
{
}

static struct kobj_type klp_ktype_object = {
	.release = klp_kobj_release_object,
	.sysfs_ops = &kobj_sysfs_ops,
};

static void klp_kobj_release_func(struct kobject *kobj)
{
}

static struct kobj_type klp_ktype_func = {
	.release = klp_kobj_release_func,
	.sysfs_ops = &kobj_sysfs_ops,
};

/*
 * Free all functions' kobjects in the array up to some limit. When limit is
 * NULL, all kobjects are freed.
 */
static void klp_free_funcs_limited(struct klp_object *obj,
				   struct klp_func *limit)
{
	struct klp_func *func;

	for (func = obj->funcs; func->old_name && func != limit; func++)
		kobject_put(&func->kobj);
}

/* Clean up when a patched object is unloaded */
static void klp_free_object_loaded(struct klp_object *obj)
{
	struct klp_func *func;

	obj->mod = NULL;

	klp_for_each_func(obj, func)
		func->old_addr = 0;
}

/*
 * Free all objects' kobjects in the array up to some limit. When limit is
 * NULL, all kobjects are freed.
 */
static void klp_free_objects_limited(struct klp_patch *patch,
				     struct klp_object *limit)
{
	struct klp_object *obj;

	for (obj = patch->objs; obj->funcs && obj != limit; obj++) {
		klp_free_funcs_limited(obj, NULL);
		kobject_put(&obj->kobj);
	}
}

static void klp_free_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	klp_free_objects_limited(patch, NULL);
	if (!list_empty(&patch->list))
		list_del(&patch->list);
}

static int klp_init_func(struct klp_object *obj, struct klp_func *func)
{
	if (!func->old_name || !func->new_func)
		return -EINVAL;

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&func->stack_node);
	func->patched = false;
	func->transition = false;

	/* The format for the sysfs directory is <function,sympos> where sympos
	 * is the nth occurrence of this symbol in kallsyms for the patched
	 * object. If the user selects 0 for old_sympos, then 1 will be used
	 * since a unique symbol will be the first occurrence.
	 */
	return kobject_init_and_add(&func->kobj, &klp_ktype_func,
				    &obj->kobj, "%s,%lu", func->old_name,
				    func->old_sympos ? func->old_sympos : 1);
}

/* Arches may override this to finish any remaining arch-specific tasks */
void __weak arch_klp_init_object_loaded(struct klp_patch *patch,
					struct klp_object *obj)
{
}

/* parts of the initialization that is done only when the object is loaded */
static int klp_init_object_loaded(struct klp_patch *patch,
				  struct klp_object *obj)
{
	struct klp_func *func;
	int ret;

	module_disable_ro(patch->mod);
	ret = klp_write_object_relocations(patch->mod, obj);
	if (ret) {
		module_enable_ro(patch->mod, true);
		return ret;
	}

	arch_klp_init_object_loaded(patch, obj);
	module_enable_ro(patch->mod, true);

	klp_for_each_func(obj, func) {
		ret = klp_find_object_symbol(obj->name, func->old_name,
					     func->old_sympos,
					     &func->old_addr);
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		ret = kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(func->old_addr,
						  &func->old_size, NULL);
		if (!ret) {
			pr_err("kallsyms size lookup failed for '%s'\n",
			       func->old_name);
			return -ENOENT;
		}

		ret = kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)func->new_func,
						  &func->new_size, NULL);
		if (!ret) {
			pr_err("kallsyms size lookup failed for '%s' replacement\n",
			       func->old_name);
			return -ENOENT;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

static int klp_init_object(struct klp_patch *patch, struct klp_object *obj)
{
	struct klp_func *func;
	int ret;
	const char *name;

	if (!obj->funcs)
		return -EINVAL;

	obj->patched = false;
	obj->mod = NULL;

	klp_find_object_module(obj);

	name = klp_is_module(obj) ? obj->name : "vmlinux";
	ret = kobject_init_and_add(&obj->kobj, &klp_ktype_object,
				   &patch->kobj, "%s", name);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	klp_for_each_func(obj, func) {
		ret = klp_init_func(obj, func);
		if (ret)
			goto free;
	}

	if (klp_is_object_loaded(obj)) {
		ret = klp_init_object_loaded(patch, obj);
		if (ret)
			goto free;
	}

	return 0;

free:
	klp_free_funcs_limited(obj, func);
	kobject_put(&obj->kobj);
	return ret;
}

static int klp_init_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	struct klp_object *obj;
	int ret;

	if (!patch->objs)
		return -EINVAL;

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);

	patch->enabled = false;
	init_completion(&patch->finish);

	ret = kobject_init_and_add(&patch->kobj, &klp_ktype_patch,
				   klp_root_kobj, "%s", patch->mod->name);
	if (ret) {
		mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
		return ret;
	}

	klp_for_each_object(patch, obj) {
		ret = klp_init_object(patch, obj);
		if (ret)
			goto free;
	}

	list_add_tail(&patch->list, &klp_patches);

	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);

	return 0;

free:
	klp_free_objects_limited(patch, obj);

	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);

	kobject_put(&patch->kobj);
	wait_for_completion(&patch->finish);

	return ret;
}

/**
 * klp_unregister_patch() - unregisters a patch
 * @patch:	Disabled patch to be unregistered
 *
 * Frees the data structures and removes the sysfs interface.
 *
 * Return: 0 on success, otherwise error
 */
int klp_unregister_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	int ret;

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);

	if (!klp_is_patch_registered(patch)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto err;
	}

	if (patch->enabled) {
		ret = -EBUSY;
		goto err;
	}

	klp_free_patch(patch);

	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);

	kobject_put(&patch->kobj);
	wait_for_completion(&patch->finish);

	return 0;
err:
	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_unregister_patch);

/**
 * klp_register_patch() - registers a patch
 * @patch:	Patch to be registered
 *
 * Initializes the data structure associated with the patch and
 * creates the sysfs interface.
 *
 * There is no need to take the reference on the patch module here. It is done
 * later when the patch is enabled.
 *
 * Return: 0 on success, otherwise error
 */
int klp_register_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
	if (!patch || !patch->mod)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!is_livepatch_module(patch->mod)) {
		pr_err("module %s is not marked as a livepatch module\n",
		       patch->mod->name);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (!klp_initialized())
		return -ENODEV;

	if (!klp_have_reliable_stack()) {
		pr_err("This architecture doesn't have support for the livepatch consistency model.\n");
		return -ENOSYS;
	}

	return klp_init_patch(patch);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_register_patch);

/*
 * Remove parts of patches that touch a given kernel module. The list of
 * patches processed might be limited. When limit is NULL, all patches
 * will be handled.
 */
static void klp_cleanup_module_patches_limited(struct module *mod,
					       struct klp_patch *limit)
{
	struct klp_patch *patch;
	struct klp_object *obj;

	list_for_each_entry(patch, &klp_patches, list) {
		if (patch == limit)
			break;

		klp_for_each_object(patch, obj) {
			if (!klp_is_module(obj) || strcmp(obj->name, mod->name))
				continue;

			/*
			 * Only unpatch the module if the patch is enabled or
			 * is in transition.
			 */
			if (patch->enabled || patch == klp_transition_patch) {

				if (patch != klp_transition_patch)
					klp_pre_unpatch_callback(obj);

				pr_notice("reverting patch '%s' on unloading module '%s'\n",
					  patch->mod->name, obj->mod->name);
				klp_unpatch_object(obj);

				klp_post_unpatch_callback(obj);
			}

			klp_free_object_loaded(obj);
			break;
		}
	}
}

int klp_module_coming(struct module *mod)
{
	int ret;
	struct klp_patch *patch;
	struct klp_object *obj;

	if (WARN_ON(mod->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING))
		return -EINVAL;

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);
	/*
	 * Each module has to know that klp_module_coming()
	 * has been called. We never know what module will
	 * get patched by a new patch.
	 */
	mod->klp_alive = true;

	list_for_each_entry(patch, &klp_patches, list) {
		klp_for_each_object(patch, obj) {
			if (!klp_is_module(obj) || strcmp(obj->name, mod->name))
				continue;

			obj->mod = mod;

			ret = klp_init_object_loaded(patch, obj);
			if (ret) {
				pr_warn("failed to initialize patch '%s' for module '%s' (%d)\n",
					patch->mod->name, obj->mod->name, ret);
				goto err;
			}

			/*
			 * Only patch the module if the patch is enabled or is
			 * in transition.
			 */
			if (!patch->enabled && patch != klp_transition_patch)
				break;

			pr_notice("applying patch '%s' to loading module '%s'\n",
				  patch->mod->name, obj->mod->name);

			ret = klp_pre_patch_callback(obj);
			if (ret) {
				pr_warn("pre-patch callback failed for object '%s'\n",
					obj->name);
				goto err;
			}

			ret = klp_patch_object(obj);
			if (ret) {
				pr_warn("failed to apply patch '%s' to module '%s' (%d)\n",
					patch->mod->name, obj->mod->name, ret);

				klp_post_unpatch_callback(obj);
				goto err;
			}

			if (patch != klp_transition_patch)
				klp_post_patch_callback(obj);

			break;
		}
	}

	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);

	return 0;

err:
	/*
	 * If a patch is unsuccessfully applied, return
	 * error to the module loader.
	 */
	pr_warn("patch '%s' failed for module '%s', refusing to load module '%s'\n",
		patch->mod->name, obj->mod->name, obj->mod->name);
	mod->klp_alive = false;
	klp_cleanup_module_patches_limited(mod, patch);
	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);

	return ret;
}

void klp_module_going(struct module *mod)
{
	if (WARN_ON(mod->state != MODULE_STATE_GOING &&
		    mod->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING))
		return;

	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);
	/*
	 * Each module has to know that klp_module_going()
	 * has been called. We never know what module will
	 * get patched by a new patch.
	 */
	mod->klp_alive = false;

	klp_cleanup_module_patches_limited(mod, NULL);

	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
}

static int __init klp_init(void)
{
	int ret;

	ret = klp_check_compiler_support();
	if (ret) {
		pr_info("Your compiler is too old; turning off.\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	klp_root_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("livepatch", kernel_kobj);
	if (!klp_root_kobj)
		return -ENOMEM;

	return 0;
}

module_init(klp_init);