Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
 */

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>

static int is_ignored(int sig)
{
	return (sigismember(&current->blocked, sig) ||
		current->sighand->action[sig-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN);
}

/**
 *	tty_check_change	-	check for POSIX terminal changes
 *	@tty: tty to check
 *
 *	If we try to write to, or set the state of, a terminal and we're
 *	not in the foreground, send a SIGTTOU.  If the signal is blocked or
 *	ignored, go ahead and perform the operation.  (POSIX 7.2)
 *
 *	Locking: ctrl_lock
 */
int __tty_check_change(struct tty_struct *tty, int sig)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct pid *pgrp, *tty_pgrp;
	int ret = 0;

	if (current->signal->tty != tty)
		return 0;

	rcu_read_lock();
	pgrp = task_pgrp(current);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
	tty_pgrp = tty->pgrp;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);

	if (tty_pgrp && pgrp != tty->pgrp) {
		if (is_ignored(sig)) {
			if (sig == SIGTTIN)
				ret = -EIO;
		} else if (is_current_pgrp_orphaned())
			ret = -EIO;
		else {
			kill_pgrp(pgrp, sig, 1);
			set_thread_flag(TIF_SIGPENDING);
			ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
		}
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();

	if (!tty_pgrp)
		tty_warn(tty, "sig=%d, tty->pgrp == NULL!\n", sig);

	return ret;
}

int tty_check_change(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	return __tty_check_change(tty, SIGTTOU);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_check_change);

void proc_clear_tty(struct task_struct *p)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct tty_struct *tty;
	spin_lock_irqsave(&p->sighand->siglock, flags);
	tty = p->signal->tty;
	p->signal->tty = NULL;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->sighand->siglock, flags);
	tty_kref_put(tty);
}

/**
 * proc_set_tty -  set the controlling terminal
 *
 * Only callable by the session leader and only if it does not already have
 * a controlling terminal.
 *
 * Caller must hold:  tty_lock()
 *		      a readlock on tasklist_lock
 *		      sighand lock
 */
static void __proc_set_tty(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
	/*
	 * The session and fg pgrp references will be non-NULL if
	 * tiocsctty() is stealing the controlling tty
	 */
	put_pid(tty->session);
	put_pid(tty->pgrp);
	tty->pgrp = get_pid(task_pgrp(current));
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
	tty->session = get_pid(task_session(current));
	if (current->signal->tty) {
		tty_debug(tty, "current tty %s not NULL!!\n",
			  current->signal->tty->name);
		tty_kref_put(current->signal->tty);
	}
	put_pid(current->signal->tty_old_pgrp);
	current->signal->tty = tty_kref_get(tty);
	current->signal->tty_old_pgrp = NULL;
}

static void proc_set_tty(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
	__proc_set_tty(tty);
	spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
}

/*
 * Called by tty_open() to set the controlling tty if applicable.
 */
void tty_open_proc_set_tty(struct file *filp, struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
	spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
	if (current->signal->leader &&
	    !current->signal->tty &&
	    tty->session == NULL) {
		/*
		 * Don't let a process that only has write access to the tty
		 * obtain the privileges associated with having a tty as
		 * controlling terminal (being able to reopen it with full
		 * access through /dev/tty, being able to perform pushback).
		 * Many distributions set the group of all ttys to "tty" and
		 * grant write-only access to all terminals for setgid tty
		 * binaries, which should not imply full privileges on all ttys.
		 *
		 * This could theoretically break old code that performs open()
		 * on a write-only file descriptor. In that case, it might be
		 * necessary to also permit this if
		 * inode_permission(inode, MAY_READ) == 0.
		 */
		if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_READ)
			__proc_set_tty(tty);
	}
	spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
}

struct tty_struct *get_current_tty(void)
{
	struct tty_struct *tty;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&current->sighand->siglock, flags);
	tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->sighand->siglock, flags);
	return tty;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_current_tty);

/*
 * Called from tty_release().
 */
void session_clear_tty(struct pid *session)
{
	struct task_struct *p;
	do_each_pid_task(session, PIDTYPE_SID, p) {
		proc_clear_tty(p);
	} while_each_pid_task(session, PIDTYPE_SID, p);
}

/**
 *	tty_signal_session_leader	- sends SIGHUP to session leader
 *	@tty		controlling tty
 *	@exit_session	if non-zero, signal all foreground group processes
 *
 *	Send SIGHUP and SIGCONT to the session leader and its process group.
 *	Optionally, signal all processes in the foreground process group.
 *
 *	Returns the number of processes in the session with this tty
 *	as their controlling terminal. This value is used to drop
 *	tty references for those processes.
 */
int tty_signal_session_leader(struct tty_struct *tty, int exit_session)
{
	struct task_struct *p;
	int refs = 0;
	struct pid *tty_pgrp = NULL;

	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
	if (tty->session) {
		do_each_pid_task(tty->session, PIDTYPE_SID, p) {
			spin_lock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
			if (p->signal->tty == tty) {
				p->signal->tty = NULL;
				/* We defer the dereferences outside fo
				   the tasklist lock */
				refs++;
			}
			if (!p->signal->leader) {
				spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
				continue;
			}
			__group_send_sig_info(SIGHUP, SEND_SIG_PRIV, p);
			__group_send_sig_info(SIGCONT, SEND_SIG_PRIV, p);
			put_pid(p->signal->tty_old_pgrp);  /* A noop */
			spin_lock(&tty->ctrl_lock);
			tty_pgrp = get_pid(tty->pgrp);
			if (tty->pgrp)
				p->signal->tty_old_pgrp = get_pid(tty->pgrp);
			spin_unlock(&tty->ctrl_lock);
			spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
		} while_each_pid_task(tty->session, PIDTYPE_SID, p);
	}
	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);

	if (tty_pgrp) {
		if (exit_session)
			kill_pgrp(tty_pgrp, SIGHUP, exit_session);
		put_pid(tty_pgrp);
	}

	return refs;
}

/**
 *	disassociate_ctty	-	disconnect controlling tty
 *	@on_exit: true if exiting so need to "hang up" the session
 *
 *	This function is typically called only by the session leader, when
 *	it wants to disassociate itself from its controlling tty.
 *
 *	It performs the following functions:
 * 	(1)  Sends a SIGHUP and SIGCONT to the foreground process group
 * 	(2)  Clears the tty from being controlling the session
 * 	(3)  Clears the controlling tty for all processes in the
 * 		session group.
 *
 *	The argument on_exit is set to 1 if called when a process is
 *	exiting; it is 0 if called by the ioctl TIOCNOTTY.
 *
 *	Locking:
 *		BTM is taken for hysterical raisons, and held when
 *		  called from no_tty().
 *		  tty_mutex is taken to protect tty
 *		  ->siglock is taken to protect ->signal/->sighand
 *		  tasklist_lock is taken to walk process list for sessions
 *		    ->siglock is taken to protect ->signal/->sighand
 */
void disassociate_ctty(int on_exit)
{
	struct tty_struct *tty;

	if (!current->signal->leader)
		return;

	tty = get_current_tty();
	if (tty) {
		if (on_exit && tty->driver->type != TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY) {
			tty_vhangup_session(tty);
		} else {
			struct pid *tty_pgrp = tty_get_pgrp(tty);
			if (tty_pgrp) {
				kill_pgrp(tty_pgrp, SIGHUP, on_exit);
				if (!on_exit)
					kill_pgrp(tty_pgrp, SIGCONT, on_exit);
				put_pid(tty_pgrp);
			}
		}
		tty_kref_put(tty);

	} else if (on_exit) {
		struct pid *old_pgrp;
		spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
		old_pgrp = current->signal->tty_old_pgrp;
		current->signal->tty_old_pgrp = NULL;
		spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
		if (old_pgrp) {
			kill_pgrp(old_pgrp, SIGHUP, on_exit);
			kill_pgrp(old_pgrp, SIGCONT, on_exit);
			put_pid(old_pgrp);
		}
		return;
	}

	spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
	put_pid(current->signal->tty_old_pgrp);
	current->signal->tty_old_pgrp = NULL;

	tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty);
	if (tty) {
		unsigned long flags;
		spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
		put_pid(tty->session);
		put_pid(tty->pgrp);
		tty->session = NULL;
		tty->pgrp = NULL;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
		tty_kref_put(tty);
	}

	spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
	/* Now clear signal->tty under the lock */
	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
	session_clear_tty(task_session(current));
	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
}

/**
 *
 *	no_tty	- Ensure the current process does not have a controlling tty
 */
void no_tty(void)
{
	/* FIXME: Review locking here. The tty_lock never covered any race
	   between a new association and proc_clear_tty but possible we need
	   to protect against this anyway */
	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
	disassociate_ctty(0);
	proc_clear_tty(tsk);
}

/**
 *	tiocsctty	-	set controlling tty
 *	@tty: tty structure
 *	@arg: user argument
 *
 *	This ioctl is used to manage job control. It permits a session
 *	leader to set this tty as the controlling tty for the session.
 *
 *	Locking:
 *		Takes tty_lock() to serialize proc_set_tty() for this tty
 *		Takes tasklist_lock internally to walk sessions
 *		Takes ->siglock() when updating signal->tty
 */
static int tiocsctty(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, int arg)
{
	int ret = 0;

	tty_lock(tty);
	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);

	if (current->signal->leader && (task_session(current) == tty->session))
		goto unlock;

	/*
	 * The process must be a session leader and
	 * not have a controlling tty already.
	 */
	if (!current->signal->leader || current->signal->tty) {
		ret = -EPERM;
		goto unlock;
	}

	if (tty->session) {
		/*
		 * This tty is already the controlling
		 * tty for another session group!
		 */
		if (arg == 1 && capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
			/*
			 * Steal it away
			 */
			session_clear_tty(tty->session);
		} else {
			ret = -EPERM;
			goto unlock;
		}
	}

	/* See the comment in tty_open_proc_set_tty(). */
	if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) == 0 && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
		ret = -EPERM;
		goto unlock;
	}

	proc_set_tty(tty);
unlock:
	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
	tty_unlock(tty);
	return ret;
}

/**
 *	tty_get_pgrp	-	return a ref counted pgrp pid
 *	@tty: tty to read
 *
 *	Returns a refcounted instance of the pid struct for the process
 *	group controlling the tty.
 */
struct pid *tty_get_pgrp(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct pid *pgrp;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
	pgrp = get_pid(tty->pgrp);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);

	return pgrp;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_get_pgrp);

/*
 * This checks not only the pgrp, but falls back on the pid if no
 * satisfactory pgrp is found. I dunno - gdb doesn't work correctly
 * without this...
 *
 * The caller must hold rcu lock or the tasklist lock.
 */
static struct pid *session_of_pgrp(struct pid *pgrp)
{
	struct task_struct *p;
	struct pid *sid = NULL;

	p = pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID);
	if (p == NULL)
		p = pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PID);
	if (p != NULL)
		sid = task_session(p);

	return sid;
}

/**
 *	tiocgpgrp		-	get process group
 *	@tty: tty passed by user
 *	@real_tty: tty side of the tty passed by the user if a pty else the tty
 *	@p: returned pid
 *
 *	Obtain the process group of the tty. If there is no process group
 *	return an error.
 *
 *	Locking: none. Reference to current->signal->tty is safe.
 */
static int tiocgpgrp(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty, pid_t __user *p)
{
	struct pid *pid;
	int ret;
	/*
	 * (tty == real_tty) is a cheap way of
	 * testing if the tty is NOT a master pty.
	 */
	if (tty == real_tty && current->signal->tty != real_tty)
		return -ENOTTY;
	pid = tty_get_pgrp(real_tty);
	ret =  put_user(pid_vnr(pid), p);
	put_pid(pid);
	return ret;
}

/**
 *	tiocspgrp		-	attempt to set process group
 *	@tty: tty passed by user
 *	@real_tty: tty side device matching tty passed by user
 *	@p: pid pointer
 *
 *	Set the process group of the tty to the session passed. Only
 *	permitted where the tty session is our session.
 *
 *	Locking: RCU, ctrl lock
 */
static int tiocspgrp(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty, pid_t __user *p)
{
	struct pid *pgrp;
	pid_t pgrp_nr;
	int retval = tty_check_change(real_tty);

	if (retval == -EIO)
		return -ENOTTY;
	if (retval)
		return retval;
	if (!current->signal->tty ||
	    (current->signal->tty != real_tty) ||
	    (real_tty->session != task_session(current)))
		return -ENOTTY;
	if (get_user(pgrp_nr, p))
		return -EFAULT;
	if (pgrp_nr < 0)
		return -EINVAL;
	rcu_read_lock();
	pgrp = find_vpid(pgrp_nr);
	retval = -ESRCH;
	if (!pgrp)
		goto out_unlock;
	retval = -EPERM;
	if (session_of_pgrp(pgrp) != task_session(current))
		goto out_unlock;
	retval = 0;
	spin_lock_irq(&tty->ctrl_lock);
	put_pid(real_tty->pgrp);
	real_tty->pgrp = get_pid(pgrp);
	spin_unlock_irq(&tty->ctrl_lock);
out_unlock:
	rcu_read_unlock();
	return retval;
}

/**
 *	tiocgsid		-	get session id
 *	@tty: tty passed by user
 *	@real_tty: tty side of the tty passed by the user if a pty else the tty
 *	@p: pointer to returned session id
 *
 *	Obtain the session id of the tty. If there is no session
 *	return an error.
 *
 *	Locking: none. Reference to current->signal->tty is safe.
 */
static int tiocgsid(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty, pid_t __user *p)
{
	/*
	 * (tty == real_tty) is a cheap way of
	 * testing if the tty is NOT a master pty.
	*/
	if (tty == real_tty && current->signal->tty != real_tty)
		return -ENOTTY;
	if (!real_tty->session)
		return -ENOTTY;
	return put_user(pid_vnr(real_tty->session), p);
}

/*
 * Called from tty_ioctl(). If tty is a pty then real_tty is the slave side,
 * if not then tty == real_tty.
 */
long tty_jobctrl_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty,
		       struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	void __user *p = (void __user *)arg;

	switch (cmd) {
	case TIOCNOTTY:
		if (current->signal->tty != tty)
			return -ENOTTY;
		no_tty();
		return 0;
	case TIOCSCTTY:
		return tiocsctty(real_tty, file, arg);
	case TIOCGPGRP:
		return tiocgpgrp(tty, real_tty, p);
	case TIOCSPGRP:
		return tiocspgrp(tty, real_tty, p);
	case TIOCGSID:
		return tiocgsid(tty, real_tty, p);
	}
	return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
}