Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
/* binder_alloc.c
 *
 * Android IPC Subsystem
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2007-2017 Google, Inc.
 *
 * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
 * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
 * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/rtmutex.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/list_lru.h>
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include "binder_alloc.h"
#include "binder_trace.h"

struct list_lru binder_alloc_lru;

static DEFINE_MUTEX(binder_alloc_mmap_lock);

enum {
	BINDER_DEBUG_USER_ERROR             = 1U << 0,
	BINDER_DEBUG_OPEN_CLOSE             = 1U << 1,
	BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC           = 1U << 2,
	BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC_ASYNC     = 1U << 3,
};
static uint32_t binder_alloc_debug_mask = BINDER_DEBUG_USER_ERROR;

module_param_named(debug_mask, binder_alloc_debug_mask,
		   uint, 0644);

#define binder_alloc_debug(mask, x...) \
	do { \
		if (binder_alloc_debug_mask & mask) \
			pr_info_ratelimited(x); \
	} while (0)

static struct binder_buffer *binder_buffer_next(struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	return list_entry(buffer->entry.next, struct binder_buffer, entry);
}

static struct binder_buffer *binder_buffer_prev(struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	return list_entry(buffer->entry.prev, struct binder_buffer, entry);
}

static size_t binder_alloc_buffer_size(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
				       struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	if (list_is_last(&buffer->entry, &alloc->buffers))
		return (u8 *)alloc->buffer +
			alloc->buffer_size - (u8 *)buffer->data;
	return (u8 *)binder_buffer_next(buffer)->data - (u8 *)buffer->data;
}

static void binder_insert_free_buffer(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
				      struct binder_buffer *new_buffer)
{
	struct rb_node **p = &alloc->free_buffers.rb_node;
	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
	struct binder_buffer *buffer;
	size_t buffer_size;
	size_t new_buffer_size;

	BUG_ON(!new_buffer->free);

	new_buffer_size = binder_alloc_buffer_size(alloc, new_buffer);

	binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
		     "%d: add free buffer, size %zd, at %pK\n",
		      alloc->pid, new_buffer_size, new_buffer);

	while (*p) {
		parent = *p;
		buffer = rb_entry(parent, struct binder_buffer, rb_node);
		BUG_ON(!buffer->free);

		buffer_size = binder_alloc_buffer_size(alloc, buffer);

		if (new_buffer_size < buffer_size)
			p = &parent->rb_left;
		else
			p = &parent->rb_right;
	}
	rb_link_node(&new_buffer->rb_node, parent, p);
	rb_insert_color(&new_buffer->rb_node, &alloc->free_buffers);
}

static void binder_insert_allocated_buffer_locked(
		struct binder_alloc *alloc, struct binder_buffer *new_buffer)
{
	struct rb_node **p = &alloc->allocated_buffers.rb_node;
	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
	struct binder_buffer *buffer;

	BUG_ON(new_buffer->free);

	while (*p) {
		parent = *p;
		buffer = rb_entry(parent, struct binder_buffer, rb_node);
		BUG_ON(buffer->free);

		if (new_buffer->data < buffer->data)
			p = &parent->rb_left;
		else if (new_buffer->data > buffer->data)
			p = &parent->rb_right;
		else
			BUG();
	}
	rb_link_node(&new_buffer->rb_node, parent, p);
	rb_insert_color(&new_buffer->rb_node, &alloc->allocated_buffers);
}

static struct binder_buffer *binder_alloc_prepare_to_free_locked(
		struct binder_alloc *alloc,
		uintptr_t user_ptr)
{
	struct rb_node *n = alloc->allocated_buffers.rb_node;
	struct binder_buffer *buffer;
	void *kern_ptr;

	kern_ptr = (void *)(user_ptr - alloc->user_buffer_offset);

	while (n) {
		buffer = rb_entry(n, struct binder_buffer, rb_node);
		BUG_ON(buffer->free);

		if (kern_ptr < buffer->data)
			n = n->rb_left;
		else if (kern_ptr > buffer->data)
			n = n->rb_right;
		else {
			/*
			 * Guard against user threads attempting to
			 * free the buffer when in use by kernel or
			 * after it's already been freed.
			 */
			if (!buffer->allow_user_free)
				return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
			buffer->allow_user_free = 0;
			return buffer;
		}
	}
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * binder_alloc_buffer_lookup() - get buffer given user ptr
 * @alloc:	binder_alloc for this proc
 * @user_ptr:	User pointer to buffer data
 *
 * Validate userspace pointer to buffer data and return buffer corresponding to
 * that user pointer. Search the rb tree for buffer that matches user data
 * pointer.
 *
 * Return:	Pointer to buffer or NULL
 */
struct binder_buffer *binder_alloc_prepare_to_free(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
						   uintptr_t user_ptr)
{
	struct binder_buffer *buffer;

	mutex_lock(&alloc->mutex);
	buffer = binder_alloc_prepare_to_free_locked(alloc, user_ptr);
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
	return buffer;
}

static int binder_update_page_range(struct binder_alloc *alloc, int allocate,
				    void *start, void *end)
{
	void *page_addr;
	unsigned long user_page_addr;
	struct binder_lru_page *page;
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;
	struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
	bool need_mm = false;

	binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
		     "%d: %s pages %pK-%pK\n", alloc->pid,
		     allocate ? "allocate" : "free", start, end);

	if (end <= start)
		return 0;

	trace_binder_update_page_range(alloc, allocate, start, end);

	if (allocate == 0)
		goto free_range;

	for (page_addr = start; page_addr < end; page_addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
		page = &alloc->pages[(page_addr - alloc->buffer) / PAGE_SIZE];
		if (!page->page_ptr) {
			need_mm = true;
			break;
		}
	}

	if (need_mm && mmget_not_zero(alloc->vma_vm_mm))
		mm = alloc->vma_vm_mm;

	if (mm) {
		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		vma = alloc->vma;
	}

	if (!vma && need_mm) {
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_USER_ERROR,
				   "%d: binder_alloc_buf failed to map pages in userspace, no vma\n",
				   alloc->pid);
		goto err_no_vma;
	}

	for (page_addr = start; page_addr < end; page_addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
		int ret;
		bool on_lru;
		size_t index;

		index = (page_addr - alloc->buffer) / PAGE_SIZE;
		page = &alloc->pages[index];

		if (page->page_ptr) {
			trace_binder_alloc_lru_start(alloc, index);

			on_lru = list_lru_del(&binder_alloc_lru, &page->lru);
			WARN_ON(!on_lru);

			trace_binder_alloc_lru_end(alloc, index);
			continue;
		}

		if (WARN_ON(!vma))
			goto err_page_ptr_cleared;

		trace_binder_alloc_page_start(alloc, index);
		page->page_ptr = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL |
					    __GFP_HIGHMEM |
					    __GFP_ZERO);
		if (!page->page_ptr) {
			pr_err("%d: binder_alloc_buf failed for page at %pK\n",
				alloc->pid, page_addr);
			goto err_alloc_page_failed;
		}
		page->alloc = alloc;
		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page->lru);

		ret = map_kernel_range_noflush((unsigned long)page_addr,
					       PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_KERNEL,
					       &page->page_ptr);
		flush_cache_vmap((unsigned long)page_addr,
				(unsigned long)page_addr + PAGE_SIZE);
		if (ret != 1) {
			pr_err("%d: binder_alloc_buf failed to map page at %pK in kernel\n",
			       alloc->pid, page_addr);
			goto err_map_kernel_failed;
		}
		user_page_addr =
			(uintptr_t)page_addr + alloc->user_buffer_offset;
		ret = vm_insert_page(vma, user_page_addr, page[0].page_ptr);
		if (ret) {
			pr_err("%d: binder_alloc_buf failed to map page at %lx in userspace\n",
			       alloc->pid, user_page_addr);
			goto err_vm_insert_page_failed;
		}

		if (index + 1 > alloc->pages_high)
			alloc->pages_high = index + 1;

		trace_binder_alloc_page_end(alloc, index);
		/* vm_insert_page does not seem to increment the refcount */
	}
	if (mm) {
		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		mmput(mm);
	}
	return 0;

free_range:
	for (page_addr = end - PAGE_SIZE; page_addr >= start;
	     page_addr -= PAGE_SIZE) {
		bool ret;
		size_t index;

		index = (page_addr - alloc->buffer) / PAGE_SIZE;
		page = &alloc->pages[index];

		trace_binder_free_lru_start(alloc, index);

		ret = list_lru_add(&binder_alloc_lru, &page->lru);
		WARN_ON(!ret);

		trace_binder_free_lru_end(alloc, index);
		continue;

err_vm_insert_page_failed:
		unmap_kernel_range((unsigned long)page_addr, PAGE_SIZE);
err_map_kernel_failed:
		__free_page(page->page_ptr);
		page->page_ptr = NULL;
err_alloc_page_failed:
err_page_ptr_cleared:
		;
	}
err_no_vma:
	if (mm) {
		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		mmput(mm);
	}
	return vma ? -ENOMEM : -ESRCH;
}


static inline void binder_alloc_set_vma(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
		struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	if (vma)
		alloc->vma_vm_mm = vma->vm_mm;
	/*
	 * If we see alloc->vma is not NULL, buffer data structures set up
	 * completely. Look at smp_rmb side binder_alloc_get_vma.
	 * We also want to guarantee new alloc->vma_vm_mm is always visible
	 * if alloc->vma is set.
	 */
	smp_wmb();
	alloc->vma = vma;
}

static inline struct vm_area_struct *binder_alloc_get_vma(
		struct binder_alloc *alloc)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;

	if (alloc->vma) {
		/* Look at description in binder_alloc_set_vma */
		smp_rmb();
		vma = alloc->vma;
	}
	return vma;
}

static struct binder_buffer *binder_alloc_new_buf_locked(
				struct binder_alloc *alloc,
				size_t data_size,
				size_t offsets_size,
				size_t extra_buffers_size,
				int is_async)
{
	struct rb_node *n = alloc->free_buffers.rb_node;
	struct binder_buffer *buffer;
	size_t buffer_size;
	struct rb_node *best_fit = NULL;
	void *has_page_addr;
	void *end_page_addr;
	size_t size, data_offsets_size;
	int ret;

	if (!binder_alloc_get_vma(alloc)) {
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_USER_ERROR,
				   "%d: binder_alloc_buf, no vma\n",
				   alloc->pid);
		return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH);
	}

	data_offsets_size = ALIGN(data_size, sizeof(void *)) +
		ALIGN(offsets_size, sizeof(void *));

	if (data_offsets_size < data_size || data_offsets_size < offsets_size) {
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
				"%d: got transaction with invalid size %zd-%zd\n",
				alloc->pid, data_size, offsets_size);
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
	}
	size = data_offsets_size + ALIGN(extra_buffers_size, sizeof(void *));
	if (size < data_offsets_size || size < extra_buffers_size) {
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
				"%d: got transaction with invalid extra_buffers_size %zd\n",
				alloc->pid, extra_buffers_size);
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
	}
	if (is_async &&
	    alloc->free_async_space < size + sizeof(struct binder_buffer)) {
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
			     "%d: binder_alloc_buf size %zd failed, no async space left\n",
			      alloc->pid, size);
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC);
	}

	/* Pad 0-size buffers so they get assigned unique addresses */
	size = max(size, sizeof(void *));

	while (n) {
		buffer = rb_entry(n, struct binder_buffer, rb_node);
		BUG_ON(!buffer->free);
		buffer_size = binder_alloc_buffer_size(alloc, buffer);

		if (size < buffer_size) {
			best_fit = n;
			n = n->rb_left;
		} else if (size > buffer_size)
			n = n->rb_right;
		else {
			best_fit = n;
			break;
		}
	}
	if (best_fit == NULL) {
		size_t allocated_buffers = 0;
		size_t largest_alloc_size = 0;
		size_t total_alloc_size = 0;
		size_t free_buffers = 0;
		size_t largest_free_size = 0;
		size_t total_free_size = 0;

		for (n = rb_first(&alloc->allocated_buffers); n != NULL;
		     n = rb_next(n)) {
			buffer = rb_entry(n, struct binder_buffer, rb_node);
			buffer_size = binder_alloc_buffer_size(alloc, buffer);
			allocated_buffers++;
			total_alloc_size += buffer_size;
			if (buffer_size > largest_alloc_size)
				largest_alloc_size = buffer_size;
		}
		for (n = rb_first(&alloc->free_buffers); n != NULL;
		     n = rb_next(n)) {
			buffer = rb_entry(n, struct binder_buffer, rb_node);
			buffer_size = binder_alloc_buffer_size(alloc, buffer);
			free_buffers++;
			total_free_size += buffer_size;
			if (buffer_size > largest_free_size)
				largest_free_size = buffer_size;
		}
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_USER_ERROR,
				   "%d: binder_alloc_buf size %zd failed, no address space\n",
				   alloc->pid, size);
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_USER_ERROR,
				   "allocated: %zd (num: %zd largest: %zd), free: %zd (num: %zd largest: %zd)\n",
				   total_alloc_size, allocated_buffers,
				   largest_alloc_size, total_free_size,
				   free_buffers, largest_free_size);
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC);
	}
	if (n == NULL) {
		buffer = rb_entry(best_fit, struct binder_buffer, rb_node);
		buffer_size = binder_alloc_buffer_size(alloc, buffer);
	}

	binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
		     "%d: binder_alloc_buf size %zd got buffer %pK size %zd\n",
		      alloc->pid, size, buffer, buffer_size);

	has_page_addr =
		(void *)(((uintptr_t)buffer->data + buffer_size) & PAGE_MASK);
	WARN_ON(n && buffer_size != size);
	end_page_addr =
		(void *)PAGE_ALIGN((uintptr_t)buffer->data + size);
	if (end_page_addr > has_page_addr)
		end_page_addr = has_page_addr;
	ret = binder_update_page_range(alloc, 1,
	    (void *)PAGE_ALIGN((uintptr_t)buffer->data), end_page_addr);
	if (ret)
		return ERR_PTR(ret);

	if (buffer_size != size) {
		struct binder_buffer *new_buffer;

		new_buffer = kzalloc(sizeof(*buffer), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!new_buffer) {
			pr_err("%s: %d failed to alloc new buffer struct\n",
			       __func__, alloc->pid);
			goto err_alloc_buf_struct_failed;
		}
		new_buffer->data = (u8 *)buffer->data + size;
		list_add(&new_buffer->entry, &buffer->entry);
		new_buffer->free = 1;
		binder_insert_free_buffer(alloc, new_buffer);
	}

	rb_erase(best_fit, &alloc->free_buffers);
	buffer->free = 0;
	buffer->allow_user_free = 0;
	binder_insert_allocated_buffer_locked(alloc, buffer);
	binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
		     "%d: binder_alloc_buf size %zd got %pK\n",
		      alloc->pid, size, buffer);
	buffer->data_size = data_size;
	buffer->offsets_size = offsets_size;
	buffer->async_transaction = is_async;
	buffer->extra_buffers_size = extra_buffers_size;
	if (is_async) {
		alloc->free_async_space -= size + sizeof(struct binder_buffer);
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC_ASYNC,
			     "%d: binder_alloc_buf size %zd async free %zd\n",
			      alloc->pid, size, alloc->free_async_space);
	}
	return buffer;

err_alloc_buf_struct_failed:
	binder_update_page_range(alloc, 0,
				 (void *)PAGE_ALIGN((uintptr_t)buffer->data),
				 end_page_addr);
	return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}

/**
 * binder_alloc_new_buf() - Allocate a new binder buffer
 * @alloc:              binder_alloc for this proc
 * @data_size:          size of user data buffer
 * @offsets_size:       user specified buffer offset
 * @extra_buffers_size: size of extra space for meta-data (eg, security context)
 * @is_async:           buffer for async transaction
 *
 * Allocate a new buffer given the requested sizes. Returns
 * the kernel version of the buffer pointer. The size allocated
 * is the sum of the three given sizes (each rounded up to
 * pointer-sized boundary)
 *
 * Return:	The allocated buffer or %NULL if error
 */
struct binder_buffer *binder_alloc_new_buf(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
					   size_t data_size,
					   size_t offsets_size,
					   size_t extra_buffers_size,
					   int is_async)
{
	struct binder_buffer *buffer;

	mutex_lock(&alloc->mutex);
	buffer = binder_alloc_new_buf_locked(alloc, data_size, offsets_size,
					     extra_buffers_size, is_async);
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
	return buffer;
}

static void *buffer_start_page(struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	return (void *)((uintptr_t)buffer->data & PAGE_MASK);
}

static void *prev_buffer_end_page(struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	return (void *)(((uintptr_t)(buffer->data) - 1) & PAGE_MASK);
}

static void binder_delete_free_buffer(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
				      struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	struct binder_buffer *prev, *next = NULL;
	bool to_free = true;
	BUG_ON(alloc->buffers.next == &buffer->entry);
	prev = binder_buffer_prev(buffer);
	BUG_ON(!prev->free);
	if (prev_buffer_end_page(prev) == buffer_start_page(buffer)) {
		to_free = false;
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
				   "%d: merge free, buffer %pK share page with %pK\n",
				   alloc->pid, buffer->data, prev->data);
	}

	if (!list_is_last(&buffer->entry, &alloc->buffers)) {
		next = binder_buffer_next(buffer);
		if (buffer_start_page(next) == buffer_start_page(buffer)) {
			to_free = false;
			binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
					   "%d: merge free, buffer %pK share page with %pK\n",
					   alloc->pid,
					   buffer->data,
					   next->data);
		}
	}

	if (PAGE_ALIGNED(buffer->data)) {
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
				   "%d: merge free, buffer start %pK is page aligned\n",
				   alloc->pid, buffer->data);
		to_free = false;
	}

	if (to_free) {
		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
				   "%d: merge free, buffer %pK do not share page with %pK or %pK\n",
				   alloc->pid, buffer->data,
				   prev->data, next ? next->data : NULL);
		binder_update_page_range(alloc, 0, buffer_start_page(buffer),
					 buffer_start_page(buffer) + PAGE_SIZE);
	}
	list_del(&buffer->entry);
	kfree(buffer);
}

static void binder_free_buf_locked(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
				   struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	size_t size, buffer_size;

	buffer_size = binder_alloc_buffer_size(alloc, buffer);

	size = ALIGN(buffer->data_size, sizeof(void *)) +
		ALIGN(buffer->offsets_size, sizeof(void *)) +
		ALIGN(buffer->extra_buffers_size, sizeof(void *));

	binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
		     "%d: binder_free_buf %pK size %zd buffer_size %zd\n",
		      alloc->pid, buffer, size, buffer_size);

	BUG_ON(buffer->free);
	BUG_ON(size > buffer_size);
	BUG_ON(buffer->transaction != NULL);
	BUG_ON(buffer->data < alloc->buffer);
	BUG_ON(buffer->data > alloc->buffer + alloc->buffer_size);

	if (buffer->async_transaction) {
		alloc->free_async_space += size + sizeof(struct binder_buffer);

		binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC_ASYNC,
			     "%d: binder_free_buf size %zd async free %zd\n",
			      alloc->pid, size, alloc->free_async_space);
	}

	binder_update_page_range(alloc, 0,
		(void *)PAGE_ALIGN((uintptr_t)buffer->data),
		(void *)(((uintptr_t)buffer->data + buffer_size) & PAGE_MASK));

	rb_erase(&buffer->rb_node, &alloc->allocated_buffers);
	buffer->free = 1;
	if (!list_is_last(&buffer->entry, &alloc->buffers)) {
		struct binder_buffer *next = binder_buffer_next(buffer);

		if (next->free) {
			rb_erase(&next->rb_node, &alloc->free_buffers);
			binder_delete_free_buffer(alloc, next);
		}
	}
	if (alloc->buffers.next != &buffer->entry) {
		struct binder_buffer *prev = binder_buffer_prev(buffer);

		if (prev->free) {
			binder_delete_free_buffer(alloc, buffer);
			rb_erase(&prev->rb_node, &alloc->free_buffers);
			buffer = prev;
		}
	}
	binder_insert_free_buffer(alloc, buffer);
}

/**
 * binder_alloc_free_buf() - free a binder buffer
 * @alloc:	binder_alloc for this proc
 * @buffer:	kernel pointer to buffer
 *
 * Free the buffer allocated via binder_alloc_new_buffer()
 */
void binder_alloc_free_buf(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
			    struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	mutex_lock(&alloc->mutex);
	binder_free_buf_locked(alloc, buffer);
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
}

/**
 * binder_alloc_mmap_handler() - map virtual address space for proc
 * @alloc:	alloc structure for this proc
 * @vma:	vma passed to mmap()
 *
 * Called by binder_mmap() to initialize the space specified in
 * vma for allocating binder buffers
 *
 * Return:
 *      0 = success
 *      -EBUSY = address space already mapped
 *      -ENOMEM = failed to map memory to given address space
 */
int binder_alloc_mmap_handler(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
			      struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	int ret;
	struct vm_struct *area;
	const char *failure_string;
	struct binder_buffer *buffer;

	mutex_lock(&binder_alloc_mmap_lock);
	if (alloc->buffer) {
		ret = -EBUSY;
		failure_string = "already mapped";
		goto err_already_mapped;
	}

	area = get_vm_area(vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start, VM_ALLOC);
	if (area == NULL) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		failure_string = "get_vm_area";
		goto err_get_vm_area_failed;
	}
	alloc->buffer = area->addr;
	alloc->user_buffer_offset =
		vma->vm_start - (uintptr_t)alloc->buffer;
	mutex_unlock(&binder_alloc_mmap_lock);

#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_CACHE_VIPT
	if (cache_is_vipt_aliasing()) {
		while (CACHE_COLOUR(
				(vma->vm_start ^ (uint32_t)alloc->buffer))) {
			pr_info("%s: %d %lx-%lx maps %pK bad alignment\n",
				__func__, alloc->pid, vma->vm_start,
				vma->vm_end, alloc->buffer);
			vma->vm_start += PAGE_SIZE;
		}
	}
#endif
	alloc->pages = kcalloc((vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) / PAGE_SIZE,
			       sizeof(alloc->pages[0]),
			       GFP_KERNEL);
	if (alloc->pages == NULL) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		failure_string = "alloc page array";
		goto err_alloc_pages_failed;
	}
	alloc->buffer_size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;

	buffer = kzalloc(sizeof(*buffer), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buffer) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		failure_string = "alloc buffer struct";
		goto err_alloc_buf_struct_failed;
	}

	buffer->data = alloc->buffer;
	list_add(&buffer->entry, &alloc->buffers);
	buffer->free = 1;
	binder_insert_free_buffer(alloc, buffer);
	alloc->free_async_space = alloc->buffer_size / 2;
	binder_alloc_set_vma(alloc, vma);
	mmgrab(alloc->vma_vm_mm);

	return 0;

err_alloc_buf_struct_failed:
	kfree(alloc->pages);
	alloc->pages = NULL;
err_alloc_pages_failed:
	mutex_lock(&binder_alloc_mmap_lock);
	vfree(alloc->buffer);
	alloc->buffer = NULL;
err_get_vm_area_failed:
err_already_mapped:
	mutex_unlock(&binder_alloc_mmap_lock);
	binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_USER_ERROR,
			   "%s: %d %lx-%lx %s failed %d\n", __func__,
			   alloc->pid, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end,
			   failure_string, ret);
	return ret;
}


void binder_alloc_deferred_release(struct binder_alloc *alloc)
{
	struct rb_node *n;
	int buffers, page_count;
	struct binder_buffer *buffer;

	buffers = 0;
	mutex_lock(&alloc->mutex);
	BUG_ON(alloc->vma);

	while ((n = rb_first(&alloc->allocated_buffers))) {
		buffer = rb_entry(n, struct binder_buffer, rb_node);

		/* Transaction should already have been freed */
		BUG_ON(buffer->transaction);

		binder_free_buf_locked(alloc, buffer);
		buffers++;
	}

	while (!list_empty(&alloc->buffers)) {
		buffer = list_first_entry(&alloc->buffers,
					  struct binder_buffer, entry);
		WARN_ON(!buffer->free);

		list_del(&buffer->entry);
		WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&alloc->buffers));
		kfree(buffer);
	}

	page_count = 0;
	if (alloc->pages) {
		int i;

		for (i = 0; i < alloc->buffer_size / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
			void *page_addr;
			bool on_lru;

			if (!alloc->pages[i].page_ptr)
				continue;

			on_lru = list_lru_del(&binder_alloc_lru,
					      &alloc->pages[i].lru);
			page_addr = alloc->buffer + i * PAGE_SIZE;
			binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_BUFFER_ALLOC,
				     "%s: %d: page %d at %pK %s\n",
				     __func__, alloc->pid, i, page_addr,
				     on_lru ? "on lru" : "active");
			unmap_kernel_range((unsigned long)page_addr, PAGE_SIZE);
			__free_page(alloc->pages[i].page_ptr);
			page_count++;
		}
		kfree(alloc->pages);
		vfree(alloc->buffer);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
	if (alloc->vma_vm_mm)
		mmdrop(alloc->vma_vm_mm);

	binder_alloc_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_OPEN_CLOSE,
		     "%s: %d buffers %d, pages %d\n",
		     __func__, alloc->pid, buffers, page_count);
}

static void print_binder_buffer(struct seq_file *m, const char *prefix,
				struct binder_buffer *buffer)
{
	seq_printf(m, "%s %d: %pK size %zd:%zd:%zd %s\n",
		   prefix, buffer->debug_id, buffer->data,
		   buffer->data_size, buffer->offsets_size,
		   buffer->extra_buffers_size,
		   buffer->transaction ? "active" : "delivered");
}

/**
 * binder_alloc_print_allocated() - print buffer info
 * @m:     seq_file for output via seq_printf()
 * @alloc: binder_alloc for this proc
 *
 * Prints information about every buffer associated with
 * the binder_alloc state to the given seq_file
 */
void binder_alloc_print_allocated(struct seq_file *m,
				  struct binder_alloc *alloc)
{
	struct rb_node *n;

	mutex_lock(&alloc->mutex);
	for (n = rb_first(&alloc->allocated_buffers); n != NULL; n = rb_next(n))
		print_binder_buffer(m, "  buffer",
				    rb_entry(n, struct binder_buffer, rb_node));
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
}

/**
 * binder_alloc_print_pages() - print page usage
 * @m:     seq_file for output via seq_printf()
 * @alloc: binder_alloc for this proc
 */
void binder_alloc_print_pages(struct seq_file *m,
			      struct binder_alloc *alloc)
{
	struct binder_lru_page *page;
	int i;
	int active = 0;
	int lru = 0;
	int free = 0;

	mutex_lock(&alloc->mutex);
	for (i = 0; i < alloc->buffer_size / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
		page = &alloc->pages[i];
		if (!page->page_ptr)
			free++;
		else if (list_empty(&page->lru))
			active++;
		else
			lru++;
	}
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
	seq_printf(m, "  pages: %d:%d:%d\n", active, lru, free);
	seq_printf(m, "  pages high watermark: %zu\n", alloc->pages_high);
}

/**
 * binder_alloc_get_allocated_count() - return count of buffers
 * @alloc: binder_alloc for this proc
 *
 * Return: count of allocated buffers
 */
int binder_alloc_get_allocated_count(struct binder_alloc *alloc)
{
	struct rb_node *n;
	int count = 0;

	mutex_lock(&alloc->mutex);
	for (n = rb_first(&alloc->allocated_buffers); n != NULL; n = rb_next(n))
		count++;
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
	return count;
}


/**
 * binder_alloc_vma_close() - invalidate address space
 * @alloc: binder_alloc for this proc
 *
 * Called from binder_vma_close() when releasing address space.
 * Clears alloc->vma to prevent new incoming transactions from
 * allocating more buffers.
 */
void binder_alloc_vma_close(struct binder_alloc *alloc)
{
	binder_alloc_set_vma(alloc, NULL);
}

/**
 * binder_alloc_free_page() - shrinker callback to free pages
 * @item:   item to free
 * @lock:   lock protecting the item
 * @cb_arg: callback argument
 *
 * Called from list_lru_walk() in binder_shrink_scan() to free
 * up pages when the system is under memory pressure.
 */
enum lru_status binder_alloc_free_page(struct list_head *item,
				       struct list_lru_one *lru,
				       spinlock_t *lock,
				       void *cb_arg)
{
	struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
	struct binder_lru_page *page = container_of(item,
						    struct binder_lru_page,
						    lru);
	struct binder_alloc *alloc;
	uintptr_t page_addr;
	size_t index;
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;

	alloc = page->alloc;
	if (!mutex_trylock(&alloc->mutex))
		goto err_get_alloc_mutex_failed;

	if (!page->page_ptr)
		goto err_page_already_freed;

	index = page - alloc->pages;
	page_addr = (uintptr_t)alloc->buffer + index * PAGE_SIZE;
	vma = binder_alloc_get_vma(alloc);
	if (vma) {
		if (!mmget_not_zero(alloc->vma_vm_mm))
			goto err_mmget;
		mm = alloc->vma_vm_mm;
		if (!down_write_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem))
			goto err_down_write_mmap_sem_failed;
	}

	list_lru_isolate(lru, item);
	spin_unlock(lock);

	if (vma) {
		trace_binder_unmap_user_start(alloc, index);

		zap_page_range(vma,
			       page_addr + alloc->user_buffer_offset,
			       PAGE_SIZE);

		trace_binder_unmap_user_end(alloc, index);

		up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
		mmput(mm);
	}

	trace_binder_unmap_kernel_start(alloc, index);

	unmap_kernel_range(page_addr, PAGE_SIZE);
	__free_page(page->page_ptr);
	page->page_ptr = NULL;

	trace_binder_unmap_kernel_end(alloc, index);

	spin_lock(lock);
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
	return LRU_REMOVED_RETRY;

err_down_write_mmap_sem_failed:
	mmput_async(mm);
err_mmget:
err_page_already_freed:
	mutex_unlock(&alloc->mutex);
err_get_alloc_mutex_failed:
	return LRU_SKIP;
}

static unsigned long
binder_shrink_count(struct shrinker *shrink, struct shrink_control *sc)
{
	unsigned long ret = list_lru_count(&binder_alloc_lru);
	return ret;
}

static unsigned long
binder_shrink_scan(struct shrinker *shrink, struct shrink_control *sc)
{
	unsigned long ret;

	ret = list_lru_walk(&binder_alloc_lru, binder_alloc_free_page,
			    NULL, sc->nr_to_scan);
	return ret;
}

static struct shrinker binder_shrinker = {
	.count_objects = binder_shrink_count,
	.scan_objects = binder_shrink_scan,
	.seeks = DEFAULT_SEEKS,
};

/**
 * binder_alloc_init() - called by binder_open() for per-proc initialization
 * @alloc: binder_alloc for this proc
 *
 * Called from binder_open() to initialize binder_alloc fields for
 * new binder proc
 */
void binder_alloc_init(struct binder_alloc *alloc)
{
	alloc->pid = current->group_leader->pid;
	mutex_init(&alloc->mutex);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&alloc->buffers);
}

int binder_alloc_shrinker_init(void)
{
	int ret = list_lru_init(&binder_alloc_lru);

	if (ret == 0) {
		ret = register_shrinker(&binder_shrinker);
		if (ret)
			list_lru_destroy(&binder_alloc_lru);
	}
	return ret;
}