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#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sort.h>
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
#include <asm/stacktrace.h>
#include <asm/unwind.h>
#include <asm/orc_types.h>
#include <asm/orc_lookup.h>

#define orc_warn(fmt, ...) \
	printk_deferred_once(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt("WARNING: " fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__)

extern int __start_orc_unwind_ip[];
extern int __stop_orc_unwind_ip[];
extern struct orc_entry __start_orc_unwind[];
extern struct orc_entry __stop_orc_unwind[];

static DEFINE_MUTEX(sort_mutex);
int *cur_orc_ip_table = __start_orc_unwind_ip;
struct orc_entry *cur_orc_table = __start_orc_unwind;

unsigned int lookup_num_blocks;
bool orc_init;

static inline unsigned long orc_ip(const int *ip)
{
	return (unsigned long)ip + *ip;
}

static struct orc_entry *__orc_find(int *ip_table, struct orc_entry *u_table,
				    unsigned int num_entries, unsigned long ip)
{
	int *first = ip_table;
	int *last = ip_table + num_entries - 1;
	int *mid = first, *found = first;

	if (!num_entries)
		return NULL;

	/*
	 * Do a binary range search to find the rightmost duplicate of a given
	 * starting address.  Some entries are section terminators which are
	 * "weak" entries for ensuring there are no gaps.  They should be
	 * ignored when they conflict with a real entry.
	 */
	while (first <= last) {
		mid = first + ((last - first) / 2);

		if (orc_ip(mid) <= ip) {
			found = mid;
			first = mid + 1;
		} else
			last = mid - 1;
	}

	return u_table + (found - ip_table);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
static struct orc_entry *orc_module_find(unsigned long ip)
{
	struct module *mod;

	mod = __module_address(ip);
	if (!mod || !mod->arch.orc_unwind || !mod->arch.orc_unwind_ip)
		return NULL;
	return __orc_find(mod->arch.orc_unwind_ip, mod->arch.orc_unwind,
			  mod->arch.num_orcs, ip);
}
#else
static struct orc_entry *orc_module_find(unsigned long ip)
{
	return NULL;
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
static struct orc_entry *orc_find(unsigned long ip);

/*
 * Ftrace dynamic trampolines do not have orc entries of their own.
 * But they are copies of the ftrace entries that are static and
 * defined in ftrace_*.S, which do have orc entries.
 *
 * If the undwinder comes across a ftrace trampoline, then find the
 * ftrace function that was used to create it, and use that ftrace
 * function's orc entrie, as the placement of the return code in
 * the stack will be identical.
 */
static struct orc_entry *orc_ftrace_find(unsigned long ip)
{
	struct ftrace_ops *ops;
	unsigned long caller;

	ops = ftrace_ops_trampoline(ip);
	if (!ops)
		return NULL;

	if (ops->flags & FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS)
		caller = (unsigned long)ftrace_regs_call;
	else
		caller = (unsigned long)ftrace_call;

	/* Prevent unlikely recursion */
	if (ip == caller)
		return NULL;

	return orc_find(caller);
}
#else
static struct orc_entry *orc_ftrace_find(unsigned long ip)
{
	return NULL;
}
#endif

static struct orc_entry *orc_find(unsigned long ip)
{
	static struct orc_entry *orc;

	if (!orc_init)
		return NULL;

	/* For non-init vmlinux addresses, use the fast lookup table: */
	if (ip >= LOOKUP_START_IP && ip < LOOKUP_STOP_IP) {
		unsigned int idx, start, stop;

		idx = (ip - LOOKUP_START_IP) / LOOKUP_BLOCK_SIZE;

		if (unlikely((idx >= lookup_num_blocks-1))) {
			orc_warn("WARNING: bad lookup idx: idx=%u num=%u ip=%pB\n",
				 idx, lookup_num_blocks, (void *)ip);
			return NULL;
		}

		start = orc_lookup[idx];
		stop = orc_lookup[idx + 1] + 1;

		if (unlikely((__start_orc_unwind + start >= __stop_orc_unwind) ||
			     (__start_orc_unwind + stop > __stop_orc_unwind))) {
			orc_warn("WARNING: bad lookup value: idx=%u num=%u start=%u stop=%u ip=%pB\n",
				 idx, lookup_num_blocks, start, stop, (void *)ip);
			return NULL;
		}

		return __orc_find(__start_orc_unwind_ip + start,
				  __start_orc_unwind + start, stop - start, ip);
	}

	/* vmlinux .init slow lookup: */
	if (init_kernel_text(ip))
		return __orc_find(__start_orc_unwind_ip, __start_orc_unwind,
				  __stop_orc_unwind_ip - __start_orc_unwind_ip, ip);

	/* Module lookup: */
	orc = orc_module_find(ip);
	if (orc)
		return orc;

	return orc_ftrace_find(ip);
}

static void orc_sort_swap(void *_a, void *_b, int size)
{
	struct orc_entry *orc_a, *orc_b;
	struct orc_entry orc_tmp;
	int *a = _a, *b = _b, tmp;
	int delta = _b - _a;

	/* Swap the .orc_unwind_ip entries: */
	tmp = *a;
	*a = *b + delta;
	*b = tmp - delta;

	/* Swap the corresponding .orc_unwind entries: */
	orc_a = cur_orc_table + (a - cur_orc_ip_table);
	orc_b = cur_orc_table + (b - cur_orc_ip_table);
	orc_tmp = *orc_a;
	*orc_a = *orc_b;
	*orc_b = orc_tmp;
}

static int orc_sort_cmp(const void *_a, const void *_b)
{
	struct orc_entry *orc_a;
	const int *a = _a, *b = _b;
	unsigned long a_val = orc_ip(a);
	unsigned long b_val = orc_ip(b);

	if (a_val > b_val)
		return 1;
	if (a_val < b_val)
		return -1;

	/*
	 * The "weak" section terminator entries need to always be on the left
	 * to ensure the lookup code skips them in favor of real entries.
	 * These terminator entries exist to handle any gaps created by
	 * whitelisted .o files which didn't get objtool generation.
	 */
	orc_a = cur_orc_table + (a - cur_orc_ip_table);
	return orc_a->sp_reg == ORC_REG_UNDEFINED && !orc_a->end ? -1 : 1;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
void unwind_module_init(struct module *mod, void *_orc_ip, size_t orc_ip_size,
			void *_orc, size_t orc_size)
{
	int *orc_ip = _orc_ip;
	struct orc_entry *orc = _orc;
	unsigned int num_entries = orc_ip_size / sizeof(int);

	WARN_ON_ONCE(orc_ip_size % sizeof(int) != 0 ||
		     orc_size % sizeof(*orc) != 0 ||
		     num_entries != orc_size / sizeof(*orc));

	/*
	 * The 'cur_orc_*' globals allow the orc_sort_swap() callback to
	 * associate an .orc_unwind_ip table entry with its corresponding
	 * .orc_unwind entry so they can both be swapped.
	 */
	mutex_lock(&sort_mutex);
	cur_orc_ip_table = orc_ip;
	cur_orc_table = orc;
	sort(orc_ip, num_entries, sizeof(int), orc_sort_cmp, orc_sort_swap);
	mutex_unlock(&sort_mutex);

	mod->arch.orc_unwind_ip = orc_ip;
	mod->arch.orc_unwind = orc;
	mod->arch.num_orcs = num_entries;
}
#endif

void __init unwind_init(void)
{
	size_t orc_ip_size = (void *)__stop_orc_unwind_ip - (void *)__start_orc_unwind_ip;
	size_t orc_size = (void *)__stop_orc_unwind - (void *)__start_orc_unwind;
	size_t num_entries = orc_ip_size / sizeof(int);
	struct orc_entry *orc;
	int i;

	if (!num_entries || orc_ip_size % sizeof(int) != 0 ||
	    orc_size % sizeof(struct orc_entry) != 0 ||
	    num_entries != orc_size / sizeof(struct orc_entry)) {
		orc_warn("WARNING: Bad or missing .orc_unwind table.  Disabling unwinder.\n");
		return;
	}

	/* Sort the .orc_unwind and .orc_unwind_ip tables: */
	sort(__start_orc_unwind_ip, num_entries, sizeof(int), orc_sort_cmp,
	     orc_sort_swap);

	/* Initialize the fast lookup table: */
	lookup_num_blocks = orc_lookup_end - orc_lookup;
	for (i = 0; i < lookup_num_blocks-1; i++) {
		orc = __orc_find(__start_orc_unwind_ip, __start_orc_unwind,
				 num_entries,
				 LOOKUP_START_IP + (LOOKUP_BLOCK_SIZE * i));
		if (!orc) {
			orc_warn("WARNING: Corrupt .orc_unwind table.  Disabling unwinder.\n");
			return;
		}

		orc_lookup[i] = orc - __start_orc_unwind;
	}

	/* Initialize the ending block: */
	orc = __orc_find(__start_orc_unwind_ip, __start_orc_unwind, num_entries,
			 LOOKUP_STOP_IP);
	if (!orc) {
		orc_warn("WARNING: Corrupt .orc_unwind table.  Disabling unwinder.\n");
		return;
	}
	orc_lookup[lookup_num_blocks-1] = orc - __start_orc_unwind;

	orc_init = true;
}

unsigned long unwind_get_return_address(struct unwind_state *state)
{
	if (unwind_done(state))
		return 0;

	return __kernel_text_address(state->ip) ? state->ip : 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unwind_get_return_address);

unsigned long *unwind_get_return_address_ptr(struct unwind_state *state)
{
	if (unwind_done(state))
		return NULL;

	if (state->regs)
		return &state->regs->ip;

	if (state->sp)
		return (unsigned long *)state->sp - 1;

	return NULL;
}

static bool stack_access_ok(struct unwind_state *state, unsigned long _addr,
			    size_t len)
{
	struct stack_info *info = &state->stack_info;
	void *addr = (void *)_addr;

	if (!on_stack(info, addr, len) &&
	    (get_stack_info(addr, state->task, info, &state->stack_mask)))
		return false;

	return true;
}

static bool deref_stack_reg(struct unwind_state *state, unsigned long addr,
			    unsigned long *val)
{
	if (!stack_access_ok(state, addr, sizeof(long)))
		return false;

	*val = READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(*(unsigned long *)addr);
	return true;
}

static bool deref_stack_regs(struct unwind_state *state, unsigned long addr,
			     unsigned long *ip, unsigned long *sp)
{
	struct pt_regs *regs = (struct pt_regs *)addr;

	/* x86-32 support will be more complicated due to the &regs->sp hack */
	BUILD_BUG_ON(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32));

	if (!stack_access_ok(state, addr, sizeof(struct pt_regs)))
		return false;

	*ip = regs->ip;
	*sp = regs->sp;
	return true;
}

static bool deref_stack_iret_regs(struct unwind_state *state, unsigned long addr,
				  unsigned long *ip, unsigned long *sp)
{
	struct pt_regs *regs = (void *)addr - IRET_FRAME_OFFSET;

	if (!stack_access_ok(state, addr, IRET_FRAME_SIZE))
		return false;

	*ip = regs->ip;
	*sp = regs->sp;
	return true;
}

bool unwind_next_frame(struct unwind_state *state)
{
	unsigned long ip_p, sp, orig_ip = state->ip, prev_sp = state->sp;
	enum stack_type prev_type = state->stack_info.type;
	struct orc_entry *orc;
	bool indirect = false;

	if (unwind_done(state))
		return false;

	/* Don't let modules unload while we're reading their ORC data. */
	preempt_disable();

	/* End-of-stack check for user tasks: */
	if (state->regs && user_mode(state->regs))
		goto the_end;

	/*
	 * Find the orc_entry associated with the text address.
	 *
	 * Decrement call return addresses by one so they work for sibling
	 * calls and calls to noreturn functions.
	 */
	orc = orc_find(state->signal ? state->ip : state->ip - 1);
	if (!orc)
		goto err;

	/* End-of-stack check for kernel threads: */
	if (orc->sp_reg == ORC_REG_UNDEFINED) {
		if (!orc->end)
			goto err;

		goto the_end;
	}

	/* Find the previous frame's stack: */
	switch (orc->sp_reg) {
	case ORC_REG_SP:
		sp = state->sp + orc->sp_offset;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_BP:
		sp = state->bp + orc->sp_offset;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_SP_INDIRECT:
		sp = state->sp + orc->sp_offset;
		indirect = true;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_BP_INDIRECT:
		sp = state->bp + orc->sp_offset;
		indirect = true;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_R10:
		if (!state->regs || !state->full_regs) {
			orc_warn("missing regs for base reg R10 at ip %pB\n",
				 (void *)state->ip);
			goto err;
		}
		sp = state->regs->r10;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_R13:
		if (!state->regs || !state->full_regs) {
			orc_warn("missing regs for base reg R13 at ip %pB\n",
				 (void *)state->ip);
			goto err;
		}
		sp = state->regs->r13;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_DI:
		if (!state->regs || !state->full_regs) {
			orc_warn("missing regs for base reg DI at ip %pB\n",
				 (void *)state->ip);
			goto err;
		}
		sp = state->regs->di;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_DX:
		if (!state->regs || !state->full_regs) {
			orc_warn("missing regs for base reg DX at ip %pB\n",
				 (void *)state->ip);
			goto err;
		}
		sp = state->regs->dx;
		break;

	default:
		orc_warn("unknown SP base reg %d for ip %pB\n",
			 orc->sp_reg, (void *)state->ip);
		goto err;
	}

	if (indirect) {
		if (!deref_stack_reg(state, sp, &sp))
			goto err;
	}

	/* Find IP, SP and possibly regs: */
	switch (orc->type) {
	case ORC_TYPE_CALL:
		ip_p = sp - sizeof(long);

		if (!deref_stack_reg(state, ip_p, &state->ip))
			goto err;

		state->ip = ftrace_graph_ret_addr(state->task, &state->graph_idx,
						  state->ip, (void *)ip_p);

		state->sp = sp;
		state->regs = NULL;
		state->signal = false;
		break;

	case ORC_TYPE_REGS:
		if (!deref_stack_regs(state, sp, &state->ip, &state->sp)) {
			orc_warn("can't dereference registers at %p for ip %pB\n",
				 (void *)sp, (void *)orig_ip);
			goto err;
		}

		state->regs = (struct pt_regs *)sp;
		state->full_regs = true;
		state->signal = true;
		break;

	case ORC_TYPE_REGS_IRET:
		if (!deref_stack_iret_regs(state, sp, &state->ip, &state->sp)) {
			orc_warn("can't dereference iret registers at %p for ip %pB\n",
				 (void *)sp, (void *)orig_ip);
			goto err;
		}

		state->regs = (void *)sp - IRET_FRAME_OFFSET;
		state->full_regs = false;
		state->signal = true;
		break;

	default:
		orc_warn("unknown .orc_unwind entry type %d for ip %pB\n",
			 orc->type, (void *)orig_ip);
		break;
	}

	/* Find BP: */
	switch (orc->bp_reg) {
	case ORC_REG_UNDEFINED:
		if (state->regs && state->full_regs)
			state->bp = state->regs->bp;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_PREV_SP:
		if (!deref_stack_reg(state, sp + orc->bp_offset, &state->bp))
			goto err;
		break;

	case ORC_REG_BP:
		if (!deref_stack_reg(state, state->bp + orc->bp_offset, &state->bp))
			goto err;
		break;

	default:
		orc_warn("unknown BP base reg %d for ip %pB\n",
			 orc->bp_reg, (void *)orig_ip);
		goto err;
	}

	/* Prevent a recursive loop due to bad ORC data: */
	if (state->stack_info.type == prev_type &&
	    on_stack(&state->stack_info, (void *)state->sp, sizeof(long)) &&
	    state->sp <= prev_sp) {
		orc_warn("stack going in the wrong direction? ip=%pB\n",
			 (void *)orig_ip);
		goto err;
	}

	preempt_enable();
	return true;

err:
	state->error = true;

the_end:
	preempt_enable();
	state->stack_info.type = STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN;
	return false;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unwind_next_frame);

void __unwind_start(struct unwind_state *state, struct task_struct *task,
		    struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *first_frame)
{
	memset(state, 0, sizeof(*state));
	state->task = task;

	/*
	 * Refuse to unwind the stack of a task while it's executing on another
	 * CPU.  This check is racy, but that's ok: the unwinder has other
	 * checks to prevent it from going off the rails.
	 */
	if (task_on_another_cpu(task))
		goto done;

	if (regs) {
		if (user_mode(regs))
			goto done;

		state->ip = regs->ip;
		state->sp = kernel_stack_pointer(regs);
		state->bp = regs->bp;
		state->regs = regs;
		state->full_regs = true;
		state->signal = true;

	} else if (task == current) {
		asm volatile("lea (%%rip), %0\n\t"
			     "mov %%rsp, %1\n\t"
			     "mov %%rbp, %2\n\t"
			     : "=r" (state->ip), "=r" (state->sp),
			       "=r" (state->bp));

	} else {
		struct inactive_task_frame *frame = (void *)task->thread.sp;

		state->sp = task->thread.sp;
		state->bp = READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(frame->bp);
		state->ip = READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(frame->ret_addr);
	}

	if (get_stack_info((unsigned long *)state->sp, state->task,
			   &state->stack_info, &state->stack_mask)) {
		/*
		 * We weren't on a valid stack.  It's possible that
		 * we overflowed a valid stack into a guard page.
		 * See if the next page up is valid so that we can
		 * generate some kind of backtrace if this happens.
		 */
		void *next_page = (void *)PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long)state->sp);
		if (get_stack_info(next_page, state->task, &state->stack_info,
				   &state->stack_mask))
			return;
	}

	/*
	 * The caller can provide the address of the first frame directly
	 * (first_frame) or indirectly (regs->sp) to indicate which stack frame
	 * to start unwinding at.  Skip ahead until we reach it.
	 */

	/* When starting from regs, skip the regs frame: */
	if (regs) {
		unwind_next_frame(state);
		return;
	}

	/* Otherwise, skip ahead to the user-specified starting frame: */
	while (!unwind_done(state) &&
	       (!on_stack(&state->stack_info, first_frame, sizeof(long)) ||
			state->sp <= (unsigned long)first_frame))
		unwind_next_frame(state);

	return;

done:
	state->stack_info.type = STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN;
	return;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__unwind_start);