Linux debugging

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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/* cpu_feature_enabled() cannot be used this early */
#define USE_EARLY_PGTABLE_L5

#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched/clock.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
#include <linux/sched/smt.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/kgdb.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/syscore_ops.h>
#include <linux/pgtable.h>

#include <asm/cmdline.h>
#include <asm/stackprotector.h>
#include <asm/perf_event.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/doublefault.h>
#include <asm/archrandom.h>
#include <asm/hypervisor.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <linux/topology.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/fpu/api.h>
#include <asm/mtrr.h>
#include <asm/hwcap2.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
#include <asm/numa.h>
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include <asm/bugs.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/mce.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
#include <asm/memtype.h>
#include <asm/microcode.h>
#include <asm/microcode_intel.h>
#include <asm/intel-family.h>
#include <asm/cpu_device_id.h>
#include <asm/uv/uv.h>
#include <asm/sigframe.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>
#include <asm/sev.h>

#include "cpu.h"

u32 elf_hwcap2 __read_mostly;

/* all of these masks are initialized in setup_cpu_local_masks() */
cpumask_var_t cpu_initialized_mask;
cpumask_var_t cpu_callout_mask;
cpumask_var_t cpu_callin_mask;

/* representing cpus for which sibling maps can be computed */
cpumask_var_t cpu_sibling_setup_mask;

/* Number of siblings per CPU package */
int smp_num_siblings = 1;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_num_siblings);

/* Last level cache ID of each logical CPU */
DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, cpu_llc_id) = BAD_APICID;

u16 get_llc_id(unsigned int cpu)
{
	return per_cpu(cpu_llc_id, cpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_llc_id);

/* L2 cache ID of each logical CPU */
DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, cpu_l2c_id) = BAD_APICID;

static struct ppin_info {
	int	feature;
	int	msr_ppin_ctl;
	int	msr_ppin;
} ppin_info[] = {
	[X86_VENDOR_INTEL] = {
		.feature = X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PPIN,
		.msr_ppin_ctl = MSR_PPIN_CTL,
		.msr_ppin = MSR_PPIN
	},
	[X86_VENDOR_AMD] = {
		.feature = X86_FEATURE_AMD_PPIN,
		.msr_ppin_ctl = MSR_AMD_PPIN_CTL,
		.msr_ppin = MSR_AMD_PPIN
	},
};

static const struct x86_cpu_id ppin_cpuids[] = {
	X86_MATCH_FEATURE(X86_FEATURE_AMD_PPIN, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_AMD]),
	X86_MATCH_FEATURE(X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PPIN, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),

	/* Legacy models without CPUID enumeration */
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(IVYBRIDGE_X, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(HASWELL_X, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(BROADWELL_D, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(BROADWELL_X, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(SKYLAKE_X, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(ICELAKE_X, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(ICELAKE_D, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(SAPPHIRERAPIDS_X, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(XEON_PHI_KNL, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),
	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(XEON_PHI_KNM, &ppin_info[X86_VENDOR_INTEL]),

	{}
};

static void ppin_init(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	const struct x86_cpu_id *id;
	unsigned long long val;
	struct ppin_info *info;

	id = x86_match_cpu(ppin_cpuids);
	if (!id)
		return;

	/*
	 * Testing the presence of the MSR is not enough. Need to check
	 * that the PPIN_CTL allows reading of the PPIN.
	 */
	info = (struct ppin_info *)id->driver_data;

	if (rdmsrl_safe(info->msr_ppin_ctl, &val))
		goto clear_ppin;

	if ((val & 3UL) == 1UL) {
		/* PPIN locked in disabled mode */
		goto clear_ppin;
	}

	/* If PPIN is disabled, try to enable */
	if (!(val & 2UL)) {
		wrmsrl_safe(info->msr_ppin_ctl,  val | 2UL);
		rdmsrl_safe(info->msr_ppin_ctl, &val);
	}

	/* Is the enable bit set? */
	if (val & 2UL) {
		c->ppin = __rdmsr(info->msr_ppin);
		set_cpu_cap(c, info->feature);
		return;
	}

clear_ppin:
	clear_cpu_cap(c, info->feature);
}

/* correctly size the local cpu masks */
void __init setup_cpu_local_masks(void)
{
	alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&cpu_initialized_mask);
	alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&cpu_callin_mask);
	alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&cpu_callout_mask);
	alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&cpu_sibling_setup_mask);
}

static void default_init(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	cpu_detect_cache_sizes(c);
#else
	/* Not much we can do here... */
	/* Check if at least it has cpuid */
	if (c->cpuid_level == -1) {
		/* No cpuid. It must be an ancient CPU */
		if (c->x86 == 4)
			strcpy(c->x86_model_id, "486");
		else if (c->x86 == 3)
			strcpy(c->x86_model_id, "386");
	}
#endif
}

static const struct cpu_dev default_cpu = {
	.c_init		= default_init,
	.c_vendor	= "Unknown",
	.c_x86_vendor	= X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN,
};

static const struct cpu_dev *this_cpu = &default_cpu;

DEFINE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct gdt_page, gdt_page) = { .gdt = {
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	/*
	 * We need valid kernel segments for data and code in long mode too
	 * IRET will check the segment types  kkeil 2000/10/28
	 * Also sysret mandates a special GDT layout
	 *
	 * TLS descriptors are currently at a different place compared to i386.
	 * Hopefully nobody expects them at a fixed place (Wine?)
	 */
	[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL32_CS]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc09b, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_CS]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xa09b, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_DS]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc093, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER32_CS]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc0fb, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_DS]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc0f3, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_CS]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xa0fb, 0, 0xfffff),
#else
	[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_CS]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc09a, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_DS]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc092, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_CS]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc0fa, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_DS]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc0f2, 0, 0xfffff),
	/*
	 * Segments used for calling PnP BIOS have byte granularity.
	 * They code segments and data segments have fixed 64k limits,
	 * the transfer segment sizes are set at run time.
	 */
	/* 32-bit code */
	[GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_CS32]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0x409a, 0, 0xffff),
	/* 16-bit code */
	[GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_CS16]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0x009a, 0, 0xffff),
	/* 16-bit data */
	[GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_DS]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0x0092, 0, 0xffff),
	/* 16-bit data */
	[GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_TS1]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0x0092, 0, 0),
	/* 16-bit data */
	[GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_TS2]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0x0092, 0, 0),
	/*
	 * The APM segments have byte granularity and their bases
	 * are set at run time.  All have 64k limits.
	 */
	/* 32-bit code */
	[GDT_ENTRY_APMBIOS_BASE]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0x409a, 0, 0xffff),
	/* 16-bit code */
	[GDT_ENTRY_APMBIOS_BASE+1]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0x009a, 0, 0xffff),
	/* data */
	[GDT_ENTRY_APMBIOS_BASE+2]	= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0x4092, 0, 0xffff),

	[GDT_ENTRY_ESPFIX_SS]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc092, 0, 0xfffff),
	[GDT_ENTRY_PERCPU]		= GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc092, 0, 0xfffff),
#endif
} };
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL_GPL(gdt_page);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static int __init x86_nopcid_setup(char *s)
{
	/* nopcid doesn't accept parameters */
	if (s)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* do not emit a message if the feature is not present */
	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID))
		return 0;

	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_PCID);
	pr_info("nopcid: PCID feature disabled\n");
	return 0;
}
early_param("nopcid", x86_nopcid_setup);
#endif

static int __init x86_noinvpcid_setup(char *s)
{
	/* noinvpcid doesn't accept parameters */
	if (s)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* do not emit a message if the feature is not present */
	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_INVPCID))
		return 0;

	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_INVPCID);
	pr_info("noinvpcid: INVPCID feature disabled\n");
	return 0;
}
early_param("noinvpcid", x86_noinvpcid_setup);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
static int cachesize_override = -1;
static int disable_x86_serial_nr = 1;

static int __init cachesize_setup(char *str)
{
	get_option(&str, &cachesize_override);
	return 1;
}
__setup("cachesize=", cachesize_setup);

/* Standard macro to see if a specific flag is changeable */
static inline int flag_is_changeable_p(u32 flag)
{
	u32 f1, f2;

	/*
	 * Cyrix and IDT cpus allow disabling of CPUID
	 * so the code below may return different results
	 * when it is executed before and after enabling
	 * the CPUID. Add "volatile" to not allow gcc to
	 * optimize the subsequent calls to this function.
	 */
	asm volatile ("pushfl		\n\t"
		      "pushfl		\n\t"
		      "popl %0		\n\t"
		      "movl %0, %1	\n\t"
		      "xorl %2, %0	\n\t"
		      "pushl %0		\n\t"
		      "popfl		\n\t"
		      "pushfl		\n\t"
		      "popl %0		\n\t"
		      "popfl		\n\t"

		      : "=&r" (f1), "=&r" (f2)
		      : "ir" (flag));

	return ((f1^f2) & flag) != 0;
}

/* Probe for the CPUID instruction */
int have_cpuid_p(void)
{
	return flag_is_changeable_p(X86_EFLAGS_ID);
}

static void squash_the_stupid_serial_number(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	unsigned long lo, hi;

	if (!cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_PN) || !disable_x86_serial_nr)
		return;

	/* Disable processor serial number: */

	rdmsr(MSR_IA32_BBL_CR_CTL, lo, hi);
	lo |= 0x200000;
	wrmsr(MSR_IA32_BBL_CR_CTL, lo, hi);

	pr_notice("CPU serial number disabled.\n");
	clear_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_PN);

	/* Disabling the serial number may affect the cpuid level */
	c->cpuid_level = cpuid_eax(0);
}

static int __init x86_serial_nr_setup(char *s)
{
	disable_x86_serial_nr = 0;
	return 1;
}
__setup("serialnumber", x86_serial_nr_setup);
#else
static inline int flag_is_changeable_p(u32 flag)
{
	return 1;
}
static inline void squash_the_stupid_serial_number(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
}
#endif

static __always_inline void setup_smep(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_SMEP))
		cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_SMEP);
}

static __always_inline void setup_smap(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	unsigned long eflags = native_save_fl();

	/* This should have been cleared long ago */
	BUG_ON(eflags & X86_EFLAGS_AC);

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_SMAP))
		cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_SMAP);
}

static __always_inline void setup_umip(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	/* Check the boot processor, plus build option for UMIP. */
	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_UMIP))
		goto out;

	/* Check the current processor's cpuid bits. */
	if (!cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_UMIP))
		goto out;

	cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_UMIP);

	pr_info_once("x86/cpu: User Mode Instruction Prevention (UMIP) activated\n");

	return;

out:
	/*
	 * Make sure UMIP is disabled in case it was enabled in a
	 * previous boot (e.g., via kexec).
	 */
	cr4_clear_bits(X86_CR4_UMIP);
}

/* These bits should not change their value after CPU init is finished. */
static const unsigned long cr4_pinned_mask =
	X86_CR4_SMEP | X86_CR4_SMAP | X86_CR4_UMIP |
	X86_CR4_FSGSBASE | X86_CR4_CET;
static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE_RO(cr_pinning);
static unsigned long cr4_pinned_bits __ro_after_init;

void native_write_cr0(unsigned long val)
{
	unsigned long bits_missing = 0;

set_register:
	asm volatile("mov %0,%%cr0": "+r" (val) : : "memory");

	if (static_branch_likely(&cr_pinning)) {
		if (unlikely((val & X86_CR0_WP) != X86_CR0_WP)) {
			bits_missing = X86_CR0_WP;
			val |= bits_missing;
			goto set_register;
		}
		/* Warn after we've set the missing bits. */
		WARN_ONCE(bits_missing, "CR0 WP bit went missing!?\n");
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_write_cr0);

void __no_profile native_write_cr4(unsigned long val)
{
	unsigned long bits_changed = 0;

set_register:
	asm volatile("mov %0,%%cr4": "+r" (val) : : "memory");

	if (static_branch_likely(&cr_pinning)) {
		if (unlikely((val & cr4_pinned_mask) != cr4_pinned_bits)) {
			bits_changed = (val & cr4_pinned_mask) ^ cr4_pinned_bits;
			val = (val & ~cr4_pinned_mask) | cr4_pinned_bits;
			goto set_register;
		}
		/* Warn after we've corrected the changed bits. */
		WARN_ONCE(bits_changed, "pinned CR4 bits changed: 0x%lx!?\n",
			  bits_changed);
	}
}
#if IS_MODULE(CONFIG_LKDTM)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(native_write_cr4);
#endif

void cr4_update_irqsoff(unsigned long set, unsigned long clear)
{
	unsigned long newval, cr4 = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.cr4);

	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();

	newval = (cr4 & ~clear) | set;
	if (newval != cr4) {
		this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.cr4, newval);
		__write_cr4(newval);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cr4_update_irqsoff);

/* Read the CR4 shadow. */
unsigned long cr4_read_shadow(void)
{
	return this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.cr4);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cr4_read_shadow);

void cr4_init(void)
{
	unsigned long cr4 = __read_cr4();

	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID))
		cr4 |= X86_CR4_PCIDE;
	if (static_branch_likely(&cr_pinning))
		cr4 = (cr4 & ~cr4_pinned_mask) | cr4_pinned_bits;

	__write_cr4(cr4);

	/* Initialize cr4 shadow for this CPU. */
	this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.cr4, cr4);
}

/*
 * Once CPU feature detection is finished (and boot params have been
 * parsed), record any of the sensitive CR bits that are set, and
 * enable CR pinning.
 */
static void __init setup_cr_pinning(void)
{
	cr4_pinned_bits = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.cr4) & cr4_pinned_mask;
	static_key_enable(&cr_pinning.key);
}

static __init int x86_nofsgsbase_setup(char *arg)
{
	/* Require an exact match without trailing characters. */
	if (strlen(arg))
		return 0;

	/* Do not emit a message if the feature is not present. */
	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE))
		return 1;

	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE);
	pr_info("FSGSBASE disabled via kernel command line\n");
	return 1;
}
__setup("nofsgsbase", x86_nofsgsbase_setup);

/*
 * Protection Keys are not available in 32-bit mode.
 */
static bool pku_disabled;

static __always_inline void setup_pku(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	if (c == &boot_cpu_data) {
		if (pku_disabled || !cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_PKU))
			return;
		/*
		 * Setting CR4.PKE will cause the X86_FEATURE_OSPKE cpuid
		 * bit to be set.  Enforce it.
		 */
		setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE);

	} else if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) {
		return;
	}

	cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_PKE);
	/* Load the default PKRU value */
	pkru_write_default();
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS
static __init int setup_disable_pku(char *arg)
{
	/*
	 * Do not clear the X86_FEATURE_PKU bit.  All of the
	 * runtime checks are against OSPKE so clearing the
	 * bit does nothing.
	 *
	 * This way, we will see "pku" in cpuinfo, but not
	 * "ospke", which is exactly what we want.  It shows
	 * that the CPU has PKU, but the OS has not enabled it.
	 * This happens to be exactly how a system would look
	 * if we disabled the config option.
	 */
	pr_info("x86: 'nopku' specified, disabling Memory Protection Keys\n");
	pku_disabled = true;
	return 1;
}
__setup("nopku", setup_disable_pku);
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_KERNEL_IBT

__noendbr u64 ibt_save(void)
{
	u64 msr = 0;

	if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_IBT)) {
		rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_S_CET, msr);
		wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_S_CET, msr & ~CET_ENDBR_EN);
	}

	return msr;
}

__noendbr void ibt_restore(u64 save)
{
	u64 msr;

	if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_IBT)) {
		rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_S_CET, msr);
		msr &= ~CET_ENDBR_EN;
		msr |= (save & CET_ENDBR_EN);
		wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_S_CET, msr);
	}
}

#endif

static __always_inline void setup_cet(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	u64 msr = CET_ENDBR_EN;

	if (!HAS_KERNEL_IBT ||
	    !cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_IBT))
		return;

	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_S_CET, msr);
	cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_CET);

	if (!ibt_selftest()) {
		pr_err("IBT selftest: Failed!\n");
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_IBT);
		return;
	}
}

__noendbr void cet_disable(void)
{
	if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_IBT))
		wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_S_CET, 0);
}

/*
 * Some CPU features depend on higher CPUID levels, which may not always
 * be available due to CPUID level capping or broken virtualization
 * software.  Add those features to this table to auto-disable them.
 */
struct cpuid_dependent_feature {
	u32 feature;
	u32 level;
};

static const struct cpuid_dependent_feature
cpuid_dependent_features[] = {
	{ X86_FEATURE_MWAIT,		0x00000005 },
	{ X86_FEATURE_DCA,		0x00000009 },
	{ X86_FEATURE_XSAVE,		0x0000000d },
	{ 0, 0 }
};

static void filter_cpuid_features(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c, bool warn)
{
	const struct cpuid_dependent_feature *df;

	for (df = cpuid_dependent_features; df->feature; df++) {

		if (!cpu_has(c, df->feature))
			continue;
		/*
		 * Note: cpuid_level is set to -1 if unavailable, but
		 * extended_extended_level is set to 0 if unavailable
		 * and the legitimate extended levels are all negative
		 * when signed; hence the weird messing around with
		 * signs here...
		 */
		if (!((s32)df->level < 0 ?
		     (u32)df->level > (u32)c->extended_cpuid_level :
		     (s32)df->level > (s32)c->cpuid_level))
			continue;

		clear_cpu_cap(c, df->feature);
		if (!warn)
			continue;

		pr_warn("CPU: CPU feature " X86_CAP_FMT " disabled, no CPUID level 0x%x\n",
			x86_cap_flag(df->feature), df->level);
	}
}

/*
 * Naming convention should be: <Name> [(<Codename>)]
 * This table only is used unless init_<vendor>() below doesn't set it;
 * in particular, if CPUID levels 0x80000002..4 are supported, this
 * isn't used
 */

/* Look up CPU names by table lookup. */
static const char *table_lookup_model(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	const struct legacy_cpu_model_info *info;

	if (c->x86_model >= 16)
		return NULL;	/* Range check */

	if (!this_cpu)
		return NULL;

	info = this_cpu->legacy_models;

	while (info->family) {
		if (info->family == c->x86)
			return info->model_names[c->x86_model];
		info++;
	}
#endif
	return NULL;		/* Not found */
}

/* Aligned to unsigned long to avoid split lock in atomic bitmap ops */
__u32 cpu_caps_cleared[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS] __aligned(sizeof(unsigned long));
__u32 cpu_caps_set[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS] __aligned(sizeof(unsigned long));

void load_percpu_segment(int cpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	loadsegment(fs, __KERNEL_PERCPU);
#else
	__loadsegment_simple(gs, 0);
	wrmsrl(MSR_GS_BASE, cpu_kernelmode_gs_base(cpu));
#endif
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
/* The 32-bit entry code needs to find cpu_entry_area. */
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_entry_area *, cpu_entry_area);
#endif

/* Load the original GDT from the per-cpu structure */
void load_direct_gdt(int cpu)
{
	struct desc_ptr gdt_descr;

	gdt_descr.address = (long)get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu);
	gdt_descr.size = GDT_SIZE - 1;
	load_gdt(&gdt_descr);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(load_direct_gdt);

/* Load a fixmap remapping of the per-cpu GDT */
void load_fixmap_gdt(int cpu)
{
	struct desc_ptr gdt_descr;

	gdt_descr.address = (long)get_cpu_gdt_ro(cpu);
	gdt_descr.size = GDT_SIZE - 1;
	load_gdt(&gdt_descr);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(load_fixmap_gdt);

/*
 * Current gdt points %fs at the "master" per-cpu area: after this,
 * it's on the real one.
 */
void switch_to_new_gdt(int cpu)
{
	/* Load the original GDT */
	load_direct_gdt(cpu);
	/* Reload the per-cpu base */
	load_percpu_segment(cpu);
}

static const struct cpu_dev *cpu_devs[X86_VENDOR_NUM] = {};

static void get_model_name(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	unsigned int *v;
	char *p, *q, *s;

	if (c->extended_cpuid_level < 0x80000004)
		return;

	v = (unsigned int *)c->x86_model_id;
	cpuid(0x80000002, &v[0], &v[1], &v[2], &v[3]);
	cpuid(0x80000003, &v[4], &v[5], &v[6], &v[7]);
	cpuid(0x80000004, &v[8], &v[9], &v[10], &v[11]);
	c->x86_model_id[48] = 0;

	/* Trim whitespace */
	p = q = s = &c->x86_model_id[0];

	while (*p == ' ')
		p++;

	while (*p) {
		/* Note the last non-whitespace index */
		if (!isspace(*p))
			s = q;

		*q++ = *p++;
	}

	*(s + 1) = '\0';
}

void detect_num_cpu_cores(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx;

	c->x86_max_cores = 1;
	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP) || c->cpuid_level < 4)
		return;

	cpuid_count(4, 0, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
	if (eax & 0x1f)
		c->x86_max_cores = (eax >> 26) + 1;
}

void cpu_detect_cache_sizes(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	unsigned int n, dummy, ebx, ecx, edx, l2size;

	n = c->extended_cpuid_level;

	if (n >= 0x80000005) {
		cpuid(0x80000005, &dummy, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
		c->x86_cache_size = (ecx>>24) + (edx>>24);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
		/* On K8 L1 TLB is inclusive, so don't count it */
		c->x86_tlbsize = 0;
#endif
	}

	if (n < 0x80000006)	/* Some chips just has a large L1. */
		return;

	cpuid(0x80000006, &dummy, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
	l2size = ecx >> 16;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	c->x86_tlbsize += ((ebx >> 16) & 0xfff) + (ebx & 0xfff);
#else
	/* do processor-specific cache resizing */
	if (this_cpu->legacy_cache_size)
		l2size = this_cpu->legacy_cache_size(c, l2size);

	/* Allow user to override all this if necessary. */
	if (cachesize_override != -1)
		l2size = cachesize_override;

	if (l2size == 0)
		return;		/* Again, no L2 cache is possible */
#endif

	c->x86_cache_size = l2size;
}

u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_4k[NR_INFO];
u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_2m[NR_INFO];
u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_4m[NR_INFO];
u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_4k[NR_INFO];
u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_2m[NR_INFO];
u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_4m[NR_INFO];
u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_1g[NR_INFO];

static void cpu_detect_tlb(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	if (this_cpu->c_detect_tlb)
		this_cpu->c_detect_tlb(c);

	pr_info("Last level iTLB entries: 4KB %d, 2MB %d, 4MB %d\n",
		tlb_lli_4k[ENTRIES], tlb_lli_2m[ENTRIES],
		tlb_lli_4m[ENTRIES]);

	pr_info("Last level dTLB entries: 4KB %d, 2MB %d, 4MB %d, 1GB %d\n",
		tlb_lld_4k[ENTRIES], tlb_lld_2m[ENTRIES],
		tlb_lld_4m[ENTRIES], tlb_lld_1g[ENTRIES]);
}

int detect_ht_early(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx;

	if (!cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_HT))
		return -1;

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_CMP_LEGACY))
		return -1;

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_XTOPOLOGY))
		return -1;

	cpuid(1, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);

	smp_num_siblings = (ebx & 0xff0000) >> 16;
	if (smp_num_siblings == 1)
		pr_info_once("CPU0: Hyper-Threading is disabled\n");
#endif
	return 0;
}

void detect_ht(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	int index_msb, core_bits;

	if (detect_ht_early(c) < 0)
		return;

	index_msb = get_count_order(smp_num_siblings);
	c->phys_proc_id = apic->phys_pkg_id(c->initial_apicid, index_msb);

	smp_num_siblings = smp_num_siblings / c->x86_max_cores;

	index_msb = get_count_order(smp_num_siblings);

	core_bits = get_count_order(c->x86_max_cores);

	c->cpu_core_id = apic->phys_pkg_id(c->initial_apicid, index_msb) &
				       ((1 << core_bits) - 1);
#endif
}

static void get_cpu_vendor(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	char *v = c->x86_vendor_id;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < X86_VENDOR_NUM; i++) {
		if (!cpu_devs[i])
			break;

		if (!strcmp(v, cpu_devs[i]->c_ident[0]) ||
		    (cpu_devs[i]->c_ident[1] &&
		     !strcmp(v, cpu_devs[i]->c_ident[1]))) {

			this_cpu = cpu_devs[i];
			c->x86_vendor = this_cpu->c_x86_vendor;
			return;
		}
	}

	pr_err_once("CPU: vendor_id '%s' unknown, using generic init.\n" \
		    "CPU: Your system may be unstable.\n", v);

	c->x86_vendor = X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN;
	this_cpu = &default_cpu;
}

void cpu_detect(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	/* Get vendor name */
	cpuid(0x00000000, (unsigned int *)&c->cpuid_level,
	      (unsigned int *)&c->x86_vendor_id[0],
	      (unsigned int *)&c->x86_vendor_id[8],
	      (unsigned int *)&c->x86_vendor_id[4]);

	c->x86 = 4;
	/* Intel-defined flags: level 0x00000001 */
	if (c->cpuid_level >= 0x00000001) {
		u32 junk, tfms, cap0, misc;

		cpuid(0x00000001, &tfms, &misc, &junk, &cap0);
		c->x86		= x86_family(tfms);
		c->x86_model	= x86_model(tfms);
		c->x86_stepping	= x86_stepping(tfms);

		if (cap0 & (1<<19)) {
			c->x86_clflush_size = ((misc >> 8) & 0xff) * 8;
			c->x86_cache_alignment = c->x86_clflush_size;
		}
	}
}

static void apply_forced_caps(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS; i++) {
		c->x86_capability[i] &= ~cpu_caps_cleared[i];
		c->x86_capability[i] |= cpu_caps_set[i];
	}
}

static void init_speculation_control(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	/*
	 * The Intel SPEC_CTRL CPUID bit implies IBRS and IBPB support,
	 * and they also have a different bit for STIBP support. Also,
	 * a hypervisor might have set the individual AMD bits even on
	 * Intel CPUs, for finer-grained selection of what's available.
	 */
	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_SPEC_CTRL)) {
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_IBRS);
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_IBPB);
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_MSR_SPEC_CTRL);
	}

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_INTEL_STIBP))
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_STIBP);

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_SPEC_CTRL_SSBD) ||
	    cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SSBD))
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_SSBD);

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_AMD_IBRS)) {
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_IBRS);
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_MSR_SPEC_CTRL);
	}

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_AMD_IBPB))
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_IBPB);

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_AMD_STIBP)) {
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_STIBP);
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_MSR_SPEC_CTRL);
	}

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSBD)) {
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_SSBD);
		set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_MSR_SPEC_CTRL);
		clear_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SSBD);
	}
}

void get_cpu_cap(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx;

	/* Intel-defined flags: level 0x00000001 */
	if (c->cpuid_level >= 0x00000001) {
		cpuid(0x00000001, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);

		c->x86_capability[CPUID_1_ECX] = ecx;
		c->x86_capability[CPUID_1_EDX] = edx;
	}

	/* Thermal and Power Management Leaf: level 0x00000006 (eax) */
	if (c->cpuid_level >= 0x00000006)
		c->x86_capability[CPUID_6_EAX] = cpuid_eax(0x00000006);

	/* Additional Intel-defined flags: level 0x00000007 */
	if (c->cpuid_level >= 0x00000007) {
		cpuid_count(0x00000007, 0, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
		c->x86_capability[CPUID_7_0_EBX] = ebx;
		c->x86_capability[CPUID_7_ECX] = ecx;
		c->x86_capability[CPUID_7_EDX] = edx;

		/* Check valid sub-leaf index before accessing it */
		if (eax >= 1) {
			cpuid_count(0x00000007, 1, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
			c->x86_capability[CPUID_7_1_EAX] = eax;
		}
	}

	/* Extended state features: level 0x0000000d */
	if (c->cpuid_level >= 0x0000000d) {
		cpuid_count(0x0000000d, 1, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);

		c->x86_capability[CPUID_D_1_EAX] = eax;
	}

	/* AMD-defined flags: level 0x80000001 */
	eax = cpuid_eax(0x80000000);
	c->extended_cpuid_level = eax;

	if ((eax & 0xffff0000) == 0x80000000) {
		if (eax >= 0x80000001) {
			cpuid(0x80000001, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);

			c->x86_capability[CPUID_8000_0001_ECX] = ecx;
			c->x86_capability[CPUID_8000_0001_EDX] = edx;
		}
	}

	if (c->extended_cpuid_level >= 0x80000007) {
		cpuid(0x80000007, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);

		c->x86_capability[CPUID_8000_0007_EBX] = ebx;
		c->x86_power = edx;
	}

	if (c->extended_cpuid_level >= 0x80000008) {
		cpuid(0x80000008, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
		c->x86_capability[CPUID_8000_0008_EBX] = ebx;
	}

	if (c->extended_cpuid_level >= 0x8000000a)
		c->x86_capability[CPUID_8000_000A_EDX] = cpuid_edx(0x8000000a);

	if (c->extended_cpuid_level >= 0x8000001f)
		c->x86_capability[CPUID_8000_001F_EAX] = cpuid_eax(0x8000001f);

	init_scattered_cpuid_features(c);
	init_speculation_control(c);

	/*
	 * Clear/Set all flags overridden by options, after probe.
	 * This needs to happen each time we re-probe, which may happen
	 * several times during CPU initialization.
	 */
	apply_forced_caps(c);
}

void get_cpu_address_sizes(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx;

	if (c->extended_cpuid_level >= 0x80000008) {
		cpuid(0x80000008, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);

		c->x86_virt_bits = (eax >> 8) & 0xff;
		c->x86_phys_bits = eax & 0xff;
	}
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	else if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_PAE) || cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_PSE36))
		c->x86_phys_bits = 36;
#endif
	c->x86_cache_bits = c->x86_phys_bits;
}

static void identify_cpu_without_cpuid(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	int i;

	/*
	 * First of all, decide if this is a 486 or higher
	 * It's a 486 if we can modify the AC flag
	 */
	if (flag_is_changeable_p(X86_EFLAGS_AC))
		c->x86 = 4;
	else
		c->x86 = 3;

	for (i = 0; i < X86_VENDOR_NUM; i++)
		if (cpu_devs[i] && cpu_devs[i]->c_identify) {
			c->x86_vendor_id[0] = 0;
			cpu_devs[i]->c_identify(c);
			if (c->x86_vendor_id[0]) {
				get_cpu_vendor(c);
				break;
			}
		}
#endif
}

#define NO_SPECULATION		BIT(0)
#define NO_MELTDOWN		BIT(1)
#define NO_SSB			BIT(2)
#define NO_L1TF			BIT(3)
#define NO_MDS			BIT(4)
#define MSBDS_ONLY		BIT(5)
#define NO_SWAPGS		BIT(6)
#define NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT	BIT(7)
#define NO_SPECTRE_V2		BIT(8)
#define NO_MMIO			BIT(9)
#define NO_EIBRS_PBRSB		BIT(10)

#define VULNWL(vendor, family, model, whitelist)	\
	X86_MATCH_VENDOR_FAM_MODEL(vendor, family, model, whitelist)

#define VULNWL_INTEL(model, whitelist)		\
	VULNWL(INTEL, 6, INTEL_FAM6_##model, whitelist)

#define VULNWL_AMD(family, whitelist)		\
	VULNWL(AMD, family, X86_MODEL_ANY, whitelist)

#define VULNWL_HYGON(family, whitelist)		\
	VULNWL(HYGON, family, X86_MODEL_ANY, whitelist)

static const __initconst struct x86_cpu_id cpu_vuln_whitelist[] = {
	VULNWL(ANY,	4, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECULATION),
	VULNWL(CENTAUR,	5, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECULATION),
	VULNWL(INTEL,	5, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECULATION),
	VULNWL(NSC,	5, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECULATION),
	VULNWL(VORTEX,	5, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECULATION),
	VULNWL(VORTEX,	6, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECULATION),

	/* Intel Family 6 */
	VULNWL_INTEL(TIGERLAKE,			NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_INTEL(TIGERLAKE_L,		NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ALDERLAKE,			NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ALDERLAKE_L,		NO_MMIO),

	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL,		NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL_TABLET,	NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL_MID,		NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_BONNELL,		NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_BONNELL_MID,		NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),

	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT_D,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT_MID,	NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(XEON_PHI_KNL,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(XEON_PHI_KNM,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),

	VULNWL_INTEL(CORE_YONAH,		NO_SSB),

	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT_MID,		NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT_NP,		NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),

	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT,		NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT_D,		NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT_PLUS,	NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO | NO_EIBRS_PBRSB),

	/*
	 * Technically, swapgs isn't serializing on AMD (despite it previously
	 * being documented as such in the APM).  But according to AMD, %gs is
	 * updated non-speculatively, and the issuing of %gs-relative memory
	 * operands will be blocked until the %gs update completes, which is
	 * good enough for our purposes.
	 */

	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_TREMONT,		NO_EIBRS_PBRSB),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_TREMONT_L,		NO_EIBRS_PBRSB),
	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_TREMONT_D,		NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_EIBRS_PBRSB),

	/* AMD Family 0xf - 0x12 */
	VULNWL_AMD(0x0f,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_AMD(0x10,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_AMD(0x11,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_AMD(0x12,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO),

	/* FAMILY_ANY must be last, otherwise 0x0f - 0x12 matches won't work */
	VULNWL_AMD(X86_FAMILY_ANY,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL_HYGON(X86_FAMILY_ANY,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT | NO_MMIO),

	/* Zhaoxin Family 7 */
	VULNWL(CENTAUR,	7, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECTRE_V2 | NO_SWAPGS | NO_MMIO),
	VULNWL(ZHAOXIN,	7, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECTRE_V2 | NO_SWAPGS | NO_MMIO),
	{}
};

#define VULNBL(vendor, family, model, blacklist)	\
	X86_MATCH_VENDOR_FAM_MODEL(vendor, family, model, blacklist)

#define VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(model, steppings, issues)		   \
	X86_MATCH_VENDOR_FAM_MODEL_STEPPINGS_FEATURE(INTEL, 6,		   \
					    INTEL_FAM6_##model, steppings, \
					    X86_FEATURE_ANY, issues)

#define VULNBL_AMD(family, blacklist)		\
	VULNBL(AMD, family, X86_MODEL_ANY, blacklist)

#define VULNBL_HYGON(family, blacklist)		\
	VULNBL(HYGON, family, X86_MODEL_ANY, blacklist)

#define SRBDS		BIT(0)
/* CPU is affected by X86_BUG_MMIO_STALE_DATA */
#define MMIO		BIT(1)
/* CPU is affected by Shared Buffers Data Sampling (SBDS), a variant of X86_BUG_MMIO_STALE_DATA */
#define MMIO_SBDS	BIT(2)
/* CPU is affected by RETbleed, speculating where you would not expect it */
#define RETBLEED	BIT(3)

static const struct x86_cpu_id cpu_vuln_blacklist[] __initconst = {
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(IVYBRIDGE,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(HASWELL,		X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(HASWELL_L,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(HASWELL_G,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(HASWELL_X,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(BROADWELL_D,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(BROADWELL_G,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(BROADWELL_X,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(BROADWELL,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(SKYLAKE_L,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS | MMIO | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(SKYLAKE_X,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(SKYLAKE,		X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS | MMIO | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(KABYLAKE_L,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS | MMIO | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(KABYLAKE,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		SRBDS | MMIO | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(CANNONLAKE_L,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(ICELAKE_L,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO | MMIO_SBDS | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(ICELAKE_D,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(ICELAKE_X,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(COMETLAKE,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO | MMIO_SBDS | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(COMETLAKE_L,	X86_STEPPINGS(0x0, 0x0),	MMIO | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(COMETLAKE_L,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO | MMIO_SBDS | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(LAKEFIELD,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO | MMIO_SBDS | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(ROCKETLAKE,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO | RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(ATOM_TREMONT,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO | MMIO_SBDS),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(ATOM_TREMONT_D,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO),
	VULNBL_INTEL_STEPPINGS(ATOM_TREMONT_L,	X86_STEPPING_ANY,		MMIO | MMIO_SBDS),

	VULNBL_AMD(0x15, RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_AMD(0x16, RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_AMD(0x17, RETBLEED),
	VULNBL_HYGON(0x18, RETBLEED),
	{}
};

static bool __init cpu_matches(const struct x86_cpu_id *table, unsigned long which)
{
	const struct x86_cpu_id *m = x86_match_cpu(table);

	return m && !!(m->driver_data & which);
}

u64 x86_read_arch_cap_msr(void)
{
	u64 ia32_cap = 0;

	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARCH_CAPABILITIES))
		rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES, ia32_cap);

	return ia32_cap;
}

static bool arch_cap_mmio_immune(u64 ia32_cap)
{
	return (ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_FBSDP_NO &&
		ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_PSDP_NO &&
		ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_SBDR_SSDP_NO);
}

static void __init cpu_set_bug_bits(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	u64 ia32_cap = x86_read_arch_cap_msr();

	/* Set ITLB_MULTIHIT bug if cpu is not in the whitelist and not mitigated */
	if (!cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT) &&
	    !(ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_PSCHANGE_MC_NO))
		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_ITLB_MULTIHIT);

	if (cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_SPECULATION))
		return;

	setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V1);

	if (!cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_SPECTRE_V2))
		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2);

	if (!cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_SSB) &&
	    !(ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_SSB_NO) &&
	   !cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSB_NO))
		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS);

	if (ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_IBRS_ALL)
		setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_IBRS_ENHANCED);

	if (!cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_MDS) &&
	    !(ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_MDS_NO)) {
		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_MDS);
		if (cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, MSBDS_ONLY))
			setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_MSBDS_ONLY);
	}

	if (!cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_SWAPGS))
		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SWAPGS);

	/*
	 * When the CPU is not mitigated for TAA (TAA_NO=0) set TAA bug when:
	 *	- TSX is supported or
	 *	- TSX_CTRL is present
	 *
	 * TSX_CTRL check is needed for cases when TSX could be disabled before
	 * the kernel boot e.g. kexec.
	 * TSX_CTRL check alone is not sufficient for cases when the microcode
	 * update is not present or running as guest that don't get TSX_CTRL.
	 */
	if (!(ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_TAA_NO) &&
	    (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_RTM) ||
	     (ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_TSX_CTRL_MSR)))
		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_TAA);

	/*
	 * SRBDS affects CPUs which support RDRAND or RDSEED and are listed
	 * in the vulnerability blacklist.
	 *
	 * Some of the implications and mitigation of Shared Buffers Data
	 * Sampling (SBDS) are similar to SRBDS. Give SBDS same treatment as
	 * SRBDS.
	 */
	if ((cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ||
	     cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_RDSEED)) &&
	    cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_blacklist, SRBDS | MMIO_SBDS))
		    setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SRBDS);

	/*
	 * Processor MMIO Stale Data bug enumeration
	 *
	 * Affected CPU list is generally enough to enumerate the vulnerability,
	 * but for virtualization case check for ARCH_CAP MSR bits also, VMM may
	 * not want the guest to enumerate the bug.
	 *
	 * Set X86_BUG_MMIO_UNKNOWN for CPUs that are neither in the blacklist,
	 * nor in the whitelist and also don't enumerate MSR ARCH_CAP MMIO bits.
	 */
	if (!arch_cap_mmio_immune(ia32_cap)) {
		if (cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_blacklist, MMIO))
			setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_MMIO_STALE_DATA);
		else if (!cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_MMIO))
			setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_MMIO_UNKNOWN);
	}

	if (!cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_BTC_NO)) {
		if (cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_blacklist, RETBLEED) || (ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_RSBA))
			setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_RETBLEED);
	}

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_IBRS_ENHANCED) &&
	    !cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_EIBRS_PBRSB) &&
	    !(ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_PBRSB_NO))
		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_EIBRS_PBRSB);

	if (cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_MELTDOWN))
		return;

	/* Rogue Data Cache Load? No! */
	if (ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_RDCL_NO)
		return;

	setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_CPU_MELTDOWN);

	if (cpu_matches(cpu_vuln_whitelist, NO_L1TF))
		return;

	setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF);
}

/*
 * The NOPL instruction is supposed to exist on all CPUs of family >= 6;
 * unfortunately, that's not true in practice because of early VIA
 * chips and (more importantly) broken virtualizers that are not easy
 * to detect. In the latter case it doesn't even *fail* reliably, so
 * probing for it doesn't even work. Disable it completely on 32-bit
 * unless we can find a reliable way to detect all the broken cases.
 * Enable it explicitly on 64-bit for non-constant inputs of cpu_has().
 */
static void detect_nopl(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_NOPL);
#else
	setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_NOPL);
#endif
}

/*
 * We parse cpu parameters early because fpu__init_system() is executed
 * before parse_early_param().
 */
static void __init cpu_parse_early_param(void)
{
	char arg[128];
	char *argptr = arg, *opt;
	int arglen, taint = 0;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "no387"))
#ifdef CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_FPU);
#else
		pr_err("Option 'no387' required CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION enabled.\n");
#endif

	if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "nofxsr"))
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_FXSR);
#endif

	if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "noxsave"))
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE);

	if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "noxsaveopt"))
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT);

	if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "noxsaves"))
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES);

	arglen = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "clearcpuid", arg, sizeof(arg));
	if (arglen <= 0)
		return;

	pr_info("Clearing CPUID bits:");

	while (argptr) {
		bool found __maybe_unused = false;
		unsigned int bit;

		opt = strsep(&argptr, ",");

		/*
		 * Handle naked numbers first for feature flags which don't
		 * have names.
		 */
		if (!kstrtouint(opt, 10, &bit)) {
			if (bit < NCAPINTS * 32) {

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_FEATURE_NAMES
				/* empty-string, i.e., ""-defined feature flags */
				if (!x86_cap_flags[bit])
					pr_cont(" " X86_CAP_FMT_NUM, x86_cap_flag_num(bit));
				else
#endif
					pr_cont(" " X86_CAP_FMT, x86_cap_flag(bit));

				setup_clear_cpu_cap(bit);
				taint++;
			}
			/*
			 * The assumption is that there are no feature names with only
			 * numbers in the name thus go to the next argument.
			 */
			continue;
		}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_FEATURE_NAMES
		for (bit = 0; bit < 32 * NCAPINTS; bit++) {
			if (!x86_cap_flag(bit))
				continue;

			if (strcmp(x86_cap_flag(bit), opt))
				continue;

			pr_cont(" %s", opt);
			setup_clear_cpu_cap(bit);
			taint++;
			found = true;
			break;
		}

		if (!found)
			pr_cont(" (unknown: %s)", opt);
#endif
	}
	pr_cont("\n");

	if (taint)
		add_taint(TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
}

/*
 * Do minimum CPU detection early.
 * Fields really needed: vendor, cpuid_level, family, model, mask,
 * cache alignment.
 * The others are not touched to avoid unwanted side effects.
 *
 * WARNING: this function is only called on the boot CPU.  Don't add code
 * here that is supposed to run on all CPUs.
 */
static void __init early_identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	c->x86_clflush_size = 64;
	c->x86_phys_bits = 36;
	c->x86_virt_bits = 48;
#else
	c->x86_clflush_size = 32;
	c->x86_phys_bits = 32;
	c->x86_virt_bits = 32;
#endif
	c->x86_cache_alignment = c->x86_clflush_size;

	memset(&c->x86_capability, 0, sizeof(c->x86_capability));
	c->extended_cpuid_level = 0;

	if (!have_cpuid_p())
		identify_cpu_without_cpuid(c);

	/* cyrix could have cpuid enabled via c_identify()*/
	if (have_cpuid_p()) {
		cpu_detect(c);
		get_cpu_vendor(c);
		get_cpu_cap(c);
		get_cpu_address_sizes(c);
		setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_CPUID);
		cpu_parse_early_param();

		if (this_cpu->c_early_init)
			this_cpu->c_early_init(c);

		c->cpu_index = 0;
		filter_cpuid_features(c, false);

		if (this_cpu->c_bsp_init)
			this_cpu->c_bsp_init(c);
	} else {
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_CPUID);
	}

	setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_ALWAYS);

	cpu_set_bug_bits(c);

	sld_setup(c);

	fpu__init_system(c);

	init_sigframe_size();

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	/*
	 * Regardless of whether PCID is enumerated, the SDM says
	 * that it can't be enabled in 32-bit mode.
	 */
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_PCID);
#endif

	/*
	 * Later in the boot process pgtable_l5_enabled() relies on
	 * cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_LA57). If 5-level paging is not
	 * enabled by this point we need to clear the feature bit to avoid
	 * false-positives at the later stage.
	 *
	 * pgtable_l5_enabled() can be false here for several reasons:
	 *  - 5-level paging is disabled compile-time;
	 *  - it's 32-bit kernel;
	 *  - machine doesn't support 5-level paging;
	 *  - user specified 'no5lvl' in kernel command line.
	 */
	if (!pgtable_l5_enabled())
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_LA57);

	detect_nopl();
}

void __init early_cpu_init(void)
{
	const struct cpu_dev *const *cdev;
	int count = 0;

#ifdef CONFIG_PROCESSOR_SELECT
	pr_info("KERNEL supported cpus:\n");
#endif

	for (cdev = __x86_cpu_dev_start; cdev < __x86_cpu_dev_end; cdev++) {
		const struct cpu_dev *cpudev = *cdev;

		if (count >= X86_VENDOR_NUM)
			break;
		cpu_devs[count] = cpudev;
		count++;

#ifdef CONFIG_PROCESSOR_SELECT
		{
			unsigned int j;

			for (j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
				if (!cpudev->c_ident[j])
					continue;
				pr_info("  %s %s\n", cpudev->c_vendor,
					cpudev->c_ident[j]);
			}
		}
#endif
	}
	early_identify_cpu(&boot_cpu_data);
}

static bool detect_null_seg_behavior(void)
{
	/*
	 * Empirically, writing zero to a segment selector on AMD does
	 * not clear the base, whereas writing zero to a segment
	 * selector on Intel does clear the base.  Intel's behavior
	 * allows slightly faster context switches in the common case
	 * where GS is unused by the prev and next threads.
	 *
	 * Since neither vendor documents this anywhere that I can see,
	 * detect it directly instead of hard-coding the choice by
	 * vendor.
	 *
	 * I've designated AMD's behavior as the "bug" because it's
	 * counterintuitive and less friendly.
	 */

	unsigned long old_base, tmp;
	rdmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, old_base);
	wrmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, 1);
	loadsegment(fs, 0);
	rdmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, tmp);
	wrmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, old_base);
	return tmp == 0;
}

void check_null_seg_clears_base(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	/* BUG_NULL_SEG is only relevant with 64bit userspace */
	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64))
		return;

	/* Zen3 CPUs advertise Null Selector Clears Base in CPUID. */
	if (c->extended_cpuid_level >= 0x80000021 &&
	    cpuid_eax(0x80000021) & BIT(6))
		return;

	/*
	 * CPUID bit above wasn't set. If this kernel is still running
	 * as a HV guest, then the HV has decided not to advertize
	 * that CPUID bit for whatever reason.	For example, one
	 * member of the migration pool might be vulnerable.  Which
	 * means, the bug is present: set the BUG flag and return.
	 */
	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR)) {
		set_cpu_bug(c, X86_BUG_NULL_SEG);
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * Zen2 CPUs also have this behaviour, but no CPUID bit.
	 * 0x18 is the respective family for Hygon.
	 */
	if ((c->x86 == 0x17 || c->x86 == 0x18) &&
	    detect_null_seg_behavior())
		return;

	/* All the remaining ones are affected */
	set_cpu_bug(c, X86_BUG_NULL_SEG);
}

static void generic_identify(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	c->extended_cpuid_level = 0;

	if (!have_cpuid_p())
		identify_cpu_without_cpuid(c);

	/* cyrix could have cpuid enabled via c_identify()*/
	if (!have_cpuid_p())
		return;

	cpu_detect(c);

	get_cpu_vendor(c);

	get_cpu_cap(c);

	get_cpu_address_sizes(c);

	if (c->cpuid_level >= 0x00000001) {
		c->initial_apicid = (cpuid_ebx(1) >> 24) & 0xFF;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
# ifdef CONFIG_SMP
		c->apicid = apic->phys_pkg_id(c->initial_apicid, 0);
# else
		c->apicid = c->initial_apicid;
# endif
#endif
		c->phys_proc_id = c->initial_apicid;
	}

	get_model_name(c); /* Default name */

	/*
	 * ESPFIX is a strange bug.  All real CPUs have it.  Paravirt
	 * systems that run Linux at CPL > 0 may or may not have the
	 * issue, but, even if they have the issue, there's absolutely
	 * nothing we can do about it because we can't use the real IRET
	 * instruction.
	 *
	 * NB: For the time being, only 32-bit kernels support
	 * X86_BUG_ESPFIX as such.  64-bit kernels directly choose
	 * whether to apply espfix using paravirt hooks.  If any
	 * non-paravirt system ever shows up that does *not* have the
	 * ESPFIX issue, we can change this.
	 */
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	set_cpu_bug(c, X86_BUG_ESPFIX);
#endif
}

/*
 * Validate that ACPI/mptables have the same information about the
 * effective APIC id and update the package map.
 */
static void validate_apic_and_package_id(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	unsigned int apicid, cpu = smp_processor_id();

	apicid = apic->cpu_present_to_apicid(cpu);

	if (apicid != c->apicid) {
		pr_err(FW_BUG "CPU%u: APIC id mismatch. Firmware: %x APIC: %x\n",
		       cpu, apicid, c->initial_apicid);
	}
	BUG_ON(topology_update_package_map(c->phys_proc_id, cpu));
	BUG_ON(topology_update_die_map(c->cpu_die_id, cpu));
#else
	c->logical_proc_id = 0;
#endif
}

/*
 * This does the hard work of actually picking apart the CPU stuff...
 */
static void identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	int i;

	c->loops_per_jiffy = loops_per_jiffy;
	c->x86_cache_size = 0;
	c->x86_vendor = X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN;
	c->x86_model = c->x86_stepping = 0;	/* So far unknown... */
	c->x86_vendor_id[0] = '\0'; /* Unset */
	c->x86_model_id[0] = '\0';  /* Unset */
	c->x86_max_cores = 1;
	c->x86_coreid_bits = 0;
	c->cu_id = 0xff;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	c->x86_clflush_size = 64;
	c->x86_phys_bits = 36;
	c->x86_virt_bits = 48;
#else
	c->cpuid_level = -1;	/* CPUID not detected */
	c->x86_clflush_size = 32;
	c->x86_phys_bits = 32;
	c->x86_virt_bits = 32;
#endif
	c->x86_cache_alignment = c->x86_clflush_size;
	memset(&c->x86_capability, 0, sizeof(c->x86_capability));
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_VMX_FEATURE_NAMES
	memset(&c->vmx_capability, 0, sizeof(c->vmx_capability));
#endif

	generic_identify(c);

	if (this_cpu->c_identify)
		this_cpu->c_identify(c);

	/* Clear/Set all flags overridden by options, after probe */
	apply_forced_caps(c);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	c->apicid = apic->phys_pkg_id(c->initial_apicid, 0);
#endif

	/*
	 * Vendor-specific initialization.  In this section we
	 * canonicalize the feature flags, meaning if there are
	 * features a certain CPU supports which CPUID doesn't
	 * tell us, CPUID claiming incorrect flags, or other bugs,
	 * we handle them here.
	 *
	 * At the end of this section, c->x86_capability better
	 * indicate the features this CPU genuinely supports!
	 */
	if (this_cpu->c_init)
		this_cpu->c_init(c);

	/* Disable the PN if appropriate */
	squash_the_stupid_serial_number(c);

	/* Set up SMEP/SMAP/UMIP */
	setup_smep(c);
	setup_smap(c);
	setup_umip(c);

	/* Enable FSGSBASE instructions if available. */
	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE)) {
		cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_FSGSBASE);
		elf_hwcap2 |= HWCAP2_FSGSBASE;
	}

	/*
	 * The vendor-specific functions might have changed features.
	 * Now we do "generic changes."
	 */

	/* Filter out anything that depends on CPUID levels we don't have */
	filter_cpuid_features(c, true);

	/* If the model name is still unset, do table lookup. */
	if (!c->x86_model_id[0]) {
		const char *p;
		p = table_lookup_model(c);
		if (p)
			strcpy(c->x86_model_id, p);
		else
			/* Last resort... */
			sprintf(c->x86_model_id, "%02x/%02x",
				c->x86, c->x86_model);
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	detect_ht(c);
#endif

	x86_init_rdrand(c);
	setup_pku(c);
	setup_cet(c);

	/*
	 * Clear/Set all flags overridden by options, need do it
	 * before following smp all cpus cap AND.
	 */
	apply_forced_caps(c);

	/*
	 * On SMP, boot_cpu_data holds the common feature set between
	 * all CPUs; so make sure that we indicate which features are
	 * common between the CPUs.  The first time this routine gets
	 * executed, c == &boot_cpu_data.
	 */
	if (c != &boot_cpu_data) {
		/* AND the already accumulated flags with these */
		for (i = 0; i < NCAPINTS; i++)
			boot_cpu_data.x86_capability[i] &= c->x86_capability[i];

		/* OR, i.e. replicate the bug flags */
		for (i = NCAPINTS; i < NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS; i++)
			c->x86_capability[i] |= boot_cpu_data.x86_capability[i];
	}

	ppin_init(c);

	/* Init Machine Check Exception if available. */
	mcheck_cpu_init(c);

	select_idle_routine(c);

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
	numa_add_cpu(smp_processor_id());
#endif
}

/*
 * Set up the CPU state needed to execute SYSENTER/SYSEXIT instructions
 * on 32-bit kernels:
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
void enable_sep_cpu(void)
{
	struct tss_struct *tss;
	int cpu;

	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SEP))
		return;

	cpu = get_cpu();
	tss = &per_cpu(cpu_tss_rw, cpu);

	/*
	 * We cache MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS's value in the TSS's ss1 field --
	 * see the big comment in struct x86_hw_tss's definition.
	 */

	tss->x86_tss.ss1 = __KERNEL_CS;
	wrmsr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, tss->x86_tss.ss1, 0);
	wrmsr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP, (unsigned long)(cpu_entry_stack(cpu) + 1), 0);
	wrmsr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP, (unsigned long)entry_SYSENTER_32, 0);

	put_cpu();
}
#endif

void __init identify_boot_cpu(void)
{
	identify_cpu(&boot_cpu_data);
	if (HAS_KERNEL_IBT && cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_IBT))
		pr_info("CET detected: Indirect Branch Tracking enabled\n");
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	sysenter_setup();
	enable_sep_cpu();
#endif
	cpu_detect_tlb(&boot_cpu_data);
	setup_cr_pinning();

	tsx_init();
}

void identify_secondary_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	BUG_ON(c == &boot_cpu_data);
	identify_cpu(c);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	enable_sep_cpu();
#endif
	mtrr_ap_init();
	validate_apic_and_package_id(c);
	x86_spec_ctrl_setup_ap();
	update_srbds_msr();

	tsx_ap_init();
}

void print_cpu_info(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	const char *vendor = NULL;

	if (c->x86_vendor < X86_VENDOR_NUM) {
		vendor = this_cpu->c_vendor;
	} else {
		if (c->cpuid_level >= 0)
			vendor = c->x86_vendor_id;
	}

	if (vendor && !strstr(c->x86_model_id, vendor))
		pr_cont("%s ", vendor);

	if (c->x86_model_id[0])
		pr_cont("%s", c->x86_model_id);
	else
		pr_cont("%d86", c->x86);

	pr_cont(" (family: 0x%x, model: 0x%x", c->x86, c->x86_model);

	if (c->x86_stepping || c->cpuid_level >= 0)
		pr_cont(", stepping: 0x%x)\n", c->x86_stepping);
	else
		pr_cont(")\n");
}

/*
 * clearcpuid= was already parsed in cpu_parse_early_param().  This dummy
 * function prevents it from becoming an environment variable for init.
 */
static __init int setup_clearcpuid(char *arg)
{
	return 1;
}
__setup("clearcpuid=", setup_clearcpuid);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
DEFINE_PER_CPU_FIRST(struct fixed_percpu_data,
		     fixed_percpu_data) __aligned(PAGE_SIZE) __visible;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL_GPL(fixed_percpu_data);

/*
 * The following percpu variables are hot.  Align current_task to
 * cacheline size such that they fall in the same cacheline.
 */
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, current_task) ____cacheline_aligned =
	&init_task;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(current_task);

DEFINE_PER_CPU(void *, hardirq_stack_ptr);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, hardirq_stack_inuse);

DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, __preempt_count) = INIT_PREEMPT_COUNT;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(__preempt_count);

DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_current_top_of_stack) = TOP_OF_INIT_STACK;

static void wrmsrl_cstar(unsigned long val)
{
	/*
	 * Intel CPUs do not support 32-bit SYSCALL. Writing to MSR_CSTAR
	 * is so far ignored by the CPU, but raises a #VE trap in a TDX
	 * guest. Avoid the pointless write on all Intel CPUs.
	 */
	if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_INTEL)
		wrmsrl(MSR_CSTAR, val);
}

/* May not be marked __init: used by software suspend */
void syscall_init(void)
{
	wrmsr(MSR_STAR, 0, (__USER32_CS << 16) | __KERNEL_CS);
	wrmsrl(MSR_LSTAR, (unsigned long)entry_SYSCALL_64);

#ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
	wrmsrl_cstar((unsigned long)entry_SYSCALL_compat);
	/*
	 * This only works on Intel CPUs.
	 * On AMD CPUs these MSRs are 32-bit, CPU truncates MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP.
	 * This does not cause SYSENTER to jump to the wrong location, because
	 * AMD doesn't allow SYSENTER in long mode (either 32- or 64-bit).
	 */
	wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, (u64)__KERNEL_CS);
	wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP,
		    (unsigned long)(cpu_entry_stack(smp_processor_id()) + 1));
	wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP, (u64)entry_SYSENTER_compat);
#else
	wrmsrl_cstar((unsigned long)ignore_sysret);
	wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, (u64)GDT_ENTRY_INVALID_SEG);
	wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP, 0ULL);
	wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP, 0ULL);
#endif

	/*
	 * Flags to clear on syscall; clear as much as possible
	 * to minimize user space-kernel interference.
	 */
	wrmsrl(MSR_SYSCALL_MASK,
	       X86_EFLAGS_CF|X86_EFLAGS_PF|X86_EFLAGS_AF|
	       X86_EFLAGS_ZF|X86_EFLAGS_SF|X86_EFLAGS_TF|
	       X86_EFLAGS_IF|X86_EFLAGS_DF|X86_EFLAGS_OF|
	       X86_EFLAGS_IOPL|X86_EFLAGS_NT|X86_EFLAGS_RF|
	       X86_EFLAGS_AC|X86_EFLAGS_ID);
}

#else	/* CONFIG_X86_64 */

DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, current_task) = &init_task;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(current_task);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, __preempt_count) = INIT_PREEMPT_COUNT;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(__preempt_count);

/*
 * On x86_32, vm86 modifies tss.sp0, so sp0 isn't a reliable way to find
 * the top of the kernel stack.  Use an extra percpu variable to track the
 * top of the kernel stack directly.
 */
DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_current_top_of_stack) =
	(unsigned long)&init_thread_union + THREAD_SIZE;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(cpu_current_top_of_stack);

#ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR
DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, __stack_chk_guard);
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(__stack_chk_guard);
#endif

#endif	/* CONFIG_X86_64 */

/*
 * Clear all 6 debug registers:
 */
static void clear_all_debug_regs(void)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
		/* Ignore db4, db5 */
		if ((i == 4) || (i == 5))
			continue;

		set_debugreg(0, i);
	}
}

#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB
/*
 * Restore debug regs if using kgdbwait and you have a kernel debugger
 * connection established.
 */
static void dbg_restore_debug_regs(void)
{
	if (unlikely(kgdb_connected && arch_kgdb_ops.correct_hw_break))
		arch_kgdb_ops.correct_hw_break();
}
#else /* ! CONFIG_KGDB */
#define dbg_restore_debug_regs()
#endif /* ! CONFIG_KGDB */

static void wait_for_master_cpu(int cpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	/*
	 * wait for ACK from master CPU before continuing
	 * with AP initialization
	 */
	WARN_ON(cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(cpu, cpu_initialized_mask));
	while (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, cpu_callout_mask))
		cpu_relax();
#endif
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static inline void setup_getcpu(int cpu)
{
	unsigned long cpudata = vdso_encode_cpunode(cpu, early_cpu_to_node(cpu));
	struct desc_struct d = { };

	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) || boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDPID))
		wrmsr(MSR_TSC_AUX, cpudata, 0);

	/* Store CPU and node number in limit. */
	d.limit0 = cpudata;
	d.limit1 = cpudata >> 16;

	d.type = 5;		/* RO data, expand down, accessed */
	d.dpl = 3;		/* Visible to user code */
	d.s = 1;		/* Not a system segment */
	d.p = 1;		/* Present */
	d.d = 1;		/* 32-bit */

	write_gdt_entry(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu), GDT_ENTRY_CPUNODE, &d, DESCTYPE_S);
}

static inline void ucode_cpu_init(int cpu)
{
	if (cpu)
		load_ucode_ap();
}

static inline void tss_setup_ist(struct tss_struct *tss)
{
	/* Set up the per-CPU TSS IST stacks */
	tss->x86_tss.ist[IST_INDEX_DF] = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(DF);
	tss->x86_tss.ist[IST_INDEX_NMI] = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(NMI);
	tss->x86_tss.ist[IST_INDEX_DB] = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(DB);
	tss->x86_tss.ist[IST_INDEX_MCE] = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(MCE);
	/* Only mapped when SEV-ES is active */
	tss->x86_tss.ist[IST_INDEX_VC] = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(VC);
}

#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

static inline void setup_getcpu(int cpu) { }

static inline void ucode_cpu_init(int cpu)
{
	show_ucode_info_early();
}

static inline void tss_setup_ist(struct tss_struct *tss) { }

#endif /* !CONFIG_X86_64 */

static inline void tss_setup_io_bitmap(struct tss_struct *tss)
{
	tss->x86_tss.io_bitmap_base = IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_INVALID;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM
	tss->io_bitmap.prev_max = 0;
	tss->io_bitmap.prev_sequence = 0;
	memset(tss->io_bitmap.bitmap, 0xff, sizeof(tss->io_bitmap.bitmap));
	/*
	 * Invalidate the extra array entry past the end of the all
	 * permission bitmap as required by the hardware.
	 */
	tss->io_bitmap.mapall[IO_BITMAP_LONGS] = ~0UL;
#endif
}

/*
 * Setup everything needed to handle exceptions from the IDT, including the IST
 * exceptions which use paranoid_entry().
 */
void cpu_init_exception_handling(void)
{
	struct tss_struct *tss = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_tss_rw);
	int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();

	/* paranoid_entry() gets the CPU number from the GDT */
	setup_getcpu(cpu);

	/* IST vectors need TSS to be set up. */
	tss_setup_ist(tss);
	tss_setup_io_bitmap(tss);
	set_tss_desc(cpu, &get_cpu_entry_area(cpu)->tss.x86_tss);

	load_TR_desc();

	/* GHCB needs to be setup to handle #VC. */
	setup_ghcb();

	/* Finally load the IDT */
	load_current_idt();
}

/*
 * cpu_init() initializes state that is per-CPU. Some data is already
 * initialized (naturally) in the bootstrap process, such as the GDT.  We
 * reload it nevertheless, this function acts as a 'CPU state barrier',
 * nothing should get across.
 */
void cpu_init(void)
{
	struct task_struct *cur = current;
	int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();

	wait_for_master_cpu(cpu);

	ucode_cpu_init(cpu);

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
	if (this_cpu_read(numa_node) == 0 &&
	    early_cpu_to_node(cpu) != NUMA_NO_NODE)
		set_numa_node(early_cpu_to_node(cpu));
#endif
	pr_debug("Initializing CPU#%d\n", cpu);

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) || cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_VME) ||
	    boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_TSC) || boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_DE))
		cr4_clear_bits(X86_CR4_VME|X86_CR4_PVI|X86_CR4_TSD|X86_CR4_DE);

	/*
	 * Initialize the per-CPU GDT with the boot GDT,
	 * and set up the GDT descriptor:
	 */
	switch_to_new_gdt(cpu);

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64)) {
		loadsegment(fs, 0);
		memset(cur->thread.tls_array, 0, GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES * 8);
		syscall_init();

		wrmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, 0);
		wrmsrl(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, 0);
		barrier();

		x2apic_setup();
	}

	mmgrab(&init_mm);
	cur->active_mm = &init_mm;
	BUG_ON(cur->mm);
	initialize_tlbstate_and_flush();
	enter_lazy_tlb(&init_mm, cur);

	/*
	 * sp0 points to the entry trampoline stack regardless of what task
	 * is running.
	 */
	load_sp0((unsigned long)(cpu_entry_stack(cpu) + 1));

	load_mm_ldt(&init_mm);

	clear_all_debug_regs();
	dbg_restore_debug_regs();

	doublefault_init_cpu_tss();

	fpu__init_cpu();

	if (is_uv_system())
		uv_cpu_init();

	load_fixmap_gdt(cpu);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
void cpu_init_secondary(void)
{
	/*
	 * Relies on the BP having set-up the IDT tables, which are loaded
	 * on this CPU in cpu_init_exception_handling().
	 */
	cpu_init_exception_handling();
	cpu_init();
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MICROCODE_LATE_LOADING
/*
 * The microcode loader calls this upon late microcode load to recheck features,
 * only when microcode has been updated. Caller holds microcode_mutex and CPU
 * hotplug lock.
 */
void microcode_check(void)
{
	struct cpuinfo_x86 info;

	perf_check_microcode();

	/* Reload CPUID max function as it might've changed. */
	info.cpuid_level = cpuid_eax(0);

	/*
	 * Copy all capability leafs to pick up the synthetic ones so that
	 * memcmp() below doesn't fail on that. The ones coming from CPUID will
	 * get overwritten in get_cpu_cap().
	 */
	memcpy(&info.x86_capability, &boot_cpu_data.x86_capability, sizeof(info.x86_capability));

	get_cpu_cap(&info);

	if (!memcmp(&info.x86_capability, &boot_cpu_data.x86_capability, sizeof(info.x86_capability)))
		return;

	pr_warn("x86/CPU: CPU features have changed after loading microcode, but might not take effect.\n");
	pr_warn("x86/CPU: Please consider either early loading through initrd/built-in or a potential BIOS update.\n");
}
#endif

/*
 * Invoked from core CPU hotplug code after hotplug operations
 */
void arch_smt_update(void)
{
	/* Handle the speculative execution misfeatures */
	cpu_bugs_smt_update();
	/* Check whether IPI broadcasting can be enabled */
	apic_smt_update();
}