Bootlin logo

Elixir Cross Referencer

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
/*
 * common.c - C code for kernel entry and exit
 * Copyright (c) 2015 Andrew Lutomirski
 * GPL v2
 *
 * Based on asm and ptrace code by many authors.  The code here originated
 * in ptrace.c and signal.c.
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/tracehook.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/seccomp.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/context_tracking.h>
#include <linux/user-return-notifier.h>
#include <linux/nospec.h>
#include <linux/uprobes.h>
#include <linux/livepatch.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>

#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>
#include <asm/vdso.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/syscalls.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_CONTEXT_TRACKING
/* Called on entry from user mode with IRQs off. */
__visible inline void enter_from_user_mode(void)
{
	CT_WARN_ON(ct_state() != CONTEXT_USER);
	user_exit_irqoff();
}
#else
static inline void enter_from_user_mode(void) {}
#endif

static void do_audit_syscall_entry(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 arch)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	if (arch == AUDIT_ARCH_X86_64) {
		audit_syscall_entry(regs->orig_ax, regs->di,
				    regs->si, regs->dx, regs->r10);
	} else
#endif
	{
		audit_syscall_entry(regs->orig_ax, regs->bx,
				    regs->cx, regs->dx, regs->si);
	}
}

/*
 * Returns the syscall nr to run (which should match regs->orig_ax) or -1
 * to skip the syscall.
 */
static long syscall_trace_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	u32 arch = in_ia32_syscall() ? AUDIT_ARCH_I386 : AUDIT_ARCH_X86_64;

	struct thread_info *ti = current_thread_info();
	unsigned long ret = 0;
	bool emulated = false;
	u32 work;

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY))
		BUG_ON(regs != task_pt_regs(current));

	work = READ_ONCE(ti->flags) & _TIF_WORK_SYSCALL_ENTRY;

	if (unlikely(work & _TIF_SYSCALL_EMU))
		emulated = true;

	if ((emulated || (work & _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE)) &&
	    tracehook_report_syscall_entry(regs))
		return -1L;

	if (emulated)
		return -1L;

#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP
	/*
	 * Do seccomp after ptrace, to catch any tracer changes.
	 */
	if (work & _TIF_SECCOMP) {
		struct seccomp_data sd;

		sd.arch = arch;
		sd.nr = regs->orig_ax;
		sd.instruction_pointer = regs->ip;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
		if (arch == AUDIT_ARCH_X86_64) {
			sd.args[0] = regs->di;
			sd.args[1] = regs->si;
			sd.args[2] = regs->dx;
			sd.args[3] = regs->r10;
			sd.args[4] = regs->r8;
			sd.args[5] = regs->r9;
		} else
#endif
		{
			sd.args[0] = regs->bx;
			sd.args[1] = regs->cx;
			sd.args[2] = regs->dx;
			sd.args[3] = regs->si;
			sd.args[4] = regs->di;
			sd.args[5] = regs->bp;
		}

		ret = __secure_computing(&sd);
		if (ret == -1)
			return ret;
	}
#endif

	if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)))
		trace_sys_enter(regs, regs->orig_ax);

	do_audit_syscall_entry(regs, arch);

	return ret ?: regs->orig_ax;
}

#define EXIT_TO_USERMODE_LOOP_FLAGS				\
	(_TIF_SIGPENDING | _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME | _TIF_UPROBE |	\
	 _TIF_NEED_RESCHED | _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY | _TIF_PATCH_PENDING)

static void exit_to_usermode_loop(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 cached_flags)
{
	/*
	 * In order to return to user mode, we need to have IRQs off with
	 * none of EXIT_TO_USERMODE_LOOP_FLAGS set.  Several of these flags
	 * can be set at any time on preemptable kernels if we have IRQs on,
	 * so we need to loop.  Disabling preemption wouldn't help: doing the
	 * work to clear some of the flags can sleep.
	 */
	while (true) {
		/* We have work to do. */
		local_irq_enable();

		if (cached_flags & _TIF_NEED_RESCHED)
			schedule();

		if (cached_flags & _TIF_UPROBE)
			uprobe_notify_resume(regs);

		if (cached_flags & _TIF_PATCH_PENDING)
			klp_update_patch_state(current);

		/* deal with pending signal delivery */
		if (cached_flags & _TIF_SIGPENDING)
			do_signal(regs);

		if (cached_flags & _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME) {
			clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME);
			tracehook_notify_resume(regs);
			rseq_handle_notify_resume(NULL, regs);
		}

		if (cached_flags & _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY)
			fire_user_return_notifiers();

		/* Disable IRQs and retry */
		local_irq_disable();

		cached_flags = READ_ONCE(current_thread_info()->flags);

		if (!(cached_flags & EXIT_TO_USERMODE_LOOP_FLAGS))
			break;
	}
}

/* Called with IRQs disabled. */
__visible inline void prepare_exit_to_usermode(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct thread_info *ti = current_thread_info();
	u32 cached_flags;

	addr_limit_user_check();

	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
	lockdep_sys_exit();

	cached_flags = READ_ONCE(ti->flags);

	if (unlikely(cached_flags & EXIT_TO_USERMODE_LOOP_FLAGS))
		exit_to_usermode_loop(regs, cached_flags);

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	/*
	 * Compat syscalls set TS_COMPAT.  Make sure we clear it before
	 * returning to user mode.  We need to clear it *after* signal
	 * handling, because syscall restart has a fixup for compat
	 * syscalls.  The fixup is exercised by the ptrace_syscall_32
	 * selftest.
	 *
	 * We also need to clear TS_REGS_POKED_I386: the 32-bit tracer
	 * special case only applies after poking regs and before the
	 * very next return to user mode.
	 */
	ti->status &= ~(TS_COMPAT|TS_I386_REGS_POKED);
#endif

	user_enter_irqoff();
}

#define SYSCALL_EXIT_WORK_FLAGS				\
	(_TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE | _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT |	\
	 _TIF_SINGLESTEP | _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)

static void syscall_slow_exit_work(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 cached_flags)
{
	bool step;

	audit_syscall_exit(regs);

	if (cached_flags & _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)
		trace_sys_exit(regs, regs->ax);

	/*
	 * If TIF_SYSCALL_EMU is set, we only get here because of
	 * TIF_SINGLESTEP (i.e. this is PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP).
	 * We already reported this syscall instruction in
	 * syscall_trace_enter().
	 */
	step = unlikely(
		(cached_flags & (_TIF_SINGLESTEP | _TIF_SYSCALL_EMU))
		== _TIF_SINGLESTEP);
	if (step || cached_flags & _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE)
		tracehook_report_syscall_exit(regs, step);
}

/*
 * Called with IRQs on and fully valid regs.  Returns with IRQs off in a
 * state such that we can immediately switch to user mode.
 */
__visible inline void syscall_return_slowpath(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct thread_info *ti = current_thread_info();
	u32 cached_flags = READ_ONCE(ti->flags);

	CT_WARN_ON(ct_state() != CONTEXT_KERNEL);

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) &&
	    WARN(irqs_disabled(), "syscall %ld left IRQs disabled", regs->orig_ax))
		local_irq_enable();

	rseq_syscall(regs);

	/*
	 * First do one-time work.  If these work items are enabled, we
	 * want to run them exactly once per syscall exit with IRQs on.
	 */
	if (unlikely(cached_flags & SYSCALL_EXIT_WORK_FLAGS))
		syscall_slow_exit_work(regs, cached_flags);

	local_irq_disable();
	prepare_exit_to_usermode(regs);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
__visible void do_syscall_64(unsigned long nr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct thread_info *ti;

	enter_from_user_mode();
	local_irq_enable();
	ti = current_thread_info();
	if (READ_ONCE(ti->flags) & _TIF_WORK_SYSCALL_ENTRY)
		nr = syscall_trace_enter(regs);

	/*
	 * NB: Native and x32 syscalls are dispatched from the same
	 * table.  The only functional difference is the x32 bit in
	 * regs->orig_ax, which changes the behavior of some syscalls.
	 */
	nr &= __SYSCALL_MASK;
	if (likely(nr < NR_syscalls)) {
		nr = array_index_nospec(nr, NR_syscalls);
		regs->ax = sys_call_table[nr](regs);
	}

	syscall_return_slowpath(regs);
}
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_X86_32) || defined(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION)
/*
 * Does a 32-bit syscall.  Called with IRQs on in CONTEXT_KERNEL.  Does
 * all entry and exit work and returns with IRQs off.  This function is
 * extremely hot in workloads that use it, and it's usually called from
 * do_fast_syscall_32, so forcibly inline it to improve performance.
 */
static __always_inline void do_syscall_32_irqs_on(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct thread_info *ti = current_thread_info();
	unsigned int nr = (unsigned int)regs->orig_ax;

#ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
	ti->status |= TS_COMPAT;
#endif

	if (READ_ONCE(ti->flags) & _TIF_WORK_SYSCALL_ENTRY) {
		/*
		 * Subtlety here: if ptrace pokes something larger than
		 * 2^32-1 into orig_ax, this truncates it.  This may or
		 * may not be necessary, but it matches the old asm
		 * behavior.
		 */
		nr = syscall_trace_enter(regs);
	}

	if (likely(nr < IA32_NR_syscalls)) {
		nr = array_index_nospec(nr, IA32_NR_syscalls);
#ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
		regs->ax = ia32_sys_call_table[nr](regs);
#else
		/*
		 * It's possible that a 32-bit syscall implementation
		 * takes a 64-bit parameter but nonetheless assumes that
		 * the high bits are zero.  Make sure we zero-extend all
		 * of the args.
		 */
		regs->ax = ia32_sys_call_table[nr](
			(unsigned int)regs->bx, (unsigned int)regs->cx,
			(unsigned int)regs->dx, (unsigned int)regs->si,
			(unsigned int)regs->di, (unsigned int)regs->bp);
#endif /* CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION */
	}

	syscall_return_slowpath(regs);
}

/* Handles int $0x80 */
__visible void do_int80_syscall_32(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	enter_from_user_mode();
	local_irq_enable();
	do_syscall_32_irqs_on(regs);
}

/* Returns 0 to return using IRET or 1 to return using SYSEXIT/SYSRETL. */
__visible long do_fast_syscall_32(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	/*
	 * Called using the internal vDSO SYSENTER/SYSCALL32 calling
	 * convention.  Adjust regs so it looks like we entered using int80.
	 */

	unsigned long landing_pad = (unsigned long)current->mm->context.vdso +
		vdso_image_32.sym_int80_landing_pad;

	/*
	 * SYSENTER loses EIP, and even SYSCALL32 needs us to skip forward
	 * so that 'regs->ip -= 2' lands back on an int $0x80 instruction.
	 * Fix it up.
	 */
	regs->ip = landing_pad;

	enter_from_user_mode();

	local_irq_enable();

	/* Fetch EBP from where the vDSO stashed it. */
	if (
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
		/*
		 * Micro-optimization: the pointer we're following is explicitly
		 * 32 bits, so it can't be out of range.
		 */
		__get_user(*(u32 *)&regs->bp,
			    (u32 __user __force *)(unsigned long)(u32)regs->sp)
#else
		get_user(*(u32 *)&regs->bp,
			 (u32 __user __force *)(unsigned long)(u32)regs->sp)
#endif
		) {

		/* User code screwed up. */
		local_irq_disable();
		regs->ax = -EFAULT;
		prepare_exit_to_usermode(regs);
		return 0;	/* Keep it simple: use IRET. */
	}

	/* Now this is just like a normal syscall. */
	do_syscall_32_irqs_on(regs);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	/*
	 * Opportunistic SYSRETL: if possible, try to return using SYSRETL.
	 * SYSRETL is available on all 64-bit CPUs, so we don't need to
	 * bother with SYSEXIT.
	 *
	 * Unlike 64-bit opportunistic SYSRET, we can't check that CX == IP,
	 * because the ECX fixup above will ensure that this is essentially
	 * never the case.
	 */
	return regs->cs == __USER32_CS && regs->ss == __USER_DS &&
		regs->ip == landing_pad &&
		(regs->flags & (X86_EFLAGS_RF | X86_EFLAGS_TF)) == 0;
#else
	/*
	 * Opportunistic SYSEXIT: if possible, try to return using SYSEXIT.
	 *
	 * Unlike 64-bit opportunistic SYSRET, we can't check that CX == IP,
	 * because the ECX fixup above will ensure that this is essentially
	 * never the case.
	 *
	 * We don't allow syscalls at all from VM86 mode, but we still
	 * need to check VM, because we might be returning from sys_vm86.
	 */
	return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SEP) &&
		regs->cs == __USER_CS && regs->ss == __USER_DS &&
		regs->ip == landing_pad &&
		(regs->flags & (X86_EFLAGS_RF | X86_EFLAGS_TF | X86_EFLAGS_VM)) == 0;
#endif
}
#endif