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Elixir Cross Referencer

Kernel driver fam15h_power
==========================

Supported chips:
* AMD Family 15h Processors
* AMD Family 16h Processors

  Prefix: 'fam15h_power'
  Addresses scanned: PCI space
  Datasheets:
  BIOS and Kernel Developer's Guide (BKDG) For AMD Family 15h Processors
  BIOS and Kernel Developer's Guide (BKDG) For AMD Family 16h Processors
  AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 2: System Programming

Author: Andreas Herrmann <herrmann.der.user@googlemail.com>

Description
-----------

1) Processor TDP (Thermal design power)

Given a fixed frequency and voltage, the power consumption of a
processor varies based on the workload being executed. Derated power
is the power consumed when running a specific application. Thermal
design power (TDP) is an example of derated power.

This driver permits reading of registers providing power information
of AMD Family 15h and 16h processors via TDP algorithm.

For AMD Family 15h and 16h processors the following power values can
be calculated using different processor northbridge function
registers:

* BasePwrWatts: Specifies in watts the maximum amount of power
  consumed by the processor for NB and logic external to the core.
* ProcessorPwrWatts: Specifies in watts the maximum amount of power
  the processor can support.
* CurrPwrWatts: Specifies in watts the current amount of power being
  consumed by the processor.

This driver provides ProcessorPwrWatts and CurrPwrWatts:
* power1_crit (ProcessorPwrWatts)
* power1_input (CurrPwrWatts)

On multi-node processors the calculated value is for the entire
package and not for a single node. Thus the driver creates sysfs
attributes only for internal node0 of a multi-node processor.

2) Accumulated Power Mechanism

This driver also introduces an algorithm that should be used to
calculate the average power consumed by a processor during a
measurement interval Tm. The feature of accumulated power mechanism is
indicated by CPUID Fn8000_0007_EDX[12].

* Tsample: compute unit power accumulator sample period
* Tref: the PTSC counter period
* PTSC: performance timestamp counter
* N: the ratio of compute unit power accumulator sample period to the
  PTSC period
* Jmax: max compute unit accumulated power which is indicated by
  MaxCpuSwPwrAcc MSR C001007b
* Jx/Jy: compute unit accumulated power which is indicated by
  CpuSwPwrAcc MSR C001007a
* Tx/Ty: the value of performance timestamp counter which is indicated
  by CU_PTSC MSR C0010280
* PwrCPUave: CPU average power

i. Determine the ratio of Tsample to Tref by executing CPUID Fn8000_0007.
	N = value of CPUID Fn8000_0007_ECX[CpuPwrSampleTimeRatio[15:0]].

ii. Read the full range of the cumulative energy value from the new
MSR MaxCpuSwPwrAcc.
	Jmax = value returned.
iii. At time x, SW reads CpuSwPwrAcc MSR and samples the PTSC.
	Jx = value read from CpuSwPwrAcc and Tx = value read from
PTSC.

iv. At time y, SW reads CpuSwPwrAcc MSR and samples the PTSC.
	Jy = value read from CpuSwPwrAcc and Ty = value read from
PTSC.

v. Calculate the average power consumption for a compute unit over
time period (y-x). Unit of result is uWatt.
	if (Jy < Jx) // Rollover has occurred
		Jdelta = (Jy + Jmax) - Jx
	else
		Jdelta = Jy - Jx
	PwrCPUave = N * Jdelta * 1000 / (Ty - Tx)

This driver provides PwrCPUave and interval(default is 10 millisecond
and maximum is 1 second):
* power1_average (PwrCPUave)
* power1_average_interval (Interval)

The power1_average_interval can be updated at /etc/sensors3.conf file
as below:

chip "fam15h_power-*"
	set power1_average_interval 0.01

Then save it with "sensors -s".