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Elixir Cross Referencer

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/*
 * drivers/usb/usb.c
 *
 * (C) Copyright Linus Torvalds 1999
 * (C) Copyright Johannes Erdfelt 1999
 * (C) Copyright Andreas Gal 1999
 * (C) Copyright Gregory P. Smith 1999
 * (C) Copyright Deti Fliegl 1999 (new USB architecture)
 * (C) Copyright Randy Dunlap 2000
 * (C) Copyright David Brownell 2000 (kernel hotplug, usb_device_id)
 * (C) Copyright Yggdrasil Computing, Inc. 2000
 *     (usb_device_id matching changes by Adam J. Richter)
 *
 * NOTE! This is not actually a driver at all, rather this is
 * just a collection of helper routines that implement the
 * generic USB things that the real drivers can use..
 *
 * Think of this as a "USB library" rather than anything else.
 * It should be considered a slave, with no callbacks. Callbacks
 * are evil.
 *
 * $Id: usb.c,v 1.53 2000/01/14 16:19:09 acher Exp $
 */

#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/malloc.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>  /* for in_interrupt() */
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/devfs_fs_kernel.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_USB_DEBUG
	#define DEBUG
#else
	#undef DEBUG
#endif
#include <linux/usb.h>

#define DEVNUM_ROUND_ROBIN	/***** OPTION *****/
#ifdef DEVNUM_ROUND_ROBIN
static int devnum_next = 1;
#endif

static const int usb_bandwidth_option =
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_BANDWIDTH
				1;
#else
				0;
#endif

extern int  usb_hub_init(void);
extern void usb_hub_cleanup(void);

/*
 * Prototypes for the device driver probing/loading functions
 */
static void usb_find_drivers(struct usb_device *);
static int  usb_find_interface_driver(struct usb_device *, unsigned int);
static void usb_check_support(struct usb_device *);

/*
 * We have a per-interface "registered driver" list.
 */
LIST_HEAD(usb_driver_list);
LIST_HEAD(usb_bus_list);

devfs_handle_t usb_devfs_handle;	/* /dev/usb dir. */

static struct usb_busmap busmap;

static struct usb_driver *usb_minors[16];

int usb_register(struct usb_driver *new_driver)
{
	if (new_driver->fops != NULL) {
		if (usb_minors[new_driver->minor/16]) {
			 err("error registering %s driver", new_driver->name);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		usb_minors[new_driver->minor/16] = new_driver;
	}

	info("registered new driver %s", new_driver->name);

	init_MUTEX(&new_driver->serialize);

	/* Add it to the list of known drivers */
	list_add_tail(&new_driver->driver_list, &usb_driver_list);

	usb_scan_devices();

	return 0;
}

/*
 * We go through all existing devices, and see if any of them would
 * be acceptable to the new driver.. This is done using a depth-first
 * search for devices without a registered driver already, then 
 * running 'probe' with each of the drivers registered on every one 
 * of these.
 */
void usb_scan_devices(void)
{
	struct list_head *tmp;

	tmp = usb_bus_list.next;
	while (tmp != &usb_bus_list) {
		struct usb_bus *bus = list_entry(tmp,struct usb_bus, bus_list);

		tmp = tmp->next;
		usb_check_support(bus->root_hub);
	}
}

/*
 * This function is part of a depth-first search down the device tree,
 * removing any instances of a device driver.
 */
static void usb_drivers_purge(struct usb_driver *driver,struct usb_device *dev)
{
	int i;

	if (!dev) {
		err("null device being purged!!!");
		return;
	}

	for (i=0; i<USB_MAXCHILDREN; i++)
		if (dev->children[i])
			usb_drivers_purge(driver, dev->children[i]);

	if (!dev->actconfig)
		return;
			
	for (i = 0; i < dev->actconfig->bNumInterfaces; i++) {
		struct usb_interface *interface = &dev->actconfig->interface[i];
		
		if (interface->driver == driver) {
			down(&driver->serialize);
			driver->disconnect(dev, interface->private_data);
			up(&driver->serialize);
			usb_driver_release_interface(driver, interface);
			/*
			 * This will go through the list looking for another
			 * driver that can handle the device
			 */
			usb_find_interface_driver(dev, i);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Unlink a driver from the driver list when it is unloaded
 */
void usb_deregister(struct usb_driver *driver)
{
	struct list_head *tmp;

	info("deregistering driver %s", driver->name);
	if (driver->fops != NULL)
		usb_minors[driver->minor/16] = NULL;

	/*
	 * first we remove the driver, to be sure it doesn't get used by
	 * another thread while we are stepping through removing entries
	 */
	list_del(&driver->driver_list);

	tmp = usb_bus_list.next;
	while (tmp != &usb_bus_list) {
		struct usb_bus *bus = list_entry(tmp,struct usb_bus,bus_list);

		tmp = tmp->next;
		usb_drivers_purge(driver, bus->root_hub);
	}
}

struct usb_interface *usb_ifnum_to_if(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned ifnum)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < dev->actconfig->bNumInterfaces; i++)
		if (dev->actconfig->interface[i].altsetting[0].bInterfaceNumber == ifnum)
			return &dev->actconfig->interface[i];

	return NULL;
}

struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *usb_epnum_to_ep_desc(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned epnum)
{
	int i, j, k;

	for (i = 0; i < dev->actconfig->bNumInterfaces; i++)
		for (j = 0; j < dev->actconfig->interface[i].num_altsetting; j++)
			for (k = 0; k < dev->actconfig->interface[i].altsetting[j].bNumEndpoints; k++)
				if (epnum == dev->actconfig->interface[i].altsetting[j].endpoint[k].bEndpointAddress)
					return &dev->actconfig->interface[i].altsetting[j].endpoint[k];

	return NULL;
}

/*
 * usb_calc_bus_time:
 *
 * returns (approximate) USB bus time in nanoseconds for a USB transaction.
 */
static long usb_calc_bus_time (int low_speed, int input_dir, int isoc, int bytecount)
{
	unsigned long	tmp;

	if (low_speed)		/* no isoc. here */
	{
		if (input_dir)
		{
			tmp = (67667L * (31L + 10L * BitTime (bytecount))) / 1000L;
			return (64060L + (2 * BW_HUB_LS_SETUP) + BW_HOST_DELAY + tmp);
		}
		else
		{
			tmp = (66700L * (31L + 10L * BitTime (bytecount))) / 1000L;
			return (64107L + (2 * BW_HUB_LS_SETUP) + BW_HOST_DELAY + tmp);
		}
	}

	/* for full-speed: */

	if (!isoc)		/* Input or Output */
	{
		tmp = (8354L * (31L + 10L * BitTime (bytecount))) / 1000L;
		return (9107L + BW_HOST_DELAY + tmp);
	} /* end not Isoc */

	/* for isoc: */

	tmp = (8354L * (31L + 10L * BitTime (bytecount))) / 1000L;
	return (((input_dir) ? 7268L : 6265L) + BW_HOST_DELAY + tmp);
}

/*
 * usb_check_bandwidth():
 *
 * old_alloc is from host_controller->bandwidth_allocated in microseconds;
 * bustime is from calc_bus_time(), but converted to microseconds.
 *
 * returns <bustime in us> if successful,
 * or USB_ST_BANDWIDTH_ERROR if bandwidth request fails.
 *
 * FIXME:
 * This initial implementation does not use Endpoint.bInterval
 * in managing bandwidth allocation.
 * It probably needs to be expanded to use Endpoint.bInterval.
 * This can be done as a later enhancement (correction).
 * This will also probably require some kind of
 * frame allocation tracking...meaning, for example,
 * that if multiple drivers request interrupts every 10 USB frames,
 * they don't all have to be allocated at
 * frame numbers N, N+10, N+20, etc.  Some of them could be at
 * N+11, N+21, N+31, etc., and others at
 * N+12, N+22, N+32, etc.
 * However, this first cut at USB bandwidth allocation does not
 * contain any frame allocation tracking.
 */
int usb_check_bandwidth (struct usb_device *dev, struct urb *urb)
{
	int		new_alloc;
	int		old_alloc = dev->bus->bandwidth_allocated;
	unsigned int	pipe = urb->pipe;
	long		bustime;

	bustime = usb_calc_bus_time (usb_pipeslow(pipe), usb_pipein(pipe),
			usb_pipeisoc(pipe), usb_maxpacket(dev, pipe, usb_pipeout(pipe)));
	if (usb_pipeisoc(pipe))
		bustime = NS_TO_US(bustime) / urb->number_of_packets;
	else
		bustime = NS_TO_US(bustime);

	new_alloc = old_alloc + (int)bustime;
		/* what new total allocated bus time would be */

	if (new_alloc > FRAME_TIME_MAX_USECS_ALLOC)
		dbg("usb-check-bandwidth %sFAILED: was %u, would be %u, bustime = %ld us",
			usb_bandwidth_option ? "" : "would have ",
			old_alloc, new_alloc, bustime);

	if (!usb_bandwidth_option)	/* don't enforce it */
		return (bustime);
	return (new_alloc <= FRAME_TIME_MAX_USECS_ALLOC) ? bustime : USB_ST_BANDWIDTH_ERROR;
}

void usb_claim_bandwidth (struct usb_device *dev, struct urb *urb, int bustime, int isoc)
{
	dev->bus->bandwidth_allocated += bustime;
	if (isoc)
		dev->bus->bandwidth_isoc_reqs++;
	else
		dev->bus->bandwidth_int_reqs++;
	urb->bandwidth = bustime;

#ifdef USB_BANDWIDTH_MESSAGES
	dbg("bandwidth alloc increased by %d to %d for %d requesters",
		bustime,
		dev->bus->bandwidth_allocated,
		dev->bus->bandwidth_int_reqs + dev->bus->bandwidth_isoc_reqs);
#endif
}

/*
 * usb_release_bandwidth():
 *
 * called to release a pipe's bandwidth (in microseconds)
 */
void usb_release_bandwidth(struct usb_device *dev, struct urb *urb, int isoc)
{
	dev->bus->bandwidth_allocated -= urb->bandwidth;
	if (isoc)
		dev->bus->bandwidth_isoc_reqs--;
	else
		dev->bus->bandwidth_int_reqs--;

#ifdef USB_BANDWIDTH_MESSAGES
	dbg("bandwidth alloc reduced by %d to %d for %d requesters",
		urb->bandwidth,
		dev->bus->bandwidth_allocated,
		dev->bus->bandwidth_int_reqs + dev->bus->bandwidth_isoc_reqs);
#endif
	urb->bandwidth = 0;
}

/*
 * New functions for (de)registering a controller
 */
struct usb_bus *usb_alloc_bus(struct usb_operations *op)
{
	struct usb_bus *bus;

	bus = kmalloc(sizeof(*bus), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!bus)
		return NULL;

	memset(&bus->devmap, 0, sizeof(struct usb_devmap));

	bus->op = op;
	bus->root_hub = NULL;
	bus->hcpriv = NULL;
	bus->busnum = -1;
	bus->bandwidth_allocated = 0;
	bus->bandwidth_int_reqs  = 0;
	bus->bandwidth_isoc_reqs = 0;

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bus->bus_list);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bus->inodes);

	return bus;
}

void usb_free_bus(struct usb_bus *bus)
{
	if (!bus)
		return;

	kfree(bus);
}

void usb_register_bus(struct usb_bus *bus)
{
	int busnum;

	busnum = find_next_zero_bit(busmap.busmap, USB_MAXBUS, 1);
	if (busnum < USB_MAXBUS) {
		set_bit(busnum, busmap.busmap);
		bus->busnum = busnum;
	} else
		warn("too many buses");

	/* Add it to the list of buses */
	list_add(&bus->bus_list, &usb_bus_list);

	usbdevfs_add_bus(bus);

	info("new USB bus registered, assigned bus number %d", bus->busnum);
}

void usb_deregister_bus(struct usb_bus *bus)
{
	info("USB bus %d deregistered", bus->busnum);

	/*
	 * NOTE: make sure that all the devices are removed by the
	 * controller code, as well as having it call this when cleaning
	 * itself up
	 */
	list_del(&bus->bus_list);

        usbdevfs_remove_bus(bus);

	clear_bit(bus->busnum, busmap.busmap);
}

/*
 * This function is for doing a depth-first search for devices which
 * have support, for dynamic loading of driver modules.
 */
static void usb_check_support(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	int i;

	if (!dev) {
		err("null device being checked!!!");
		return;
	}

	for (i=0; i<USB_MAXCHILDREN; i++)
		if (dev->children[i])
			usb_check_support(dev->children[i]);

	if (!dev->actconfig)
		return;

	/* now we check this device */
	if (dev->devnum > 0)
		for (i = 0; i < dev->actconfig->bNumInterfaces; i++)
			usb_find_interface_driver(dev, i);
}


/*
 * This is intended to be used by usb device drivers that need to
 * claim more than one interface on a device at once when probing
 * (audio and acm are good examples).  No device driver should have
 * to mess with the internal usb_interface or usb_device structure
 * members.
 */
void usb_driver_claim_interface(struct usb_driver *driver, struct usb_interface *iface, void* priv)
{
	if (!iface || !driver)
		return;

	dbg("%s driver claimed interface %p", driver->name, iface);

	iface->driver = driver;
	iface->private_data = priv;
} /* usb_driver_claim_interface() */

/*
 * This should be used by drivers to check other interfaces to see if
 * they are available or not.
 */
int usb_interface_claimed(struct usb_interface *iface)
{
	if (!iface)
		return 0;

	return (iface->driver != NULL);
} /* usb_interface_claimed() */

/*
 * This should be used by drivers to release their claimed interfaces
 */
void usb_driver_release_interface(struct usb_driver *driver, struct usb_interface *iface)
{
	/* this should never happen, don't release something that's not ours */
	if (!iface || iface->driver != driver)
		return;

	iface->driver = NULL;
	iface->private_data = NULL;
}


/* usb_match_id searches an array of usb_device_id's and returns
   the first one that matches the device and interface.

   Parameters:
   	"id" is an array of usb_device_id's is terminated by an entry
	 containing all zeroes.

	 "dev" and "interface" are the device and interface for which
	 a match is sought.

   If no match is found or if the "id" pointer is NULL, then
   usb_match_id returns NULL.


   What constitutes a match:

   A zero in any element of a usb_device_id entry is a wildcard
   (i.e., that field always matches).  For there to be a match,
   *every* nonzero element of the usb_device_id must match the
   provided device and interface in.  The comparison is for equality,
   except for one pair of fields: usb_match_id.bcdDevice_{lo,hi} define
   an inclusive range that dev->descriptor.bcdDevice must be in.

   If interface->altsettings does not exist (i.e., there are no
   interfaces defined), then bInterface{Class,SubClass,Protocol}
   only match if they are all zeroes.


   What constitutes a good "usb_device_id"?

   The match algorithm is very simple, so that intelligence in
   driver selection must come from smart driver id records.
   Unless you have good reasons to use another selection policy,
   provide match elements only in related groups:

    * device specifiers (vendor and product IDs; and maybe
      a revision range for that product);
    * generic device specs (class/subclass/protocol);
    * interface specs (class/subclass/protocol).
    
   Within those groups, work from least specific to most specific.
   For example, don't give a product version range without vendor
   and product IDs.

   "driver_info" is not considered by the kernel matching algorithm,
   but you can create a wildcard "matches anything" usb_device_id
   as your driver's "modules.usbmap" entry if you provide only an
   id with a nonzero "driver_info" field.
*/   

const struct usb_device_id *
usb_match_id(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *interface,
	     const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
	struct usb_interface_descriptor	*intf = 0;

	/* proc_connectinfo in devio.c may call us with id == NULL. */
	if (id == NULL)
		return NULL;

	/* It is important to check that id->driver_info is nonzero,
	   since an entry that is all zeroes except for a nonzero
	   id->driver_info is the way to create an entry that
	   indicates that the driver want to examine every
	   device and interface. */
	for (; id->idVendor || id->bDeviceClass || id->bInterfaceClass ||
	       id->driver_info; id++) {

		if (id->idVendor &&
		    id->idVendor != dev->descriptor.idVendor)
			continue;

		if (id->idProduct &&
		    id->idProduct != dev->descriptor.idProduct)
			continue;

		/* No need to test id->bcdDevice_lo != 0, since 0 is never
		   greater than any unsigned number. */
		if (id->bcdDevice_lo > dev->descriptor.bcdDevice)
			continue;

		if (id->bcdDevice_hi &&
		    id->bcdDevice_hi < dev->descriptor.bcdDevice)
			continue;

		if (id->bDeviceClass &&
		    id->bDeviceClass != dev->descriptor.bDeviceClass)
			continue;

		if (id->bDeviceSubClass &&
		    id->bDeviceSubClass!= dev->descriptor.bDeviceSubClass)
			continue;

		if (id->bDeviceProtocol &&
		    id->bDeviceProtocol != dev->descriptor.bDeviceProtocol)
			continue;

		intf = &interface->altsetting [interface->act_altsetting];

		if (id->bInterfaceClass
		    && id->bInterfaceClass != intf->bInterfaceClass)
			continue;

		if (id->bInterfaceSubClass &&
		    id->bInterfaceSubClass != intf->bInterfaceSubClass)
		    continue;

		if (id->bInterfaceProtocol
		    && id->bInterfaceProtocol != intf->bInterfaceProtocol)
		    continue;

		return id;
	}

	return NULL;
}

/*
 * This entrypoint gets called for each new device.
 *
 * We now walk the list of registered USB drivers,
 * looking for one that will accept this interface.
 *
 * "New Style" drivers use a table describing the devices and interfaces
 * they handle.  Those tables are available to user mode tools deciding
 * whether to load driver modules for a new device.
 *
 * The probe return value is changed to be a private pointer.  This way
 * the drivers don't have to dig around in our structures to set the
 * private pointer if they only need one interface. 
 *
 * Returns: 0 if a driver accepted the interface, -1 otherwise
 */
static int usb_find_interface_driver(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned ifnum)
{
	struct list_head *tmp;
	struct usb_interface *interface;
	void *private;
	const struct usb_device_id *id;
	struct usb_driver *driver;
	int i;
	
	if ((!dev) || (ifnum >= dev->actconfig->bNumInterfaces)) {
		err("bad find_interface_driver params");
		return -1;
	}

	interface = dev->actconfig->interface + ifnum;

	if (usb_interface_claimed(interface))
		return -1;

	private = NULL;
	for (tmp = usb_driver_list.next; tmp != &usb_driver_list;) {

		driver = list_entry(tmp, struct usb_driver, driver_list);
		tmp = tmp->next;

		down(&driver->serialize);
		id = driver->id_table;
		/* new style driver? */
		if (id) {
			for (i = 0; i < interface->num_altsetting; i++) {
			  	interface->act_altsetting = i;
				id = usb_match_id(dev, interface, id);
				if (id) {
					private = driver->probe(dev,ifnum,id);
					if (private != NULL)
						break;
				}
			}
			/* if driver not bound, leave defaults unchanged */
			if (private == NULL)
				interface->act_altsetting = 0;
		}
		else /* "old style" driver */
			private = driver->probe(dev, ifnum, NULL);

		up(&driver->serialize);
		if (private) {
			usb_driver_claim_interface(driver, interface, private);
			return 0;
		}
	}

	return -1;
}


#ifdef	CONFIG_HOTPLUG

/*
 * USB hotplugging invokes what /proc/sys/kernel/hotplug says
 * (normally /sbin/hotplug) when USB devices get added or removed.
 *
 * This invokes a user mode policy agent, typically helping to load driver
 * or other modules, configure the device, and more.  Drivers can provide
 * a MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE to help with module loading subtasks.
 *
 * Some synchronization is important: removes can't start processing
 * before the add-device processing completes, and vice versa.  That keeps
 * a stack of USB-related identifiers stable while they're in use.  If we
 * know that agents won't complete after they return (such as by forking
 * a process that completes later), it's enough to just waitpid() for the
 * agent -- as is currently done.
 *
 * The reason: we know we're called either from khubd (the typical case)
 * or from root hub initialization (init, kapmd, modprobe, etc).  In both
 * cases, we know no other thread can recycle our address, since we must
 * already have been serialized enough to prevent that.
 */
static void call_policy (char *verb, struct usb_device *dev)
{
	char *argv [3], **envp, *buf, *scratch;
	int i = 0, value;

	if (!hotplug_path [0])
		return;
	if (in_interrupt ()) {
		dbg ("In_interrupt");
		return;
	}
	if (!current->fs->root) {
		/* statically linked USB is initted rather early */
		dbg ("call_policy %s, num %d -- no FS yet", verb, dev->devnum);
		return;
	}
	if (dev->devnum < 0) {
		dbg ("device already deleted ??");
		return;
	}
	if (!(envp = (char **) kmalloc (20 * sizeof (char *), GFP_KERNEL))) {
		dbg ("enomem");
		return;
	}
	if (!(buf = kmalloc (256, GFP_KERNEL))) {
		kfree (envp);
		dbg ("enomem2");
		return;
	}

	/* only one standardized param to hotplug command: type */
	argv [0] = hotplug_path;
	argv [1] = "usb";
	argv [2] = 0;

	/* minimal command environment */
	envp [i++] = "HOME=/";
	envp [i++] = "PATH=/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin";

#ifdef	DEBUG
	/* hint that policy agent should enter no-stdout debug mode */
	envp [i++] = "DEBUG=kernel";
#endif
	/* extensible set of named bus-specific parameters,
	 * supporting multiple driver selection algorithms.
	 */
	scratch = buf;

	/* action:  add, remove */
	envp [i++] = scratch;
	scratch += sprintf (scratch, "ACTION=%s", verb) + 1;

#ifdef	CONFIG_USB_DEVICEFS
	/* If this is available, userspace programs can directly read
	 * all the device descriptors we don't tell them about.  Or
	 * even act as usermode drivers.
	 *
	 * FIXME reduce hardwired intelligence here
	 */
	envp [i++] = "DEVFS=/proc/bus/usb";
	envp [i++] = scratch;
	scratch += sprintf (scratch, "DEVICE=/proc/bus/usb/%03d/%03d",
		dev->bus->busnum, dev->devnum) + 1;
#endif

	/* per-device configuration hacks are common */
	envp [i++] = scratch;
	scratch += sprintf (scratch, "PRODUCT=%x/%x/%x",
		dev->descriptor.idVendor,
		dev->descriptor.idProduct,
		dev->descriptor.bcdDevice) + 1;

	/* class-based driver binding models */
	envp [i++] = scratch;
	scratch += sprintf (scratch, "TYPE=%d/%d/%d",
			    dev->descriptor.bDeviceClass,
			    dev->descriptor.bDeviceSubClass,
			    dev->descriptor.bDeviceProtocol) + 1;
	if (dev->descriptor.bDeviceClass == 0) {
		int alt = dev->actconfig->interface [0].act_altsetting;

		/* a simple/common case: one config, one interface, one driver
		 * with current altsetting being a reasonable setting.
		 * everything needs a smart agent and usbdevfs; or can rely on
		 * device-specific binding policies.
		 */
		envp [i++] = scratch;
		scratch += sprintf (scratch, "INTERFACE=%d/%d/%d",
			dev->actconfig->interface [0].altsetting [alt].bInterfaceClass,
			dev->actconfig->interface [0].altsetting [alt].bInterfaceSubClass,
			dev->actconfig->interface [0].altsetting [alt].bInterfaceProtocol)
			+ 1;
		/* INTERFACE-0, INTERFACE-1, ... ? */
	}
	envp [i++] = 0;
	/* assert: (scratch - buf) < sizeof buf */

	/* NOTE: user mode daemons can call the agents too */

	dbg ("kusbd: %s %s %d", argv [0], verb, dev->devnum);
	value = call_usermodehelper (argv [0], argv, envp);
	kfree (buf);
	kfree (envp);
	if (value != 0)
		dbg ("kusbd policy returned 0x%x", value);
}

#else

static inline void
call_policy (char *verb, struct usb_device *dev)
{ } 

#endif	/* KMOD */


/*
 * This entrypoint gets called for each new device.
 *
 * All interfaces are scanned for matching drivers.
 */
static void usb_find_drivers(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	unsigned ifnum;
	unsigned rejected = 0;
	unsigned claimed = 0;

	for (ifnum = 0; ifnum < dev->actconfig->bNumInterfaces; ifnum++) {
		/* if this interface hasn't already been claimed */
		if (!usb_interface_claimed(dev->actconfig->interface + ifnum)) {
			if (usb_find_interface_driver(dev, ifnum))
				rejected++;
			else
				claimed++;
		}
	}
 
	if (rejected)
		dbg("unhandled interfaces on device");

	if (!claimed) {
		warn("USB device %d (vend/prod 0x%x/0x%x) is not claimed by any active driver.",
			dev->devnum,
			dev->descriptor.idVendor,
			dev->descriptor.idProduct);
#ifdef DEBUG
		usb_show_device(dev);
#endif
	}
}

/*
 * Only HC's should call usb_alloc_dev and usb_free_dev directly
 * Anybody may use usb_inc_dev_use or usb_dec_dev_use
 */
struct usb_device *usb_alloc_dev(struct usb_device *parent, struct usb_bus *bus)
{
	struct usb_device *dev;

	dev = kmalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev)
		return NULL;

	memset(dev, 0, sizeof(*dev));

	dev->bus = bus;
	dev->parent = parent;
	atomic_set(&dev->refcnt, 1);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->inodes);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->filelist);

	dev->bus->op->allocate(dev);

	return dev;
}

void usb_free_dev(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&dev->refcnt)) {
		dev->bus->op->deallocate(dev);
		usb_destroy_configuration(dev);
		kfree(dev);
	}
}

void usb_inc_dev_use(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	atomic_inc(&dev->refcnt);
}

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 * New USB Core Functions
 * -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

urb_t *usb_alloc_urb(int iso_packets)
{
	urb_t *urb;

	urb = (urb_t *)kmalloc(sizeof(urb_t) + iso_packets * sizeof(iso_packet_descriptor_t),
	      in_interrupt() ? GFP_ATOMIC : GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!urb) {
		err("alloc_urb: kmalloc failed");
		return NULL;
	}

	memset(urb, 0, sizeof(*urb));

	spin_lock_init(&urb->lock);

	return urb;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*/
void usb_free_urb(urb_t* urb)
{
	if (urb)
		kfree(urb);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*/
int usb_submit_urb(urb_t *urb)
{
	if (urb && urb->dev)
		return urb->dev->bus->op->submit_urb(urb);
	else
		return -ENODEV;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*/
int usb_unlink_urb(urb_t *urb)
{
	if (urb && urb->dev)
		return urb->dev->bus->op->unlink_urb(urb);
	else
		return -ENODEV;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *                     COMPLETION HANDLERS                           *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*
 * completion handler for compatibility wrappers (sync control/bulk) *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static void usb_api_blocking_completion(urb_t *urb)
{
	api_wrapper_data *awd = (api_wrapper_data *)urb->context;

	if (waitqueue_active(awd->wakeup))
		wake_up(awd->wakeup);
#if 0
	else
		dbg("(blocking_completion): waitqueue empty!"); 
		// even occurs if urb was unlinked by timeout...
#endif
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *                         COMPATIBILITY STUFF                       *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/

// Starts urb and waits for completion or timeout
static int usb_start_wait_urb(urb_t *urb, int timeout, int* actual_length)
{ 
	DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
	DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(wqh);
	api_wrapper_data awd;
	int status;
  
	awd.wakeup = &wqh;
	init_waitqueue_head(&wqh); 	
	current->state = TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE;
	add_wait_queue(&wqh, &wait);
	urb->context = &awd;
	status = usb_submit_urb(urb);
	if (status) {
		// something went wrong
		usb_free_urb(urb);
		current->state = TASK_RUNNING;
		remove_wait_queue(&wqh, &wait);
		return status;
	}

	if (urb->status == -EINPROGRESS) {
		while (timeout && urb->status == -EINPROGRESS)
			status = timeout = schedule_timeout(timeout);
	} else
		status = 1;

	current->state = TASK_RUNNING;
	remove_wait_queue(&wqh, &wait);

	if (!status) {
		// timeout
		printk("usb_control/bulk_msg: timeout\n");
		usb_unlink_urb(urb);  // remove urb safely
		status = -ETIMEDOUT;
	} else
		status = urb->status;

	if (actual_length)
		*actual_length = urb->actual_length;

	usb_free_urb(urb);
  	return status;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*/
// returns status (negative) or length (positive)
int usb_internal_control_msg(struct usb_device *usb_dev, unsigned int pipe, 
			    devrequest *cmd,  void *data, int len, int timeout)
{
	urb_t *urb;
	int retv;
	int length;

	urb = usb_alloc_urb(0);
	if (!urb)
		return -ENOMEM;
  
	FILL_CONTROL_URB(urb, usb_dev, pipe, (unsigned char*)cmd, data, len,    /* build urb */  
		   (usb_complete_t)usb_api_blocking_completion,0);

	retv = usb_start_wait_urb(urb, timeout, &length);
	if (retv < 0)
		return retv;
	else
		return length;
	
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* usb_control_msg() -  builds control urb, and waits for completion */
/* Synchronous behavior - don't use this function  from within an    */
/* interrupt context, (like a bottom half handler.)  In this case,   */
/* use usb_submit_urb() directly instead.                            */

int usb_control_msg(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe, __u8 request, __u8 requesttype,
			 __u16 value, __u16 index, void *data, __u16 size, int timeout)
{
	devrequest *dr = kmalloc(sizeof(devrequest), GFP_KERNEL);
	int ret;
	
	if (!dr)
		return -ENOMEM;

	dr->requesttype = requesttype;
	dr->request = request;
	dr->value = cpu_to_le16p(&value);
	dr->index = cpu_to_le16p(&index);
	dr->length = cpu_to_le16p(&size);

	//dbg("usb_control_msg");	

	ret = usb_internal_control_msg(dev, pipe, dr, data, size, timeout);

	kfree(dr);

	return ret;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* usb_bulk_msg() Builds a bulk urb, and waits for completion.       */
/* Synchronous behavior - don't use this function  from within an    */
/* interrupt context, (like a bottom half handler.)  In this case,   */
/* use usb_submit_urb() directly instead.                            */

int usb_bulk_msg(struct usb_device *usb_dev, unsigned int pipe, 
			void *data, int len, int *actual_length, int timeout)
{
	urb_t *urb;

	if (len < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	urb=usb_alloc_urb(0);
	if (!urb)
		return -ENOMEM;

	FILL_BULK_URB(urb,usb_dev,pipe,(unsigned char*)data,len,   /* build urb */
			(usb_complete_t)usb_api_blocking_completion,0);

	return usb_start_wait_urb(urb,timeout,actual_length);
}

/*
 * usb_get_current_frame_number()
 *
 * returns the current frame number for the parent USB bus/controller
 * of the given USB device.
 */
int usb_get_current_frame_number(struct usb_device *usb_dev)
{
	return usb_dev->bus->op->get_frame_number (usb_dev);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static int usb_parse_endpoint(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *endpoint, unsigned char *buffer, int size)
{
	struct usb_descriptor_header *header;
	unsigned char *begin;
	int parsed = 0, len, numskipped;

	header = (struct usb_descriptor_header *)buffer;

	/* Everything should be fine being passed into here, but we sanity */
	/*  check JIC */
	if (header->bLength > size) {
		err("ran out of descriptors parsing");
		return -1;
	}
		
	if (header->bDescriptorType != USB_DT_ENDPOINT) {
		warn("unexpected descriptor 0x%X, expecting endpoint descriptor, type 0x%X",
			endpoint->bDescriptorType, USB_DT_ENDPOINT);
		return parsed;
	}

	if (header->bLength == USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE)
		memcpy(endpoint, buffer, USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE);
	else
		memcpy(endpoint, buffer, USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE);
	
	le16_to_cpus(&endpoint->wMaxPacketSize);

	buffer += header->bLength;
	size -= header->bLength;
	parsed += header->bLength;

	/* Skip over the rest of the Class Specific or Vendor Specific */
	/*  descriptors */
	begin = buffer;
	numskipped = 0;
	while (size >= sizeof(struct usb_descriptor_header)) {
		header = (struct usb_descriptor_header *)buffer;

		if (header->bLength < 2) {
			err("invalid descriptor length of %d", header->bLength);
			return -1;
		}

		/* If we find another descriptor which is at or below us */
		/*  in the descriptor heirarchy then we're done  */
		if ((header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_ENDPOINT) ||
		    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_INTERFACE) ||
		    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_CONFIG) ||
		    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_DEVICE))
			break;

		dbg("skipping descriptor 0x%X",
			header->bDescriptorType);
		numskipped++;

		buffer += header->bLength;
		size -= header->bLength;
		parsed += header->bLength;
	}
	if (numskipped)
		dbg("skipped %d class/vendor specific endpoint descriptors", numskipped);

	/* Copy any unknown descriptors into a storage area for drivers */
	/*  to later parse */
	len = (int)(buffer - begin);
	if (!len) {
		endpoint->extra = NULL;
		endpoint->extralen = 0;
		return parsed;
	}

	endpoint->extra = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);

	if (!endpoint->extra) {
		err("couldn't allocate memory for endpoint extra descriptors");
		endpoint->extralen = 0;
		return parsed;
	}

	memcpy(endpoint->extra, begin, len);
	endpoint->extralen = len;

	return parsed;
}

static int usb_parse_interface(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *interface, unsigned char *buffer, int size)
{
	int i, len, numskipped, retval, parsed = 0;
	struct usb_descriptor_header *header;
	struct usb_interface_descriptor *ifp;
	unsigned char *begin;

	interface->act_altsetting = 0;
	interface->num_altsetting = 0;
	interface->max_altsetting = USB_ALTSETTINGALLOC;

	interface->altsetting = kmalloc(sizeof(struct usb_interface_descriptor) * interface->max_altsetting, GFP_KERNEL);
	
	if (!interface->altsetting) {
		err("couldn't kmalloc interface->altsetting");
		return -1;
	}

	while (size > 0) {
		if (interface->num_altsetting >= interface->max_altsetting) {
			void *ptr;
			int oldmas;

			oldmas = interface->max_altsetting;
			interface->max_altsetting += USB_ALTSETTINGALLOC;
			if (interface->max_altsetting > USB_MAXALTSETTING) {
				warn("too many alternate settings (max %d)",
					USB_MAXALTSETTING);
				return -1;
			}

			ptr = interface->altsetting;
			interface->altsetting = kmalloc(sizeof(struct usb_interface_descriptor) * interface->max_altsetting, GFP_KERNEL);
			if (!interface->altsetting) {
				err("couldn't kmalloc interface->altsetting");
				interface->altsetting = ptr;
				return -1;
			}
			memcpy(interface->altsetting, ptr, sizeof(struct usb_interface_descriptor) * oldmas);

			kfree(ptr);
		}

		ifp = interface->altsetting + interface->num_altsetting;
		interface->num_altsetting++;

		memcpy(ifp, buffer, USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE);

		/* Skip over the interface */
		buffer += ifp->bLength;
		parsed += ifp->bLength;
		size -= ifp->bLength;

		begin = buffer;
		numskipped = 0;

		/* Skip over any interface, class or vendor descriptors */
		while (size >= sizeof(struct usb_descriptor_header)) {
			header = (struct usb_descriptor_header *)buffer;

			if (header->bLength < 2) {
				err("invalid descriptor length of %d", header->bLength);
				return -1;
			}

			/* If we find another descriptor which is at or below */
			/*  us in the descriptor heirarchy then return */
			if ((header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_INTERFACE) ||
			    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_ENDPOINT) ||
			    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_CONFIG) ||
			    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_DEVICE))
				break;

			numskipped++;

			buffer += header->bLength;
			parsed += header->bLength;
			size -= header->bLength;
		}

		if (numskipped)
			dbg("skipped %d class/vendor specific interface descriptors", numskipped);

		/* Copy any unknown descriptors into a storage area for */
		/*  drivers to later parse */
		len = (int)(buffer - begin);
		if (!len) {
			ifp->extra = NULL;
			ifp->extralen = 0;
		} else {
			ifp->extra = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);

			if (!ifp->extra) {
				err("couldn't allocate memory for interface extra descriptors");
				ifp->extralen = 0;
				return -1;
			}
			memcpy(ifp->extra, begin, len);
			ifp->extralen = len;
		}

		/* Did we hit an unexpected descriptor? */
		header = (struct usb_descriptor_header *)buffer;
		if ((size >= sizeof(struct usb_descriptor_header)) &&
		    ((header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_CONFIG) ||
		     (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_DEVICE)))
			return parsed;

		if (ifp->bNumEndpoints > USB_MAXENDPOINTS) {
			warn("too many endpoints");
			return -1;
		}

		ifp->endpoint = (struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *)
			kmalloc(ifp->bNumEndpoints *
			sizeof(struct usb_endpoint_descriptor), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!ifp->endpoint) {
			err("out of memory");
			return -1;	
		}

		memset(ifp->endpoint, 0, ifp->bNumEndpoints *
			sizeof(struct usb_endpoint_descriptor));
	
		for (i = 0; i < ifp->bNumEndpoints; i++) {
			header = (struct usb_descriptor_header *)buffer;

			if (header->bLength > size) {
				err("ran out of descriptors parsing");
				return -1;
			}
		
			retval = usb_parse_endpoint(dev, ifp->endpoint + i, buffer, size);
			if (retval < 0)
				return retval;

			buffer += retval;
			parsed += retval;
			size -= retval;
		}

		/* We check to see if it's an alternate to this one */
		ifp = (struct usb_interface_descriptor *)buffer;
		if (size < USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE ||
		    ifp->bDescriptorType != USB_DT_INTERFACE ||
		    !ifp->bAlternateSetting)
			return parsed;
	}

	return parsed;
}

int usb_parse_configuration(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_config_descriptor *config, char *buffer)
{
	int i, retval, size;
	struct usb_descriptor_header *header;

	memcpy(config, buffer, USB_DT_CONFIG_SIZE);
	le16_to_cpus(&config->wTotalLength);
	size = config->wTotalLength;

	if (config->bNumInterfaces > USB_MAXINTERFACES) {
		warn("too many interfaces");
		return -1;
	}

	config->interface = (struct usb_interface *)
		kmalloc(config->bNumInterfaces *
		sizeof(struct usb_interface), GFP_KERNEL);
	dbg("kmalloc IF %p, numif %i", config->interface, config->bNumInterfaces);
	if (!config->interface) {
		err("out of memory");
		return -1;	
	}

	memset(config->interface, 0,
	       config->bNumInterfaces * sizeof(struct usb_interface));

	buffer += config->bLength;
	size -= config->bLength;
	
	for (i = 0; i < config->bNumInterfaces; i++) {
		int numskipped, len;
		char *begin;

		/* Skip over the rest of the Class Specific or Vendor */
		/*  Specific descriptors */
		begin = buffer;
		numskipped = 0;
		while (size >= sizeof(struct usb_descriptor_header)) {
			header = (struct usb_descriptor_header *)buffer;

			if ((header->bLength > size) || (header->bLength < 2)) {
				err("invalid descriptor length of %d", header->bLength);
				return -1;
			}

			/* If we find another descriptor which is at or below */
			/*  us in the descriptor heirarchy then we're done  */
			if ((header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_ENDPOINT) ||
			    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_INTERFACE) ||
			    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_CONFIG) ||
			    (header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_DEVICE))
				break;

			dbg("skipping descriptor 0x%X", header->bDescriptorType);
			numskipped++;

			buffer += header->bLength;
			size -= header->bLength;
		}
		if (numskipped)
			dbg("skipped %d class/vendor specific endpoint descriptors", numskipped);

		/* Copy any unknown descriptors into a storage area for */
		/*  drivers to later parse */
		len = (int)(buffer - begin);
		if (!len) {
			config->extra = NULL;
			config->extralen = 0;
		} else {
			config->extra = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);
			if (!config->extra) {
				err("couldn't allocate memory for config extra descriptors");
				config->extralen = 0;
				return -1;
			}

			memcpy(config->extra, begin, len);
			config->extralen = len;
		}

		retval = usb_parse_interface(dev, config->interface + i, buffer, size);
		if (retval < 0)
			return retval;

		buffer += retval;
		size -= retval;
	}

	return size;
}

void usb_destroy_configuration(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	int c, i, j, k;
	
	if (!dev->config)
		return;

	if (dev->rawdescriptors) {
		for (i = 0; i < dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations; i++)
			kfree(dev->rawdescriptors[i]);

		kfree(dev->rawdescriptors);
	}

	for (c = 0; c < dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations; c++) {
		struct usb_config_descriptor *cf = &dev->config[c];

		if (!cf->interface)
			break;

		for (i = 0; i < cf->bNumInterfaces; i++) {
			struct usb_interface *ifp =
				&cf->interface[i];
				
			if (!ifp->altsetting)
				break;

			for (j = 0; j < ifp->num_altsetting; j++) {
				struct usb_interface_descriptor *as =
					&ifp->altsetting[j];
					
				if(as->extra) {
					kfree(as->extra);
				}

				if (!as->endpoint)
					break;
					
				for(k = 0; k < as->bNumEndpoints; k++) {
					if(as->endpoint[k].extra) {
						kfree(as->endpoint[k].extra);
					}
				}	
				kfree(as->endpoint);
			}

			kfree(ifp->altsetting);
		}
		kfree(cf->interface);
	}
	kfree(dev->config);
}

/* for returning string descriptors in UTF-16LE */
static int ascii2utf (char *ascii, __u8 *utf, int utfmax)
{
	int retval;

	for (retval = 0; *ascii && utfmax > 1; utfmax -= 2, retval += 2) {
		*utf++ = *ascii++ & 0x7f;
		*utf++ = 0;
	}
	return retval;
}

/*
 * root_hub_string is used by each host controller's root hub code,
 * so that they're identified consistently throughout the system.
 */
int usb_root_hub_string (int id, int serial, char *type, __u8 *data, int len)
{
	char buf [30];

	// assert (len > (2 * (sizeof (buf) + 1)));
	// assert (strlen (type) <= 8);

	// language ids
	if (id == 0) {
		*data++ = 4; *data++ = 3;	/* 4 bytes data */
		*data++ = 0; *data++ = 0;	/* some language id */
		return 4;

	// serial number
	} else if (id == 1) {
		sprintf (buf, "%x", serial);

	// product description
	} else if (id == 2) {
		sprintf (buf, "USB %s Root Hub", type);

	// id 3 == vendor description

	// unsupported IDs --> "stall"
	} else
	    return 0;

	data [0] = 2 + ascii2utf (buf, data + 2, len - 2);
	data [1] = 3;
	return data [0];
}

/*
 * __usb_get_extra_descriptor() finds a descriptor of specific type in the
 * extra field of the interface and endpoint descriptor structs.
 */

int __usb_get_extra_descriptor(char *buffer, unsigned size, unsigned char type, void **ptr)
{
	struct usb_descriptor_header *header;

	while (size >= sizeof(struct usb_descriptor_header)) {
		header = (struct usb_descriptor_header *)buffer;

		if (header->bLength < 2) {
			err("invalid descriptor length of %d", header->bLength);
			return -1;
		}

		if (header->bDescriptorType == type) {
			*ptr = header;
			return 0;
		}

		buffer += header->bLength;
		size -= header->bLength;
	}
	return -1;
}

/*
 * Something got disconnected. Get rid of it, and all of its children.
 */
void usb_disconnect(struct usb_device **pdev)
{
	struct usb_device * dev = *pdev;
	int i;

	if (!dev)
		return;

	*pdev = NULL;

	info("USB disconnect on device %d", dev->devnum);

	if (dev->actconfig) {
		for (i = 0; i < dev->actconfig->bNumInterfaces; i++) {
			struct usb_interface *interface = &dev->actconfig->interface[i];
			struct usb_driver *driver = interface->driver;
			if (driver) {
				down(&driver->serialize);
				driver->disconnect(dev, interface->private_data);
				up(&driver->serialize);
				usb_driver_release_interface(driver, interface);
			}
		}
	}

	/* Free up all the children.. */
	for (i = 0; i < USB_MAXCHILDREN; i++) {
		struct usb_device **child = dev->children + i;
		if (*child)
			usb_disconnect(child);
	}

	/* Let policy agent unload modules etc */
	call_policy ("remove", dev);

	/* Free the device number and remove the /proc/bus/usb entry */
	if (dev->devnum > 0) {
		clear_bit(dev->devnum, &dev->bus->devmap.devicemap);
		usbdevfs_remove_device(dev);
	}

	/* Free up the device itself */
	usb_free_dev(dev);
}

/*
 * Connect a new USB device. This basically just initializes
 * the USB device information and sets up the topology - it's
 * up to the low-level driver to reset the port and actually
 * do the setup (the upper levels don't know how to do that).
 */
void usb_connect(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	int devnum;
	// FIXME needs locking for SMP!!
	/* why? this is called only from the hub thread, 
	 * which hopefully doesn't run on multiple CPU's simultaneously 8-)
	 */
	dev->descriptor.bMaxPacketSize0 = 8;  /* Start off at 8 bytes  */
#ifndef DEVNUM_ROUND_ROBIN
	devnum = find_next_zero_bit(dev->bus->devmap.devicemap, 128, 1);
#else	/* round_robin alloc of devnums */
	/* Try to allocate the next devnum beginning at devnum_next. */
	devnum = find_next_zero_bit(dev->bus->devmap.devicemap, 128, devnum_next);
	if (devnum >= 128)
		devnum = find_next_zero_bit(dev->bus->devmap.devicemap, 128, 1);

	devnum_next = devnum + 1;
	if (devnum_next >= 128)
		devnum_next = 1;
#endif	/* round_robin alloc of devnums */

	if (devnum < 128) {
		set_bit(devnum, dev->bus->devmap.devicemap);
		dev->devnum = devnum;
	}
}

/*
 * These are the actual routines to send
 * and receive control messages.
 */

#define GET_TIMEOUT 3
#define SET_TIMEOUT 3

int usb_set_address(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev, usb_snddefctrl(dev), USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS,
		0, dev->devnum, 0, NULL, 0, HZ * GET_TIMEOUT);
}

int usb_get_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned char type, unsigned char index, void *buf, int size)
{
	int i = 5;
	int result;
	
	memset(buf,0,size);	// Make sure we parse really received data

	while (i--) {
		if ((result = usb_control_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0),
			USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR, USB_DIR_IN,
			(type << 8) + index, 0, buf, size, HZ * GET_TIMEOUT)) > 0 ||
		     result == -EPIPE)
			break;	/* retry if the returned length was 0; flaky device */
	}
	return result;
}

int usb_get_class_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev, int ifnum,
		unsigned char type, unsigned char id, void *buf, int size)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR, USB_RECIP_INTERFACE | USB_DIR_IN,
		(type << 8) + id, ifnum, buf, size, HZ * GET_TIMEOUT);
}

int usb_get_string(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned short langid, unsigned char index, void *buf, int size)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR, USB_DIR_IN,
		(USB_DT_STRING << 8) + index, langid, buf, size, HZ * GET_TIMEOUT);
}

int usb_get_device_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	int ret = usb_get_descriptor(dev, USB_DT_DEVICE, 0, &dev->descriptor,
				     sizeof(dev->descriptor));
	if (ret >= 0) {
		le16_to_cpus(&dev->descriptor.bcdUSB);
		le16_to_cpus(&dev->descriptor.idVendor);
		le16_to_cpus(&dev->descriptor.idProduct);
		le16_to_cpus(&dev->descriptor.bcdDevice);
	}
	return ret;
}

int usb_get_status(struct usb_device *dev, int type, int target, void *data)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_GET_STATUS, USB_DIR_IN | type, 0, target, data, 2, HZ * GET_TIMEOUT);
}

int usb_get_protocol(struct usb_device *dev, int ifnum)
{
	unsigned char type;
	int ret;

	if ((ret = usb_control_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0),
	    USB_REQ_GET_PROTOCOL, USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
	    0, ifnum, &type, 1, HZ * GET_TIMEOUT)) < 0)
		return ret;

	return type;
}

int usb_set_protocol(struct usb_device *dev, int ifnum, int protocol)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_SET_PROTOCOL, USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
		protocol, ifnum, NULL, 0, HZ * SET_TIMEOUT);
}

int usb_set_idle(struct usb_device *dev, int ifnum, int duration, int report_id)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_SET_IDLE, USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
		(duration << 8) | report_id, ifnum, NULL, 0, HZ * SET_TIMEOUT);
}

void usb_set_maxpacket(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	int i, b;

	for (i=0; i<dev->actconfig->bNumInterfaces; i++) {
		struct usb_interface *ifp = dev->actconfig->interface + i;
		struct usb_interface_descriptor *as = ifp->altsetting + ifp->act_altsetting;
		struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep = as->endpoint;
		int e;

		for (e=0; e<as->bNumEndpoints; e++) {
			b = ep[e].bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
			if ((ep[e].bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) ==
				USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL) {	/* Control => bidirectional */
				dev->epmaxpacketout[b] = ep[e].wMaxPacketSize;
				dev->epmaxpacketin [b] = ep[e].wMaxPacketSize;
				}
			else if (usb_endpoint_out(ep[e].bEndpointAddress)) {
				if (ep[e].wMaxPacketSize > dev->epmaxpacketout[b])
					dev->epmaxpacketout[b] = ep[e].wMaxPacketSize;
			}
			else {
				if (ep[e].wMaxPacketSize > dev->epmaxpacketin [b])
					dev->epmaxpacketin [b] = ep[e].wMaxPacketSize;
			}
		}
	}
}

/*
 * endp: endpoint number in bits 0-3;
 *	direction flag in bit 7 (1 = IN, 0 = OUT)
 */
int usb_clear_halt(struct usb_device *dev, int pipe)
{
	int result;
	__u16 status;
	int endp=usb_pipeendpoint(pipe)|(usb_pipein(pipe)<<7);

/*
	if (!usb_endpoint_halted(dev, endp & 0x0f, usb_endpoint_out(endp)))
		return 0;
*/

	result = usb_control_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE, USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT, 0, endp, NULL, 0, HZ * SET_TIMEOUT);

	/* don't clear if failed */
	if (result < 0)
		return result;

	result = usb_control_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_GET_STATUS, USB_DIR_IN | USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT, 0, endp,
		&status, sizeof(status), HZ * SET_TIMEOUT);
	if (result < 0)
		return result;

	if (le16_to_cpu(status) & 1)
		return -EPIPE;		/* still halted */

	usb_endpoint_running(dev, usb_pipeendpoint(pipe), usb_pipeout(pipe));

	/* toggle is reset on clear */

	usb_settoggle(dev, usb_pipeendpoint(pipe), usb_pipeout(pipe), 0);

	return 0;
}

int usb_set_interface(struct usb_device *dev, int interface, int alternate)
{
	struct usb_interface *iface;
	int ret;

	iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, interface);
	if (!iface) {
		warn("selecting invalid interface %d", interface);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if ((ret = usb_control_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0),
	    USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE, USB_RECIP_INTERFACE, alternate,
	    interface, NULL, 0, HZ * 5)) < 0)
		return ret;

	iface->act_altsetting = alternate;
	dev->toggle[0] = 0;	/* 9.1.1.5 says to do this */
	dev->toggle[1] = 0;
	usb_set_maxpacket(dev);
	return 0;
}

int usb_set_configuration(struct usb_device *dev, int configuration)
{
	int i, ret;
	struct usb_config_descriptor *cp = NULL;
	
	for (i=0; i<dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations; i++) {
		if (dev->config[i].bConfigurationValue == configuration) {
			cp = &dev->config[i];
			break;
		}
	}
	if (!cp) {
		warn("selecting invalid configuration %d", configuration);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if ((ret = usb_control_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0),
	    USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION, 0, configuration, 0, NULL, 0, HZ * SET_TIMEOUT)) < 0)
		return ret;

	dev->actconfig = cp;
	dev->toggle[0] = 0;
	dev->toggle[1] = 0;
	usb_set_maxpacket(dev);

	return 0;
}

int usb_get_report(struct usb_device *dev, int ifnum, unsigned char type, unsigned char id, void *buf, int size)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_GET_REPORT, USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
		(type << 8) + id, ifnum, buf, size, HZ * GET_TIMEOUT);
}

int usb_set_report(struct usb_device *dev, int ifnum, unsigned char type, unsigned char id, void *buf, int size)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0),
		USB_REQ_SET_REPORT, USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
		(type << 8) + id, ifnum, buf, size, HZ);
}

int usb_get_configuration(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	int result;
	unsigned int cfgno, length;
	unsigned char buffer[8];
	unsigned char *bigbuffer;
	struct usb_config_descriptor *desc =
		(struct usb_config_descriptor *)buffer;

	if (dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations > USB_MAXCONFIG) {
		warn("too many configurations");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations < 1) {
		warn("not enough configurations");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	dev->config = (struct usb_config_descriptor *)
		kmalloc(dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations *
		sizeof(struct usb_config_descriptor), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev->config) {
		err("out of memory");
		return -ENOMEM;	
	}
	memset(dev->config, 0, dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations *
		sizeof(struct usb_config_descriptor));

	dev->rawdescriptors = (char **)kmalloc(sizeof(char *) *
		dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev->rawdescriptors) {
		err("out of memory");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	for (cfgno = 0; cfgno < dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations; cfgno++) {
		/* We grab the first 8 bytes so we know how long the whole */
		/*  configuration is */
		result = usb_get_descriptor(dev, USB_DT_CONFIG, cfgno, buffer, 8);
		if (result < 8) {
			if (result < 0)
				err("unable to get descriptor");
			else {
				err("config descriptor too short (expected %i, got %i)", 8, result);
				result = -EINVAL;
			}
			goto err;
		}

  	  	/* Get the full buffer */
		length = le16_to_cpu(desc->wTotalLength);

		bigbuffer = kmalloc(length, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!bigbuffer) {
			err("unable to allocate memory for configuration descriptors");
			result = -ENOMEM;
			goto err;
		}

		/* Now that we know the length, get the whole thing */
		result = usb_get_descriptor(dev, USB_DT_CONFIG, cfgno, bigbuffer, length);
		if (result < 0) {
			err("couldn't get all of config descriptors");
			kfree(bigbuffer);
			goto err;
		}	
	
		if (result < length) {
			err("config descriptor too short (expected %i, got %i)", length, result);
			result = -EINVAL;
			kfree(bigbuffer);
			goto err;
		}

		dev->rawdescriptors[cfgno] = bigbuffer;

		result = usb_parse_configuration(dev, &dev->config[cfgno], bigbuffer);
		if (result > 0)
			dbg("descriptor data left");
		else if (result < 0) {
			result = -EINVAL;
			goto err;
		}
	}

	return 0;
err:
	dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations = cfgno;
	return result;
}

/*
 * usb_string:
 *	returns string length (> 0) or error (< 0)
 */
int usb_string(struct usb_device *dev, int index, char *buf, size_t size)
{
	unsigned char *tbuf;
	int err;
	unsigned int u, idx;

	if (size <= 0 || !buf || !index)
		return -EINVAL;
	buf[0] = 0;
	tbuf = kmalloc(256, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!tbuf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* get langid for strings if it's not yet known */
	if (!dev->have_langid) {
		err = usb_get_string(dev, 0, 0, tbuf, 4);
		if (err < 0) {
			err("error getting string descriptor 0 (error=%d)", err);
			goto errout;
		} else if (tbuf[0] < 4) {
			err("string descriptor 0 too short");
			err = -EINVAL;
			goto errout;
		} else {
			dev->have_langid = -1;
			dev->string_langid = tbuf[2] | (tbuf[3]<< 8);
				/* always use the first langid listed */
			dbg("USB device number %d default language ID 0x%x",
				dev->devnum, dev->string_langid);
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Just ask for a maximum length string and then take the length
	 * that was returned.
	 */
	err = usb_get_string(dev, dev->string_langid, index, tbuf, 255);
	if (err < 0)
		goto errout;

	size--;		/* leave room for trailing NULL char in output buffer */
	for (idx = 0, u = 2; u < err; u += 2) {
		if (idx >= size)
			break;
		if (tbuf[u+1])			/* high byte */
			buf[idx++] = '?';  /* non-ASCII character */
		else
			buf[idx++] = tbuf[u];
	}
	buf[idx] = 0;
	err = idx;

 errout:
	kfree(tbuf);
	return err;
}

/*
 * By the time we get here, the device has gotten a new device ID
 * and is in the default state. We need to identify the thing and
 * get the ball rolling..
 *
 * Returns 0 for success, != 0 for error.
 */
int usb_new_device(struct usb_device *dev)
{
	int err;

	/* USB v1.1 5.5.3 */
	/* We read the first 8 bytes from the device descriptor to get to */
	/*  the bMaxPacketSize0 field. Then we set the maximum packet size */
	/*  for the control pipe, and retrieve the rest */
	dev->epmaxpacketin [0] = 8;
	dev->epmaxpacketout[0] = 8;

	err = usb_set_address(dev);
	if (err < 0) {
		err("USB device not accepting new address=%d (error=%d)",
			dev->devnum, err);
		clear_bit(dev->devnum, &dev->bus->devmap.devicemap);
		dev->devnum = -1;
		return 1;
	}

	wait_ms(10);	/* Let the SET_ADDRESS settle */

	err = usb_get_descriptor(dev, USB_DT_DEVICE, 0, &dev->descriptor, 8);
	if (err < 8) {
		if (err < 0)
			err("USB device not responding, giving up (error=%d)", err);
		else
			err("USB device descriptor short read (expected %i, got %i)", 8, err);
		clear_bit(dev->devnum, &dev->bus->devmap.devicemap);
		dev->devnum = -1;
		return 1;
	}
	dev->epmaxpacketin [0] = dev->descriptor.bMaxPacketSize0;
	dev->epmaxpacketout[0] = dev->descriptor.bMaxPacketSize0;

	err = usb_get_device_descriptor(dev);
	if (err < sizeof(dev->descriptor)) {
		if (err < 0)
			err("unable to get device descriptor (error=%d)", err);
		else
			err("USB device descriptor short read (expected %i, got %i)",
				sizeof(dev->descriptor), err);
	
		clear_bit(dev->devnum, &dev->bus->devmap.devicemap);
		dev->devnum = -1;
		return 1;
	}

	err = usb_get_configuration(dev);
	if (err < 0) {
		err("unable to get device %d configuration (error=%d)",
			dev->devnum, err);
		clear_bit(dev->devnum, &dev->bus->devmap.devicemap);
		dev->devnum = -1;
		usb_free_dev(dev);
		return 1;
	}

	/* we set the default configuration here */
	err = usb_set_configuration(dev, dev->config[0].bConfigurationValue);
	if (err) {
		err("failed to set device %d default configuration (error=%d)",
			dev->devnum, err);
		clear_bit(dev->devnum, &dev->bus->devmap.devicemap);
		dev->devnum = -1;
		return 1;
	}

	dbg("new device strings: Mfr=%d, Product=%d, SerialNumber=%d",
		dev->descriptor.iManufacturer, dev->descriptor.iProduct, dev->descriptor.iSerialNumber);
#ifdef DEBUG
	if (dev->descriptor.iManufacturer)
		usb_show_string(dev, "Manufacturer", dev->descriptor.iManufacturer);
	if (dev->descriptor.iProduct)
		usb_show_string(dev, "Product", dev->descriptor.iProduct);
	if (dev->descriptor.iSerialNumber)
		usb_show_string(dev, "SerialNumber", dev->descriptor.iSerialNumber);
#endif

	/* now that the basic setup is over, add a /proc/bus/usb entry */
	usbdevfs_add_device(dev);

	/* find drivers willing to handle this device */
	usb_find_drivers(dev);

	/* userspace may load modules and/or configure further */
	call_policy ("add", dev);

	return 0;
}

static int usb_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * file)
{
	int minor = MINOR(inode->i_rdev);
	struct usb_driver *c = usb_minors[minor/16];
	int err = -ENODEV;
	struct file_operations *old_fops, *new_fops = NULL;

	/*
	 * No load-on-demand? Randy, could you ACK that it's really not
	 * supposed to be done?					-- AV
	 */
	if (!c || !(new_fops = fops_get(c->fops)))
		return err;
	old_fops = file->f_op;
	file->f_op = new_fops;
	/* Curiouser and curiouser... NULL ->open() as "no device" ? */
	if (file->f_op->open)
		err = file->f_op->open(inode,file);
	if (err) {
		fops_put(file->f_op);
		file->f_op = fops_get(old_fops);
	}
	fops_put(old_fops);
	return err;
}

static struct file_operations usb_fops = {
	owner:		THIS_MODULE,
	open:		usb_open,
};

int usb_major_init(void)
{
	if (devfs_register_chrdev(USB_MAJOR, "usb", &usb_fops)) {
		err("unable to get major %d for usb devices", USB_MAJOR);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	usb_devfs_handle = devfs_mk_dir(NULL, "usb", NULL);

	return 0;
}

void usb_major_cleanup(void)
{
	devfs_unregister(usb_devfs_handle);
	devfs_unregister_chrdev(USB_MAJOR, "usb");
}


#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
struct list_head *usb_driver_get_list(void)
{
	return &usb_driver_list;
}

struct list_head *usb_bus_get_list(void)
{
	return &usb_bus_list;
}
#endif


/*
 * Init
 */
static int __init usb_init(void)
{
	usb_major_init();
	usbdevfs_init();
	usb_hub_init();

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Cleanup
 */
static void __exit usb_exit(void)
{
	usb_major_cleanup();
	usbdevfs_cleanup();
	usb_hub_cleanup();
}

module_init(usb_init);
module_exit(usb_exit);

/*
 * USB may be built into the kernel or be built as modules.
 * If the USB core [and maybe a host controller driver] is built
 * into the kernel, and other device drivers are built as modules,
 * then these symbols need to be exported for the modules to use.
 */
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_ifnum_to_if);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_epnum_to_ep_desc);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_register);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_deregister);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_scan_devices);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_alloc_bus);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_free_bus);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_register_bus);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_deregister_bus);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_alloc_dev);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_free_dev);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_inc_dev_use);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_driver_claim_interface);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_interface_claimed);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_driver_release_interface);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_match_id);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_root_hub_string);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_new_device);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_reset_device);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_connect);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_disconnect);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_check_bandwidth);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_claim_bandwidth);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_release_bandwidth);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_set_address);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_get_descriptor);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_get_class_descriptor);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__usb_get_extra_descriptor);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_get_device_descriptor);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_get_string);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_string);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_get_protocol);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_set_protocol);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_get_report);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_set_report);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_set_idle);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_clear_halt);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_set_interface);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_get_configuration);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_set_configuration);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_get_current_frame_number);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_alloc_urb);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_free_urb);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_submit_urb);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_unlink_urb);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_control_msg);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_bulk_msg);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(usb_devfs_handle);